Sort publications by
Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology, Volume: 64, Published: 2021
  • Genetic Similarity Among Accessions of Paspalum notatum Flügge (Poaceae): a Potential to Parental Selection Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Fachinetto, Juliana; Dall’Agnol, Miguel; Schneider-Canny, Raquel; Janke-Porto, Aline; Souza, Mariângela Gil de

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Low genetic similarity in Paspalum notatum accessions. High genetic distance among diploid accessions. The accessions have good potential to breeding program.
  • The Effect of Temperature and Growth Regulators on Callus Induction in Watermelon Anthers Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Silva, Carla Maria de Jesus; Dias, Rita de Cássia Souza; Melo, Natoniel Franklin de

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Callogenesis was induced from watermelon anthers The auxin 2,4-D at 2.0 and 5.0 μM concentrations induced callus formation. Anthers’ responses to the pre-treatment at 4 °C varied according to the watermelon genotype.
  • Response of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi and Soil Chemical Properties to Brachiaria decumbens Grass Production Technologies Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Parra, Amanda Silva; Ortiz, Angela María Mogollón; Huertas, Hernando Delgado

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Brachiaria decumbens pasture associated with kudzu Pueraria phaseloides legume represents an alternative for higher arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF). Higher lime doses presented high rates of AMF and improved soil chemical properties (SCP). Higher lime doses were the most influential technological factor than the type of pasture and the N, P, K fertilizer sources on AMF.
  • Gas Exchange, Root Morphology and Nutrients in Maize Plants Inoculated with Azospirillum brasilense Cultivated Under Two Water Conditions Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Marques, Daniele Maria; Magalhães, Paulo César; Marriel, Ivanildo Evódio; Gomes Júnior, Carlos César; Silva, Adriano Bortolotti da; Souza, Thiago Corrêa de

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Azospirillum brasilense stimulates root growth in maize under water deficit. Maize inoculated with A. brasilense shows greater photosynthesis under drought conditions. Under water deficit, maize plants inoculated with A. brasilense showed greater water use efficiency (WUE).
  • Tecnologic Development on Pleurotus Cultivation: Specific Practices Used in Brazil Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Albertia, María Melisa; Cunha, Matheus Luis Oliveira; Mendes, Danilo Wanderley; Vieira Junior, Wagner Gonçalves; Zied, Diego Cunha

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS P. ostreatus and P. sapidus are the most productive species under the evaluated conditions. Different growing systems are suitable for the production of P. ostreatus var. Florida. Temperature control level affects differently the P. ostreatus var. Florida isolates. Environmental and strain factors affect yield and production parameters of P. ostreatus var. Florida.
  • Can the Granulometric Soil Fractions Attenuate the Radiation Differently from the Whole Soil? Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Prandel, Luis Valério; Saab, Sérgio da Costa; Tonial, Larissa Macedo dos Santos; Brinatti, André Maurício; Pires, Luiz Fernando

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Semi-quantitative elemental analysis of the soils was accomplished through EDXRF. The µ, PA, CS and IS of hardsetting soil fractions was calculated by using the XCOM computer code. The mineralogical composition was determined by the RM-XRD. With PCA was possible to discriminate soil fractions and to correlate µ, PA, CS and IS.
  • Identification and Production of Beauvericin by Fusarium subglutinansand F. sacchari from Sugarcane Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Mohammed, AeshahMhana; Al-Ani, Laith Khalil Tawfeeq

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Isolation two species of pathogens Fusarium from sugarcane. Identification the difference in morphological characterization between two species of Fusarium. Determination the ability of pathogens Fusarium to produce mycotoxin Beauvericin. Determination of the toxicity Beauvericin on the brine shrimp.
  • The CYP707A Gene Family in Strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa) Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Gonzalez, Hugo Carlos Bolzon; Galli, Vanessa

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Abscisic acid is catabolized by CYP707A enzymes CYP707A gene family was characterized in strawberry Phylogenetic, network interaction and gene expression analysis were performed CYP707A genes are involved in the salt stress response in strawberry.
  • Cloning and Characterization of 5-enopy ruvylshikimate-3-phosphate Synthase from Fragaria vesca Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Liu, Feng; Ruan, Yingying

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS The FvEPSPS encodes a polypeptide of 520 amino acids. FvEPSPS was constitutively expressed in stems, leaves and roots, with lower expression in roots. FvEPSPS expression level could increase significantly with glyphosate treatment. Transgenic Arabidopsis Thaliana with FvEPSPS gene exhibited 10 mM glyphosate to resistance. Transgenic Arabidopsis Thaliana with FvEPSPS gene exhibited 10 mM glyphosate to resistance.
  • In vitro Propagation to Conserve the Local Endemic and Endangered Medicinal Plant Helianthemum germanicopolitanum Bornm. Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Kapdan, Emine; Sezgin, Mehmet

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS This is the first report of the in vitro propagation of Helianthemum germanicopolitanum Bornm. It is a comprehensive optimization study in which 3 different media, 64 different PGR combinations and 2 different solidifiers are tested. The success of acclimatization is 32%.
  • Extraction, Partial Purification and Characterization of Bromelain from Pineapple (Ananas Comosus) Crown, Core and Peel Waste Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Gul, Anum; Siddiqui, Maryam; Arain, Habiba; Khan, Sadaf; Khan, Hanzala; Ishrat, Urooj

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Bromelain was extracted from crown, core, and peel waste of pineapple. Ammonium sulphate (NH4)2SO4 precipitation method was used as a simple and cost-effective approach for partial purification of bromelain. A purification of 4.34, 2.75 and 2.59-fold was achieved for crown, core and peel bromelain samples respectively. Enzyme activity recovery of 170.41 %, 192.37 % and 337.59 % was achieved for crown, core, and peel bromelain, respectively.
  • Production, Purification and Characterization of a Novel Bacteriocin Produced by Bacillus subtilis VS Isolated from Mango (Mangifera indica L.) Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Sharma, Vishakha; Aseri, Gajender; Bhagwat, Prashant; Jain, Neelam; Ranveer, Rahul Chudaman

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHT Bacillus subtilis VS, an isolate from mango with bacteriocin producing ability. Bacteriocin potentially inhibited pathogenic S. boydii, S. typhi & amp; L. monocytogenes. DEAE cellulose and sephadex G75 chromatography are best suited for purification. Purified bacteriocin found to be stable at broad pH and temperature range.
  • Highly Expression and Purification of an Antigenic Region (D259-R462) of Adenylate Guanylate Cyclase Protein, Applicable for ELISA Test Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Ghalani, Jeyran; Esmaelizad, Majid; Kamalzadeh, Kimia

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS This is first study to present AGC protein as a candidate antigen in ELISA. High yield 514.2 mg purity of recombinant protein. Urea purification method is a simple and low-cost with high efficiency technique which has been used in this research. rAcB demonstrating that might be useful for evaluation of antibody level in vaccinated animal.
  • Determination of Bioethanol Production from Apricot (Prunus armeniaca) Pomace Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Demiray, Ekin; Karatay, Sevgi Ertuğrul; Dönmez, Gönül

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Bioethanol production from apricot pomace was reported for the first time. Dilute acid and enzymatic hydrolyses can efficiently saccharify the apricot pomace. The washing step increased the fermentation efficiency significantly. The maximum ethanol was observed as 30.09 g/L from 20% washed apricot pomace.
  • Prediction of Land Suitability for Crop Cultivation Using Classification Techniques Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Ganesan, Mariammal; Andavar, Suruliandi; Raj, Raja Soosaimarian Peter

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Comparative analysis of Machine Learning techniques for Crop prediction. Performance evaluation based on only soil, only environmental characteristics and both. Performance analysis for classifiers using k-fold validation. Performance analysis using data splitting method.
  • Colletotrichum siamense, a Mycovirus-Carrying Endophyte, as a Biological Control Strategy for Anthracnose in Guarana Plants Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Casas, Luana Lopes; Almeida, Lucas Nascimento de; Pereira, José Odair; Costa Neto, Pedro de Queiroz; Azevedo, João Lúcio de

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Colletotrichum siamense and C. fructicola were identified in guarana plants. C. siamense, a mycovirus-carrying endophyte, protects the plant against a phytopathogenic fungus. C. siamense with the mycovirus stimulates the growth of Paullinia cupana plants.
  • Optimization of Flavonoid Production in Plant Cell Culture of Thevetia peruviana Elicited with Methyl Jasmonate and Salicylic Acid Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Durán, Mateo David León; Zabala, Mario Evelio Arias; Londoño, Guillermo Antonio Correa

