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Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology, Volume: 65, Published: 2022
  • Effect of Ethephon Application on Fruit Quality at Harvest and Post-harvest Storage of Japanese Plum (Prunus salicina) cv. Fortune Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness, And Biotechnology

    Cocco, Carine; Silvestre, Wendel Paulo; Schildt, Gabriela Weber; Tessaro, Felipe Afonso

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Several ethephon concentrations were applied in pre-harvest on Japanese plums. The quality characteristics of the plums prior and after cold storage were evaluated. Ethephon use hastened the ripening of the fruits, with no effect in overall yield. Some quality characteristics were influenced by ethephon, both in harvest and after storage.
  • Morphometric Variation among Four Local Ruditapes decussatus Populations in Monastir Bay (Eastern Coast, Tunisia) Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Ghozzi, Khemissa; Dhiab, Rym Ben; Challouf, Rafika; Bradai, Mohamed Nejmeddine

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Ruditapes decussatus from four sites belonging to Monastir bay (Tunisia) was first time analyzed based on morphometry and comparative statistics. The site of Ksiba was distinguishable from other sites by larger and heavier specimens. The sub-trapezoidal shape was dominant with small- size classes, in most sites. The principal component analysis (PCA) revealed different population groups, with two intra-population groups for Sokrine site. Allometric relationships showed highly significant correlation with different growth patterns (positive allometric, negative allometric and isometric).
  • The Potential Effects of Fungicides on Association of Rhizophagus irregularis with Maize and Wheat Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Rejali, Farhad; Dolatabad, Hossein Kari; Safari, Marzieh; Abadi, Vahid Alah Jahandideh Mahjen

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS The fungicides in the laboratory experiment impaired root colonization of R. irregularis. In the greenhouse experiment, fungicides had no negative effect on root colonization of R. irregularis. The benomyl in maize and tilt in wheat and rovral TS in both plants could be recommended with the combined application of R. irregularis. Depending on fungicide type and host plant, the effect of fungicide on R. irregularis varies.
  • Effect of Salinity Stress on Germination, Seedling Growth, Mineral Uptake and Chlorophyll Contents of Three Cucurbitaceae Species Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Naseer, Muhammad Noman; Rahman, Faiz Ur; Hussain, Zahoor; Khan, Irshad Ahmad; Aslam, Muhammad Muzammal; Aslam, Ali; Waheed, Hasnain; Khan, Asad Ullah; Iqbal, Shahid

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Three species of Cucurbitaceae family are evaluated against the salt stress. Higher levels of salinity have more adverse effects on the growth of cucurbits. The varieties of bottle gourd performed well against the salt stress.
  • Occurrence of Charcoal Rot in Globe Artichoke and Assessment of Inoculation Techniques for Pathogenicity and Management Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Aydoğdu, Mehmet; Kurbetli, İlker; Sülü, Görkem

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Macrophomina phaseolina was for the first time detected on globe artichoke in the world. Polyphagous nature of M. phaseolina was confirmed on nine plant species using pathogenicity tests. Toothpick inoculation technique could be used for screening resistance to M. phaseolina.
  • Pyrolysis of Sewage Sludge: Physical, Chemical, Morphological and Mineralogical Transformations Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Fachini, Jóisman; Figueiredo, Cícero Célio de

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Biochar from sewage sludge (SS) was produced and characterized. Pyrolysis increased organic and total carbon. Pyrolysis increased micro and macronutrients concentration with exception of K. Biochar preserved the mineralogical characteristics of the raw material. Pyrolysis is an excellent alternative to transform SS into organic fertilizer.
  • Isolation and Characterization of Plant Growth-Promotion Diazotrophic Endophytic Bacteria Associated to Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) Grown in Paraíba, Brazil Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Antunes, Jadson Emanuel Lopes; Freitas, Ana Dolores Santiago de; Bonifacio, Aurenivia; Oliveira, Louise Melo de Souza; Santos, Carolina Etienne de Rosália e Silva; Lyra, Maria do Carmo Catanho Pereira de; Oliveira, José de Paula; Ollero, Francisco Javier; Araújo, Ademir Sérgio Ferreira de; Figueiredo, Marcia do Vale Barreto

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS The diazotrophic endophytic community found in stems were different those found in leaves of sugarcane. Endophytes with valuable biochemical traits have been identified in the sugarcane tissues. A unique symbiotic consortium between endophytes were identified in the sugarcane tissues.
  • Comparative Study of Morphology and Developmental Biology of Two Agriculturally Important Whitefly Species Bemisia tabaci (Asia II 5) and Trialeurodes vaporariorum from North-Western Himalayan Region of India Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Patel, Chenesh; Srivastava, Ravi Mohan; Samraj, Jeevakani Muthu

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS A detailed description and illustration of stage-specific morphological characters of whiteflies Bemisia tabaci (Asia II 5) and Trialeurodes vaporariorum. Developmental biology of the whiteflies Bemisia tabaci (Asia II 5) and Trialeurodes vaporariorum. Preliminary information for field-level identification and the formulation of IPM strategies. First of its kind comparative study of morphology and biology of whiteflies in the Northwestern Himalayan region.
  • MSAP Marker Based Epigenetic Regulation in Symptomatic and Asymptomatic Floral Malady of Soybean (Glycine max) Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Kad, Snehal Krishna; VishwanathraoJadhav, Pravin; Thakur, Pranita Prabhakar; Kale, Prashant Bhaskar; Magar, Sayali Ganesh; Moharil, Mangesh Pradeep; Sakhare, Sanjay Bapuji; Mane, Shyamsundar Shioram; Ghorade, Rameshwar Baliram; Dani, Raviprakash Govindrao

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Cytological study for floral malady in soybean MSAP profiling in floral malady symptomatic and asymptomatic plant. Insights of pattern and extent of methylation. Epigentic gene regulation by MSAP approach.
  • Callus Induction, Proliferation, Enhanced Secondary Metabolites Production and Antioxidants Activity of Salvia moorcroftiana L. as Influenced by Combinations of Auxin, Cytokinin and Melatonin Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Bano, Aneela Shah; Khattak, Abdul Mateen; Basit, Abdul; Alam, Mehboob; Shah, Syed Tanveer; Ahmad, Naveed; Gilani, Syed Abdul Qadir; Ullah, Izhar; Anwar, Sumera; Mohamed, Heba Ibrahim

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Tissue culture technique is considered to be one of the best methods to reproduce salvia plant. Salvia is a medicinal plant with lots of chemical constituents. Salvia plays an important role in treating different fatal diseases. Maximum fresh and dry weights were obtained at 1.5 mg L-1 melatonin. the highest DPPH scavenging activity, total phenolics and flavonoid content were obtained at 1.5 mg L-1 melatonin.
  • Seasonal Fluctuations of N, P and K in Leaves Influenced Nutrient Requirement During Fruit Development Stages in Different Olive Genotypes Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Iqbal, Muhammad Azhar; Khan, Muhammad Azam; Azam, Muhammad; Bhatti, Muhammad Izhar Naeem; Feroze, Muhammad Aqeel; Zulfiqar, Bushra; Umar, Humara; Asif, Muhammad

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Overall, N, P, K contents were higher in leaves during flowering and then depleted during fruit development stages. Nitrogen content was found higher in Coratina among four olive cultivars Leaf phosphorus and potassium content was observed higher in Ottobratica and Leccino cultivars.
  • Inoculation of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi Improves Growth and Photosynthesis of Ilex paraguariensis (St. Hil) Seedlings Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Tomazelli, Daniela; Costa, Murilo Dalla; Primieri, Silmar; Rech, Tássio Dresh; Santos, Júlio Cesar Pires; Klauberg-Filho, Osmar

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract: Yerba mate (Ilex paraguariensis St. Hill.) is an important woody tree in South America, however the production of quality seedlings is a major problem. Microorganisms that promote plant growth have shown to be efficient biotechnologies in the production of seedlings. The arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF), it establishes symbiosis with several plant species and increases the accumulation of biomass and absorption of poorly mobile nutrients such as phosphorus. Here, we test the effects of two AMF species on growth, root architecture, phosphorus accumulation and gas exchange of yerba mate seedlings cultivated under different phosphorus levels. We used seedlings in a non-sterile soil, inoculated with AMFs Rhizophagus clarus SCT720A and Acaulospora colombiana SCT115A, and non-inoculated (control) treatment under five levels of phosphorus (0; 25; 50; 100 and 200% recommendation). After 90 days of AMF inoculation, plant dry biomass, root architecture and mycorrhizal colonization were determined and after 180 days, the same parameters plus photosynthetic rate, transpiration rate, stomatal conductance and P content were evaluated. AMF inoculation increased shoot and root dry biomass, total root length, root volume. Plants inoculated with AMF showed higher photosynthesis rate. Phosphorus content and mycorrhizal colonization were increased almost three times when inoculated with AMF. Our findings highlight the importance of AMF inoculation for Ilex paraguariensis seedlings production, reducing the time needed in nurseries to enhance tree performance.
  • Emergence and Initial Development of Erythroxylum pauferrense Seedlings under Different Substrates Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Ribeiro, João Everthon da Silva; Coêlho, Ester dos Santos; Leite, Arliston Pereira; Bruno, Riselane de Lucena Alcântara; Alves, Edna Ursulino; Albuquerque, Manoel Bandeira de

