Breeders and family effects in stayability in Nellore herds

Expected progeny differences (EPD) for stayability were estimated for 4,180 sires with daughters in the Program for Genetic Improvement of the Nellore Breed. The univariate threshold sire-maternal grandsire model was used, following a Bayesian methodology. The sires were ranked for stayability in descending order, and those whose EPD were higher than 57.6% were regarded as TOP1%. Pedigree analysis was then conducted in order to establish whether a family tendency was present, as well as the contribution of Nellore founders and ancestors for the trait under consideration. The main founders, which together were responsible for 18.8% of the genes in TOP1% sires, were Karvadi IMP (with 8.2% of genes, basically through its son Chummak), Godhavari IMP (with 6% of genes, through Kurupathy and Neofito), Rastã IMP and Falo da BV (respectively with 2.5% and 2.1%, through mothers, since they are not related to the ancestor sires). Rolex, a polled sire, stayed in twelve lineages - paternal or maternal - through its grandson Cardeal. Among the seven Nellore ancestors with the highest genetic contributions (15.3% of genes when put together), five were of the polled variety. Only 28 animals apportioned 50% of the total genetic variability, which is indicative of the small number of animals used as Nellore reproducers.

beef cattle; Nellore; pedigree analysis; lineages; stayability

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