Partial gastrectomy associated to anterior truncal vagotomy: alterations in metabolism of the calcium. Experimental study in rats

Gastrectomia parcial e vagotomia troncular anterior: alterações no metabolismo de cálcio. Estudo experimental em ratos

Elisvânia Freitas dos Santos Kathia Hitomi Tsuboi Beatriz Frolini Palu Marina Rachel Araújo Nelson Adami Andreollo Celio Kenji Miyasaka About the authors

BACKGROUND: The calcium is not absorbed in the lack of hydrochloric acid and the osteomalacia and osteoporosis may occurs; it is well recognized in patients that had gastric resection. AIM: To evaluate the effects of the partial gastrectomy associated to anterior truncal vagotomy in the absorption and metabolism of calcium. METHODS: Eighteen adults male Wistar rats were submitted to partial gastrectomy associated to anterior truncal vagotomy (GXT, eight animals) and the sham operation (10 animals, control group). The diet consumption and the weight gains of the animals were measured three times during the week. The animals received formulated experimental diet orally (AIN-93M) by eight weeks. The serum calcium, urinary and fecal calcium, apparent absorption of the calcium, activity of the enzyme alkaline fosfatase and calcium in the bone were measured after 60 days. RESULTS: The sham operated animals showed higher diet consumption, weight gains, serum and urinary calcium, excretion of calcium in feces, apparent absorption of calcium and activity of the enzyme alkaline fosfatase (P<0,05) as compared to the animals of the gastrectomized group. However, the concentration of the bone calcium was increased in the animals of the gastrectomized group. CONCLUSION: Partial gastrectomy associated to anterior truncal vagotomy showed to be a good experimental model the study calcium metabolism, decreasing the calcium absorption, serum and urinary calcium and activity of the enzyme alkaline fosfatase. However, for alterations at bone level in rats suggests an experimental study in larger period.

Gastrectomy; Calcium; Wistar rats


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