Avaliação: Revista da Avaliação da Educação Superior (Campinas), Volume: 15, Issue: 1, Published: 2010
  • Editorial

    Dias Sobrinho, José
  • The communitarian in times of the not state-owned public institution

    Schmidt, João Pedro

    Abstract in Portuguese:

    Comunidade e comunitário são termos de larga utilização no discurso de organizações, instituições e atores sociais, tanto no passado como no presente, e caracterizam-se pelo seu caráter polissêmico. No caso brasileiro, distintas iniciativas ao longo da história têm invocado o caráter comunitário. Em comum, a auto-referência ao interesse coletivo e o não pertencimento à esfera estatal. A distingui-las, as variadas perspectivas ideológicas, as diferentes formas de relação com o Estado e a sociedade, os modos de organização interna. A mobilização das instituições comunitárias de educação superior no Brasil em favor de um marco legal próprio reforça o discurso comunitário sob o viés do público não estatal. O presente texto aborda as principais experiências do comunitário na educação brasileira e discute o significado do comunitário como público não estatal.

    Abstract in English:

    Community and communitarian are widely used terms, in the past as well as in the present, in the discourse of organizations, institutions and social actors, and are characterized by their polysemous qualities. As with the Brazilian case, distinct initiatives have invoked the communitarian nature throughout history. In common, the self-reference to the collective interest and not being owned by the State. To distinguish them, the varied ideological perspectives, the different ways of interacting with the State and society, the internal forms of organization. The mobilization of the communitarian institutions for higher education in Brazil in favor of their own legal framework, strengthens the communitarian discourse under the not State-owned public perspective. This text approaches the main experiences of the communitarian in Brazilian education and discusses the meaning of the communitarian as a public and yet not state-owned institution.
  • Self-concept, professional self-effectiveness and exploratory behavior in university seniors

    Bardagi, Marucia Patta; Boff, Raquel de Melo

    Abstract in Portuguese:

    Este estudo avaliou os níveis de clareza de autoconceito, auto-eficácia e comportamento exploratório em universitários em fase de conclusão de curso. Investigou-se 231 formandos de uma Universidade privada do interior do Rio Grande do Sul, homens e mulheres com idades entre 18 e 30 anos. Resultados apontam que encontrar um emprego na área é o plano da maioria dos jovens após a formatura, embora um percentual relevante (52,8%) já esteja colocado no mercado de trabalho. Houve correlação positiva entre comportamento exploratório, clareza de autoconceito e auto-eficácia, e os dados revelam que estudantes dispostos a engajar-se em atividades acadêmicas ou extracurriculares têm a tendência em ter projetos mais estruturados e expectativas mais realistas diante do mercado de trabalho. Estes resultados indicam que os universitários necessitam de um acompanhamento neste processo de transição, especialmente no âmbito da elaboração de metas e projetos profissionais.

    Abstract in English:

    This study evaluated the levels of self-concept, self-effectiveness and exploratory behavior in senior university students. 231 students of a private University in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, men and women with ages between 18 and 30 years, were studied. Results show that finding a job in the field of their major is the plan of the majority of the students after graduation, even though a great percentage (52.8%) is already placed in the work market. Positive correlations were found between exploratory behavior, self-concept and self-effectiveness, and students who engage in academic or extracurricular activities tend to have more structured projects and more realistic expectations towards the work market. These results indicate that students need support in this transitional period, especially concerning the definition of career goals and projects.
  • The balance score card for the construction and validation of instruments to measure professors'academic performance

    León, Alexis Tejedor de; Huerta, José Manuel

    Abstract in Spanish:

    La valoración de la labor docente es un pilar de la acreditación universitaria. En un momento, particularmente sensible relacionado a esta tendencia global y a la imagen que emerge de las diferentes unidades académicas y adminsitrativas, se torna importante, no solamente, recolocar el asunto de conocer si éstas ponen en práctica aquello que realmente enseñan, sino también conocer el grado de satisfacción de los" stakeholders" sobre los procesos de enseñanza-aprendizaje a nivel universitario. En este contexto, esta investigación tiene como objetivo diseñar y validar instrumentos dirigidos a explorar el entorno de la labor académica del docente universitario del Centro Regional de Veraguas de la Universidad Tecnológica de Panamá, considerando como ejes dimensionales la planificación, el desarrollo y las actividades psicopedagógicas propias de la labor académica. Para la realización de la investigación se utilizó la metodología del Cuadro de Mando Integral en las etapas de planificación estratégica del programa de evaluación académico y se utilizó la técnica Delphi para la validación de contenido y de constructo de los instrumentos. En la validación de la confiabilidad se determinó el valor Alpha de Cronbach utilizándose el programa para la PC de SPSS® para la toma de decisones.

