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Indeterminate leprosy and lepromatous index case: four cases in the same family* * Work conducted at the University Hospital of the Federal University of Santa Catarina (Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina - UFSC) - Florianópolis (SC), Brazil.

Hanseníase indeterminada e caso índice virchowiano: 4 casos na mesma família

Vanessa Priscilla Martins da Silva Heloisa Helena Ramos Fonseca Mariana Mazzochi Sens Alvaro Thadeu Bender About the authors

Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae, which primarily affects the skin and peripheral nerves. Brazil remains as the country with the second largest number of cases in the world. We report the case of three patients diagnosed with indeterminate leprosy in the same family. Two patients were HIV positive. An active search led to the discovery of the index case. It was crucial to persist in the search of the index case. This report shows how important it is to teach physicians and the general population about the signs and symptoms of leprosy. Early diagnosis and treatment are necessary to prevent sequelae and to eliminate the disease as a public health problem.

HIV; Leprosy; Leprosy, lepromatous; Leprosy, paucibacillary

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