ANORECTAL MANOMETRY STANDARD OF A BRAZILIAN POPULATION AT PRODUCTIVE AGE WITHOUT PELVIC FLOOR DISORDERS: A PROSPECTIVE VOLUNTEERED STUDY

Rodrigo Ambar PINTO Isaac José Felippe CORREA-NETO Leonardo Alfonso BUSTAMANTE-LOPEZ Caio Sergio R. NAHAS Carlos Frederico S. MARQUES Carlos Walter SOBRADO-JUNIOR Ivan CECCONELLO Sergio Carlos NAHAS About the authors

ABSTRACT

Background:

Due to the lack of normal standards of anorectal manometry in Brazil, data used are subject to normality patterns described at different nationalities.

Aim:

To determine the values and range of the parameters evaluated at anorectal manometry in people, at productive age, without pelvic floor disorders comparing the parameters obtained between male and female.

Methods:

Prospective analysis of clinical data, such as gender, age, race, body mass index (BMI) and anorectal manometry, of volunteers from a Brazilian university reference in pelvic floor disorders.

Results:

Forty patients were included, with a mean age of 45.5 years in males and 37.2 females (p=0.43). According to male and female, respectively in mmHg, resting pressures were similar (78.28 vs. 63.51, p=0.40); squeeze pressures (153.89 vs. 79.78, p=0.007) and total squeeze pressures (231.27 vs. 145.63, p=0.002). Men presented significantly higher values of anorectal squeeze pressures, as well as the average length of the functional anal canal (2.85 cm in male vs. 2.45 cm in female, p=0.003).

Conclusions:

Normal sphincter pressure levels in Brazilians differ from those used until now as normal literature standards. Male gender has higher external anal sphincter tonus as compared to female, in addition a greater extension of the functional anal canal

HEADINGS:
Manometry; Anal canal; Evaluation study; Pelvic floor

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