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS The addition of MeJa and SA on the 6th day for 24 h resulted in a 1.07 and 1.3 times increase in total flavonoid content compared to the control culture. Optimizing parameters such as MeJa and SA concentration, addition time and harvest time resulted in total flavonoid content 4.14 and 3.75 mg EQ/g DW, respectively.
  • Immunogenicity of a Recombinant Gonadotropin-releasing Hormone Associated to the B Subunit of Escherichia coli Heat-labile Enterotoxin Expressed in Pichia pastoris and Escherichia coli Platforms Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Eslabão, Lívia Budziarek; Conrad, Neida Lucia; Albuquerque, Pedro Machado Medeiros de; Cunha, Rodrigo Casquero; Varela Junior, Antônio Sérgio; Leite, Fábio Pereira Leivas

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS P. pastoris and E. coli systems were able to express GnRH/LTB; Fusion of singles GnRH and LTB molecules are immunogenic in mice; GnRH vaccine induces histological changes on mice gonads; GnRH/LTB molecule is a promising antigen for an immunocontraceptive vaccine.
  • Sewage Sludge Biochar Effects on Phytopathogenic Fungi and Beneficial Microorganisms Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Araujo, Alyson Silva de; Blum, Luiz Eduardo Bassay; Andrade, Doyglas Vinícius Nunes; Silva Júnior, Pedro Batista da; Figueiredo, Cícero Célio de

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Sewage sludge biochar (SSB) controls different phytopathogens. SSB has a direct effect on the mycelial growth of phytopathogenic fungi. Control of phytopathogens in low concentrations (up to 0.8%) of SSB.
  • Kriging Versus Cokriging and Collokated Cokriging for Soil Physical-Hydraulic Attributes and their Influence on Soybean Growth Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Duarte, Sara de Jesus; Vieira, Sidney Rosa; Giarola, Neyde Fabíola Balarezo; Silva, Álvaro Pires da

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS The soil spatial variability is related with plant development. There was no difference between the interpolation methods. The hydraulic conductivity and mainly the slope change the plant growth.
  • Comparison of Single-Step Methods to Enrich Lipase Concentrations in Bacterial Cell Lysates Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Walsh, Marie Kathleen; Najm, Teif AbdulQani

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Lipases were enriched from Geobacillus and Anoxybacillus lysates For each lipase, ethanol precipitation resulted in the highest enrichment fold Ethanol precipitation is a simple enrichment method that can result in high yields
  • Optimization of Biostimulants Application for Phenology and Quality of Oats Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Gurmani, Zulfiqar Ali; Khan, Samiullah; Khan, Ayub; Farid, Abid; Khan, Sajjad; Hameed, Muhammad Usama

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Chitosan 100 ppm is better than other concentrations for oat yield and quality. Application of moringa leaf extract ratio at1:40 produced better yield, CP and minerals in oats. For oat yield and quality traits, application of sea weed extract at 2% and thiourea 400 ppm performed better than other traits. Overall, fodder yield and quality parameters were enhanced by the application of biostimulants.
  • Genetic Diversity in Natural Populations and Cultivated Stands of Walnut (Juglans regia L.) Using Microsatellite Marker Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Mohammadi, Chonur; Seyedi, Nasrin; Mandoulakani, Babak Abdollahi; Caeiro, Maria Filomena

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Planted stands can be used for extending and preserving the genetic diversity of natural stands.
  • Limonium duriusculum (de Girard) Kuntze Exhibits Anti-inflammatory Effect Via NF-κB Pathway Modulation Article - Human And Animal Health

    Hamadou, Meriem Hadjer; Kerkatou, Messaoud; Zucal, Chiara; Bisio, Alessandra; Provenzani, Alessandro; Inga, Alberto; Menad, Ahmed; Benayache, Samir; Benayache, Fadila; Ameddah, Souad

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS L. duriusculum n-BuOH extract reduces inflammatory responses both in vitro and in vivo. L. duriusculum n-BuOH extract inhibits NF-κB-dependent transcriptional responses. L. duriusculum n-BuOH extract decreases the expression of TNF-α and IL-6 genes.
  • Evaluation of Depressive and Anxious Behavior with the Use of Propranolol in Melanoma-Bearing Mice Article - Human And Animal Health

    Berton, Juliana; Ferreira, Tamara Nascimento; Santos, Nadja Pereira; Ferro, Marcelo Machado; Favero, Giovani Marino

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS: Tumor progression and anxiety and depression behaviors under evaluation during propranolol use in murine melanoma. Evaluation of anxiety and depression through forced swimming behavior tests, elevated plus maze, open field and marble-burying test.
  • Analysis of the qPCR Assay Efficacy as Molecular Diagnostic in Patients with Chemotherapy and/or Antibiotic Therapy Article - Human And Animal Health

    Moreira, Tiago César Gouvêa; Agostinho, Luciana de Andrade

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS RT-qPCR efficiency can vary according to 260/280 ratio of samples analyzed. Chemotherapeutic drugs in the blood sample was not correlated with Ct variation (qPCR). The spectrophotometer determines a RNA quantification with 2.2 times higher than the fluorimeter. Antibiotics in the blood sample can be associated in 11.3% with the variability of 260/280 ratio.
  • Eimeria bateri Natural Infection: Oocysts Reductions in Grey Quail (Coturnix coturnix) Treated with Bacillus thuringensis var. israelensis Article - Human And Animal Health

    Menegon, Yasmine Alves; Roll, Aline Arassiana Piccini; Pinto, Natália Berne; Roll, Victor Fernando Büttow; Leite, Fábio Pereira Leivas

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Coccidiosis cause important economic losses for poultry industry. Bti produce proteins with high specific parasiticidal effect. Bti reduce the number of Eimeria bateri oocysts in quail.
  • Pre-treatment by Rosemary Extract or Cell Transplantation Improves Memory Deficits of Parkinson’s Disease: When Tradition Meets the Future Article - Human And Animal Health

    Rad, Seyyede Narjes Hashemi; Kashani, Maryam Haji Ghasem; Abrari, Kataneh

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Spatial learning and memory impairment through bilateral injection of 6-OHDA (6-Hydroxydopamine) into the SNc which also leads to the destruction of neurons in the hippocampus. ADSCs (Adipose tissue-derived stem cells) transplantation had neuroprotective effect and recovered the memory deficit in 6-OHDA-induced rat model of Parkinson’s disease. Rosemary extract pre-treatment compensated the memory deficit in 6OHDA-induced rat model of Parkinson’s disease.
  • Effect of Leptin, Pituitary Transcription Factor and Luteinizing Hormone Receptor Genes Polymorphisms on Reproductive Traits and Milk Yield in Holstein Cattle Article - Human And Animal Health

    Cañizares-Martínez, Mayra Alejandra; Parra-Bracamonte, Gaspar Manuel; Segura-Correa, José Candelario; Magaña-Monforte, Juan Gabriel

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS The CC genotype of the LEP gene decreases 28.71 days of the calving to conception interval. The AA genotype of the Pit-1 gene decreases 41.36 days the age at first calving. The CC genotype of the LEP gene decreases 13.62 days the calving interval. A59V and HinfI loci are candidate SNPs to be validated in marker assisted programs.
  • Testosterone Combined with Voluntary Exercise Attenuates Diabetes-induced Pancreatic Apoptosis in Castrated Diabetic Rats Induced by HFD/STZ Article - Human And Animal Health

    Chodari, Leila; Pourheydar, Bagher; Dariushnejad, Hassan; Jamshidi, Shahriyar; Khalaji, Naser; Ghorbanzadeh, Vajihe

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Testosterone decrease pancreas p53 expression levels in type 2 diabetes and castrated diabetic rats. Voluntary exercise decrease pancreas p53 expression levels in type 2 diabetes and castrated diabetic rats. Testosterone combined with Voluntary exercise had a synergistic effect on reducing pancreas p53 expression levels and decrease the symptoms of type 2 diabetes in diabetic and castrated diabetic rats.
  • In Silico Screening of DNA Gyrase B Potent Flavonoids for the Treatment of Clostridium difficile Infection from PhytoHub Database Article - Human And Animal Health

    Verma, Kanika; Mahalapbutr, Panupong; Suriya, Utid; Somboon, Tuanjai; Aiebchun, Thitinan; Shi, Liyi; Maitarad, Phornphimon; Rungrotmongkol, Thanyada

