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Association between maternal exposure to particulate matter and premature birth

Associação entre a exposição materna ao material particulado e parto prematuro


The objective of this time-series study carried out in São José dos Campos, a southeastern Brazilian city, between 01.01.2005 and 31.12.2009, was to estimate the role of maternal exposure to air pollutants and preterm births. Preterm newborns of mothers aged between 18 and 34 years, with at least eight years of schooling, singleton pregnancies and whose delivery was vaginal were included in the study. Logistic regression was used to estimate the role of particulate matter, ozone and sulfur dioxide on preterm delivery with lags of zero up to 30 days. Exposure to particulate matter was associated significantly with preterm newborns in lags of 0, 1 and 3 days; but no association was found between cumulative maternal exposure in lags of 7, 15 and 30 days and the outcome. Maternal exposure to particulate matter therefore has an acute effect on preterm births in a medium-sized Brazilian town.

air pollutants; preterm birth; logistic regression; particulate matter; air pollution

O objetivo deste estudo de séries temporais desenvolvido em São José dos Campos, localizada sudeste do Brasil, entre 01.01.2005 e 31.12.2009, foi estimar o papel da exposição materna aos poluentes do ar e partos prematuros. Recém-nascidos prematuros de mães com idade entre 18 e 34 anos, com pelo menos oito anos de escolaridade, gestações únicas e cujo parto foi vaginal foram incluídos no estudo. A regressão logística foi utilizada para estimar o papel da exposição ao material particulado, ozônio e dióxido de enxofre em trabalho de parto prematuro com defasagens de zero até 30 dias. Exposição ao material particulado esteve associada significativamente com partos prematuros em lag 0, 1 e 3, mas não houve associação entre a exposição materna acumulada sete, 15 e 30 dias antes do parto e o desfecho. Assim, a exposição materna ao material particulado tem um efeito agudo em recém‑nascidos prematuros em uma cidade de brasileira de porte médio.

poluentes do ar; parto prematuro; regressão logística; material particulado; poluição do ar

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Publication Dates

  • Publication in this collection
    07 Apr 2014
  • Date of issue
    Mar 2014


  • Accepted
    08 Mar 2014
  • Received
    19 Dec 2013
Instituto de Pesquisas Ambientais em Bacias Hidrográficas Instituto de Pesquisas Ambientais em Bacias Hidrográficas (IPABHi), Estrada Mun. Dr. José Luis Cembranelli, 5000, Taubaté, SP, Brasil, CEP 12081-010 - Taubaté - SP - Brazil