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract: Erythroxylum pauferrense Plowman is an understory species native to Brazil, with great importance in the conservation of genetic resources and is used as a food source for animals in the regions where the species occurs. The species is currently listed in category EN (endangered). The objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of different substrates on the emergence and initial growth of E. pauferrense. The experiment was carried out in a protected environment, belonging to the Plant Ecology Laboratory of the Federal University of Paraíba, Areia-PB, Brazil. The substrates used were: sand; sand + vermiculite in the proportion of 1:1, 3:1 and 1:3; vegetal land; vegetal land + sand in the proportion of 1:1, 3:1 and 1:3; vegetal land + vermiculite in the proportion of 1:1, 3:1 and 1:3; vermiculite; Bioplant®; and Bioplant® + sand in a ratio of 1:1, 3:1 and 1:3. The experimental design was completely randomized, with 16 treatments (substrates) and four replications of 25 seeds. The percentage of emergence, first count, speed index, mean time, mean speed and relative emergency frequency were evaluated. The vermiculite substrate provided the best results for carrying out the emergence and vigor tests of E. pauferrense seedlings, being the most suitable substrate to initial growth seedlings of the species.
  • Growth and Quality of Yerba Mate Seedlings Affected by Fertilizer Doses in South Brazil Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Walter, Letícia Siqueira; Gonçalves, Murilo Faix; Kratz, Dagma; Fragoso, Rosimeri de Oliveira; Stuepp, Carlos André

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract: Given the lack of information on the use of controlled-release fertilizers in yerba mate seedlings production, this study aimed to evaluate growth and morphological characteristics of seedlings produced with two controlled-release fertilizers applied at different doses. We used seeds from a clonal seed orchard, which were sown in a commercial substrate based on peat and vermiculite, with Osmocote® MiniPrill 3M (CRF 3M) and Basacote® Plus 9M (CRF 9M) fertilizers, both in doses of 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12 kg m-3. Seedling height and stem diameter were measured at 60, 90, 120, and 180 days after sowing and, at 180 days, shoot, root, and total biomass, tube withdrawal ease, and root aggregation. From these data, we calculated Dickson's quality index, technical efficiency, Height/Stem diameter ratio, and maximum technical efficiency dose. We verified values statistically superior to control treatment (0 kg m-3) in all variables in response to controlled-release fertilizer 3M and 9M, demonstrating the viability of yerba mate seedling production using controlled-release fertilizers. This is also evidenced through results obtained for growth in height and stem diameter. Although CRF 3M favored seedling growth, CRF 9M showed similar efficiency. The Osmocote® MiniPrill 3M is more efficient than Basacote® Plus 9M in most of the variables analyzed and has a lower input required to obtain quality seedlings. For these reasons, Osmocote® MiniPrill 3M is indicated to produce yerba mate seedlings in the dose 8.50 kg m-3.
  • Antagonist Species to Streptomyces sp. that Causes Common Potato Scab Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Porto, John Silva; Rebouças, Tiyoko Nair Hojo; José, Abel Rebouças São; José, Alcebíades Rebouças São; Destéfano, Suzete Aparecida Lanza; Vargas, Alma Adela Lira

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Trichoderma spp. and Bacillus subtilis reduced colonial growth of Streptomyces sp. Trichoderma spp. and Bacillus subtilis reduced scab damage in potato tuber.
  • Hormoligosis Evaluation and Efficacy of Fenoxycarb on the Cotton Mealybug (Phenacoccus solenopsis) Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Idrees, Muhammad; Gogi, Muhammad Dildar; Majeed, Waqar; Mozamal, Mobeen; Imran, Hafiz Muhammad; Kanwal, Sobia; Maalik, Sadia

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS This manuscript highlights the application of fenoxycarb for the effective control of cotton mealybug. Use of sub-lethal dosage to evaluate the resistance development of insecticide. These results can be helpful for the dose selection during control in the fields, so that resistance can be reduced against pesticides.
  • Characterization of Mineral Content in Fruits of Northeast Agrobiodiversity of Brazil Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Assis, Renata Carmo de; Siqueira, Adriana Camurça Pontes; Oliveira, João Pedro da Silva; Silva, Francisco Luan Fonsêca da; Matos, Wladiana Oliveira; Gouveia, Sandro Thomaz; Maia, Carla Soraya Costa; Lopes, Gisele Simone

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Characterization of fruits of the Brazilian biodiversity. Potential alternative fruits that provide health benefits. Spreading information that stimulates valorization of the Brazilian biodiversity.
  • Volumetric Oxygen Transfer Coefficient Effect on Biomass, Bioactive Compounds Production, and Kinetic Behavior of G. lucidum in Submerged Culture Using a Complex Medium. Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Romo-Buchelly, Raquel Juliana; Sepúlveda-Arango, Liuda Johana; Restrepo-Restrepo, Yenny Paola; Areiza-Restrepo, Daniel Emilio; Henao, Sebastian Zapata; Garcés, Lucía Atehortúa-

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS G. lucidum is able to grow in a low-cost complex medium in a stirred tank bioreactor. KLa values between 17.3 - 32.8 h-1 are suitable to scale up bioprocess using complex media. Oxygen availability in the bioreactor affects the biomass and biomolecules production.
  • Physiological Parameters and Development of Passion Fruit Subjected to Water Stress and Propagation Methods Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Cavichioli, José Carlos; Lisboa, Lucas Aparecido Manzani; Vitorino, Rodrigo Aparecido; Contiero, Leandro Aparecido Fogagnoli; Figueiredo, Paulo Alexandre Monteiro de; Rocha, Edison Alves

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Irrigation intervals over 8 days compromise the physiology of passion fruit. Passion fruit seedlings grafted into seedlings obtained by cuttings or seeds have greater vigor. Passion fruit seedlings propagated by seeds show greater efficiency in the use of water. Propagation methods influence the development of passion fruit.
  • Biphasic Liquid-Liquid Extraction of Biosurfactant from Lactobacillus delbrueckii Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Goyal, Surbhi; Singh, Jagdish

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Biphasic liquid-liquid extraction of L. delbrueckii BS from the broth is executed. Extraction parameters are optimized and partition coefficient calculated. Co-current and countercurrent extraction of BS increased its yield. Purified BS characterized as glycoprotein/polymeric.
  • Analysis of the Evolution of the Number of Biotechnology Patents in the Agribusiness Sector Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Vellani Júnior, Raymundo Lázaro; Putti, Fernando Ferrari; Guerrero, Pedro Henrique Lupo; Zanetti, Willian Aparecido Leoti; Silva, Adriano Bortolotti da; Góes, Bruno César

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Increase in the number of agribusiness biotechnology patents. Development of science, technology and innovation in the context of measuring economic growth. Increase in the number of patents and better results in agricultural productivity in the field.
  • Effects of Pressure and Magnetic Field on Glutathione Production by Saccharomyces cerevisiae Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Lemos Júnior, Wilson José Fernandes; Gonçalves, Ingrid da Mata; Guedes, Juliane Borges; Deamici, Kricelle Mosquera; Santos, Lucielen Oliveira

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS GSH may be produced by Saccharomyces cerevisiae in an airlift bioreactor. The higher the pressure, the higher GSH and biomass concentrations. The highest level of GSH concentration was 178.72 mg L-1 at 0.05 MPa after 96 h.
  • Using Phenol-Rich Agro-Wastes as Substrates for the Cultivation of Hypsizygus ulmarius Mushroom with Enhanced Functional and Nutritional Potential Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Atíla, Funda

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Straw-based media are more suitable for Hypsizygus ulmarius cultivation Grape pomace and green walnut husks are useable as alternative supplement materials These harmful wastes are converted into functional foods by mushroom cultivation
  • Optimization of Phytase Production by Bacillus sp. (HCYL03) under Solid-State Fermentation by Using Box-Behnken Design Article-Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Sardar, Rozina; Asad, Muhammad Javaid; Ahmad, Muhammad Sheeraz; Ahmad, Tanveer

