ACERTO PROJECT: IMPACT ON ASSISTANCE OF A PUBLIC EMERGENCY HOSPITAL

Mauricio Adam Feitosa SAMPAIO Simone Losekann Pereira SAMPAIO Plinio da Cunha LEAL Ed Carlos Rey MOURA Lívia Goreth Galvão Serejo ALVARES Caio Marcio Barros DE-OLIVEIRA Orlando Jorge Martins TORRES Marília da Glória MARTINS About the authors

ABSTRACT

Background:

In Brazil, the goal-based approach was named Project ACERTO and has obtained good results when applied in elective surgeries with shorter hospitalization time, earlier return to activities without increased morbidity and mortality.

Aim:

To analyze the impact of ACERTO on emergency surgery care.

Methods:

An intervention study was performed at a trauma hospital. Were compared 452 patients undergoing emergency surgery and followed up by the general surgery service from October to December 2018 (pre-ACERTO, n=243) and from March to June 2019 (post-ACERTO, n=209). Dietary reintroduction, volume of infused postoperative venous hydration, duration of use of catheters, probes and drains, postoperative analgesia, prevention of postoperative vomiting, early mobilization and physiotherapy were evaluated.

Results:

After the ACERTO implantation there was earlier reintroduction of the diet, the earlier optimal caloric intake, earlier venous hydration withdrawal, higher postoperative analgesia prescription, postoperative vomiting prophylaxis and higher physiotherapy and mobilization prescription were achieved early in all (p<0.01); in the multivariate analysis there was no change in the complication rates observed before and after ACERTO (10.7% vs. 7.7% (p=0.268) and there was a decrease in the length of hospitalization after ACERTO (8,5 vs. 6,1 dias (p=0.008).

Conclusion:

The implementation of the ACERTO project decreased the length of hospital stay, improved medical care provided without increasing the rates of complications evaluated.

HEADINGS:
Clinical protocols; Patient discharge; Postoperative complications; General surgery; Emergency medicine

RESUMO

Racional:

No Brasil, a abordagem baseada em metas foi nomeada de Projeto ACERTO e tem obtido bons resultados quando aplicada em operações eletivas com diminuição do tempo de internação, retorno mais precoce as atividades sem incremento de morbimortalidade.

Objetivo:

Analisar o impacto do ACERTO na assistência prestada em operações de emergência.

Métodos:

Foi realizado um estudo de intervenção em hospital de trauma. Foram comparados 452 pacientes submetidos à operações de emergência e acompanhados pelo serviço de cirurgia geral no período de outubro a dezembro de 2018 (fase pré-ACERTO, n=243) e no período de março a junho de 2019 (fase pós-ACERTO, n=209). Foram avaliados: reintrodução da dieta, volume de hidratação venosa pós-operatória infundido, tempo de uso de catéteres, sondas e drenos, analgesia pós-operatória, prevenção de vômitos pós-operatórios, mobilização precoce e fisioterapia.

Resultados:

Após a implantação do ACERTO houve reintrodução mais precoce da dieta, foi atingido o aporte calórico ideal mais precocemente, retirada mais precoce da hidratação venosa, maior prescrição de analgesia pós-operatória, de profilaxia de vômitos pós-operatórios e maior prescrição de fisioterapia e mobilização precoce em todos (p<0,01); na análise multivariada não houve alteração nas taxas de complicações observadas pré e pós-ACERTO (10,7% vs. 7,7% (p=0,268) e houve diminuição do tempo de internação pós-ACERTO (8,5 vs. 6,1 dias (p=0.008).

Conclusão:

A implantação do projeto ACERTO diminuiu o tempo de internação hospitalar, melhorou a assistência médica prestada sem incremento das taxas de complicações avaliadas.