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Flavonoids potentially target GyrB. Screened flavonoids have good bioavailability and no toxicity. Flavonoids could preferentially interact with GyrB and some of them exhibit higher binding affinity towards GyrB than novobiocin.
  • Allium jesdianum Extract Induces Oxidative Stress and Necroptosis in Human Colorectal Cancer (HT-29) Cell Line Article - Human And Animal Health

    Alidadi, Hadis; Shirani, Maryam; Samimi, Azin; Salimi, Anayatollah; Ashtari, Atefeh; Khorsandi, Layasadat

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Allium jesdianum extract inhibits proliferation of HT-29 cells Allium jesdianum extract induces necroptosis in HT-29 cells Allium jesdianum extract induces oxidative stress in HT-29 cells
  • Biological and Oxidative Effect of Ellagic Acid on Saccharomyces cerevisiae: A New Way for Culture Developing Article - Human And Animal Health

    Gok, Ozlem; Beyaz, Seda; Aslan, Abdullah

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Ellagic acid (EA) reduces oxidative damage and thus it can protect S. cerevisiae against to ROS. SDS-PAGE results reveal that EA induces total protein synthesis. EA induces S. cerevisiae cell development and it reduces MDA levels and it increases GSH levels.
  • Glutathione S-Transferase Activity in Tissues of Rats Exposed to Fenarimol Article - Human And Animal Health

    Ozcelebi, Halime; Ari, Ferda; Dere, Egemen

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Changes in GST enzyme activity in rat tissues exposed to fenarimol were investigated. GST activity was increased in liver, kidney and small intestine tissues to fenarimol exposure. GST activity was decreased in brain intestine tissues to fenarimol exposure. Fenarimol can cause a toxic effect on metabolism by causing changes in GST activity.
  • Chemical Composition and In Vitro Antimicrobial Activity of the Essential Oil Obtained from Eugenia pyriformis Cambess. (Myrtaceae) Article - Human And Animal Health

    Souza, Angela Maria de; Oliveira, Vinícius Bednarczuk de; Oliveira, Camila Freitas de; Betim, Fernando Cesar Martins; Pacheco, Samanta Daliana Golin; Cogo, Laura Lúcia; Miguel, Obdulio Gomes; Miguel, Marilis Dallarmi

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS β-caryophyllene, bicyclogermacrene, globulol, and δ-cadinene were de major constituents. Antimicrobial activity was tested with twelve microorganisms of interest. Promissing antibacterial activity of essential oil against several gram-positive bacteria. The essential oil showed marked toxicity to A. salina.
  • Electrochemical DNA Biosensor for Mycobacterium leprae Identification Article - Human And Animal Health

    Afonso, André Santiago; Madurro, João Marcos; Brito-Madurro, Ana Graci

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Leprosy is a neglected tropical disease. Poly(4-aminophenol) was a good platform for immobilization of DNA. The methylene blue was an appropriate hybridization indicator in this electrochemical DNA biosensor.
  • Investigation of the Effects of Glutens on Serum Interleukin-1 Beta and Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha Levels and the Immunohistochemical Distribution of CD3 and CD8 Receptors in the Small Intestine in Male Rats Article - Human And Animal Health

    Gümüş, Recep; Uslu, Sema; Aydoğdu, Uğur; İmik, Aybüke; Ekici, Mehmet

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Gluten is the main storage protein of cereals grains (wheat, barley, corn, etc.). Gluten is composed of glutenin polymers and gliadin monomers. Gluten consumption leads to severe adverse effects on the intestinal tract. Glutens leads to severe adverse effects blood cytokine parameters.
  • Expression of Certain Pulmonary Proteins in the Tracheal Mucosa and Lungs of Pashmina, Bakerwali and Non-Descript Goats of U.T.s of Ladakh and Jammu & Kashmir Article - Human And Animal Health

    Nabi, Neelofar; Sarma, Kamal; Devi, Jonali; Sethi, Ram Saran; Pathak, Devendra; Sasan, Jasvinder Singh

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS The expression of various proteins such as Vimentin, SMA, PCNA and VEGE did not show a definitive trend among the goat breeds. So, these may not be so useful as markers while studying effect of altitudes on the respiratory tissue in animal models.
  • The Important Role of TMPRSS2 Gene in Covid-19 and Prostate Cancer: In Silico Approach Article - Human And Animal Health

    Kalkanli, Arif; Kirkik, Duygu; Bostanci, Emre; Tas, Sevgi Kalkanli

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS The main characteristic of SARS-CoV, MERS-CoV and SARS-CoV-2 is that air passes through the upper respiratory tract The tissue of the upper respiratory tract can express both ACE2 and TMPRSS2. AR is abundantly expressed in lungs. TMPRSS2, ACE2, and AR connection explains why high expression of AR gene is present in the male lung.
  • Synthesis and Biological Properties of Silver Chloride Nanoparticles Using Cell-free Extracts of Aeromonas ‎hydrophila and Antibacterial Activity against Drug-Resistant Bacteria Article - Human And Animal Health

    Sabzevar, Azadeh Hadad; Hashemitabar, Gholam Reza; Rad, Mehrnaz; Vatandoost, Jafar

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Evaluation of a new method for preparing bacterial cell-free extract to develop a simple, cost-effective, biocompatible and environmental approach NADH-dependent nitrate reductase enzyme is present as the most important factor for silver ion reduction and silver nanoparticle production. There is a significant difference between the antioxidant activity of nanoparticles compared to the extract. Biosynthesized nanoparticles have a stronger antibacterial potential than drug-resistant bacteria. Biosynthesized nanoparticles have cytotoxic effects in some human cell lines (breast cell line (MCF-7) and liver cancer (HepG-2).
  • In -vitro Biofilm Formation of Vaginal Isolates of Streptococcus agalactiae; Effect of pH and Culture Media Article - Human And Animal Health

    Dilrukshi, Guruge Niluka; Kottahachchi, Jananie; Dissanayake, Thushari; Weerasekera, Manjula; Peiris, Mudara; Medis, Sohani; Fernando, Neluka

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Maximum biofilm formation of GBS is at neutral pH (pH 7). At a pH of 4.5, there is a greater reduction in viable cells than at other pH value. At Normal vaginal pH (3.5 - 4.5), biofilm formation by GBS is low. Glucose concentration in the media influences biofilm production. Nutrient rich culture media support biofilm growth.
  • Metformin Causes Hepato-renal Dysfunctions in Obese Male Rats Article - Human And Animal Health

    El-Naggar, Sabry Ali; Elwan, Mona; Basyouny, Mohamed Abo Elftouh; Elshennawy, Ehab Othman; El-Said, Karim Samy

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Metformin reported to decrease body weight of obese patient. Metformin showed hepatorenal side effects in obese rats. Metformin induces biochemical changes in obese rats. Metformin alters histological architectures of liver and kidney of obese rats.
  • Mir-129-2-3p Has Tumor Suppressor Role in Ewing Sarcoma Cell Lines and Cancer Tissue Samples Article - Human And Animal Health

    Tanoglu, Esra Guzel; Arıkan, Yavuz; Kabukcuoglu, Yavuz Selim; Kabukcuoglu, Fevziye; Tanoglu, Alpaslan; Ozturk, Sukru

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Ewing sarcoma (EWS) is the second most seen type of bone tumor in childhood. microRNAs may have regulatory effects in regulating tumor process of EWS. We have shown that regulatory role of miR-129-2-3p in EWS cell lines and human tissue samples. miR-129-2-3p acts as a tumor suppressor and reduced proliferation, migration, invasion in EWS.
  • Administration of Vaccine Preservative Thimerosal Produces Impairment in Rat Liver Article - Human And Animal Health

    Ijaz, Muhammad Umar; Ashraf, Asma; Ismail, Hammad; Imran, Muhammad; Al-Ghanim, Khalid Abdullah; Rauf, Ayesha; Al-Misned, Fahad; Ahmed, Zubair; Samad, Abdul; Riaz, Mian Nadeem; Mahboob, Shahid

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Toxic effects of thimerosal on rat liver. Thimerosal increased the the level of ALT, ALP and AST. Activity of CAT, SOD, POD GSH and protein was reduced. DNA damage was observed.
  • Detection of Serum Antibodies and Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells Response to Escherichia coli Antigens in Humans Article - Human And Animal Health

    Santos, Lauana Aparecida; Grisolia, Julianne Caravita; Chavasco, Jorge Kleber; Coelho, Luiz Felipe Leomil; Malaquias, Luiz Cosme Cotta

