Troponin I, electrocardiography and echocardiography values in felines sedated with ketamine and midazolam, supplemented or not with oxygen

R. Tocheto V.S. Padilha H.M. Cardoso E.H. Bitencourt J. Volpato J.N.B. Andrade N. Oleskovicz About the authors


Myocardium injuries caused by low myocardial oxygenation and perfusion might be induced by anesthetics agents like ketamine. These injuries can be detected by specific biomarkers and, among them, troponin I. The aim of this study was to evaluate the cardiovascular changes based on troponin I (TnI) values, electrocardiography (ECG) and echocardiography in cats sedated with ketamine and midazolam, supplemented or not with oxygen. Blood samples were collected from 12 intact male healthy cats for troponin I (T0) and they were then submitted to electrocardiographic and echocardiographic evaluation, as well as measurements of heart rate (HR) and systolic blood pressure (SBP) (M0). Subsequently, they were ketamine-midazolam ( and 0,5 respectively) anesthetized by intramuscular route. After about 10 minutes, the animals were randomly allocated into two groups with or without oxygen supplementation (GCO or GSO, respectively), again being subjected to the tests mentioned. Blood samples for troponin I were collected at 6, 12 and 24 hours after sedation. HR, SBP and ECG did not change among groups. The TnI values rise significantly in T6 comparing to baselines in both groups (0,507±0,335 ng/mL in GSO and 0,777±0,505 ng/mL in GCO). In echocardiography, the cardiac output decreased at M1, in both groups compared to baseline (M0 0,472±0,115 and M1 0,234±0,08 in GSO and M0 0,356±0,095 and 0,222±0,09 in GCO, L/min). We concluded that ketamine and midazolam sedation in healthy cats did not cause changes electrocardiography, increase troponin I values, with an 6 hours peak after administration, reduces cardiac output and oxygen supplementation, via facial mask, did not attenuated these alterations.

biomarkers; cats; myocardium; ketamine

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