    Abstract in English:

    The evaluation of faculty work is a pillar in university accreditation. Moreover, particularly in a period sensitive to this tendency of faculty work evaluation and the image that emerges from the different academic and administrative units, it is important not only to restate the subject of whether what is taught is also put into practice, but also to know the degree of satisfaction expressed by the stakeholders in the teaching and learning process at the higher education level. In this context, the research aim is to develop and validate the instruments directed to explore the internal academic environment of the faculty at the Veraguas Regional Center Technological University of Panama; considering as dimensional axes the organization, development, and the psycho-pedagogic properties of academic work. For the research execution, the Balance Score Card methodology was used in the stages of strategic planning and program evaluation; the Delphi technique was used to validate the content and for the construction of the instruments. The validation of the reliability value was established through Cronbach's alpha value by using the SPSS® for decision making.
  • Creation, maintenance and renewal of programs in the strategic discourse of chilean universities: discourses of the official texts

    Cavieres, Rodolfo Jiménez; Lagos, Rigoberto Muñoz; Rojas, Luis Peña

    Abstract in Spanish:

    Este articulo analiza los contenidos manifiestos y subyacentes en las prácticas discursivas desplegadas en las estrategias enunciadas por las universidades chilenas en lo referido a la vigencia, creación, mantención y renovación de la oferta de carreras universitarias en el proyecto estratégico de desarrollo institucional que cada universidad presenta como carta de navegación para su desarrollo en vías de enfrentar el desafío de la innovación pertinente con las transformaciones productivas que impone la economía globalizada y su demanda de una nueva formación de profesional para abordar los requerimientos de nuevos productos y servicios.

    Abstract in English:

    This article analyzes the undisguised contents and underlying practices unfolded in the enunciated strategies for the Chilean universities in reference to validity, creation, maintenance and renewal of university degree offers, in the strategic project of institutional development that every university has to present as a navigation chart for its development through the challenge of innovation pertinent to productive transformations imposed by the globalized economy and its demand of a new professional education able to deal with the requirements of new products and services.
  • Students' perceptions of the influence of a degree in industrial engineering on their performance

    Luiz, Natália Mattos; Costa, Aline Franco Da; Costa, Helder Gomes

    Abstract in Portuguese:

    O presente trabalho descreve a construção de um modelo para captar e analisar percepções a respeito dos impactos de um curso de graduação em engenharia de produção sobre o perfil dos seus egressos. Uma aplicação do modelo foi efetuada no segundo semestre de 2008 em uma amostra composta por alunos de um curso de Engenharia de Produção de uma Universidade Federal, localizada na região sudeste do Brasil. Essa amostra foi dividida em dois subconjuntos: alunos recém ingressantes na universidade (Grupo I); e, alunos cursando o último período do curso (Grupo F). No caso do Grupo I, foram mapeadas as percepções quanto às expectativas de influência do curso. Quanto ao Grupo F, foram investigadas as percepções quanto à influência do curso sobre o desempenho dos seus alunos. Os resultados obtidos indicam que, para ambos os grupos, houve uma avaliação positiva quanto à influência do curso. Os impactos mais positivos foram percebidos no critério empregabilidade. A pesquisa também investigou a percepção da importância percebida de cada um dos critérios pesquisados. De uma forma geral pode-se dizer que a expectativa percebida foi superior ao impacto percebido, para todos os critérios.

    Abstract in English:

    The present paper describes the construction of a model to collect and analyze undergraduate students' perceptions about the effects of an Industrial Engineering program on its alumni skills. An application of the model was experimented over a sample composed by the students of a federal university, located at the southern region of Brazil. This sample was divided into two groups: one group composed by seniors and the other composed by freshmen, attending their first semester. The freshmen were analyzed in terms of their expectations on the influence of their major and the seniors were analyzed in terms of their perception of the influence of their major on their skills. The results show that both groups perceived positive impacts over their skills. The most positive impacts were perceived under the criterion of employability. The research also investigated the perceptions of the degree of importance of the criteria. The criteria perceived as most important are alumni's employability and ability to solve problems. Analyzing the results, one can conclude that the perception of the importance of the criteria was very similar for both groups, although the expectation of the impact of the program was higher than the perceived impact at the end of the program, in all criteria.
  • Predictive capacity of peer evaluation and the focus of the institutional accreditation model in Chile

