A tecnologia de remoção de fósforo: gerenciamento do elemento em resíduos industriais

Phosphorus removal technology: Management of the element in industrial waste

Resumos

As elevadas concentrações de fósforo em águas residuárias industriais é uma das principais causas da eutrofização de corpos hídricos receptores, havendo em virtude disto, uma crescente preocupação com o gerenciamento das cargas de fósforo dos efluentes industriais. Além dos aspectos de contenção ambiental, é estrategicamente desejável que os processos de tratamento permitam a recuperação e o reúso deste elemento que é considerado de elevada demanda biológica. Neste sentido, esta revisão objetiva descrever e analisar criticamente o estado atual das tecnologias de gerenciamento de fósforo em águas residuais industriais, com ênfase no reúso do elemento. As tecnologias consideradas incluem abordagens químicas (precipitação química e adsorção), biológicas (sistemas bacterianos, uso macroalgas e microalgas) além de técnicas de fertirrigação.

espécies fosforadas; eutrofização; tecnologias de tratamento; reuso


High phosphorus concentrations in industrial wastewaters is one of the main causes of the eutrophication of water bodies, leading to a growing concern with the management of phosphorus loads from industrial wastewaters. In addition to the environmental aspects of containment, it is strategically desirable that the treatment processes enable the recovery and reuse of this element, which is considered to be of high biological demand. For these reasons, this review describes and critically analyzes the current state of phosphorus management technologies for industrial wastewaters, with emphasis on the reuse of the element. The technologies considered include chemical approaches (chemical precipitation and adsorption), biological (bacterial systems, microalgae and macroalgae) plus fertigation techniques.

phosphorus species; eutrophication; treatment technologies; reuse


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Datas de Publicação

  • Publicação nesta coleção
    17 Set 2014
  • Data do Fascículo
    Set 2014

Histórico

  • Aceito
    14 Ago 2014
  • Recebido
    27 Maio 2014
Instituto de Pesquisas Ambientais em Bacias Hidrográficas Instituto de Pesquisas Ambientais em Bacias Hidrográficas (IPABHi), Estrada Mun. Dr. José Luis Cembranelli, 5000, Taubaté, SP, Brasil, CEP 12081-010 - Taubaté - SP - Brazil
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