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CRUZ JOBIM AND THE POOR CLASS DISEASES THE SLAVE BODY AND THE KNOWLEDGE PRODUCTION IN THE FIRST HALF OF THE 19TH CENTURY

Abstract

During the first half of the 19th century in Rio de Janeiro, the medical knowledge that was being created was intrinsically linked to the practice and observation of the patients in their hospital bedding, and with the union of the University of Medicine to the caring of the patients and afterwards, the registration and disclosure of the connections with the theses, manuals, books and newspapers. This article reviews the construction of the medical knowledge of the first half of 19th century based upon the medical experiences of Cruz Jobim at the Santa Casa de Misericórdia do Rio de Janeiro. From those speeches published onthe journal for the Sociedade de Medicina do Rio de Janeiro and the texts from Jobim, we can show the importance of the patient slaves held on the establishment for the construction of etiologic theories that influenced the Brazilian medicine for the 19th century. Thus, it is possible to realize how much the production of knowledge and medical praticeswascompletely immersed inthe slavery context.

Keywords:
History of Medicine; slavery; 19th Century; History of Diseases

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