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS IgG and IgA from normal human serum can recognize E. coli antigens and LPS. The PBMC proliferation assay was induced by E. coli antigens and by LPS. Mucosal antigens may induce local and systemic responses.
  • Chemical Composition and Antioxidant Activity of Essential Oils from Populations of Baccharis dracunculifolia DC. in Southern Brazil Article - Biological And Applied Sciences

    Tomazzoli, Maíra Maciel; Amaral, Wanderlei do; Cipriano, Roger Raupp; Tomasi, Jéssica de Cássia; Gomes, Erik Nunes; Ferriani, Aurea Portes; Maia, Beatriz H. L. de Noronha Sales; Deschamps, Cicero

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Essential oils from populations of B. dracunculifolia were investigated. β-pinene and (E)-nerolidol were the main compounds in B. dracunculifolia populations. The difference in the chemical profile of the essential oils is quantitative only. There is a negative correlation between the antioxidant activity and spathulenol.
  • Effects of Curcumin on Sodium Arsenite Induced Neoplastic Cell Transformation in Balb/c 3T3 Cells Article - Biological And Applied Sciences

    Demircioglu, Busra; Aydin, Yasemin; Orta-Yilmaz, Banu; Yildizbayrak, Nebahat; Erkan, Melike

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Sodium arsenite can cause neoplastic transformation in cells. Curcumin reduced cell viability and increased LDH activity in transformed Balb/c 3T3 cells. Curcumin caused DNA damage in transformed Balb/c 3T3 cells. Curcumin may play a protective role in sodium arsenite-induced toxicity.
  • Isolation of Polyphenols from Soursop (Annona muricata L.) Leaves Using Green Chemistry Techniques and their Anticancer Effect Article - Biological And Applied Sciences

    Yathzamiry, Valdez-Guerrero Daisy; Cecilia, Esparza-González Sandra; Antonio, Morlett-Chávez Jesús; Daniel, Nery-Flores Sendar; Carolina, Flores-Gallegos Adriana; Alberto, Ascacio-Valdés Juan; Raúl, Rodríguez-Herrera

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Isolate, fractionate and characterize extracts obtained from soursop leaves. Use of emerging green technologies such as microwave-ultrasound hybridization. The extracts contain kaempferol, procyanidins, catechin, and quercetin. The total ethanolic extract demonstrates cytotoxic effect on HeLa cells.
  • Assessment of Antioxidant and Cytotoxic Activities and Identification of Phenolic Compounds of Centaurea solstitialis and Urospermum picroides from Turkey Article - Biological And Applied Sciences

    Alper, Mehlika; Özay, Cennet; Güneş, Hatice; Mammadov, Ramazan

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS The phenolic composition, antioxidant activity and cytotoxic potential of the extracts of C. solstitialis and U. picroides were investigated. Caffeic acid was found as the most abundant phenolic compound in the extracts. Both species showed promising antioxidant activity towards different assays. The highest cytotoxic potential was observed in the extract of C. solstitialis.
  • Spatio-temporal Distribution Pattern of Oyster Larvae in Guaratuba Bay, Paraná State - Brazil Article - Biological And Applied Sciences

    Christo, Susete Wambier; Ferreira Júnior, Augusto Luiz; Absher, Theresinha Monteiro; Kaled, Andrea Cancela da Cruz

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Crassostrea oysters larvae patterns in estuarine environments. Larvae distribution patterns in Guaratuba Bay (Paraná State - Brazil).
  • Effect of Fluoxetine Hydrochloride on Routine Metabolism of Lambari (Deuterodon iguape, Eigenmann, 1907) and Phantom Shrimp (Palaemon pandaliformis, Stimpson, 1871) Article - Biological And Applied Sciences

    Rezende, Karina Fernandes Oliveira; Almeida, Genésio Lopes Mercês de; Henriques, Marcelo Barbosa; Barbieri, Edison

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Fluoxetine increases the metabolic rate and excretion of ammonia in both species. O:N ratio in fish showed higher values in the highest concentrations of fluoxetine. The LC50 - 96 hour values of Palaemon pandaliformis represented greater toxicity. Both species are a good biological model for fluoxetine exposure studies.
  • Chemical Characterization and Antiradical Properties of Pyroligneous Acid from a Preserved Bamboo, Guadua angustifolia Kunth Article - Biological And Applied Sciences

    Gomez, Juliana Peña; Velez, Juan Pablo Arrubla; Pinzon, María Alejandra; Arango, Jorge Augusto Montoya; Muriel, Andrés Prieto

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Chemical characterization of PA extracts has high content of phenolic compounds. PA extracts from G. angustifolia may be used in the pharmaceutical industry and agriculture. A total of 66 compounds with approximate match percentage ≥ 89% were identified. The PA extracts showed a high content of antioxidant properties.
  • Elevated Iron Chelating Activity of Ilex paraguariensis Leaf Infusion: in vitro and in vivo Pilot Studies Article - Biological And Applied Sciences

    Pagliosa, Cristiane Manfé; Vieira, Francilene Gracieli Kunradi; Silveira, Taís Thomsen; Krieguer, Jéssica Ramos; Medeiros, Marcela Freitas; Silva, Edson Luiz da

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Ilex paraguariensis infusion reaches elevated iron chelating potential. Storage for 24h decreases phenolic acids without affecting iron chelating activity. This infusion may be exploited as a natural iron chelating agent.
  • Possible Common Origin of B Chromosomes in Neotropical Fish (Siluriformes, Auchenipteridae) Reinforced by Repetitive DNA Mapping Article - Biological And Applied Sciences

    Lui, Roberto Laridondo; Traldi, Josiane Baccarin; Blanco, Daniel Rodrigues; Margarido, Vladimir Pavan; Mariotto, Sandra; Centofante, Liano; Artoni, Roberto Ferreira; Moreira Filho, Orlando

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS B chromosomes of different species have a common origin. B chromosomes similarities suggest Parauchenipterus diagnosis is likely not valid.
  • Growth Performance of the Mangrove Oyster Cultivated on the Amazon Coast Article - Biological And Applied Sciences

    Chagas, Rafael Anaisce das; Barros, Mara Rúbia Ferreira; Abreu, Valdo Sena de; Silva, Rosana Esther Oliveira da; Almeida, Matheus Silva de; Santos, Wagner César Rosa dos; Herrmann, Marko

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract In the last decades the oyster faming stands out as the main mitigating measure to the decline of the fishery, as it presents socio-economic and environmental viability. However, for the success of the activity, it is necessary to understand the stages of cultivation, as well as the growth performance of the species to be cultivated. The present work aims to characterize the growth and survival of Crassostrea tulipa, cultivated on the Amazon coast. For this purpose, oysters were grouped by commercial size class (seed, juvenile, baby, average and masters) and compared the growth rates and their relationships with the abiotic variables. There was no difference in the average growth between the oyster classes, however, when comparing them in the total and percentage growth rates, a higher performance was observed in the oysters classified by juvenile and seed, respectively. The relationship of salinity to oyster growth was evidenced only in the class of juvenile oysters. The cultivation time required to obtain native oysters in the commercial size varied between four and seven months, being inferior to those found in other Brazilian regions.
  • Leguminosae Lectins as Biological Tools in Medical Research: a Review Review - Biological And Applied Sciences

    Barbosa, Paula Perazzo de Souza; Araújo, Francielly Negreiros de; Almeida, Joellington Marinho de; Gadelha, Tatiane Santi

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract Lectins were discovered first in plants and later in other living things, and nowadays it is known that they are present in almost all many life forms. These proteins can bind to specific carbohydrates, which make them perform a number of biological activities and can be used as tools in the study of glycoconjugate structures present on the cell surface, being effective in medical research. Plant lectins, leguminosae lectins particularly, are among the most studied plant proteins. They are very versatile molecules, which show several interesting biological properties. Thus, the present paper reviewed the advances about the leguminosae lectins biological properties studies in the last ten years, taking into account their possible applications in the fields of Clinical Microbiology, Pharmacy and Cancerology through a search in the electronic databases, providing opportunity to exchange information about the theme. Leguminosae lectins can neutralize pathogenic organisms, be they viruses, prokaryotes and eukaryotes, in addition carcinogenic cells, besides decreasing oxidative stress, conditions which increases the possibility of alternative substances for the design of new drugs to be used in current therapeutic, expanding the possibilities of diseases cure.
  • A Simple and Low-Cost, but Naturalistic Method for Introducing Students to Action Potentials Article - Biological And Applied Sciences

    Jorquera, Orlando; Vogel, Edgar Harry

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Action potential (AP) in earthworm. Low-cost amplifier for AP determination. Big neural cord in earthworm. Introducing students to neuroscience.
  • Evaluation of Genetic Relationship of some Squirrelfishes through DNA Barcode Article - Biological And Applied Sciences