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Bacillus sp (HCYL03) was capable of producing phytases under solid-state fermentation. Wheat bran, residue of the rolled milled wheat grain, showed, indeed, potential to be used in phytases production. Using wheat bran to attain bioproducts can reduce some social/environmental issues.
  • Applicability of Phenolic Profile Analysis Method Developed with RP-HPLC-PDA to some Bee Product Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Kara, Yakup; Can, Zehra; Kolaylı, Sevgi

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS RP-HPLC-PDA method was developed for the simultaneous determination of 25 phenolic compounds. The reliability of the developed method was confirmed by the validation test. An HPLC method has been developed to quantify phenolic acid and flavonoids in some bee products. The method showed good results in a run time of only 60 min.
  • Effect of Improved Trichoderma harzianum on Growth and Resistance Promotion in Bean Plant Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Mahmoodian, Sahar; Kowsari*, Mojegan; Motallebi, Mostafa; Zamani, Mohammadreza; Jahromi, Zahra Moghaddasi

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Trichoderma inoculation increased the total biomass, seedling height, root length, root area, root diameter, number of root tips, and number growth potential of seedlings. Trichoderma inoculation increases the resistance of bean plant to Rhizoctonia pathogen. Among improved isolates of Trichoderma, the ChBD13 and ChBD15 showed better performance in terms of plant growth.
  • Age-Stage, Two-Sex Life Tables of the 24 Spot Ladybird [(Subcoccinella vigintiquatuorpunctata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae)] Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness, And Biotechnology

    Baris, Aydemir

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Subcoccinella vigintiquatuorpunctata is one of the main pest on alfalfa. Age-specific life table and survival rate for each life stage was calculated by using TWOSEX-MSChart. This study suggest the life table can be used for the biology and control of the alfalfa pest.
  • Production of Polyhydroxyalkanoate by Bacillus thuringiensis Isolated from Agricultural Soils of Cascas-Peru Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Cueva-Almendras, Luz Clarita; Alvarado, Juan Carlos Alva; Fuentes-Olivera, Anthony Jeams; Llontop-Bernabé, Keyla Sofia; Cerna, Claudio Eduardo Quiñones; Rodriguez-Soto, Juan Carlos; Cruz-Monzón, José Alfredo; Alvarez, Medardo Alberto Quezada

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Bacillus thuringiensis SP7-1 from agricultural soils producing polyhydroxyalkanoate. The strains SP7-1 with a PHA accumulation of 0.54 g/L and 19 % in dry biomass. PHA was characterized with FTIR, DSC and TGA with remarkable chemical properties. A thermic degradation in a range of 270-303°C and a Melting Temperature of 166.88°C.
  • Physiological Response of Seeds of Crotalaria spectabilis under Drought and Heat Stress Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Nóbrega, Jackson Silva; Silva, Lucy Gleide da; Bezerra, Ana Carolina; Bruno, Riselane de Lucena Alcântara; Souto, Antônio Gustavo de Luna; Silva, Toshik Iarley da

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Water stress compromises seed germination. C. spectabilis tolerates up to an osmotic potential of -0.2 MPa. The temperature range between 25 and 30 ºC favors germination.
  • Calcium and Boron Foliar Application in the Production and Quality of Zucchini Seeds Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Colombari, Lidiane Fernandes; Silva, Gustavo Ferreira da; Chamma, Larissa; Chaves, Prínscilla Pâmela Nunes; Makita, Miguel Kenzo; Soman, José Marcelo; Cardoso, Antonio Ismael Inácio

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS The application of Ca or B does not affect the germination of zucchini seeds. The application of Ca in zucchini increases the number of pollen grains per flower. The production of zucchini seeds is favored by the application of Ca.
  • Enhancing the Production of Therapeutic Enzyme Arginase from Lactobacillus acidophilus Using Response Surface Methodology Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Gautam, Himanshi; Kumari, Neha; Bansal, Saurabh

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS First report showing optimization study of arginase production by Lactobacillus acidophilus. Optimization by OVAT approach resulted in four-fold enhanced arginase production. Response surface methodology resulted in six-fold enhanced arginase production with 15 mM arginine, 1% Yeast extract and medium pH 5.5.
  • Estimation of G x E Interaction by AMMI Model in ‘Antenna Panel’ Genotypes of Rice [Oryza sativa L.] Article - Agriculture, Agribusiness And Biotechnology

    Roy, Deepayan; Gaur, Amit Kumar; Pandey, Indra Deo

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS IRRI has launched their flagship project-4 consisting of ‘Antenna Panel’. ‘Antenna panel’ genotypes characterize evolving climate-dynamics through crop’s eye. SAHEL 108 is the most superior genotype for grain yield over all the three environments of testing.
  • Synthesis and in Vitro Toxicity Assessment of Different Nano-Calcium Phosphate Nanoparticles Article - Human And Animal Health

    Başak, Toğar; Hasan, Türkez; Feray, Bakan; Enes, Arslan Mehmet; Abdulgani, Tatar; Ivana, Caccıatore; Ahmet, Hacımüftüoğlu; Kenan, Çadırcı; Di, Stefano Antonio; Adil, Mardinoğlu

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Bioceramic nanoparticles are used to replace hard tissues. The toxicity of β-TCP and BCP nanoparticles is not dependent on particle size. BCP nanoparticles exhibit greater cytotoxic and genotoxic properties at higher concentrations as compared to β-TCP nanoparticles. β-TCP and BCP cause oxidative stress depending on the increase in concentration. Oxidative stress causes cell death and DNA damage.
  • Viola tricolor Hydroalcoholic Extract Improves Behavioral Deficiencies in Rats Exposed to Chronic Immobilization Stress Article - Human And Animal Health

    Mohammadi, Khadijeh; Mohammadi, Reza; Asle-Rousta, Masoumeh; Rahnema, Mehdi; Mahmazi, Sanaz

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS V. tricolor ameliorates memory impairment caused by immobilization in rats. V. tricolor diminishes anxiety- and depression-like behaviors in immobilized rats. V. tricolor decreases chronic immobilization-induced neuronal loss in the hippocampus. V. tricolor reduces expression of IL-6 in the hippocampus of immobilized rats.
  • Overview of Perinatal Palliative Care in Brazil Article - Human And Animal Health

    Saffi Junior, Mario Cezar; Moraes, Ana Maria Silveira Machado de; Favero, Giovani Marino

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Palliative care in terminally ill patients has only been effective recently in Brazil. Fetuses or neonates unable to curecare received attention in 2017. Brazilian women´s characteristics directly influencing perinatal palliative care.
  • Vitamin D Modulates PAR-4 Expression in an in Vitro Model of Osteoarthritis Article - Human And Animal Health

    Carvalho, Vanessa Mylenna Florêncio de; Oliveira, Priscilla Stela Santana de; Paula, Simão Kalebe Silva de; Albuquerque, Amanda Pinheiro de Barros; Rêgo, Moacyr Jesus Barreto de Melo; Pitta, Maira Galdino da Rocha; Pereira, Michelly Cristiny

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Chondrocytes express PAR-4 in the nucleus and cytoplasm; Vitamin D reduces the pro-apoptotic proteins PAR-4 and caspase-3; PAR-4 and caspase-3 may be potential therapeutic targets for osteoarthritis.
  • Bixinoids Derived from Bixa orellana as a Potential Zika Virus Inhibitor Using Molecular Simulations. Antiviral Effect on the Zika Virus of Bixinoids Article - Human And Animal Health

    Nogueira Sobrinho, Antonio Carlos; Roberto, Caio Henrique Alexandre; Lima, Danielle Malta; Fonseca, Aluisio Marques da; Marinho, Emmanuel Silva

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Zika virus non-structural proteins are important pharmacological targets. Bixin and derived molecules interact with non-structural proteins. Bixin and ethyl bixin has the potential to interfere with the viral replication mechanism. Bixin and ethyl bixin an indicative of being a promising anti-Zika agent.
  • Essential Oil Compositions and Antimicrobial Activities of Thymbra spicata L. var. spicata L., Lavandula X Intermedia Emeric ex Loisel., Satureja macrantha C. A. MEYER and Rosmarinus officinalis L. Article - Human And Animal Health

    Karakaş, Özgür; Bekler, Fatma Matpan

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Essential oil contents of T. spicata, L. X Intermedia, S. macrantha and R. officinalis was determined. The main components of these plants were monoterpenoid T. spicata and S. macrantha showed strong effects against three microorganisms.
  • Relationship between Serotonin-2A Receptor Gene Polymorphism and Wound Healing in Brazilian Patients Article - Human And Animal Health