DESCRITORES:
Protocolos clínicos; Alta do paciente; Complicações pós-operatórias; Cirurgia geral; Medicina de emergência

INTRODUCTION

The ACERTO project (ACEleration of Postoperative Total Recovery) is based on the ERAS protocol (Enhanced Recovery After Surgery) in which care is guided by daily goals based on evidence-based medicine2121 Salomão AB, Caporossi C, Aguilar-Nascimento JE de. Livro, ACERTO - Acelerando a Recuperação Total Pós-operatória, Editora Rubio [Internet]. 3a edição. Rio de Janeiro: Editora Rubio; 2016. 392 p. Available from: http://www.rubio.com.br/livro-acerto-acelerando-a-recuperacao-total-pos-operatoria-9788584110575-ag1551.html,2424 Teixeira UF, Fontes PRO, Conceição CWN, Farias CAT, Fernandes D, Ewald IP, et al. Implementation of enhanced recovery after colorectal surgery (eras) protocol: initial results of the first brazilian experience. Arq Bras Cir Dig. 2019 Feb 7;32(1):e1419.,2525 Teixeira UF, Goldoni MB, Waechter FL, Sampaio JA, Mendes FF, Fontes PRO. Enhanced recovery (eras) after liver surgery:comparative study in a brazilian terciary center. Arq Bras Cir Dig. 2019 Feb 7;32(1):e1424.. The implementation of this form of care has shown a significant reduction in postoperative complications and reduced the length of hospital stay by 30-50%, and today it is adopted in more than 20 countries as the ideal form of surgical assistance1212 Ljungqvist O, Scott M, Fearon KC. Enhanced recovery after surgery a review. JAMA Surg. 2017;152(3):292-8.;97(8):e0016..

The ERAS protocol includes multimodal and multidisciplinary assessment of 15 to 20 items that cover the pre, trans and postoperative period. Isolated, these items have little clinical expression, but together they contribute significantly to the reduction of post-surgical stress, surgical complications, pain, recovery time and length of hospital stay1010 Kehlet H, Joshi GP. Enhanced Recovery After Surgery: Current Controversies and Concerns. Anesth Analg. 2017 Dec;125(6):2154-2155.,1212 Ljungqvist O, Scott M, Fearon KC. Enhanced recovery after surgery a review. JAMA Surg. 2017;152(3):292-8.;97(8):e0016..

The ERAS project started in the 1990s by Henrik Kehlet as a patient-centered fast-track protocol with the cooperation of the medical, nursing, nutrition and psychology staff. It aimed to reduce surgical stress, surgical complications and accelerate postoperative recovery66 de-Aguilar-Nascimento JE, Salomão AB, Waitzberg DL, Dock-Nascimento DB, Correa MITD, Campos ACL, et al. ACERTO guidelines of perioperative nutritional interventions in elective general surgery. Rev Col Bras Cir [Internet]. 2017 [cited 2019 May 22];44(6):633-48. Available from: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S010069912017000600633&lng=en&tlng=en
http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=s...
. It was applied primarily in Europe to accelerate postoperative recovery in patients undergoing colorectal operations. The results demonstrated are reproducible worldwide and show a reduction in the length of hospital stay after its implantation, as well as being associated with a lower number of complications1111 Liu F, Wang W, Wang C, Peng X. Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) programs for esophagectomy protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis. Medicine (Baltimore). 2018 Feb.

The goal-based approach contributes to the reduction of complications in colorectal operations, decreases hospital costs and has been investigated in other surgical sites regarding the effectiveness and possible associated risks. In a systematic review investigating the use of the protocol in high abdominal operations, a decrease in morbidity from 22% to 14% (p=0.017) and hospital stay from 7.5 to 5.7 (p=0.019) was observed without statistical differences in mortality and readmissions1717 O. Rasulov A, S. Gordeev S, I. Ovchinnikova A, Yu. Kovaleva Y. Results of ERAS protocol in patients with colorectal cancer. Vol. 6, Oncological Coloproctology. 2016. 18-23 p.

In Brazil, the ERAS protocol was adapted, received the name ACERTO and was first implemented at the Júlio Muller University Hospital, Cuiabá, MT, Brazil with reduced hospital stay, use of blood products, decreased cases of surgical site infection, complications operative and deaths. It has been validated in multiple operations ranging from colorectal, cardiac and even oncological operations, where a decrease in the volume of intravenous fluids has been observed, shorter hospital stay when preoperative fasting has been reduced2121 Salomão AB, Caporossi C, Aguilar-Nascimento JE de. Livro, ACERTO - Acelerando a Recuperação Total Pós-operatória, Editora Rubio [Internet]. 3a edição. Rio de Janeiro: Editora Rubio; 2016. 392 p. Available from: http://www.rubio.com.br/livro-acerto-acelerando-a-recuperacao-total-pos-operatoria-9788584110575-ag1551.html.

