The authors studied 491 eyes in 473 patients with traumatic ocular perforation. The average follow-up was 9.6 months. Poor prognosis signs were scleral-corneal wounds (53,3% with best corrected vision between hand movements and no light perception) and perforations due to violence (65,6% with best corrected vision between hand movements and no light perception). These was a high incidence of perforation due to household (36,4%) and motor vehicle accidents (29,2%). The majority of ocular perforation was found in a young population (69,1% of the cases under 30 year-old). Safety precautions could be effective order to reduce the perforation incidence, such as routine use of seat belt, adequate protection during work and appropriate supervision of children by parents could help reduce the incidence of ruptured globes.
Perfuração ocular; trauma; epidemiologia; prevenção