Sanitary and production aspects of swine finishing units of Mato Grosso State, Brazil

The present study examined health and productive aspects of swine Finishing Units (FU) in Mato Grosso State, Brazil. Data were collected by the official Institute of Agricultural Protection of Mato Grosso State, considering 55 finishing farms, distributed in 18 municipalities in the period from December 2005 to January 2006. The data were described and analyzed by the Spearman correlation test, according to the number of animals per FU, productive aspects, health protection systems, control of potential pathogen carriers and animal handling. The swine population totaled 74,650 registered animals and 44 TU (80.0%) were in the cerrado region. In regard to the number of pigs, 10.9%, 9.1%, 14%, 18.2%, 21.8% and 25% had 1-10, 11-100, 101-500, 501-1,000, 1,001-2,000 and up to 2,000 pigs respectively. Integrated farms totaled 63.6%, while 89.1% utilized intensive management. The analysis of positive correlations (P < 0.05) were observed in various types of farms, with relation to: veterinary care, all-in all-out systems, carcass incineration, fire sweeping, composting, masonry and wood buildings, consumption of self-produced and commercial food, water supply by dam, river or streams, and fly control. With different correlation levels, numerous deficits were detected in the health management in various segments of the FUs, so biosecurity issues of farms in Mato Grosso State should be revised, in order to assess their degree of vulnerability.

Farms; animal health; swine breeding; Mato Grosso

Instituto Biológico Av. Conselheiro Rodrigues Alves, 1252 - Vila Mariana - São Paulo - SP, 04014-002 - São Paulo - SP - Brazil