    Lúcio, Flávia Daniele; Piatto, Vânia Belintani; Maniglia, José Victor

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS The platelets serotonin stands out in obtaining wound healing closure. Serotonin receptor gene (5-HTR2A) polymorphisms can cause alterations in the tissue repair. 102T-C polymorphism in the 5-HTR2A gene is associated to alterations in wound healing process.
  • Management of Airway Remodeling in a Mouse Model of Allergic Airways Inflammation Using Extracellular Vesicles from Human Bone Marrow-Derived Mesenchymal Stromal Cells Article - Human And Animal Health

    Fragoso, Felipe Yukio Ishikawa; Michelotto, Pedro Vicente; Angulski, Addeli Bez Batti; Leite, Lidiane Maria Boldrini; Senegaglia, Alexandra Cristina; Olandoski, Márcia; Dominguez, Alejandro Correa; Brofman, Paulo Roberto Slud

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Extracellular vesicles (EV) from human bone marrow were able to reduce airway inflammation in a mouse model. Treatment applied by Intratracheal injection was more effective than systemic administration by caudal vein injection. IT administration of EVs appears to act therapeutically by restoring the basal BAL cell counts and attenuating early lung remodeling.
  • Angelica sylvestris and Delphinium staphisagria Extracts Induces Antiproliferation through Caspase-mediated Apoptosis on Human Cancer Cells Article - Human And Animal Health

    Akgun, Oguzhan; Akgun, Halime; Sahin, Cagatay; Celikler, Serap; Ari, Ferda

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Anticancer activities of ASE and DSE extracts were investigated. Angelica sylvestris have anticancer potential on HT-29 and HeLa cells. Delphinium staphisagria have anticancer potential on A549 and MCF-7 cells. ASE and DSE extracts induce apoptosis on cancer cells.
  • A Randomized Clinical Trial on Therapeutic Effects of Myrtus communis L. Cream on Chronic Skin Lesions and Quality of Life of Sulfur Mustard-exposed Veterans Article - Human And Animal Health

    Iman, Maryam; Edalat, Houri; Davoudi, Seyyed Masoud; Molaei, Seyyedeh Hamideh; Bahari, Zahra

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS This is the first study of the protective effects of myrtle cream against sulfur mustard-induces chronic skin complication including; itching and burning sensation. Myrtle therapy significantly decreased skin lesion symptoms such as excoriation. Myrtle therapy effectively improved quality of life of the sulfur mustard-exposed veterans.
  • First Record of Molecular Confirmation, Phylogeny and Haplotype Diversity of Haemonchus contortus from Gaddi (breed) Goats of North India Article - Human And Animal Health

    Moudgil, Aman Dev; Sharma, Ankur; Dogra, Pradeep Kumar

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS First report of phylogeny and haplotype diversity of Haemonchus contortus isolated from Gaddi (breed) goats of North India. The occurrence of different haplotypes evinced presence of indels at distinct places. There was probable establishment of heterozygosity in putative hybrid H. contortus worms.
  • Allergic Contact Dermatitis after the Use of Cosmetics Containing Parabens: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis Article - Human And Animal Health

    Cordeiro, Aline Carolina Favoretto; Salvador, Bianca Caroline; Szpak, Renata; Tonin, Fernanda Stumpf; Borba, Helena Hiemisch Lobo; Maluf, Daniela Florêncio; Wiens, Astrid

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract: Parabens are among the most widely used preservatives in cosmetic formulations. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) and the use of parabens in cosmetics. A systematic review was performed with searches in PubMed, Scopus and Science Direct, in addition to a manual search. Interventional or observational studies that assessed the incidence of ACD in individuals using parabens were included. The quality of the articles was assessed and the data were extracted for a qualitative synthesis and single-arm meta-analysis. Fourteen studies (8 longitudinal, 3 cross-sectional, 1 quasi experimental and 2 case reports) were included in the systematic review and had their data extracted. Twelve studies reported ACD after the use of parabens and were included in the single-arm meta-analysis, resulting in an ACD incidence of 0.9%[95%CI: 0.4-2.0%], thus classified as a rare event. This result was related to already sensitized skin in most cases. In addition, the concentration of parabens in the contact test was above that recommended in cosmetics. The incidence of ACD due to parabens is rare, but further studies with control groups and at the usual concentrations of parabens are needed to better evaluate the results.
  • Correlations between Web Searches and COVID-19 Epidemiological Indicators in Brazil Article - Human And Animal Health

    Locatelli, Marcelo Sartori; Cunha, Evandro L. T. P; Guiginski, Janaína; Franco, Ramon A. S; Bernardes, Tereza; Alzamora, Pedro Loures; Silva, Daniel Victor F. da; Ganem, Marcelo Augusto S; Santos, Thiago H. M; Carvalho, Anne I. R; Souza, Leandro M. V; Paixão, Gabriela P. F; Chaves, Elisa França; Santos, Guilherme Bezerra dos; Santos, Rafael Vinícius dos; Freitas, Amanda Cupertino de; Flores, Matheus G; Biezuner, Rachel F; Cardoso, Rodolfo Lins; Fonseca, Rodrigo Machado; Silva, Ana Paula Couto da; Meira Jr, Wagner

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract: COVID-19 rapidly spread across the world in an unprecedented outbreak with a massive number of infected and fatalities. The pandemic was heavily discussed and searched on the internet, which generated big amounts of data related to it. This led to the possibility of attempting to forecast coronavirus indicators using the internet data. For this study, Google Trends statistics for 124 selected search terms related to pandemic were used in an attempt to find which keywords had the best Spearman correlations with a lag, as well as a forecasting model. It was found that keywords related to coronavirus testing among some others, such as “I have contracted covid”, had high correlations (≥0.7) with few weeks of lag (≤4 weeks). Besides that, the ARIMAX model using those keywords had promising results in predicting the increase or decrease of epidemiological indicators, although it was not able to predict their exact values. Thus, we found that Google Trends data may be useful for predicting outbreaks of coronavirus a few weeks before they happen, and may be used as an auxiliary tool in monitoring and forecasting the disease in Brazil.
  • In Vitro Enzyme Inhibitory Activity of Ten Ferulago W. Koch Species Growing in Turkey Article - Human And Animal Health

    Akkol, Esra Küpeli; Günbatan, Tuğba; Gürbüz, İlhan; Duman, Hayri; Kılıç, Ceyda Sibel; İlhan, Mert

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Ethanol extract of F. mascrosciadia significantly inhibits collagenase and elastase. Ethanol extract of F. syriaca significantly inhibits collagenase and elastase. Other studied Ferulago species do not show activity on collagenase and elastase enzymes.
  • Comparison of the Results Synchronization with Progesterone Implants and Fixed Time Artificial Insemination in Dairy Cows Article - Human And Animal Health

    Arkose, Cem Cagdas; Uslu, Baris Atalay

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS A field synchronization study. Solution suggestions for the dairy industry. Progesterone different uses. High pregnancy result was obtained.
  • Evaluation of Lactobacillus brevis MG000874 in Behavioral and In Vitro Antioxidant Enzyme Activity of Murine Brain Article - Human And Animal Health

    Noureen, Saleha; Liaqat, Iram; Riaz, Ayesha; Rana, Mehwish; Arshad, Najma

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Oxidative stress is considered as a major factor that accelerates the aging process. D-Galactose impairs ambulation, rearing, leaning and grooming responses in mice. L. brevis MG000874 can improve cognitive responses and levels of antioxidants. L. brevis MG000874 can be further confirmed as anti-aging and antioxidant agent. It is recommended to include L. brevis MG000874 in the list of probiotics.
  • Effects of Evodia rutaecarpa Acupoint Sticking Therapy on Rats with Insomnia Induced by Para-Chlorophenylalanine in 5-HT1Aand 5-HT2A Gene Expressions Article - Human And Animal Health

    Zhao, Qi; Luo, Lu; Qiao, Yagang; Zhang, Junwu

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS E. rutaecarpa acupoint sticking therapy can improve insomnia. Significantly upregulated 5-HT1A mRNA expression and downregulated 5-HT2A mRNA expression.
  • Efficient Tissue Culture and Regeneration Systems for the Medicinal Plant Tanacetum parthenium Article - Human And Animal Health

    Saray, Leila Abdi; Ahmadabadi, Mohammad; Kamran, Rana Valizadeh

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Highly efficient regeneration protocols are reported for Tanacetum parthenium. The highest regeneration was obtained in leaf explants on 0.2 BAP and 0.02 NAA (mg L-1). The protocols are fast and reliable, suitable for rapid propagation of Feverfew. GUS reporter gene was transiently transformed to leaf tissue using biolistic method.
  • A New Research on the Antioxidant Properties and Therapeutic Effects of Bee Pollen in Saccharomyces cerevisiae Article - Human And Animal Health