The ACERTO project covers the assessment of preoperative factors such as patient information, nutritional therapy, decreased fasting33 Campos SBG, Barros-Neto JA, Guedes GDS, Moura FA. Pre-Operative Fasting: Why Abbreviate? Arq Bras Cir Dig. 2018;31(2):e1377.; also transoperative factors such as rational use of catheters, probes, drains and the rational use of prophylactic antibiotics; and finally, postoperative factors such as analgesia, prevention of nausea, vomiting and ultra early mobilization. The intervention points were adapted to the epidemiological reality of Latin America2121 Salomão AB, Caporossi C, Aguilar-Nascimento JE de. Livro, ACERTO - Acelerando a Recuperação Total Pós-operatória, Editora Rubio [Internet]. 3a edição. Rio de Janeiro: Editora Rubio; 2016. 392 p. Available from: http://www.rubio.com.br/livro-acerto-acelerando-a-recuperacao-total-pos-operatoria-9788584110575-ag1551.html.

Some points of the ACERTO project involve preoperative care and are not accessible most often to patients in urgent and emergency units; however, some fundamental factors in the management of these patients and which have proven statistical relevance can be verified in the trans and postoperative periods55 Currie A, Burch J, Jenkins JT, Faiz O, Kennedy RH, Ljungqvist O, et al. The impact of enhanced recovery protocol compliance on elective colorectal cancer resection: Results from an international registry. Ann Surg. 2015;261(6):1153-9.. Aiming to focus on the assistance provided during the trans and postoperative period in order to avoid unnecessary measures and the patient to return to the usual physiological conditions as soon as possible, the following were included in this evaluation: early start of the diet, restrictive venous hydration, rational use devices (catheters, probes and drains), prophylaxis of postoperative nausea and vomiting, postoperative analgesia, early mobilization and physiotherapy.

This study aims to assess whether the ACERTO project measures applied in a surgical ward of an urgency and emergency hospital could result in more efficient care and reflect in reducing the length of hospital stay without adding morbidity and mortality to patients.

METHODS

This study started after the approval of the ethics committee in research with human beings of the CEUMA University under the CAAE protocol 2.586.802, and it was registered with the Brazilian Registry of Clinical Trials under registration number RBR-9tzrzx. It is a type of intervention before and after, where 452 patients were evaluated, submitted to urgent and emergency surgery in a public trauma hospital in São Luís, MA, Brazil. The observation took place in two phases: an initial one from October to December 2018, before the implementation of the ACERTO project, and another from March to June 2019 after the implementation of the ACERTO project.

Service meetings were held with the participation of assistant surgeons, nurses, physiotherapists, nursing technicians and nutritionists. At these meetings, the following topics were addressed: perioperative nutrition; perioperative venous hydration; rational use of probes, catheters and drains; postoperative analgesia; prophylaxis of nausea and vomiting; ultra early mobilization and physiotherapy. The process generated assistance protocol used as an ideal treatment method and facilitated through a conducting diagram and the changes implemented are described in Table 1. Clinical audits were carried out to verify the teams’ adherence to the new recommended conducts.

TABLE 1
Conducts applied in the surgical ward before and after applying the ACERTO Project

Statistical analysis

The research data were evaluated using the IBM SPSS Statistics 20 (2011) statistical program. Initially, descriptive statistics of continuous variables were made, that is, the minimum, maximum, median, mean and standard deviation were estimated, then they were evaluated for normal distribution using the lilliefors test and as they presented normal distribution, they were assessed by the parametric Student’s t test. Then, to assess the association of sociodemographic and clinic-surgical variables in relation to the two moments (before and after), the non-parametric chi-square test of independence (x2) was performed. In all tests, the level of significance applied was 5%, that is, it was considered significant when p<0.05.

RESULTS

There was similarity between the groups studied in the clinical and epidemiological characteristics, with a slight difference in terms of gender and origin (Table 2).

