Characterization of race 65 of Colletotrichum lindemuthianum by sequencing ITS regions

Caracterização da raça 65 de Colletotrichum lindemuthianum utilizando sequenciamento das regiões ITS

Marcela Coêlho Maria Celeste Gonçalves-Vidigal Lorenna Lopes de Sousa Maria Paula Barion Alves Nunes Rafhael Felipin Azevedo Marta Zulema Galván About the authors

ABSTRACT.

The present work aimed characterize isolates of C. lindemuthianum race 65 from different regions in Brazil by ITS sequencing. A total of 17 isolates of race 65, collected in the states of Mato Grosso, Minas Gerais, Paraná, Santa Catarina and São Paulo, were studied. Analysis of the sequences of isolates 8, 9, 12, 14 and 15 revealed the presence of two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the ITS1 region at the same positions. These isolates, when analyzed together with the sequence of isolate 17, revealed a SNP in the ITS2 region. The highest genetic dissimilarity, observed between isolates 11 and 3 and between isolates 11 and 10, was 0.772. In turn, isolates 7 and 2 were the most similar, with a value of 0.002 for genetic distance. The phylogenetic tree obtained based on the sequences of the ITS1 and ITS2 regions revealed the formation of two groups, one with a subgroup. The results reveal high molecular variability among isolates of race 65 of C. lindemuthianum.

Keywords:
anthracnose; genetic variability; pathogens; dissimilarity

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