Beneficial Effect of Short Time Physical Exercise on the Metabolic Control of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Carlos A. da Silva Walter C. de Lima About the authors

The objective of our study was to analyze the effect of physical exercise on the control of glycemia in insulin treated and non-treated type 2 diabetic subjects (45 to 75 years) from Vale do Itajaí, SC. Fasting glycemia (FG), glycated hemoglobin (HbA1) and capillary glycemia were performed in clients of Unicardio/HSC and in participants of the Blumenau Diabetes Association (n= 33), before and after a 10 week-program of physical exercise, considering that all were re-submitted to the same evaluation after the program. The evaluation also included: lipid profile, blood pressure, heart rate and body mass index (BMI). The instruments were: FG test for laboratory evaluation and capillary glycemia. Statistical analysis used Student's "t" test and the adjusted straight line of square minima, for linear regression. The following results were obtained: average pre- and post test capillary glycemia = 179mg/dL and 148mg/dL, respectively; pre- and post test HbA1 = 9.5% and 8.5%; pre- and post test FG = 164.7mg/dL and 156.4mg/dL. We conclude that physical exercise is important for glycemic control of insulin treated and non-treated type 2 diabetic subjects, reducing both the glucose levels and HbA1.

Physical exercise; Glicemia; Glycated hemoglobin; Diabetes mellitus

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