Chemical composition and efficacy of essential oil and ethanol extract of Alpinia zerumbet on Staphylococcus aureus

Karina Neoob de Carvalho Castro David Fernandes Lima Luciene Costa Vasconcelos Raimunda Cardoso Santos Alitiene Moura Lemos Pereira Fabíola Helena dos Santos Fogaça Kirley Marques Canuto Edy Sousa de Brito Rodrigo Maciel Calvet About the authors

ABSTRACT:

The present work describes the antibacterial activity of the essential oil and the ethanol extract from leaves of Alpinia zerumbet (colônia) on Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from cows with subclinical mastitis and standard strains ATCC 29213 and ATCC 25923, using the agar diffusion method. Ten treatments containing different concentrations of essential oil and ethanol extract (100.0; 50.0; 25.0; 12.5 and 6.3 mg.mL-1) and the control group (50% ethyl alcohol and 1% Tween solutions) were used for antimicrobial testing. The major constituents of the essential oil were p -cimeno (32.72%), 1.8-cineol (24.05%) and 4-terpineol (20.23%), which were determined by gas chromatographymass spectrometry and gas chromatography - flame ionization detector (CG-MS/FID). Ellagic acid and three flavonoids (rutin, quercetin and campferol) were detected in the ethanol extract by means of high performance liquid chromatography-photodiode array detector (HPLC-PDA). All strains showed sensitivity to the treatments with essential oil and the ethanol extract. The best response was obtained with A. zerumbet essential oil at a 100 mg.mL-1, showing complete inhibition of bacterial growth. These results demonstrate the antibacterial potential of essential oil and ethanol extract of A. zerumbet in the control of bovine mastitis.

KEYWORDS:
Alpinia zerumbet; antibacterial activity; bovine; medicinal plants

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