    Beyaz, Seda; Gok, Ozlem; Aslan, Abdullah

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Bee pollen reduces oxidative damage and thus it can protect S. cerevisiae against to ROS. Bee pollen induces total protein synthesis. Bee pollen induces S. cerevisiae cell development and it reduces MDA levels and it increases
  • Evaluation of MALDI-TOF MS System for the Identification and Differentiation of Burkholderia cepacia Complex Species Article - Human And Animal Health

    Volpato, Fabiana Caroline Zempulski; Hernandez, Mayana Kieling; Lima-Morales, Daiana de; Wink, Priscila Lamb; Martins, Daniela de Souza; Oliveira, Katia Ruschel Pilger de; Barth, Afonso Luís

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS MALDI-TOF is a feasible technique and presents a low cost of reagents. It can be used for the reliable differentiation of B. cenocepacia from other Bcc. Molecular techniques require a highly qualified workforce and demand time. MALDI-TOF identified all specimens at genus level and 96.2% to species level.
  • Anticandidal Activity of Hydroalcoholic Extract of Phyllanthus niruri L. (Stone-Breaker) Article - Human And Animal Health

    Maia, Flávia Camila; Wijesinghe, Gayan Kanchana; Barbosa, Janaína Priscila; Feiria, Simone Nataly Busato de; Oliveira, Thais Rossini; Boni, Giovana Claudia; Jóia, Felipe; Cardoso, Vanessa da Silva; Franco, Valéria Alessandra Prado Defávari; Anibal, Paula Cristina; Höfling, José Francisco

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Hydroalcoholic extract of Phyllanthus niruri (HE-Pn) demonstrates anti-Candida activity. HE-Pn reduces the germ-tube formation and adhesion of Candida albicans. HE-Pn causes cell wall detachment, cytoplasmic granulation, vacuolation and chromatin condensation. HE-Pn shows no toxicity on human keratinocyte cell line.
  • Comparison and Association between Different Types of Vaginitis and Risk Factors among Reproductive Aged Women in Lahore, Pakistan: a Cross-Sectional Study Article - Human And Animal Health

    Shazadi, Kiran; Liaqat, Iram; Tajammul, Arif; Mehreen, Arifa; Arshad, Najma

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Aerobic vaginitis (AV) is a least explored disease in Pakistan. AV is the predominant cause of vaginitis followed by bacterial vaginosis (BV), vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) and trichomonas vaginitis (TV). AV co-occurs significantly in higher frequency with BV and VVC as compared to TV. Patients with history of miscarriage are more prone to AV and BV. Unawareness and low socioeconomic conditions predispose women to TV.
  • The Structural Characterization of Extracellular Polysaccharide from Enterococcus faecium M20 Article - Human And Animal Health

    Arar, Dicle; Doğan, Nazime Mercan; Özcan, Yusuf; Arslan, Şevki; Orujalipoor, Ilghar; İde, Semra

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS The extracellular polysaccharide (EPS) from Enterococcus faecium M20 was characterized. The degradation of polysaccharide was in three steps and it was thermally stable. SAXS data showed that the bacterial EPS possessed the lamellar structure. The investigation of structure of its EPS may be extremely important to find a specific way for treatment of its infection.
  • Proliferative Effects of Lung Cancer Cells Derived Exosomes on T Cells Article - Human And Animal Health

    Hussain, Shahid; Malik, Shaukat Iqbal

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS The expression of exosomes is higher in cancer environment. Exosomes effects T cells proliferation. The expression of CD4-IFNγ and CD8-IFNγ are deregulated by lung cancer exosomes.
  • Molecular Characterization and Mutational Analysis of Fluoroquinolones and Tetracycline Resistant Genes of Escherichia coli Isolated from UTI Patients Article - Human And Animal Health

    Azam, Sadiq; Khan, Nauman; Rehman, Noor; khan, Ibrar; Ali, Amjad; Asghar, Muhammad; Hayat, Azam; Mujib, Gulesehra; Farid, Anila

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Mutational analysis of antibiotic resistant genes of E. coli in UTI Patients. These genes were detected by PCR and sequenced using NGS. E. coli isolates were positive for GyrA gene, GyrB gene, tetB and tetR gene. The novel mutation was detected in gyrB gene at codon554.
  • Evaluation of Microbiological Cloth and Sponge Disinfection Methods in a Hospital’s Food and Nutrition Unit Article - Human And Animal Health

    Almeida, Ana Paula Maia; Rosa, Gabriela Rosa da; Blumberg, Thayane Garcia; Marques, Luany Oliveira; Bordini, Fernanda Weber; Rosolen, Michele Dutra; Oliveira, Jordan Teixeira; Pieniz, Simone

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Cloths and sponges are common contaminating utensils in a Food and Nutrition Unit Disinfection methods such as boiling and hypochlorite are efficient Pathogenic microorganisms adhere to the surface of cleaning cloths and sponges
  • Establishment of Tissue Biodistribution and Blood Clearance Rates of Intravenously Administered Radioactive 51Cr3+ in New Zealand White Rabbits Article - Human And Animal Health

    Baby, Prathap Moothamadathil; Kumar, Pramod; Kumar, Rajesh; Jacob, Sanu Susan; Rawat, Dinesh; Nair, Binu V Sreekumaran; Karun, Kalesh M

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Tissue biodistribution of intravenously administered trivalent chromium. Blood clearance rates of intravenously administered trivalent chromium. Faster systemic blood clearance is through renal excretion. Understanding of the above parameters is relevant for its diagnostic applications.
  • Curcumin and Vinblastine Disturb Ectonucleotides Enzymes Activity and Promote ROS Production in Human Cutaneous Melanoma Cells Article - Human And Animal Health

    Lunkes, Vinícius Leobet; Palma, Taís Vidal; Assmann, Charles Elias; Mostardeiro, Vitor Bastianello; Schetinger, Maria Rosa Chitolina; Morsch, Vera Maria Melchiors; Andrade, Cinthia Melazzo de

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Melanoma is a cancer with poor prognosis, and metastasis. Curcumin is a compound with many beneficial effects regarding prevention and adjuvant treatment of cancer Vinblastine and curcumin greatly promoted production of ROS in melanoma cells Curcumin disrupted adenosine formation cascade, reducing imunosupression at tumoral site.
  • Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition and its Role in Renal Fibrogenesis Article - Human And Animal Health

    Singh, Brij Mohan Kumar; Mathew, Mary

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Exploring the role of TGFβ and its associate genes in the pathogenetic mechanism of EMT in renal fibrosis. Possible immunohistochemical markers (Pancytokeratin, SMA and Vimentin) to identify the process of EMT. Availability of various EMT related anti-fibrotic therapy with emphasis on stem cell therapy.
  • In vitro, in silico and Pharmaco-toxicological Efficiencies of some Triazole Derivatives on Inhibition of Digestive Enzyme Alpha-amylase Article - Human And Animal Health

    Demir, Elif Ayazoglu; Colak, Ahmet; Uzuner, Selcen Celik; Yasar, Ahmet; Bekircan, Olcay; Kabahasanoglu, Aylin

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS T2DM is increasing rapidly in the world and this brings a constant search for drugs. Compound VII showed the strongest inhibition on α-amylase activity with low IC50 value. Compound VII, amylase inhibition activity was found to be strong on AR42J cells. Compound VII may play role an alternative and non-cytotoxic α-amylase inhibitor for T2DM.
  • The Effects of Vaccination on Covid-19 Dynamics in Brazil: A Fuzzy Approach Article - Human And Animal Health

    Stiegelmeier, Elenice Weber; Bressan, Glaucia Maria; Martinez, André Luis Machado

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS A fuzzy approach represents the COVID-19 dynamics under the effect of vaccination in Brazil. The infected population and the vaccination rate are considered as input variables. The effect of population-wide vaccination is modeled and analyzed. The level of infestation tends to decrease as the number of people vaccinated increases.
  • Effect of Permeable Cryoprotectants and Dextran in Cryopreserving Semen of Broiler Breeder Lines Article - Human And Animal Health

    Murugesan, Shanmugam; Mahapatra, Ramkrishna

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Permeable cryoprotectants and dextran evaluated in broiler breeder semen. Permeable cryoprotectants produced post-thaw fertility in PB-2 breeder. Low fertility by ethylene glycol or dextran with dimethylacetamide in CB.
  • Exopolysaccharide of Lactobacillus rhamnosus E9 Strain Improves Dental Pulp Mesenchymal Stem Cell Proliferation, Osteogenic Differentiation, and Cellular Collagen Production Article - Human And Animal Health

