Influence of seropositivity for caprine arthritis encephalitis virus in the hemogram of lactating goats

The objective was to study the influence of caprine arthritis encephalitis in the blood count of goats during lactation. To this end, 38 F1 Anglo-Nubian x Saanen reproductive female goats, aged 14 to 38 months and body condition score between 2 and 3, were first tested by AGID and Western Blot, and divided into either a seropositive group (n = 19) or a seronegative group (n = 19). The groups were kept in separate paddocks, without physical contact, receiving the same nutritional and health management. The blood of these animals was collected by jugular venipuncture, monthly, from the partum period until the end of lactation, and their erythrogram and leukogram values were determined. At given moments, the seropositive animals showed morphological changes in red blood cells, with significant decrease in MCV, coupled with a significant increase of MCH and MCHC. There was no significant difference between the groups in the values of red blood cells and packed cell volume. The absolute values of monocytes and eosinophils of the seropositive animals, at certain moments, were significantly higher than the seronegative ones and above the normal range for goats.

Erythrogram; lentiviruses; leukogram

Instituto Biológico Av. Conselheiro Rodrigues Alves, 1252 - Vila Mariana - São Paulo - SP, 04014-002 - São Paulo - SP - Brazil