Circulatory response to a 50-m walk in the coronary care unit in acute coronary syndrome

BACKGROUND: Lack of a standardized and monitored technique to start rehabilitation of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in the coronary care unit. OBJECTIVE: To describe the technique of and circulatory response to a 50-m walk (W50m). METHODS: Experimental cross-sectional study of 65 patients with ACS; of these, 36 (54%) with acute myocardial infarction (AMI), Killip I, 29 (45.2%) with unstable angina (UA), 61.5% males with age of 62.8 ± 12.7 years. Walk was started 45±23h after hospitalization. Parameters measured: systolic blood pressure (SBP mmHg), diastolic blood pressure (DBP mmHg), heart rate (HR bpm), double product (SBP mmHg X HR bpm), peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO2%), walking time, and exercise tolerance by Borg scale (BS). Measurements were taken while supine, sitting, in orthostasis (phase 1 [gravitational stress]), end of the walk, and after a 5-minute rest (phase 2 [exercise stress]). RESULTS: Increased HR in response to the sitting gravitational stress (Δ=4.18) and with orthostasis (Δ=2.69) (p<0.001) was observed. At the end of walk, there was an elevation in SBP (Δ=4.84), (p<0.001), HR (Δ=4.68), (p<0.001) and DP (Δ=344.97), (p=0.004), and a reduction in SpO2 (Δ=-1.42), (p<0.001), with return to baseline values after 5 minutes. Walking time was 2'36"±1'17", and exercise tolerance by BS was good. SBP response > 142 mmHg when sitting was associated with a significant increase (p=0.031) of 11 mmHg at exercise in 13 patients with overweight/obesity and 85% with hypertension. Adverse effects occurred in 19 (29.2%) patients and dizziness in 23.1%, which impaired the walk in three of them. CONCLUSION: In this sample, patients did not present severe collateral effects to W50m. 24 hours after a coronary event.

Myocardial infarction; unstable angina; rehabilitation; motor activity

Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia - SBC Av. Marechal Câmara, 160 - 3º Andar - Sala 330, 20020-907, Centro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ - Brazil, Tel.: +55 21 3478-2700, Fax: +55 21 3478-2770 - São Paulo - SP - Brazil