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Genetic diversity among three lineages of quail, selected for egg production

The genetic diversity among three lineages of quail (Coturnix japonica) was evaluated by the random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) technique. The lineages were selected for egg production and identified with a yellow, blue, or red ring fasten on their left foot. Six selected RAPD primers amplified 55 loci, which generated intense and reproducible bands on agarose gel. The results indicated polymorphism within and among the lineages. The Jaccard similarity average and the Shannon diversity index revealed high diversity values within the quail lineages. The Mantel test, unweighted pair-group method using arithmetic average (UPGMA) algorithm and dispersion of principal coordinates indicated significant genetic differentiation, although at low levels. Overall, the results suggest that the genetic diversity within and among the quail lineags from the State Universidade Estadual de Maringá are promising for use in breeding programs.

quail; Coturnix japonica; genetic diversity; RAPD

Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Escola de Veterinária Caixa Postal 567, 30123-970 Belo Horizonte MG - Brazil, Tel.: (55 31) 3409-2041, Tel.: (55 31) 3409-2042 - Belo Horizonte - MG - Brazil