PROPOSAL OF A REVISIONAL SURGERY TO TREAT SEVERE NUTRITIONAL DEFICIENCY POST-GASTRIC BYPASS

José SAMPAIO-NETO Alcides José BRANCO-FILHO Luis Sérgio NASSIF André Thá NASSIF Flávia David João De MASI Graciany GASPERIN About the authors

ABSTRACT

Background

The gastric bypass has nutritional and electrolyte disturbances rate of approximately 17%. The most common deficits are protein malnutrition, ferric and zinc, in addition to the vitamin. Although rare, some malnutrition stages reach such severity that ends up being necessary hospitalization and sometimes revisional or reversal surgical procedures.

Aim:

To present a proposal of surgical revision for treatment of severe malnutrition after bariatric surgery.

Methods:

The procedure is to reconstitute the food transit through the duodenum and proximal jejunum, keeping the gastric bypass restrictive component. As an additional strategy, the gastric fundus resection is performed, aiming to intensify the suppression of the greline and avoiding excessive weight regain.

Results:

After initial stabilization, nutritional and electrolytic support, the procedure was performed in two patients as definitive treatment of malnutrition status. Good results were observed at one year follow up.

Conclusion:

As improvement option and/or resolution of the nutritional alterations, surgical therapy is one of the alternatives. There is still no consensus on the surgical technique to be performed. This procedure is based on pathophysiological factors for the treatment of this condition, with good initial results, without significant clinical alterations. Longer follow-up will determine its effectiveness.

HEADINGS
Bariatric surgery; nutritional deficiency; Roux-en-Y gastric bypass; Gastroplasty

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