    Deef, Lamiaa Elsayed Mokhtar

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Confusion in the taxonomy of squirrelfishes was caused by the numerous nominal species. Our phylogeny provides a basis for evolutionary analyses of the Holocentridae. Silverspot squirrelfish was clustered as closest taxa to sabre squirrelfish.
  • Cloning and Expression of NADPH-cytochrome P450 Reductase Gene in Chinese Mitten Crab, Eriocheir sinensis Article - Biological And Applied Sciences

    Gao, Xianggang; Xia, Ying; Li, Yulong; He, Chongbo; Bao, Xiangbo; Liu, Weidong

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS EsCPR was isolated from E. sinensis using RT-PCR and RACE methods. EsCPR mRNA was markedly expressed in the hepatopancreas and stomach of E. sinensis. The results showed a higher CPR expression level in the premolt than other stages.
  • Flower Biology and the Effects of Different Chemicals on Pollen Germination of Some Early Sweet Cherry Cultivars Article - Biological And Applied Sciences

    Sarısu, Hasan Cumhur

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Flower biology of early sweet cherry cultivars. Fruit set and ovule structure. Pistil morphology of cherries. Pollen and fruits.
  • Ex Vivo Effect of Ibogaine on the Transcriptional Level of Antioxidant Defense Related Genes in Honey Bee (Apis mellifera, L.) Midgut Article - Biological And Applied Sciences

    Vukašinović, Elvira; Purać, Jelena; Kojić, Danijela; Čelić, Tatjana; Pihler, Ivan; Blagojević, Duško

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS The ibogain action has not been completely clarified. Honey bee midgut is suitable model system for testing the antioxidative mechanisms. The ex vivo ibogaine treatment induced an up-regulation of Sod1 gene. Ibogaine shows pro-antioxidant action.
  • In Silico Study of Protein-Protein Interactions in Mapks and pp2cs of Medicago sativa Discloses its Docking Sites Variations Article - Biological And Applied Sciences

    Shahid, Muhammad Naveed; Rasheed, Sania; Jamal, Adil; Khalid, Sana; Shamim, Zeeshan

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Protein-protein interactions (PPIs) provide a basis for understanding the biological and molecular processes within the cell MP2C is regulated in the response of various abiotic-stresses. In plants, the most significant signaling mechanism engaged in abiotic stress response is the MAPK cascade, which transforms the environmental and growth signal into an intracellular response. For the prediction of accurate and high-quality PPIs, high-throughputin silicotechniques are use.
  • The Influence of Different Extraction Methods/Solvents on Composition, Biological Activities and ADMET Predictions of Phenolics in Tribulus terrestris Article - Biological And Applied Sciences

    Taşkın, Duygu; Yılmaz, Beyza Nur; Taşkın, Turgut; Omurtag, Gülden Zehra

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS The effects of different extraction methods/solvents on the plant's biological activity The effect of various extraction methods/solvents on the chemical components of the plant Biological activities of different extracts from the plant Analysis of major phenolic compounds and in-silico ADMET prediction
  • Arthropods at the Interface between Monoculture and Native Forest Article - Biological And Applied Sciences

    Finger, Leandro; Quitaiski, Poliana; Lange, Denise; Câmara, Carla Daniela

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Species richness in monoculture decreases as the distance from natural areas increases. Natural areas can act as refuge for pollinators, parasitoids, and predators. Natural areas can act as source of ecosystem services for monocultures. Natural areas can contribute economically for agriculture by providing pollination.
  • Structural Characterisation of the Leaf of Bauhinia monandra Kurz (Fabaceae - Cercidoideae) Article - Biological And Applied Sciences

    Antunes, Mariana Novais; Pereira, Fabiano Rodrigues; Leitão, Carlos André Espolador

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Bauhinia monandra leaf is mesomorphous to xeromorphous. It has glandular navicular and uniseriate nonglandular trichomes. The petiole has differential anatomical characteristics within the genus. The pulvinus and the motile cushion have live pectic septate fibres.
  • Effects of Qualea grandiflora Extract on the Expression of MMP-14 and HIF-1α in Cultured Fibroblasts and Preosteoblasts Article - Biological And Applied Sciences

    Oliveira, Gabriela Silva Neubern de; Tokuhara, Cintia Kazuko; Oliveira, Flávia Amadeu de; Graeff, Márcia Sirlene Zardin; Khan, Zohaib Nisar; Saldanha, Luiz Leonardo; Dokkedal, Anne Lígia; Oliveira, Rodrigo Cardoso de

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Qualea grandiflocompounds with proven therapeutic properties; Hydroalcoholic extract of the leaves of Qualea grandiflora increase the expression of MMP-14 and HIF-1α.
  • Nanoemulsion Improves Babassu Palm Oil (Orbignya phalerata) Antioxidant Properties Article - Food/feed Science And Technology

    Santos, Débora Silva; Moura, Ludmilla David de; Radicchi, Marina Arantes; Azevedo, Ricardo Bentes; Costa, Maria Célia Pires; Souza, Paulo Eduardo Narcizo de; Camara, Adriana Leandro; Silva, Jaqueline Rodrigues da; Muehlmann, Luís Alexandre; Longo, João Paulo Figueiró

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Production of lipid nanoemulsions (<100 nm) of industrial interest with low energy demand. The antioxidant properties of babassu oil have been improved and the nanoemulsions are not cytotoxic. Babassu oil is a food and medicinal product. The nanoemulsion is strategic for the developed of new antioxidants phytotherapeutics.
  • Orange-fleshed Sweet Potato Chips: Processing Effect on Carotenoid Content and Resistant Starch and Sensory Acceptance Article - Food/feed Science And Technology

    Santos, Thaís Paes Rodrigues dos; Fernandes, Daiana de Souza; Borges, Cristine Vanz.; Leonel, Magali; Lima, Giuseppina Pace Pereira

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Chips from orange-fleshed sweet potato have a good acceptability. Drying process showed retention of carotenoids total content. Chips from drying or frying process showed high resistant starch content.
  • Milky Stage Versus Dough Stage of Immature Wheat Grain: Effects on Phytic Acid and Fructan Contents, Antioxidant Activity, Textural Parameters, and Sensory Characteristics of Set-Type Yoghurts Article - Food/feed Science And Technology

    Göktepe, Çiğdem Konak; Akın, Nihat

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Yoghurts were supplemented with milky and dough stage wheat grain flours. Total antioxidant capacity was improved by wheat grain flour supplementation. Milky stage wheat provided higher fructan content than that of dough stage wheat. Fermentation reduced phytic acid levels in yoghurts containing wheat grain flours.
  • Characteristics of Starch Extracted from the Stem of Pineapple Plant (Ananas comosus) - an Agro Waste from Pineapple Farms Article - Food/feed Science And Technology

    Rinju, Radhakrishnapillai; Harikumaran-Thampi, Balakrishnan-Saraswathi

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Extracts and characterizes the starch from the stem of the pineapple plant. Pineapple stem starch shows small granule size and high gelatinization temperature. It possesses A-type crystals and is more viscous compared to corn starch. Results indicate the usefulness of this agro-waste starch in food industries.
  • Comparison between Thin-Layer Models and Non-Traditional Methods in the Modelling of Drying Kinetics of Crustacean Wastes Article - Food/feed Science And Technology

    Martins, Thais Serra; Sousa, Thiago Sousa e; Sales, Victor Hugo Gomes; Bandeira, Maria da Gloria Almeida; Higuita, Diana Maria Cano; Vélez, Harvey Alexander Villa

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Drying kinetics of shrimp shell and crab exoskeleton were obtained experimentally The Page and Midilli models showed the best fitting results to simulate the experimental data Third-order models were obtained for both materials using the stepwise fit method The ANNs showed the best fitting performance to describe the experimental drying curves Modeling of the drying process can be simulated successfully by multivariable approaches.
  • Effect of Organic Residues as Fertilizer on Postharvest Quality of Cherry Tomatoes Article - Food/feed Science And Technology

    Morais, Patrícia Lígia Dantas de; Ferreira, Ana Kaline da Costa; Cruz, Maísa de Macêdo; Silva, Fernando Henrique Alves da; Nascimento, Maria Tereza de Albuquerque; Dias, Nildo da Silva

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS CO5 increased the weight and pH of the fruit, with a decrease in the titratable acidity. Residues positively influence the nutrients K, Ca, Cu and Mn in cherry tomato fruits.
  • Drying of Acerola (Malpighia emarginata D. C.) by-Product: Evolution of Active Compounds in Function of Time Article - Food/feed Science And Technology

