Risk factors for trypanosomiasis by Trypanosoma vivax in cattle raised in Rio Grande do Norte state

Fatores de risco para tripanossomose por Trypanosoma vivax em bovinos criados no estado do Rio Grande do Norte

Jael Soares Batista Gabriela Hémylin Ferreira Moura Francisco Canindé Lopes Kaliane Alessandra Rodrigues de Paiva Hélio Noberto de Araújo Júnior Rayr Cezar de Souza Góis Kizzy Millenn de Freitas Mendonça Costa Wesley Adson Costa Coelho Carlos Iberê Alves Freitas About the authors

ABSTRACT:

The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of anti Trypanosoma vivax antibodies and the possible risk factors associated with the infection in cattle in Rio Grande do Norte, Northeastern Brazil, through a cross-sectional epidemiological study, with non-probabilistic convenience sampling. A total of 467 cattle’s serum samples were analyzed by indirect immunofluorescence. Forty-two samples tested positive for Trypanosoma vivax IgG antibodies, corresponding to the prevalence of 9%. Risk factors influencing the occurrence of trypanosomiasis were milk exploration, raising of European breeds, productivity category: lactation cow, purchase of new cattle, foraging habits near ponds and rivers, and the presence of mechanical vectors. So, high prevalence in beef animals (59.5%), females (95.2%), European breed (88.1%), lactating cows (85.7%), pasture at banks of dams and rivers (95.2%), in addition to the presence of mechanical vectors (81%) and acquisition of animals (88.1%), indicates the expansion of trypanosomiasis in Northeastern semi-arid region, and the information obtained may explain the epidemiological factors that determine the occurrence of trypanosomiasis by T. vivax in this region.

KEYWORDS:
epidemiology; risk factors; northeast Brazil; serum prevalence; trypanosomosis

Instituto Biológico Av. Conselheiro Rodrigues Alves, 1252 - Vila Mariana - São Paulo - SP, 04014-002 - São Paulo - SP - Brazil
E-mail: arquivos@biologico.sp.gov.br