Volatile fatty acids in rumen of cows fed different concentrate level diets

S.R. Goularte L.C.V. Ítavo G.T. Santos C.C.B.F. Ítavo L.C.S. Oliveira S.P. Favaro A.M. Dias R.A.A. Torres Junior C.M.M. Bittar About the authors

The influence of concentrate levels from the diet on the content of volatile fatty acids in rumen fluid of cattle was evaluated. Four rumen fistulated crossbred cows, weighting around 442.15kg, were distributed in 4x4 Latin square schedule, divided into four periods of 14 days, 11 for adaptation and three for data collection. Corn silage was used as roughage, and corn, sorghum, soybean meal, soybean hulls, protected fat and urea, as concentrate. Diets were formulated with 13% crude protein (CP), using the proportions of 30, 40, 50 and 60% concentrate. There was no influence of treatment for the following acid concentrations: acetic, isobutyric, butyric, isovaleric and valeric. The propionic acid content and the ratio acetate: propionate showed values of 8.44 and 8.14 hours after feeding, respectively. The total fatty acids were not affected by treatments, with maximum concentration at 7.68 hours after feeding, with minimum pH values between six and nine hours. Diets containing up to 60% of concentrate in dry matter did not influence the concentrations of rumen volatile fatty acids.

cattle; acetate; butyrate; fat by pass; propionate

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