Influence of concentrate supplementation and the animal category in the hemogram of Morada Nova sheep

L.R. Bezerra J.N.C. Torreão C.A.T. Marques L.P. Machado M.J. Araújo A.M.S. Veiga About the authors

This research was carried out to evaluate the influence of supplementation with concentrate on hematological profile of Morada Nova sheep in last third of pregnancy and postpartum, as well as comparing the values obtained in different categories (pregnant females, postpartum, and lambs). Eleven ewes it the last 75 days of pregnancy and the first 75 days of lactation and eight lambs born from the ewes allotted in completely randomized design and split-plot arrangement in time were used. During the experimental period, the animals remained in Andropogon gayanus pasture. Late in the afternoon they returned to the center of management to receive the concentrate supplementation with 19.17% of crud protein. Blood samples were collected from the 75th day of pregnancy to weaning at 75 days of lactation, every fourteen days. Blood samples were taken always in the morning, before the animals were released into the pasture, by puncturing the jugular vein, for complete blood count. Neither the erythrocyte profile nor the leukocyte profile was affected by the different levels of supplementation (P>0.05). The animal category had a significant effect (P<0.05) on hemoglobin and erythrocyte number. The mean hemoglobin values did not differ (P>0.05) between pregnant ewes (7.74 g/dL) and ones in postpartum (7.67g/dL) as well as the total count of red blood cells of the lambs (8.14 x 106/µL) did not differ (P>0.05) from females in postpartum (9.16 x 106/µl). When comparing between pregnant and postpartum ewes for the mean hematocrit values, mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration and total protein did not differ (P>0.05). The highest values were observed in these animals. The total white cell count was higher (P<0.05) in pregnant and postpartum ewes than lambs. The concentrate supplementation did not affect the blood profile of animals, but the animal category exerted influence on erythrocyte and leukocyte hematological parameters.

hemoglobin; neutrophils; indigenous sheep; supplementation

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