TABLE 2
Sociodemographic characteristics in the period before and after the implementation of the ACERTO Project

There was a slight statistical difference regarding the surgical procedures performed comparing the two phases (pre- and post-ACERTO), but with a predominance of more serious injuries (laparotomy for multivisceral injuries) in the period after the implementation of the protocol (Table 3).

TABLE 3
Surgical procedures performed before and after the implementation of the ACERTO Project

There was a decrease in the time of reintroduction of the diet, with 76.6% of the patients starting a diet in the first post-operative period, 42% of the pre-ACERTO group (p<0.001). The ideal caloric intake was reached in the first two days in 84.2% after the ACERTO vs. 69.1% in the pre-ACERTO group (p=0.002, Table 4).

TABLE 4
Comparison of the intervention on the diet in the periods before and after the ACERTO project

Venous hydration =30 ml/h was achieved on the first postoperative day in 88.5% of patients after implantation of the protocol vs. 79% before the intervention (p=0.03). There was also a reduction in the time of venous hydration prescribed with 79.4% remaining using hydration for less than three days vs. 70.8% before the implementation of the protocol (p=0.048, Table 5).

TABLE 5
Comparison of fluid prescription before and after the implementation of the ACERTO Project

There was a higher frequency of prescription of postoperative analgesia (98.6% vs. 84.0% (p<0.001) as well as vomiting prophylaxis (94.7% vs. 35.8%, p<0.001), of early mobilization (80.9% vs. 4.9%, p<0.001) and physical therapy (80.4% vs. 9.5%, p<0.001) after the introduction of the protocol (Table 6)

TABLE 6
Comparison of interventions before and after the implementation of the ACERTO project

There was a reduction in the average number of days of hospitalization for patients in the ACERTO group from 8.5 to 6.1 (p=0.008). There were no statistically significant variations in the observed postoperative complications or in mortality (Table 7).

TABLE 7
Rates of postoperative complications before and after the implementation of the ACERTO project

DISCUSSION

The implementation of the ACERTO project requires continuous auditing to observe unwanted consequences such as an increase in the readmission rate. In a recent meta-analysis, the application of fast-track protocols decreased the rates of post-surgical complications88 Greco M, Capretti G, Beretta L, Gemma M, Pecorelli N, Braga M. Enhanced Recovery Program in Colorectal Surgery: A Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. World J Surg [Internet]. 2014 Jun 25 [cited 2019 Jul 13];38(6):1531-41. Available from: http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00268-013-2416-8.
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00268-...
. This fact was confirmed in a prospective study by Wood et al.2828 Wood T, Aarts M-A, Okrainec A, Pearsall E, Victor JC, McKenzie M, et al. Emergency Room Visits and Readmissions Following Implementation of an Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (iERAS) Program. J Gastrointest Surg [Internet]. 2017;22(2):259-66. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0016-5085(17)34036-2
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0016-5085(17)...
that followed patients in the first 30 postoperative days and in a Spanish series2020 Ripollés-Melchor J, Fuenmayor-Varela ML de, Camargo SC, Fernández PJ, Barrio ÁC del, Martínez-Hurtado E, et al. Aceleração da recuperação após protocolo cirúrgico versus cuidados perioperatórios convencionais em cirurgia colorretal. Um estudo de coorte em centro único. Brazilian J Anesthesiol [Internet]. 2018 Jul [cited 2019 Jul 10];68(4):358-68. Available from: https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0034709417303896.
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve...
that followed patients who underwent laparoscopic operations and evaluated complications up to the period of 180 days. The most commonly observed gain was in reducing the length of hospital stay as observed in the retrospective Cohort by Wisely et al.2727 Wisely JC, Barclay KL. Effects of an Enhanced Recovery After Surgery programme on emergency surgical patients. ANZ J Surg. 2016;86(11):883-8., in the systematic review by Paduraru et al.1818 Paduraru M, Ponchietti L, Casas IM, Svenningsen P, Zago M. Enhanced Recovery after Emergency Surgery: A Systematic Review . Bull Emerg Trauma [Internet]. 2017;5(2):70-8. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5406176/
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles...
and in a recent study comparing patients undergoing gastric bypass11 Aktimur R, Kirkil C, Yildirim K, Kutluer N. Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) in one-anastomosis gastric bypass surgery: a matched-cohort study. Surg Obes Relat Dis [Internet]. 2018;14(12):1850-6. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soard.2018.08.029
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soard.2018.08....
.