    Mendi, Aysegul; Aslim, Belma

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS The effective EPS concentration was determined by xCELLigence analysis method. EPS was able to accelarate ostegenic differentiation. Cellular collagen was increased in the EPS gropus. EPS reduced the calcium granules that occurs due to long term cultivation.
  • Comparative Study of High-throughput Screening Models for Anti-hyperpigmentation Compounds Article - Human And Animal Health

    Sun, Tingwei; Guo, Qingquan; Wu, Shaojuan; Su, Kui; Lun, Jingwen; Zhang, Yihan; Tan, Wen; Zhao, Haishan

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS It is the first time to compare mushroom tyrosinase model, B16 mouse melanoma cell model and zebrafish model. A high-throughput method for the quantification of melanin in zebrafish skin based on the Phyton for the first time.
  • Profile of Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis: a Descriptive Analysis Article - Human And Animal Health

    Oliveira, Junior Garcia de; Garabeli, Aline Ansbach; Daher, Josélia Borba

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a common autoimmune chronic inflammatory joint disease Specialized pharmaceutical services provide access to high-cost antirheumatic drugs Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) are widely used in the RA treatment Biological DMARDs treatment exhibit a good efficacy but with a high cost
  • Antibacterial and Cytotoxic Activities of Copper-Functionalized Silsesquioxane 3-n-Propylpyridinium Chloride Article - Human And Animal Health

    Pedroso, Flávia de Brito; Aguiar, Deize Basílio dos Santos de; Brito, Priscilla Salles de; Pessôa, Christiana Andrade; Fujiwara, Sérgio Toshio; Kanunfre, Carla Cristine; Estrada, Ruben Auccaise; Baglie, Sinvaldo; Nadal, Jessica Mendes; Novatski, Andressa; Farago, Paulo Vitor; Loguércio, Alessandro Dourado

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Silsesquioxane 3-n-propylpyridinium chloride (SiPy+Cl-) was synthesized. Copper functionalization of SiPy+Cl- was performed to obtain Cu-SiPy+Cl-. Antimicrobial and cytotoxic effects of SiPy+Cl- and Cu-SiPy+Cl- were demonstrated. Cu-SiPy+Cl- shows a promising use in oral care products.
  • FAM224A/hsa-mir-139/RAD54B is a Competing Endogenous RNA Network that may Serve as a New Prognostic Factor and Treatment Target for Liver Cancer Article - Human And Animal Health

    Jiang, Wei; Lu, Wei; Yang, Wenjie

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS A HCC-associated competing endogenous RNAs network, FAM224A/hsa-mir-139/RAD54B, was established in this study. FAM224A/hsa-mir-139/RAD54B played an important role on HCC progression and metastasis. We revealed that FAM224A may be an important prognostic factor and treatment target for HCC.
  • Pectin-like Polysaccharide Extracted from the Leaves Caesalpinia pulcherrima is a Promising Antioxidant and Immunomodulator Agent Article - Biological And Applied Sciences

    Melo, Cristiane Moutinho Lagos de; Sousa, Georon Ferreira de; Silva, Guilherme Antonio de Souza; Silva, Ricardo Sérgio da; Bezerra Júnior, Natanael da Silva; Santos, Dayane Kelly Dias do Nascimento; Lima, Maria do Carmo Alves de; Cruz Filho, Iranildo José da

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS The pectin-like polysaccharide was isolated from the Caesalpinia pulcherrima leaves. Showed promising results of antioxidant activity in in vitro assays. The polysaccharide is non-toxic, stimulates cell activation and cytokine production in in vitro. Promising therapeutic agent.
  • Assessment of Propolis Treated by Different Extraction Methods Article - Biological And Applied Sciences

    Yıldırım, Hatice Kalkan

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS The effects of different extraction methods on bioactive compounds of propolis. The highest antioxidant activity was obtained by ultrasound application. The highest phenols and esters were obtained by microwave-assisted method.
  • Screening of Endophytic Bacteria Isolated from Weed Plant to Biocontrol Stem Rot Disease on Pitaya (Hylocereus undatus) Article - Biological And Applied Sciences

    Trung, Do Quang; Hang, Nguyen Thi Thu; Van, Dinh Mai; Ngoc, Pham Bich; Anh, Luu The

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS First report of endophytic bacteria isolated from weed (Lactuca indica) Endophytic bacteria, L115 strain, inhibit significantly the development of Alternaria alternata. L115 strain promotes the growth parameters of multiple plants compared to the control.
  • Effect of Boric Acid Application on Antioxidant Enzymes Activity and Gene Expression in Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) Cultivars Article - Biological And Applied Sciences

    Sülüs, Sifanur; Leblebici, Sema

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS In this study, three safflower cultivar (Balcı, Dinçer, Remzibey) were used. Four different concentrations of boric acid (0, 5, 10, 15 mM) were applied to the plants. SOD, CAT, APX, GR activities of plant samples were investigated by spectrophotometric method and expression levels of these enzymes by RT-qPCR. The Remzibey variety was found to have the lowest antioxidant capacity to deal with oxidative stress compared to other varieties.
  • Influence of Lycium barbarum Extract Intake on Oxidative Stress in Wistar Rats Article - Biological And Applied Sciences

    Janke, Fernanda; Trindade, Fernanda Moura Ribeiro; Penteado, Júlia Oliveira; Nogueira, Camila Castencio; Uecker, Júlia Neitzel; Schneider, Janaína Pereira; Nickel Ávila, Caroline; Rincón, Joao Alveiro Alvarado; Barros, Carlos Castilho de; Jaskulski, Itiane Barcellos; Andreazza, Robson; Oliveira, Jordan Teixeira; Pieniz, Simone

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS L. barbarum promote the increase in catalase enzyme activity in the liver of rats. L. barbarum increase mRNA expression of catalase enzyme in the liver of rats. L. barbarum extract produced a significant oxidation decrease in the liver of rats. L. barbarum extract has a significant amount of bioactive compounds.
  • Climatic Variation on Gas Exchange and Chlorophyll a Fluorescence in Tabebuia roseoalba and Handroanthus heptaphyllus (Bignoniaceae) Article - Biological And Applied Sciences

    Ribeiro, João Everthon da Silva; Coêlho, Ester dos Santos; Souza, José Thyago Aires; Melo, Marlenildo Ferreira; Dias, Thiago Jardelino

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Climatic conditions influence the physiological mechanisms of species. High irradiance and air temperature reduce photosynthetic performance of species. The highest physiological performance of the species is between 8 am and 9 am.
  • Formulation Process Analysis of a Virus-based Biopesticide to Control the Tomato leafminer Tuta absoluta Article - Biological And Applied Sciences

    Quiroga-Cubides, Ginna; Araque-Echeverry, Gustavo; Moreno, Carolina Ruíz; Cubillos, Gloria Patricia Barrera; Gómez-Valderrama, Juliána; Cuartas-Otálora, Paola Emilia; Gómez Álvarez, Martha Isabel; Cortés-Rojas, Diego

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Technological analysis of the production for a virus-based biopesticide. Selection of technological conditions considered to have a significant influence. Scale-up strategy based on geometric and the dynamic similarities. Reproducibility and repeatability assessment of the formulation process.
  • Hexane Extract from Tradescantia pallida (Rose) D.R. Hunt (Commelinaceae): Its Volatile Constituents and in vitro Antifungal and Cytotoxic Activities Article - Biological And Applied Sciences

    Cabral, Fabisleine Vieira; Fernandes, Cassia Cristina; Dias, Alline Laiane Borges; Ribeiro, Arthur Barcelos; Squarisi, Iara Silva; Tavares, Denise Crispim; Crotti, Antônio Eduardo Miller; Moreira, Felipe Fernandes; Miranda, Mayker Lazaro Dantas

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Tradescantia pallida has shown promising antibacterial, antioxidant and anticancer activities. Botanical extract products are environmentally friendly, inexpensive and may reduce losses by discouraging pathogen growth. HE-TP was highly active in in vitro assays against P. digitatum, S. sclerotiorum and R. stolonifer. HE-TP demonstrated cytotoxic activity against different human tumor cell lines. The major compound identified in hexane extract from T. pallida was (E)-4-methoxycynnamic acid (50.2%).
  • Au Family Short Retroposons Contribute to Transcriptional and Phenotypic Diversity in Tomato (Solanaceae) Article - Biological And Applied Sciences

