The objective of this study was to standardize the technique of access to the renal pelvis by means of ureteral catheterization guided by cystoscopy in mares. Eight animals of different races were used, with an average weight of 439kg. The mares were sedated and contained in containment trunk for the accomplishment of cystoscopy with flexible endoscope. After the identification of the left ureteral ostium, from where inside a catheter was introduced, which went through the entire extension of the ureter up to the renal pelvis. After identification of the left ureteral ostium, from where inside a catheter was introduced, into its lumen until reaching the renal pelvis. The location of the probe in the kidney was confirmed by transcutaneous ultrasonography. Three ml of urine was aspirated aseptically for cytology and microbiological culture. All the samples obtained negative results in the culture and sedimentation. None of the animals had any complications after catheterization. This study demonstrated that the collection of urine directly from the renal pelvis in mares, with the assistance of cystoscopy in the realization of the ureteral catheter, consists of a viable and safe procedure.
endoscopy; pyelonephritis; horses; urinary tract