In this study, a decrease was observed both in the time of reintroduction of the diet and in the day of the adequate nutritional supply. This factor contributes to the patient’s lower catabolism and, also, to the possibility of earlier discharge as stated in the ACERTO66 de-Aguilar-Nascimento JE, Salomão AB, Waitzberg DL, Dock-Nascimento DB, Correa MITD, Campos ACL, et al. ACERTO guidelines of perioperative nutritional interventions in elective general surgery. Rev Col Bras Cir [Internet]. 2017 [cited 2019 May 22];44(6):633-48. Available from: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S010069912017000600633&lng=en&tlng=en
http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=s...
nutritional intervention guidelines and in the international literature as an ideal form of care2222 Sánchez C. A, Papapietro V. K. Nutrición perioperatoria en protocolos quirúrgicos para una mejor recuperación postoperatoria (Protocolo ERAS). Rev Med Chil [Internet]. 2017 Nov [cited 2019 Jul 10];145(11):1447-53.Availablefrom: http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0034-98872017001101447&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=en
http://www.scielo.cl/scielo.php?script=s...
. These data corroborate with the recent literature in which patients with earlier return to their usual diet are discharged earlier1313 Lohsiriwat V. Enhanced recovery after surgery vs conventional care in emergency colorectal surgery. World J Gastroenterol. 2014;20(38):13950-5.,1515 Mahmoodzadeh H, Shoar S, Sirati F, Khorgami Z. Early initiation of oral feeding following upper gastrointestinal tumor surgery: a randomized controlled trial. Surg Today. 2015;45(2):203-8..

There was a reduction in the volume of venous hydration, the amount of volume prescribed, as well as a reduction in the length of time the venous hydration remains during hospitalization. Restrictive fluid replacement has been shown to be superior in the treatment of surgical patients, decreasing cytotoxic edema that worsens oxygenation and tissue recovery, decreasing the adynamic ileum and preventing cardiopulmonary complications in more susceptible patients2323 Simmons JW, Dobyns JB, Paiste J. Enhanced Recovery After Surgery Intraoperative Fluid Management Strategies. Surg Clin NA [Internet]. 2018 [cited 2019 Jul 10]; Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.suc.2018.07.006
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.suc.2018.07.00...
. In a recent systematic review Miller1616 Miller TE, Roche AM, Mythen M. Fluid management and goal-directed therapy as an adjunct to Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS). Can J Anesth Can d'anesthésie [Internet]. 2015 Feb 13 [cited 2019 Jul 10];62(2):158-68. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25391735
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25391...
talks about the suspension of venous hydration as soon as possible and the search for zero water balance as an ideal form of care.

Postoperative analgesia was optimized with the implementation of the ACERTO project, with adaptation to the protocol in 98.6% of patients. Analgesia allows better mobilization, as well as increases the feeling of well-being, providing early discharge. In the systematic review by Wick et al.2626 Wick EC, Grant MC, Wu CL. Postoperative Multimodal Analgesia Pain Management With Nonopioid Analgesics and Techniques. JAMA Surg [Internet]. 2017 Jul 1 [cited 2019 Jul 10];152(7):691. Available from: http://archsurg.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?doi=10.1001/jamasurg.2017.0898.
http://archsurg.jamanetwork.com/article....
, the importance of postoperative pain management as well as opioid-sparing strategies was reported.

As for the use of catheters, probes and drains, no statistical difference was observed in this study, perhaps due to the previous effort to abandon this conduct, which was already widespread in the unit. The use of catheters, probes and drains does not decrease the incidence of cavity collections2929 Yong L, Guang B. Abdominal drainage versus no abdominal drainage for laparoscopic cholecystectomy: A systematic review with meta-analysis and trial sequential analysis. Int J Surg [Internet]. 2016 [cited 2019 Jul 10];36:358-68. Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijsu.2016.11.083.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijsu.2016.11...
and increases the incidence of pleuropulmonary complications1919 Reasbeck P. Routine use of nasogastric drainage tubes. Ann R Coll Surg Engl [Internet]. 2016 May 3[cited2019Jul10];1-1.Availablefrom: http://publishing.rcseng.ac.uk/doi/10.1308/rcsann.2016.0155
http://publishing.rcseng.ac.uk/doi/10.13...
.

