Genetic evaluation of pacu (Piaractus mesopotamicus) natural populations and from the broodstocks of a stock enhancement program using microsatellite markers

This study used microsatellites markers to determine the genetic diversity of pacu (Piaractus mesopotamicus) groups collected at passage ladders of the hydroelectric plants (HEP) Canoas I (CI) and Canoas II (CII) - Paranapanema River - and of a broodstock and a progeny in stock enhancement programs in that river. The microsatellite loci produced 16 alleles and a similar heterozygosity between the individuals of the river at both times of collection (CI14 = 0.7356, CI28 = 0.7361, CII14 = 0.7442, and CII28 = 0.7507), as well of the broodstock and the progeny (0.7261 and 0.7287, respectively). Deviations were observed in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium and negative values of fixation index with excess of heterozygosity indicated endogamy absence. The genetic diversity analyses (distance and genetic identity, Shannon index, F ST, and AMOVA) were signs of low genetic differentiation, and they led to the clustering of river individuals, suggesting that the species is genetically structured as a single population. Low genetic differentiation and high values of numbers of migrates among the river, the stock, and the progeny individuals were verified, suggesting a common origin derived from the constant stocks enhancement programs accomplished in that river with those stock populations.

fish; genetic conservation; genetic diversity; passage ladders

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