Quantitative histological analysis of the mandibular branch of the facial nerve in rats

Análise histológica quantitativa do ramo mandibular do nervo facial em ratos

Heloisa Juliana Zabeu Rossi Costa Raquel Salomone Ciro Ferreira da Silva Márcio Paulino Costa Beatriz Lucchetta Ramos Ricardo Ferreira Bento About the authors

PURPOSE: To establish a model to quantitative histological analysis of the mandibular branch of the facial nerve in rats. METHODS: Eleven Wistar rats had their right and left mandibular branches of the facial nerve surgically removed and were sacrificed afterwards. Quantitative histological analysis was performed with: a) partial number of axons; b) partial area of the transversal cut of the nerve (9000μm²); c) partial density. The averages of partial density were obtained. The statistical study was established by Wilcoxon test (p=0.05). RESULTS: In relation to density of axons, comparison between sides shows no statistically significant difference (p=0.248; p=0.533). Mean partial density of distal and proximal samples was, respectively, 0.18 ± 0.02 and 0.19 ± 0.02 axons/μm². Comparison between proximal and distal samples shows no statistically significant difference (p=0.859; p=0.182). CONCLUSION: This study has successfully established a model to histological quantitative analysis of the mandibular branch of the facial nerve in rats.

Facial Nerve; Histology; Rats


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