    Tedesco, Marcela Perozzi; Lourenço, Carla Alves Monaco; Garcia, Vitor Augusto dos Santos; Vanin, Fernanda Maria; Carvalho, Rosemary Aparecida de

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS The Page model can predict the moisture content of acerola by-product. The convective drying does not present a great loss of the antioxidant capacity. Increase of ascorbic acid and total vitamin C levels at the end of drying at 40 °C. Proanthocyanidins did not show large variations during drying at all temperatures.
  • Preservative of Essential Oil Blends: Control of Clostridium perfringens Type a in Mortadella Article - Food/feed Science And Technology

    Martins, Heloísa Helena de Abreu; Simões, Luara Aparecida; Isidoro, Silas Rodrigo; Nascimento, Sabrina de Souza; Alcântara, João Paulo; Ramos, Eduardo Mendes; Piccoli, Roberta Hilsdorf

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS The blends of essential oils were effective against vegetative cells of C. perfringens. The blends of essential oils were antioxidants in the meat product. Essential oils have a preservative action in mortadella.
  • Effects of Variety and Curing and Drying Methods on Quality Attributes of Turmeric (Curcuma domestica) Powder Article - Food/feed Science And Technology

    Kebede, Belay Haile; Forsido, Sirawdink Fikreyesus; Tola, Yetenayet Bekele; Astatkie, Tessema

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS The quality of turmeric powder depends mainly on curing and drying methods Curcumin is highly retained in conventional curing and solar tunnel drier Open-air sun drying resulted in powder with low ash values and high essential oil Improved curing with open-air sun drying provided the maximum oleoresin yield
  • Analysis of PV Systems Installed in Paraná Article - Engineering, Technology And Techniques

    Hilgert, Diego Plazza; Cordeiro, Ana Carla; Cremasco, Nicole Polityto; Yang, Renata Lautert; Silveira, Camila de Oliveira; Urbanetz Junior, Jair

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Comparative study of the operation of eight real cases of systems installed in Paraná. There is a convergence between the values estimated by the Atlas and the ones calculated. It was possible to identify the cities that presented the greatest figures of merit.
  • A Novel Deep Learning-based Whale Optimization Algorithm for Prediction of Breast Cancer Article - Engineering, Technology And Techniques

    Rana, Poonam; Gupta, Pradeep Kumar; Sharma, Vineet

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Novel whale optimization algorithm is proposed for prediction of breast cancer. Deep learning-based WOA adjusts the CNN structure as per maximum detection accuracy. Proposed method achieves 92.4% accuracy in comparison to 90.3%. Validity of method is evaluated with magnifying factors like 40x, 100 x, 200x, 400x.
  • Biomass Sorghum: Effect of Acid, Basic and Alkaline Peroxide Pretreatments on the Enzymatic Hydrolysis and Ethanol Production Article - Engineering, Technology And Techniques

    Santos, Beatriz Vieira dos; Travaini, Rodolfo; Lorenzo-Hernando, Ana; Pasquini, Daniel; Baffi, Milla Alves

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Alkaline, acid and alkaline peroxide pretreatments were evaluated in biomass sorghum hydrolysis. Acid and H2O2 pretreatments were the best in holocellulose protection and lignin removal. Highest monosaccharide yields were in hydrolysis of PTB1 (HCl 0.34%) and PTC1 (5% H2O2). Greatest ethanol yield was obtained in PTB1 hydrolysate (16.15%).
  • Antibacterial and Cytotoxic Effects of Cyclodextrin-Triazole-Titanium Based Nanocomposite Article - Engineering, Technology And Techniques

    Fallah, Zari; Isfahani, Hossein Nasr; Tajbakhsh, Mahmood; Mohseni, Mojtaba; Zabihi, Ebrahim; Abedian, Zeinab

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Observation of the antibacterial and cytotoxic effects of CD.COM due to the synergy between cyclodextrin, triazole and TiO2 NPs. The antibacterial activity of CD.COM against both gram positive and gram negative bacteria. The CD.COM cytotoxicity against cancer cells and compatibility with fibroblast cells.
  • The Relationship between Functional and Evolutionary Correlations of Enzyme Reactions in Metabolic Network Evolution Article - Engineering, Technology And Techniques

    Luo, Hao; Shen, Tie; Xie, Xiaoyao

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS A method of computing the correlation connection network is first proposed. A concept of the mean functional concentration ratios of the enzyme reactions is proposed. The functional concentration ratio and the evolutionary correlation are related.
  • Effect of Agitation on Anaerobic Co-Digestion of Swine Manure and Food Waste Article - Engineering, Technology And Techniques

    Mantovan, Fabiana de Marqui; Zenatti, Dilcemara Cristina; Burin, Eduardo Lucas Konrad

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS This study investigated the effect of agitation on anaerobic co-digestion. The co-digestion of food waste and swine manure was evaluated. Agitation contributed to higher biogas production.
  • Public-Private ICT-Based Collaboration Initiative During the COVID-19 Pandemic: The Case of Ehsaas Emergency Cash Program in Pakistan Article - Engineering, Technology And Techniques

    Ar, Anil Yasin; Abbas, Asad

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Case study approach is used to explore ICT-based collaboration initiative in Pakistan. Collaboration between NADRA, SBP and local commercial banks, and telecom sector during the COVID-19. Mobile fund transfer under “Ehsaas Emergency Cash” program. Study contributes with COVID19, ICT, e-government, and cross sectoral collaboration.
  • Reduced Distance Matrix to Verify the Similarity between Protein Structures Article - Engineering, Technology And Techniques

    Monteiro, Otaviano Martins; Dias, Sandro Renato; Rodrigues, Thiago de Souza

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Development of a reduced distance matrix, approximately 70% less than [1]. The reduced distance matrix has a shorter processing time than the algorithms [1-3]. Several clusters were constructed with similar protein interactions. The reduced distance matrix obtained satisfactory accuracy.
  • Recovery of Red Pigments from Monascus purpureus FTC 5357 by Extraction of Fermented Solids: Operational Conditions and Kinetics Article - Engineering, Technology And Techniques

    Daud, Nur Fathin Shamirah; Said, Farhan Mohd; Chisti, Yusuf; Yasin, Nur Hidayah Mat

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Red pigment of Monascus purpureus effectively extracted from dried fermented oil palm frond (OPF) using 60% ethanol. Maximum pigment recovery was obtained at 30 (C, 180 rpm agitation speed, 16 h, ratio of 1:60 solid to solvent and pH 6 of 60% ethanol. Peleg’s model proved to be the best for describing solid-liquid extraction of the pigments under the above specified conditions.
  • Super Resolution of MR Brain Images Using Compressive Sensing and Fuzzy Logical Rules Article - Engineering, Technology And Techniques

    Angalakurthi, Charles Stud; Nallagarla, Ramamurthy

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS In medical surround, high resolution images are needed to discern the details of image. Super resolution image can be made from one/few images by means of compressive sensing. A reckoning soft computing way for resolution enhancement, fuzzy logic is implemented. Better results are obtained for a dataset with different performance metrics.
  • Dynamic Model for Assisted Reproductive Technology Outcome Prediction Article - Engineering, Technology And Techniques

    Kothandaraman, Ranjini; Andavar, Suruliandi; Raj, Raja Soosaimarian Peter

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Proposed a dynamic model for ART outcome prediction Partial implementation of the model with the help of machine learning incremental classifier Performance evaluation of the model with the state-of-art methods.
  • 3-State Protein Secondary Structure Prediction based on SCOPe Classes Article - Engineering, Technology And Techniques

    Atasever, Sema; Azgınoglu, Nuh; Erbay, Hasan; Aydın, Zafer

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS DSPRED method based on machine learning algorithms to predict 3-state secondary structure elements. Comparative results for secondary structure prediction. High accuracy of 82.36% based on SCOPe (Structural Classification of Proteins - extended) structural classes.
  • Stability and Sensory Evaluation of an Innovative Antiaging Formulation Based on Marine Ingredients Article - Engineering, Technology And Techniques

    Fortunato, Amanda Tavares; Gonçalves, Melissa Marques; Colusse, Guilherme Augusto; Adonski, Camila Benato; Borges, Bárbara Paula; Carneiro, Jaqueline

