The objective of our study was to analyze the effect of physical exercise on the control of glycemia in insulin treated and non-treated type 2 diabetic subjects (45 to 75 years) from Vale do Itajaí, SC. Fasting glycemia (FG), glycated hemoglobin (HbA1) and capillary glycemia were performed in clients of Unicardio/HSC and in participants of the Blumenau Diabetes Association (n= 33), before and after a 10 week-program of physical exercise, considering that all were re-submitted to the same evaluation after the program. The evaluation also included: lipid profile, blood pressure, heart rate and body mass index (BMI). The instruments were: FG test for laboratory evaluation and capillary glycemia. Statistical analysis used Student's "t" test and the adjusted straight line of square minima, for linear regression. The following results were obtained: average pre- and post test capillary glycemia = 179mg/dL and 148mg/dL, respectively; pre- and post test HbA1 = 9.5% and 8.5%; pre- and post test FG = 164.7mg/dL and 156.4mg/dL. We conclude that physical exercise is important for glycemic control of insulin treated and non-treated type 2 diabetic subjects, reducing both the glucose levels and HbA1.
Physical exercise; Glicemia; Glycated hemoglobin; Diabetes mellitus