    Grabiele, Mauro; Aguilera, Patricia Mabel

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract: Here we report the current gene impact of the Au family of SINEs in tomato. The genome of Solanum lycopersicum ‘Heinz 1706’ SL3.0 -NCBI annotation release 103- was reference searched and the Au profile was characterized in-depth. Tomato genome comprises ca. 670 Au copies, of entire length-18.5%- or truncated, randomly inserted and eroded, forming three well supported (>80%) super clusters which disperse along the 12 chromosomes mirroring the subtelomeric gene distribution bias of the species. In tomato, the Au clade is largely localized at protein coding genes-69.5% introns, 7.8% 3UTRs, 2.1% 5UTRs, 1.2% CDSs- followed by genomic copies-18.3%-, long non coding RNA genes-1.4%- and pseudogenes-0.8%-. The 419 tomato genes harboring intronic Au are diverse, weakly associated considering biological processes and molecular functions, but include important traits such as stress response, hormone response or phenotype plasticity. Au was found to be transcribed inside circular RNAs derived from 12 genic loci. Exonic Au affect the transcriptional and/or translational profiles of 67 tomato genes, including biological/agronomical important ones, contributing to UTR length and composition, UTR transcript variants, CDS boundary definitions, protein domains and variants. We propose that biased survival of Au in tomato genes is an adaptive feature.
  • New Chromosomal Data and Karyological Relationships in Geranium: Basic Number Alterations, Dysploidy, Polyploidy, and Karyotype Asymmetry Article - Biological And Applied Sciences

    Martin, Esra; Kahraman, Ahmet; Dirmenci, Tuncay; Bozkurt, Havva; Eroğlu, Halil Erhan

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Karyological relationships are useful to infer processes of evolution and speciation. This paper reports chromosomal data of 38 taxa. First report (9) and new count (5). Dysploidy, polyploidy, and karyotype asymmetry are important parameters. Dysploidy and polyploidy variations are main factors in karyotype evolution of genus.
  • Determination of Mortality Effect of some Biological Larvicites on the Mosquito Culex sp. Article - Biological And Applied Sciences

    Pur, Hacı Ali; Tunaz, Hasan

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Bacillus thrungiensis var. israilensis.causes mortality of Culex sp. larvae. Spinosad causes mortality of Culex sp. larvae. Bio-larvicides were an effective controlling tool for mosquitoes in Kahramanmars.
  • Microbial Biodiversity in Honey and Pollen Pots Produced by Tetragonisca angustula (Jataí) Article - Biological And Applied Sciences

    Beux, Marcia Regina; Ávila, Suelen; Surek, Monica; Bordin, Keliani; Leobet, Jaqueline; Barbieri, Fabiana; Ferreira, Sila Mary Rodrigues; Rosa, Edvaldo Antonio Ribeiro

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Eight species of bacteria and three yeasts were identified in T. angustula products. Bacillus was the main bacteria present in pots of stingless bee honey and pollen. S. meliponinorum was the main yeast found in jataí honey, and Z. bailli in jataí pollen. Symbiotic relationship between microorganisms and honey and pollen pots
  • Influence of Temperature and Culture Conditions on the Survival of Keratinophilic and Dermatophytic Fungi Article - Biological And Applied Sciences

    Jain, Neetu; Sharma, Meenakshi

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Human pathogenic fungus Trichophyton tonsurans has a longer survival period Jaipur climatic condition favor the recurrence of keratinophilic and dermatophilic fungi. Unsterilized soil samples are potent source of fungal niche.
  • Standardized Protocol for In Situ and In Vitro Maintenance of Newly Developed Parthenocarpic Gynoecious Cucumber Inbred Article- Biological And Applied Sciences

    Dhall, Rajinder Kumar; Hegde, Shreedhari Narasimha; Malhotra, Pawan Kumar

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS New parthenocarpic gynoecious cucumber line ‘PBRK-11’ was developed and characterized. Application of silver thiosulphate @ 250 ppm induced maximum number of male flowers per plant, minimum plant mortality percentage and induced male flowers for longer duration. In vitro protocol was standardized to maintain the parthenocarpic gynoecious inbred “PBRK-11”.
  • Chemodiversity of Galactans from Different Red Seaweed Species with Emphasis on their Antioxidant and Antiproliferative Activities in vitro Article - Biological And Applied Sciences

    Ismail, Mona Mohamed; Kanaan, Hussein Moussa

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Extraction and characterization of galactan from different five red species. The biological activities of galactans were correlated to their uronic acid and sulphate content. Galaxaulra rugosa galactan had the highest antioxidant and antiproliferative activity. The extracted galactans can be used to improve the human health.
  • Extraction, Chemical Composition and in vitro Antibacterial Activity of the Essential Oil of Lippia origanoides Kunth from Northeast Brazil Article - Biological And Applied Sciences

    Silva, Monique Ellen Torres da; Monte, Antônia Lucivânia de Sousa; Damaceno, Marlene Nunes; Braga, Renata Chastinet; Coimbra, Jane Sélia dos Reis; Ramanathan, Srinivasan; Almeida, Felipe Alves de

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Thymol was identified as the main metabolite in the EOLO. EOLO has antibacterial activity against Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacterial pathogens. The antibacterial effect of EOLO may be associated with the presence of thymol.
  • Virus Texture Classification of TEM Images Using Fusion of Chebyshev Moments and Resnet50 Features Article - Biological And Applied Sciences

    Bhuma, Chandra Mohan; Kongara, Ramanjaneyulu

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Classification of virus texture based on pre-trained CNN and ECOC classifier is proposed. Model accuracy improved using Chebyshev moments and the pruned features of Resnet50. The proposed algorithm outperformed in terms of classification accuracy.
  • Pyocyanin Isolated from Pseudomonas aeruginosa: Characterization, Biological Activity and Its Role in Cancer and Neurodegenerative Diseases Article - Biological And Applied Sciences

    Koyun, Merve Tunca; Sirin, Seda; Erdem, Sinem Aslan; Aslim, Belma

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS The maximum production of the pyocyanin was found to occur in MFDM and with shaking. UV-VIS spectroscopy, GC-MS, and FT-IR analyses showed the presence of pyocyanin. Pyocyanin had no cytotoxic impact on L929 cells (except 50-100 μM concentrations). Pyocyanin had an antiproliferative impact on SK-MEL-30 cells. Pyocyanin had in vitro and cellular AChE inhibitory and antioxidant properties. The use of the pyocyanin as a neuroprotective agent or an anticancer agent is advised.
  • Seasonal Prevalence and Phenomenal Biology as Tools for Dengue Mosquito Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus) (Diptera: Culicidae) Management Article - Biological And Applied Sciences

    Sarwar, Muhammad; Rasool, Bilal

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS The effective approach to advance mosquito surveillance and monitoring program The impacts of diverse environmental conditions for better amalgamation of Aedes aegypti control Risk assessment studies and utilization of these tools for economically important vector control programs and disease prevention activities.
  • Effects of Endurance Training with or without Rosehip Fruits (Rosa canina L) Extraction and D-galactose Solution on Plasmatic Liver Enzymes, Lipid Profiles, Selected Biochemical Variables in Male Rats Article - Biological And Applied Sciences

    Ghanbari-Niaki, Abbass; Rahmati-Ahmadabad, Saleh; Broom, David Robert; Kolbadinejad, Ali-Akbar; Nikbakht, Jamal; Hofmeister, Martin

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Exercise increases plasma albumin, while reducing ALT and creatinine. Rosehip reduces AST, creatinine, urea, cholesterol, and triglyceride. D-galactose increases ALT, AST, ALP, creatinine, urea, cholesterol, and triglyceride. Rosehip adjusts the changes induced by D-galactose on some variables.
  • Modeling the Microbial Shelf-Life of Chicken Mince Added Rosemary Extract Article - Food/feed Science And Technology

    Külcü, Duygu Balpetek; Kalkan, Selin

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS The microbiological properties of minced chicken changed with the use of rosemary extract. A significant increase in shelf-life and quality was achieved depending on the extract concentration. The use of 1% rosemary extract had a positive effect on the quality parameters. Storage day and rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) extract supplementation dependent microbial values in minced chicken meat can be modelled with values close to 1.
  • Product Optimization, Storage Quality and Sensory Acceptance of Low Calorie Beverage Developed from Bitter Gourd and Kiwifruit Article- Food Science And Technology

    Sharma, Rakesh; Thakur, Abhishek; Kumar, Satish; Kumar, Vikas

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Low calorie Bitter gourd-Kiwifruit beverage has good antioxidant potential and sensory acceptability. Product optimization showed about 80% reduction in calorie value. Optimized beverage showed good storage stability at ambient conditions for a period of six months.
  • Probiotic Characterization of Enterococcus spp. Isolated from Raw Goat Milk Article - Food/feed Science And Technology