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Marine environment has been an important source of cosmetic ingredients. Caviar extract (2%) has scavenged 10.9% ± 0.58 of DPPH radical. Ca-alginate beads has been obtained successfully. Formulation showed good stability and sensory acceptance.
  • Real Power Loss Reduction by Melon Fly Optimization and Spontaneous Process Algorithm’s Article - Engineering, Technology And Techniques

    Kanagasabai, Lenin

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Melon Fly algorithm based on the innate events of Melon fly By smell and vision the Melon fly will move to the best location Spontaneous Process Algorithm based onnuclear fission and fusion Nucleus symbolizes the variables and potential solution
  • Use of Phanerochaete Chrysosporium in a Semibatch Reactor for Removal of Indigo Carmine from Synthetic Textile Wastewater Article - Engineering, Technology And Techniques

    Santos, Andreza Dnarla Oliveira; Bandeira, Leonardo; Silva, Glória Maria Marinho; Wanderley, Carlos Ronald Pessoa; Rodrigues, Kelly

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS The semibatch reactor is presented as a new arrangement for fungal bioreactors; The removal of dye was accompanied by the removal of organic matter in terms of chemical oxygen demand (COD); The fungi showed high affinity with the polyurethane foam, distributing itself throughout the foam and not restricted only to the surface layer of the support medium; The fungal community remains dominant through bacterial contamination.
  • A Total Cost of Operation (TCOp) Analysis of Electric Vehicles Introduction in Urban Transport in La Havana. Article - Engineering, Technology And Techniques

    Matienzo, Jorge Marciano Rodríguez

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS An expression to relate the EV range by EPA with range by NEDC or WLTP was obtained. Small EV needs subsidies or battery leasing to compete with an ICE car in the private sector. EV are more competitive respect an ICEV as the distance traveled is larger.
  • A Generated Multi Branch Feature Fusion Model for Vehicle Re-identification Article - Engineering, Technology And Techniques

    Zhijun, Hu; Raj, Raja Soosaimarian Peter; Lilei, Sun; Lian, Wu; Xianjing, Cheng

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS A new framework is designed in which several strong complementary models are derived. On this basis, a simple multi branch network model named GMBFF is designed. Two different feature fusion methods namely single fusion method (SFM) and multi fusion method (MFM) are designed.
  • Hydroxyapatite Synthesis and Covering of Titanium Surfaces by Dip-Coating Method Article - Engineering, Technology And Techniques

    Chisini, Luiz Alexandre; Paganotto, Gian Francesco dos Reis; Guergolette, Rodrigo; Conde, Marcus Cristian Muniz; Alcázar, Jose Carlos Bernedo; Carvalho, Rodrigo Varella de; Piva, Evandro; Carreño, Neftali Lenin Villarreal

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Coating method suggest an easy and viable alternative to produce HAp films. Dip-coating method was effective to produce a HAp film on titanium cylinders. Cell viability over the HAp-modified cylinders was not altered. Dip-coating method present adequate control of deposition of thin films of hydroxyapatite.
  • Development, Characterization and Microbiological Evaluation of Silver Nanoparticles, Obtained by Green Synthesis, from the Extract of Annona muricata L. Article - Engineering, Technology And Techniques

    Assunção, Daniele Priscila da Silva Fardin de; Justus, Barbara; Toledo, Ana Cristina Oltramari; Paula, Josiane de Fátima Padilha de

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Annona muricata L. extract of pulp, seeds and leaves reduces silver to metallic nanoparticles in a simple green method, with or without light exposition. AgNPs synthesized showed the highest antibacterial activity.
  • Reusable Enzymatic Strip for Detection of Arsenic Article - Environmental Sciences

    Hooda, Vikas; Verma, Neelam; Gahlaut, Anjum; Gothwal, Ashish

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Arsenic is considered as one of the highly hazardous elements in the environment and a serious carcinogen for the human health. An enzymatic method has been described by using arsenite oxidase for arsenic detection. Residual activity of the immobilized enzyme was 43% of the initial activity after being recycled 10 times.
  • Brachiaria brizantha Grass as a Feedstock for Ethanol Production Article - Environmental Sciences

    Rodrigues, Rosilene Souza; Almeida, Maíra Nicolau de; Maitan-Alfenas, Gabriela Piccolo; Ventorim, Rafaela Zandonade; Sartori, Sirlene Rodrigues; Visser, Evan Michael; Guimarães, Valéria Monteze; Rezende, Sebastião Tavares de

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Brachiaria brizantha proved to be a promising biomass for ethanol production. Fermentation was not impaired by the inhibitors furfural and hydroxymethylfurfural.
  • Impact of Climate Change on Human Infectious Diseases: Dengue Article - Environmental Sciences

    Souza, Amaury de; Abreu, Marcel Carvalho; Oliveira-Júnior, José Francisco

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Climate change affects human infectious disease via pathogen, host and transmission. Go beyond the empirical observation of the association between climate and health effect. Improve prediction of associated changes in infectious diseases at various scales. Health impacts can be controlled by taking certain proactive measures.
  • Characterization and Production of Rhamnolipid Biosurfactant in Recombinant Escherichia coli Using Autoinduction Medium and Palm Oil Mill Effluent Article - Environmental Sciences

    Suhandono, Sony; Kusuma, Subhan Hadi; Meitha, Karlia

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Recombinant E. coli can produce mono-rhamnolipid and di-rhamnolipid biosurfactants. Rhamnolipid congeners were identified using HRMS. Di-rhamnolipid has lower surface tension and CMC than mono-rhamnolipid. Rhamnolipid production have been optimized to enhance rhamnolipid yield.
  • New Insights into the Gametogenesis of Biomphalaria glabrata (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Pulmonata): Implications for Histopathological Assessment Article - Environmental Sciences

    Rodrigues, Cândido Carvalho; Caixeta, Maxwell Batista; Rocha, Thiago Lopes

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS The gametogenesis of Biomphalaria glabrata was described. Oogenesis was classified into five developmental stages. New histomorphometric parameters were described for oocytes. Spermatogenesis was classified into seven stages of development. B. glabrata histomorphometric parameters as a tool for environmental and public health researches.
  • Biodegradation of Terephthalic Acid by Isolated Active Sludge Microorganisms and Monitoring of Bacteria in a Continuous Stirred Tank Reactor Article - Environmental Sciences

    Aksu, Didem; Vural, Caner; Karabey, Burçin; Ozdemir, Guven

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Terephthalic acid one of the phthalates has been known endocrine disrupting chemical and degraded by bacterial strains. Four bacterial isolates identified as Arthrobacter sp., Chryseobacterium sp. Burkholderia sp. and Pseudomonas sp are able to degrade 100 mgL-1 concentration terephthalic acid. In order to monitory bacteria in CSTR reactor, Real-time PCR was used.
  • Isolation and Characterization of Alkaline Pectinase Productive Bacillus tropicus from Fruit and Vegetable Waste Dump Soil Article - Environmental Sciences

    Thakur, Pitambri; Singh, Abhishek Kumar; Mukherjee, Gunjan

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Alkaline pectinase is very significant commercial enzyme used in bioscouring process. In traditional scouring, textile industry utilizes harmful alkaline chemicals to expel non-cellulosic material from the fabrics. Alkaline pectinase productive Bacillus tropicus was isolated from fruit and vegetable waste dump soil. Bacillus tropicus characterized by 16S rDNA sequences analysis.
  • Bacillus megaterium: a Potential and an Efficient Bio-Degrader of Polystyrene Article - Environmental Sciences

    Meng, Tan Kian; Kassim, Angzzas Sari Binti Mohd; Razak, Aliff Hisyam Bin A; Fauzi, Noor Akhmazillah Binti Mohd

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Bacillus megaterium strain was first reported contributed in polystyrene biodegradation. Viability of Bacillus megaterium utilizing polystyrene was confirmed by TTC reduction test. FESEM showed localized degradation on PS-film surrounding the bacterial cells in the biofilm. FTIR showed changes in chemical structure of the PS-film.
  • Screening and Characterization of Bacillus Strains Producing Highly Thermostable Amylase from Various Hot Springs of Algeria Review - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Abdelkrim, Tifrit; El-Mokhtar, Drici Amine; Radia, Abiayad; Bouziane, Abbouni

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Screening extremophile Bacillus strains from various Hot Springs Characterization Of Bacillus Strains Producing Highly Thermostable Amylase Genetic identification of the best strains
  • Advances in Microalgal Research in Brazil Review - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Matos, Ângelo Paggi

