A molecular analysis and long-term follow-up of two siblings with severe congenital hypothyroidism carrying the IVS30+1G>T intronic thyroglobulin mutation

Análise molecular e acompanhamento a longo prazo de dois irmãos com hipotireoidismo congênito portadores da mutação intrônica IVS30+1G>T no gene da tireoglobulina

OBJECTIVE: To extend the molecular analysis of the IVS30+1G>T intronic thyroglobulin (TG) mutation, and to report the eleven year follow-up of the affected patients. METHOSD: Two siblings with severe congenital hypothyroidism with fetal and neonatal goiter, harboring the IVS30+1G>T mutation were included. Nodular and non-nodular thyroid tissue specimens were collected. Specific thyroid genes expression was evaluated by real-timePCR and by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: In non-nodular tissue specific thyroid genes mRNA were reduced when compared to normal thyroid sample. In the nodule, TPO and NIS expression was very low. Microscopic examinations showed very large follicular-lumina and swollen vesicles of endoplasmatic-reticulum. Strong cytoplasmatic and low follicular-lumen TG immunostaining were detected. Intracellular NIS, membrane TPO and TSHR immunostaining had higher positivity in non-nodular sample. Both patients had a long-term adequate developmental outcome, besides one patient have been lately-treated. CONCLUSIONS: IVS30+1G>T mutation not only lead to very enlarge endoplasmatic-reticulum, but also to alterations of specific thyroid genes expression. The clinical evolution of patients harboring these mutations strengthen the concept of the influence of environment, like iodine nutrition, to determine the final phenotypic appearance.

Tireoglobulina; Hipotireoidismo congênito; Mutação gênica; Diagnóstico molecular; Estudo molecular

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