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Infections of cerebrospinal fluid shunts in children: revision of 100 infections in 87 children

An analysis of 100 infections in 87 children treated with shunts in the period of 1982 to 1995 is reported. The clinical presentation has been more frequently secondary to inflamatory signals. Staphylococcus were the most frequently microrganisms found. Infection by Gram negative agents was more aggressive and directly related with failure of therapy. Treatment included since only systemic antibiotics until withdrawal of shunt with use of systemic and intrathecal antibiotics. The best therapeutic results were obtained with withdrawal of shunt system and replacement by external shunt system associated to systemic antibiotics. In our experience this management must be accepted for treatment of this severe complication.

hydrocephalus; shunt; infection; cerebrospinal fluid

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