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Microalgae science is a very active area of research in Brazil. Brazilian government has been funding projects in algal biotechnology. Brazilian institutes have gathered a deep knowledge in algal research. Researchers have been focused on bioproducts and biofuels from microalgae.
  • Potential Biotechnological Applications of Cyanobacterial Exopolysaccharides Review - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Parwani, Laxmi; Bhatt, Medha; Singh, Jaspreet

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Illustration of various important fields of biotechnology where cyanobacterial exopolysaccharides are potentially useful. Discussion of research gaps and new opportunities to make the biomaterial suitable for industrial uses.
  • Efficacy of Probiotics Supplementation on Growth Performance, Carcass Composition and Hematological Parameters of Cyprinus carpio Fingerlings Fed Corn Gluten Meal-Based Diet Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Hussain, Syed Makhdoom; Bashir, Maria; Nasir, Shabab; Shah, Syed Zakir Hussain; Aslam, Nosheen; Shahzad, Muhammad Mudassar; Ahsan, Shimron; Hanif, Saba; Hussain, Majid; Ahmad, Nisar

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract Plant based protein sources are one of the best, cost effective and easily available protein sources being used in fish feed. But due to a lower number of micro-biota in fish gut plant meal based diets cannot be digested and absorbed well in fish body. Probiotics were supplemented at 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 gkg-1 levels in fish feed for formulating one control and five test diets. In this study, three replicates of each treatment were used and number of fingerlings was 15 in each replicate. The C. carpio (common carp) fingerlings were fed at 5% of live wet weight on their prescribed diet twice daily. The results revealed that supplementation of probiotics in corn gluten meal based diets significantly (p<0.05) improved growth performance, carcass composition and hematological parameters. Most optimum values of growth performance parameters were noted at 2 gkg-1 level of probiotics supplemented diet. C. carpio fingerlings fed corn gluten meal based diet supplemented with 2 gkg-1 level of probiotics indicated significant (p<0.05) improvements in crude protein (17g) crude fat (9g) and gross energy (3 kcalg-1) whereas higher red blood cells (RBCs), white blood cells (WBCs) and hemoglobin (Hb) was also recorded in fish blood when fed 2 gkg-1 probiotics level diet. From these results, it was concluded that 2 gkg-1 probiotics supplementation in corn gluten meal based diet is optimum for improving growth performance, body composition and hematology of C. carpio fingerlings.
  • Dormancy of Floral Buds of Rabbiteye Blueberry in a Mild Winter Climate Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Schuchovski, Carolina; Biasi, Luiz Antonio

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS This work studies the dormancy dynamics of blueberries growing in mild winter regions. The four rabbiteye blueberry cultivars meet the chilling requirements in the study. The floral buds of 'Delite' are more precocious than the other cultivars. Insights on how temperate fruit species could behave in warming climate scenarios.
  • Overviewing the Application of β-Galactosidase “Immobilized on Nanoparticles” in Dairy Industries Review - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Alshanberi, Asim Muhammed; Al-Shaeri, Majed Ahmed; Ansari, Shakeel Ahmed

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Nanoparticles (NPs) exhibited greater performance of immobilized enzyme. They influence the sensitivity, selectivity, loading, mobility and stability of enzymes. β-galactosidase immobilized on NPs retained greater activity against various physical and chemical denaturants.
  • Seed Quality and Vigor of Germination of Moringa oleífera Lam. in Saline Stress Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Nóbrega, Jackson Silva; Lopes, Kilson Pinheiro; Gomes, Camile Dutra Lourenço; Sá, Jolinda Mercia de; Oliveira, Odair Honorato de; Paiva, Francisco Jean da Silva

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS M. oleífera is tolerant to the effect of salinity. Seed vigor is reduced by salinity. Germination of moringa seeds lasts 86 hours.
  • Methylene Blue for the Treatment of Health Conditions: a Scoping Review Review - Human And Animal Health

    Galvan, Jessica; Borsoi, Mariana Xavier; Julek, Luciana; Bordin, Danielle; Cabral, Luciane Patrícia Andreani; Pomini, Marcos Cezar; Alves, Fabiana Bucholdz Teixeira

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS This scoping review summarizes the findings of clinical trials using methylene blue (MB) for the treatment of various health conditions. This research method allowed mapping main findings, clarifying research topics, and identifying gaps in the literature.
  • Paternal High-Fat Diet Exposure Induces Adverse Effects on Offspring Health: a Systematic Review of Animal Studies Review - Human And Animal Health

    Gonçalves, Mariane dos Santos; Perez, Gabriela dos Santos; Ferreira, Luciana de Jesus Dantas; Santos, Lucimeire Santana dos; Cordeiro, Gabriele dos Santos; Couto, Ricardo David; Medeiros, Jairza Maria Barreto

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS The main consequences for the offspring are correlated to metabolic health. Paternal exposure to a high-fat diet induces insulin resistance on offspring. In female offspring induces increased risks of breast cancer. In male offspring induces renal injury and increased triglycerides.
  • Antibacterial Activity of Plant Lectins: a Review Review - Human And Animal Health

    Silva, Nathália Regina Galvão; Araújo, Francielly Negreiros de

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Plant lectins are proteins that have biotechnological potential. The antibacterial activity of lectins can occur by immunomodulation. Due to their characteristics, lectins are promising targets for antibacterial activity.
  • Effects of Fluorodeoxyglucose Conjugated and Unconjugated Iron Oxide Magnetic Nanoparticles on Macrophages: a Pilot Study Article - Human And Animal Health

    Lim, Jenson; Petaroudi, Michaela; Pearce, Gillian; Yasakçi, Volkan; Unak, Perihan

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Iron oxide based nanoparticles were synthesized. They can be linked to macrophages without the function of the macrophages being affected. No detrimental effects to the macrophages were evident.
  • Serum-Free Suspension Adaptation of HEK-293T Cells: Basis for Large-Scale Biopharmaceutical Production Article - Human And Animal Health

    Lomba, Ana Luiza Oliveira; Tirapelle, Mariane Cariati; Biaggio, Rafael Tagé; Abreu-Neto, Mário Soares; Covas, Dimas Tadeu; Picanço-Castro, Virginia; Swiech, Kamilla; Mizukami, Amanda

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Adaptation of HEK-293T cells to suspension and serum-free conditions was performed. During the whole process, kinetic and metabolic parameters were evaluated. HEK-293T adaptation is an important step for GMP-compliant biopharmaceutical production.
  • Sweet Potato (Ipomoea batatas L.): a Versatile Raw Material for the Food Industry Review - Food/feed Science And Technology

    Bach, Daniele; Bedin, Ana Cláudia; Lacerda, Luiz Gustavo; Nogueira, Alessandro; Demiate, Ivo Mottin

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Sweet potatoes (SP) are cultivated worldwide and feed millions of people, mainly in developing countries. SP composition includes starch and other carbohydrates, which may change during postharvest and processing. SP may serve as source of slowly digestible and resistant starch and other ingredients for the food industry, including bioactive compounds with potential for promoting health benefits.
  • Molecular Techniques to Study Microbial Wastewater Communities Review - Environmental Sciences

    Urrea-Valencia, Salomé; Melo, André Luís de Almeida; Gonçalves, Daniel Ruiz Potma; Galvão, Carolina Weigert; Etto, Rafael Mazer

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract wastewater treatment (WT) is of major importance on modern cities, removing wastewater pollutants resultant from anthropogenic activities. The unique abilities of microbes to degrade organic matter, remove nutrients and transform toxic compounds into harmless products make them essential players in waste treatment. The microbial diversity determines the metabolic pathways that may occur in WT and quality of treated wastewater. Therefore, understanding WT microbial community structure, distribution, and metabolic functioning is essential for development and optimization of efficient microbial engineering systems. Since cultivation methods can only detect a small fraction of the microbial diversity, the use of culture-independent molecular methods has circumvented this issue, allowing unprecedented access to genes and genomes used for microbial composition and function evaluation. Traditional approaches like RAPD, DGGE, ARDRA, RISA, SSCP, T-RFLP, and FISH and modern approaches like microarray, qPCR, and metagenomics are essential techniques for identifying and depicting the total microbial community structure and their interaction with environmental and biotic factors. Thus, this review describes traditional and state of the art molecular techniques which provide insights into phylogenetic and functional activities of microbial assemblages in a WT system.
Instituto de Tecnologia do Paraná - Tecpar Rua Prof. Algacyr Munhoz Mader, 3775 - CIC, 81350-010 Curitiba PR Brazil, Tel.: +55 41 3316-3052/3054, Fax: +55 41 3346-2872 - Curitiba - PR - Brazil
E-mail: babt@tecpar.br