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Clinical and neuropsychological correlation in patients with rolandic epilepsy

Correlação entre achados clínicos e neuropsicológicos em pacientes com epilepsia rolândica

Lívia L. Medeiros Capelatto Ecila Paula M. Oliveira Marina L. Neri Catarina A. Guimarães Maria Augusta Montenegro Marilisa M. Guerreiro About the authors

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the presence of neurological soft signs (NSS) and to correlate them with the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC III) in patients with rolandic epilepsy (RE). METHODS: Forty children and adolescents aged between 9 and 15 years were studied. They were divided into two groups: G1 - patients with RE (n=20) - and G2 - healthy controls without epilepsy (n=20). They were assessed with the Quick Neurological Screening Test (QNST II) - clinical trial to search for NSS -, and the WISC III - neuropsychological test. RESULTS: No statistical difference between groups was found in WISC III and QNST II. However, children with poorer motor skills had worse performance in the QNST II and also in the execution intelligence quotient - IQ (p=0.001) and in total IQ (p=0.004), thus showing a positive correlation between them. CONCLUSIONS: The QNST II is a good screening tool for the neurologist to detect abnormalities in fine motor skills.

epilepsy; rolandic epilepsy; neurological soft signs

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