Moringa Oleifera: an alternative ingredient to improve the egg quality of Japanese quail

[Moringa oleifera: um ingrediente alternativo na melhora da qualidade de ovos de codornas japonesas]

R.G. Garcia E.R.S. Gandra M.F.C. Burbarelli J.K. Valentim G.A. Felix B.A. Lopes F.B. Bacha C.M.F. Melo J.P. Silva C.M. Komiyama F.R. Caldara About the authors

ABSTRACT

This study aims to evaluate effects of inclusion of moringa in Japanese quail diets on laying performance, egg quality, blood parameters, serum biochemical profile, and behavior. One hundred and forty-four Japanese quails, approximately 35-d-old, were distributed in a completely randomized design with four treatments and six replications. Treatments were diet inclusion of 0, 2, 4 and 6% of dried and ground moringa leaves. The inclusion of moringa in diets reduces the quadratic feed intake up to the level of 1.20%, increases weight of eggs with a quadratic behavior up to 3.80%, and linearly increases yolk weight. Yolk color changes with higher levels of inclusion of moringa and resulted in more intense colors. The biochemical profile of quails changed slightly but remains within the normal range. The inclusion of 4% of moringa in diets increases alkaline phosphatase. Regarding cholesterol and triglycerides, diet with 6% moringa inclusion was lower when compared to the others. The behavior of laying quails does not change due to inclusion of moringa in diets. Up to 3.83% of Moringa oleifera can be included in Japanese quail diet to improve egg quality without compromising performance, biochemical profile, blood parameters and behavior.

Keywords:
antioxidants; egg quality; laying quails; medicinal plants; phytogenic additives

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