Two new techniques for laparoscopic intrauterine insemination in sheep - feasibility study

This study evaluated two new laparoscopic intrauterine insemination techniques with spinal needles in sheep. Four experimental stages were done, in which the animals were separated into two groups aiming to evaluate the techniques used. We used a total of 80 estrus-synchronized sheep, which were placed in quadrupedal or dorsal recumbence. The results showed that both insemination techniques using a spinal needle are feasible, but the quadrupedal insemination is technically more difficult compared to the laparoscopic approach in the dorsal position. With technical improvement and depending on the results in relation to pregnancy rates, this access could be considered an alternative procedure for sheep insemination.

sheep; laparoscopy; spinal needle; uterus; pregnancy

Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Escola de Veterinária Caixa Postal 567, 30123-970 Belo Horizonte MG - Brazil, Tel.: (55 31) 3409-2041, Tel.: (55 31) 3409-2042 - Belo Horizonte - MG - Brazil