Pressupositions, unless otherwise noted, of a silent disagreement: Antonio Candido, Roberto Schwarz and Brazilian modernity

Alfredo César Barbosa de Melo

Due to the sharing of the same critical-methodological apparatus, the names of Antonio Candido and Roberto Schwarz are commonly associated. In this article, I intend to examine the tensions and discontinuities, frequently omitted, between those two intellectual projects. I argue that their views on Brazilian modernity are substantially divergent. Whereas Candido exhibits an optimistic tone vis-à-vis the transforming potentialities of the Brazilian people, Schwarz presents a more pessimistic interpretation about the Brazilian social (de)formation. I analyze how these divergent interpretations support the critical-historiographic project of these two authors.

Antonio Candido; Roberto Schwarz; modernity; Brazilian criticism


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