Rhodococcus equi causes rodococose in horses, characterized by bronchopneumonia in foals. Due to reports of antimicrobial resistance, it is important to develop studies involving alternative therapies and new technologies, including the use of medicinal plants and nanotechnology. In this work, the plant Melaleuca alternifolia in oil free formulations, nanocapsule, nanoemulsion and the combination of free and nanocapsule oil nanoemulsion, besides its major compound, terpinen-4-ol, were used in order to verify antimicrobial activity against isolates of R. equi. The broth microdilution method was employed to determine the minimum inhibitory (MIC) and minimum bactericidal (MBC) concentrations of different formulations against 24 isolates. There was low antibacterial activity of M. alternifolia in oil free formulation; however, it was observed that the activity was enhanced when incorporated as essential oil the nanoformulations. The major compound, terpinen-4-ol, showed bactericidal and bacteriostatic activity when used alone. It is suggested that M. alternifolia, in association with nanocarriers systems, as well as terpinen -4-ol, presents potential for future studies concerning the equine rodococosis therapy.
medicinal plant; nanotechnology; rodococosis; susceptibility test