    Rodríguez-Ponce, Emilio; Fleet, Nicolás; Delgado, Milagros

    Abstract in Spanish:

    El presente artículo presenta los resultados de un estudio sobre los procesos de acreditación institucional realizados en Chile en el periodo 2003-2006. El propósito del estudio es estimar la capacidad predictiva que la evaluación externa realizada por los comités de pares tuvo sobre los resultados finales de acreditación institucional. Para ello, se generó un modelo de regresión, donde las calificaciones de los pares evaluadores - sobre las áreas de acreditación 'Gestión Institucional'y 'Docencia de Pregrado' - se ingresaron como variable independiente y los resultados de acreditación, expresados en la decisión de acreditación y los años de vigencia, como variable dependiente. Como resultados, se comprobó que existe consistencia entre las etapas de evaluación externa y de decisión de acreditación; que las calificaciones otorgadas por los pares en el área de 'Docencia de Pregrado' tienen mayor capacidad predictiva que aquellas otorgadas en el área de 'Gestión Institucional', y, por último; que hay elementos para plantear que el foco de 'evaluación' (en comparación al foco de 'auditoria') fue predominante en el modelo de acreditación institucional chileno entre los años estudiados.

    Abstract in English:

    This article presents the results of a study of the institutional accreditation processes that took place in Chile during the period of 2003 to 2006. The purpose of the study is to estimate the capacity of peer evaluation to predict the final results of institutional accreditation. Thus, a regression model was developed, in which the score given by the academic peers to the institutions -in the accreditation areas of 'Institutional Management' and 'Undergraduate Teaching Process' - were entered as the independent variable, and the accreditation results, expressed in the accreditation decision and the period of accreditation, were included in the model as the dependent variable. The results show that there is consistency between the peer evaluation and the accreditation decision; that the score given by the academic peer to the area of 'Undergraduate Teaching Process' has more capacity to predict the accreditation results than the score of the area 'Institutional Management'; and, that there are arguments to support that the focus on 'evaluation'(in comparison to the focus on audit) was predominant in the model of institutional accreditation in Chile during the studied period.
  • Evaluation of the pedagogical strategy "project-based learning": perception of the students

    Rodríguez-Sandoval, Eduardo; Cortés-Rodriguez, Misael

    Abstract in Spanish:

    El propósito de este trabajo es mostrar la percepción que tienen los estudiantes del programa de Ingeniería Agrícola de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia, sede Medellín sobre la evaluación y el desarrollo de la estrategia pedagógica "aprendizaje basado en proyectos", utilizada en diferentes cursos teórico-prácticos. Esta estrategia consiste en adquirir el aprendizaje del curso por medio de la elaboración y desarrollo de un proyecto durante el semestre académico. El proyecto contribuye a la transferencia del conocimiento de los principios teóricos presentados en clase, al desarrollo del pensamiento crítico y reflexivo, e incentiva el interés por la investigación. El análisis de los resultados de la encuesta aplicada a los estudiantes que participaron en esta experiencia pedagógica, mostró que el aprendizaje basado en proyectos es importante para su desarrollo profesional y cumple con sus expectativas educativas. La mayoría de los encuestados afirman que se aplicaron los conceptos vistos en clase durante el desarrollo del proyecto, la metodología propuesta fue la adecuada, y estuvieron de acuerdo con la valoración final del proyecto y el tiempo dedicado a la parte experimental.

    Abstract in English:

    The purpose of this study is to show the perception of the agricultural engineering students from Universidad Nacional de Colombia on the evaluation and performance of the pedagogical strategy called "project-based learning", involved in different theoretical-practice courses. This model consists of a learning strategy through the implementation of a project during the academic semester. The project contributes to the transfer of theoretical concepts, the development of critical and reflexive thinking, and to the increase of interest in research and investigation. The survey results from the students who participate in this pedagogical experience showed that project-based learning is important for their professional development and achieves their educational expectations. Most of the students affirmed that the information learned in class was applied during the project development, the methodology was suitable, and the final assessment of the project and the experimental time were adequate.
  • Evaluation of a higher education program through student satisfaction/dissatisfaction

    Souza, Saulo Aparecido de; Reinert, José Nilson

    Abstract in Portuguese:

    O propósito deste estudo foi analisar a avaliação de um curso de graduação através da identificação dos fatores que geram satisfação e insatisfação por parte de seus estudantes e, também, comparar os resultados entre as modalidades de ensino presencial e a distância. O questionário empregado deixou o estudante livre para indicar espontaneamente aquilo que o satisfaz ou insatisfaz. Em seguida, os resultados foram analisados por meio da técnica análise de conteúdo. Os resultados indicam que, na avaliação dos estudantes, os principais fatores determinantes da satisfação e da insatisfação com o curso estão relacionados com a estrutura curricular, o corpo docente e o ambiente social. Foram encontradas diferenças significativas na comparação entre as modalidades de ensino pesquisadas. A estrutura física e algumas características do curso foram consideradas pouco importantes para a avaliação dos cursos pelos estudantes.

