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BEHAVIOUR OF YELLOW PASSION FRUIT, AFRUVEC VARIETY, IN RELATION TO A POPULATION OF FUSARIUM SOLANI, CAUSAL AGENT OF COLLAR ROT

C.J. Bueno I.H. Fischer M.C.M. Parisi E.L. Furtado About the authors

ABSTRACT

The objective of the present work was to verify the behavior of yellow passion fruit, Afruvec variety, in relation to a population of Fusarium solani, obtained from this crop. The experimental delineation was random blocks, containing 10 treatments [9 isolates and 1 control treatment], with 4 repetitions, each plot being represented by a vase containing a plant. A disk of culture medium colonized by each isolate of the fungus was inoculated in the wounded collar region of the plants of the Afruvec variety two months after sowing. The appraised parameters were: the pathogenicity, the incidence (number of dead plants) and the severity of the disease (length of the lesion in the collar region), until 60 days after inoculation. The Afruvec variety was susceptible to the fungus and also presented variability as to the severity of the disease and incidence in relation to the different isolates. The population of the fungus showed variability in regard to aggressiveness. In light of the evidence of genetic diversity in the F. solani population, it is also suggested, in the tests of selection of materials to the pathogen, that these materials should be evaluated in different places with a history of the disease or inoculation with a pool of isolates of the fungus, in order to know the wide resistance of the genotype to the pathogen.

KEY WORDS
Passion fruit; genetic breeding; genetic resistance; Fusarium solani ; genetic variability

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