Prophylaxis of vomiting was adequate in 94.7% of patients. This point allows greater tolerance of the diet, decreases the patient’s malaise, increases his confidence in the recovery process and, consequently, decreases hospital costs77 Gan TJ, Diemunsch P, Habib AS, Kovac A, Kranke P, Meyer TA, et al. Consensus Guidelines for the Management of Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting. Anesth Analg [Internet]. 2014 Jan [cited 2019 Jul 10];118(1):85-113. Available from: https://insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00000539-201401000-00013
https://insights.ovid.com/crossref?an=00...
.

Early mobilization and physiotherapy were prescribed to more than 80% of patients and encouraged by the entire multidisciplinary team. The study by Boden et al.22 Boden I, Skinner EH, Browning L, Reeve J, Anderson L, Hill C, et al. Preoperative physiotherapy for the prevention of respiratory complications after upper abdominal surgery: pragmatic, double blinded, multicentre randomised controlled trial. [cited 2019 Jul 10]; Available from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.j5916
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.j5916...
talks about the beneficial effects of early mobilization and physiotherapy in patients undergoing upper abdomen operations, such as improving intestinal transit and decreasing pleuropulmonary complications associated with restriction.

There was a decrease in the length of hospital stay of 8.5 vs. 6.1 days (p=0.008) without statistical increase in morbidity and mortality. This data is in agreement with the current literature when it says that there is a reduction in the length of hospital stay without increasing morbidity to surgical patients submitted to fast-trac protocols44 Carter-Brooks CM, Du AL, Ruppert KM, Romanova AL, Zyczynski HM. Implementation of a urogynecology-specific enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) pathway. Am J Obstet Gynecol [Internet]. 2018;219(5):495.e1-495.e10. Available from: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajog.2018.06.009
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajog.2018.06.0...
,88 Greco M, Capretti G, Beretta L, Gemma M, Pecorelli N, Braga M. Enhanced Recovery Program in Colorectal Surgery: A Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. World J Surg [Internet]. 2014 Jun 25 [cited 2019 Jul 13];38(6):1531-41. Available from: http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00268-013-2416-8.
http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s00268-...
,1414 Lohsiriwat V, Jitmungngan R. Enhanced recovery after surgery in emergency colorectal surgery: Review of literature and current practices. World J Gastrointest Surg [Internet]. 2019 Feb 27 [cited 2019 Jul 13];11(2):41-52. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30842811
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30842...
.

With the same number of beds available, the capacity to treat patients rose from 207 to 258 patients with complete treatment per month. Using the same resources employed, it was possible to treat 24% more patients and there was a virtual gain of 13 beds.

CONCLUSION

The ACERTO project is feasible and safe for patients undergoing emergency operations at a trauma hospital. They received less postoperative fluids, started their diet earlier, arrived at the ideal caloric intake more quickly, received more postoperative analgesia, increased rates of nausea and vomiting prophylaxis, physiotherapy and early mobilization and were discharged earlier with no statistically significant change in morbidity and mortality rates between the two groups. With the obtained result it was possible to treat 24% more patients with the same resources employed and without adding risks to the patients.

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  • Financial source:

    none
  • Central message

    Through the use of early hospital discharge protocol, it was possible to serve a larger number of patients safely and without increasing public spending
  • Perspective

    The implementation of the ACERTO project reduced the length of hospital stay, improved medical care without increasing the rates of complications assessed. The application of multiprofessional care protocols based on early recovery results in greater bed turnover, making it possible to serve a greater number of patients without increasing health expenditures.

Publication Dates

  • Publication in this collection
    15 Jan 2021
  • Date of issue
    2020

History

  • Received
    05 Jan 2020
  • Accepted
    13 Apr 2020
Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgia Digestiva Av. Brigadeiro Luiz Antonio, 278 - 6° - Salas 10 e 11, 01318-901 São Paulo/SP Brasil, Tel.: (11) 3288-8174/3289-0741 - São Paulo - SP - Brazil
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