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Prevalence and independent risk factors for trichomoniasis in women receiving primary health care

Morgana Cristina Leôncio de Lima Thalita Valéria Albuquerque Augusto Cesar Barreto Neto Vitorina Nerivânia Covello Rehn About the authors

OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the prevalence and factors associated with trichomoniasis in women receiving primary health care. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was developed, involving a sample of 314 medical records, randomly selected through a process of systematic sampling, among women receiving primary health care services. The socioeconomic, demographic and clinical variables were examined. RESULTS: The prevalence of Trichomonas vaginalis was 10.5%, and 35% of the women studied lived in rural areas. The adjusted logistic regression analysis showed that the independent predictors of the presence of trichomoniasis were: high blood pressure, unpleasant vaginal odor and dyspareunia. CONCLUSION: In terms of practical applicability, the results can provide information for planning new nursing initiatives to prevent and reduce the prevalence of trichomoniasis in women.

Community health nursing; Primary care nursing; Trichomonas vaginalis; Trichomonas infections; Trichomonas vaginitis; Prevalence; Risk factors; Primary health care

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