Accessibility / Report Error

Quality and sleep duration among public health network users

Abstract

Objective

To assess the quality and sleep time between public health network users and associated factors.

Methods

A cross-sectional study of 775 individuals of both genders in a city in the Center-West region of Brazil. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to assess the sociodemographic characteristics, life habits, health conditions, binge drinking, and quality and sleep duration assessed by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. Poisson regression was used to identify the factors associated with poor sleep quality and sleep duration (short and long).

Results

In the multiple analysis, the factors associated with poor sleep quality were female gender (prevalence ratio: 1.10, 95% Confidence Interval and 95%CI 1.05-1.16, p <0.00), binge drinking (prevalence ratio: 1.08; 95%CI 1.03-1.13; p <0.01), illegal drug use (prevalence ratio: 1.06, 95%CI 1.00-1.12, p=0.03), angina (prevalence ratio: 1.07, 95%CI 1.03-1.18, p <0.01) and depression (prevalence ratio: 1.07 95%CI 1.00-1.14, p=0.02). Obesity was associated with short sleep duration (prevalence ratio: 1.10 95%CI 1.02-1.17, p <0.01). Age> 55 years was associated with long sleep duration (prevalence ratio: 1.39; 95%CI: 1.00-1.92; p=0.04).

Conclusion

Being a woman, being over 55 years old, consuming alcoholic beverages, using illegal substances, angina, obesity and depression were risk factors for changes in quality and sleep duration. The results of the present study reinforce the need for the development of actions aimed at the prevention of diseases related to sleep disorders in the study population.

Alcoholism; Antipsychotic Agents; Sleep Wake Disorders; Obesity; Sleep

Escola Paulista de Enfermagem, Universidade Federal de São Paulo R. Napoleão de Barros, 754, 04024-002 São Paulo - SP/Brasil, Tel./Fax: (55 11) 5576 4430 - São Paulo - SP - Brazil
E-mail: actapaulista@unifesp.br