Effects of peritoneal lavage with lidocaine on survival of rats with fecal peritonitis

Efeito da lavagem peritoneal com solução de lidocaína na sobrevida de ratos com peritonite fecal

Marcos Célio Brocco Danilo Nagib Salomão Paulo João Florêncio de Abreu Baptista Thiago Antunes Ferrari Thiago Caetano V. de Azevedo Alcino Lázaro da Silva About the authors

PURPOSE: To study the effects of peritoneal lavage with a 2% lidocaine solution, on the survival of the rats submitted to peritonitis caused by their own feces. METHODS: Forty-eight Wistar rats, weighting between 300g and 330g (mean, 311,45 ±9,67g), were submitted to laparotomy 6 hours following induction of fecal peritonitis. Animals were randomly divided into four groups of 12 each as follows: 1- Control, no therapy; 2- Drying of the abdominal cavity; 3- Peritoneal lavage with saline and drying; 4- Peritoneal lavage with a 2% lidocaine solution and drying. Animals that died were submitted to necropsy and the time of their death recorded; survivors were killed on the post-operation 11th day and necropsied. RESULTS: Death occurred within 52 h in all animals of group 1; within 126 h in 100% of those of group 2; within 50 h in 50% of those of group 3. All animals of group 4 survived. Survival on the 11 th day was higher in groups 3 and 4 than in groups 1 and 2 (p<0.001), and higher in group 4 than in group 3 (p<0.01). CONCLUSION: Peritoneal lavage with a 2% lidocaine saline solution without adrenaline, prevented the mortality of all animals with fecal peritonitis .

Peritonitis; Anesthesia; Sepsis

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