    Abstract in English:

    This study analyzed the evaluation of a higher education program by identifying factors that cause satisfaction and dissatisfaction according to higher education students' views and also compared the results between distance learning and traditional classroom students. The questionnaire provided an opportunity for the students to spontaneously indicate the factors that caused satisfaction and dissatisfaction. The results were then analyzed using content analysis technique. The results indicate that students evaluate curriculum structure, faculty, and social environment as the main determinants of satisfaction and dissatisfaction concerning to the program. Significant differences were found in the comparison between traditional classroom and distance learning formats. Department infrastructure and some characteristics of the program were considered unimportant for the students' program evaluation.
  • Reflections on the process of institutional self-evaluation: the view of a self-evaluation committee

    Lehfeld, Neide Aparecida de Souza; Gabarra, Manoel Henrique Cintra; Costa, Caetano da; Sousa, Yara Teresinha Correa Silva

    Abstract in Portuguese:

    Por meio de reflexões sobre o desenvolvimento da autoavaliação, no contexto do Sistema Nacional deAvaliação da Educação Superior (SINAES), o presente artigo descreve a experiência de docentes que compõem a Comissão Própria de Avaliação de uma Universidade privada do estado de São Paulo, desde as primeiras participações em processos avaliativos até a elaboração da metodologia, construção dos instrumentos de coleta de dados e divulgação dos relatórios. Embora não sejam enfatizados os resultados da autoavaliação, a descrição e a análise desse processo levam em consideração o impacto da criação dos índices de avaliação das instituições de ensino superior.

    Abstract in English:

    Through considerations on the development of self-evaluation in the context of the National Higher Education Evaluation System (SINAES), this article describes the experience of professors' who are part of the Self-Evaluation Committee of a private university in the state of São Paulo, discussing since the first involvements in evaluation processes to methodology settings, elaboration of data collecting techniques and disclosure of reports. Although it does not emphasize the results of self-evaluation, the description and analysis of this process take into account the impact of the creation of higher education evaluation indexes.
  • Evaluation and transformations in brazilian higher education (1995-2009): from provão to Sinaes

    Dias Sobrinho, José

    Abstract in Portuguese:

    O texto estabelece um eixo entre as principais políticas de avaliação e as transformações da educação superior brasileira, concebidas e praticadas a partir de 1995, destacando alguns dos efeitos sobre o ensino de graduação. Esse período coincide com os governos dos presidentes Fernando Henrique Cardoso (1995-2002) e Lula (2003-...) e a vigência da LDBEN (1996). Após um breve panorama da educação superior brasileira nesse período, serão analisados os principais instrumentos de avaliação praticados no Brasil, com ênfase no Provão e no ENADE, e alguns de seus efeitos no ensino superior. No final, são apresentadas algumas considerações sobre os exames gerais ou de larga escala, com intuito também de apontar suas interferências no ensino.

    Abstract in English:

    This text establishes a basic connection between the main evaluation policies and the transformations in Brazilian higher education, conceived and practiced since 1995, pointing out some of the effects on undergraduate teaching. This period coincides with the government of presidents Fernando Henrique Cardoso (1995-2002) and Lula (2003 - ...) and the time period of the current LDBEN law (1996). After a brief panorama of Brazilian higher education during this period, the main evaluation instruments used in Brazil are analyzed, emphasizing Provão and ENADE, and some of their effects on higher education. At the end, a few considerations on general or large-scale exams are presented with the purpose of also pointing out their interference in education.
  • Resenha

    Serafim, Milena Pavan
Publicação da Rede de Avaliação Institucional da Educação Superior (RAIES), da Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP) e da Universidade de Sorocaba (UNISO). Rodovia Raposo Tavares, km. 92,5, CEP 18023-000 Sorocaba - São Paulo, Fone: (55 15) 2101-7016 , Fax : (55 15) 2101-7112 - Sorocaba - SP - Brazil
E-mail: revistaavaliacao@uniso.br