    Azhar, Farhat-ul-Ain; Mehnaz, Samina; Akbar, Ali; Sadiq, Muhammad Bilal

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) from goat milk exhibited antimicrobial potential LAB with probiotic attributes were identified as Enterococcus faecium Enterococcus spp. showed no hemolysis and mild antibiotic resistance
  • Incidence of Parasites on Frozen Alaska Pollock (Gadus chalcogrammus, Pallas, 1814) Fillets Article - Food/feed Science And Technology

    Fioravanti, Maria Isabel Andrekowisk; Silva, Erica de Castro; Specian, Angie Mendes; Nascimento, Adriana Loureiro do; Carvalho, Flavia de; Mattos, Elaine Cristina de

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Parasitic diseases transmitted by fish are a global public health problem. The occurrence of parasites in Alaska pollock fish is significant. Control measures are needed to minimize the occurrence of parasites in fish.
  • Effects of Incubation Time and “Browning” on Yield and Proximate Composition of the Edible Mushroom Lentinula edodes Article - Food/feed Science And Technology

    Alberti, María Melisa; Mejía, Santiago Jaramillo; Pérez-Chávez, Ana Marión; Lio, Vanesa; Albertó, Edgardo

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract: Lentinula edodes is the most consumed mushroom in the world, being cultivated mainly on waste coming from the forest industry. During shiitake cultivation, incubation is essential and is usually longer than in other edible mushrooms. This stage includes “browning”, which is a process induced by exposure to a photoperiod and although it is believed to bring certain advantages to shiitake cultivation, it has not been widely studied. In this work, we evaluated how the incubation time, the use of different strains and the induction of browning affect the proximate composition, biological efficiency and other yield parameters of L. edodes. In order to do that, three experiments were carried out with three different strains, three different incubation times and the effect of induction or non-induction of browning. As results we found that the proximate composition did not vary with respect to the different incubation times or from the induction of browning, although differences were found according to the strain. On the other hand, the biological efficiency was affected by the incubation time and the strain used, but not by the induction of browning.
  • Identification of Yeast and Mould Isolated from murcha in Nepal for Rice Wine Production Article - Food/feed Science And Technology

    Olee, Dinesh; Mahato, Dipendra Kumar; Kumar, Pradeep; Neupane, Binod Shankar; Kharel, Ganga Prasad

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Two novel yeast strains were identified by sequencing for rice wine production. Rice wine (low alcohol by volume) was prepared from local raw materials of Nepal. Yeast and mould isolated from Parbat murcha showed potential fermentative characters.
  • Cashew Rootstock Production Using Spirulina platensis Biomass Article - Food/feed Science And Technology

    Ferreira, Kaikí Nogueira; Araújo, Railene Hérica Carlos Rocha; Oliveira, Agda Malany Forte de; Barbosa, Rodolfo dos Santos; Onias, Elny Alves; Teodosio, Albert Einstein Mathias de Medeiros; Lima, Francileide do Nascimento; Nogueira, Antonio Elizeneudo Peixoto; Ribeiro, Wellington Souto; Lima, José Franciraldo de; Ribeiro, João Everthon da Silva

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS The use of Spirulina platensis increased the growth of cashew seedlings. S. platensis increased the accumulation of plant biomass of cashew seedlings. S. platensis can be used as a biostimulant for plant production.
  • Flour of Winged-stem Passion Fruit Peel: Nutritional Composition, Incorporation in Cookies, and Sensory Acceptability Article - Food/feed Science And Technology

    Sampaio, Raquel Flôres; Lima, Viviane da Cruz; Bungart, Giselle Aparecida Marques; Correia, Laís Donata Bento; Tobal, Thaise Mariá

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS The flour of the sweet passion fruit peel has a high dietary fiber content. Adding sweet passion fruit peel flour increases the fiber content in cookies. Cookies enriched with passion fruit peel flour have good sensory acceptability. Full use of sweet passion fruit reduces waste and improves nutritional value.
  • Effect of Flaxseed Powder on Physicochemical, Rheological, Microbiological and Sensory Properties of Yoghurt Article - Food /feed Science And Technology

    Kalyas, Alperen; Ürkek, Bayram

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Effects of the addition of flaxseed powder (FSP) were examined on yoghurts. The FSP improved syneresis and water holding capacity of yoghurts. The FSP enhanced viscosity and rheological properties of yoghurts. Microbiological properties of FSP added yoghurts was coherent with legal. The sensory properties of FSP added yogurts were acceptable except for one containing 1%.
  • Presence of Staphylococcus aureus and staphylococcal enterotoxin A Production and Inactivation in Brazilian Cheese Bread Article - Food/feed Science And Technology

    Campos, Fábio Martins; Silva, Francine Fernandes da; Teixeira, Nathalia Bibiana; Cunha, Maria de Lourdes Ribeiro de Souza da; Oliveira, Tereza Cristina Rocha Moreira de

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS The study shows the S. aureus counts of the 100 frozen cheese bread samples analyzed. 27 samples (27.0%) had S. aureus counts greater than 5.0 × 103 CFU/g. None of the 62 S. aureus strains isolated carried the genes sea, seb, sec, or sed. Heat treatment at 180 °C for 35 minutes was not sufficient to inactivate SEA.
  • Evaluating of Microwave Drying for Hawthorn Slice as Alternative to Convective Drying Article - Food/feed Science And Technology

    Beşir, Ayşegül; Gökmen, Süleyman; Gül, Latife Betül; Yazıcı, Fehmi; Gül, Osman

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Microwave drying lead to improve the drying characteristics of Hawthorn slices. Page model was found as the best described the microwave drying data. Microwave drying at 360 W can be applied as an effective technology for drying of hawthorn slices.
  • Impact of Chitosan Coatings Enriched with Clove Essential Oil on Quality of Minimally Processed Strawberries Article - Food/feed Science And Technology

    Pizato, Sandriane; Vega-Herrera, Sergio Sebastian; Chevalier, Raquel Costa; Pinedo, Rosalinda Arevalo; Cortez-Vega, William Renzo

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Chitosan and clove essential oil to improve the characteristics of strawberries. Different treatments were applied in minimally processed strawberries. The applied coatings were efficient to increase the preservation time of strawberries. T3 treatment presented better results in retarding the growth of molds and yeasts.
  • Microbiological Quality and Safety of Some Dried Spices Obtained from Markets, Spice Shops and Homes Article - Food/feed Science And Technology

    Ogur, Seda

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS 46.29% of the samples were unacceptable according to the maximum limit of E. coli. 87.03% of the samples were unacceptable according to the maximum limit of S. aureus. 38.90% of the samples were unacceptable according to the presence of Salmonella spp. The kind of spice which had the best microbiological quality was thyme.
  • Techno-Functional Assay and Quality Assessment of Yogurt Supplemented with Basil Seed Gum Powder Article - Food/feed Science And Technology

    Javed, Mavra; Ahmed, Waqas; Shahbaz, Hafiz Muhammad; Rashid, Summer; Javed, Hamza

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS The term ‘yoghurt’ relates to the Turkish word ‘Jughurt’ and to yogurmark ‘to knead’ and yogum ‘dense’ or ‘thick.’ The method of manufacture for different yogurt products is nevertheless quite like yoghurt production. The difference is in the use of specific cultures, incorporation of additives, curd treatment, and method of packaging. Consumers may seek for low-fat dairy products, which may suffer from a lack of sensory quality The incorporation of basil seed gum into yogurt is one of the conceivable ways to promote health benefits.
  • Comparative Study of Frying to Different Slice Thickness of Potato: Effect on Nutritive Value Article - Food/feed Science And Technology

    Kaundal, Bandana; Sharma, Vineet; Bansal, Deepali; Khagwal, Aparna; Singh, Brajesh

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS The slices of different thickness in experiment is 0.2mm, 0.3mm, 0.4mm and 0.5mm using electric and wooden slicer. The suitability of temperature for acceptance of chip colour is best at 170 C and 180 °C except at 190 °C. Reduction of oil absorption is maximum of slice thickness of 0.5mm. After processing, reducing sugars content is reduced by 77.9 % and 81.1 % at 180°C with 0.2mm thickness in variety Kufri Chipsona-1 and Kufri Chipsona-3. Processed chips retained more phenols than raw potato.
  • Estimation of the Risk of Chronic Exposure of the Brazilian Population to Pesticide Residues by Eating Table Tomatoes Article - Food/feed Science And Technology

    Bissacotti, Anelise Pigatto; Costabeber, Ijoni Hilda

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Pesticide residues in foods can result in extremely harmful impacts on human health. Pesticide residues its have been identified in tomatoes. There was no of chronic dietary exposure risk to pesticides through of tomatoes. The tomatoes were safe for human consumption.
  • Design of Automatic Tool for Diagnosis of Pneumonia Using Boosting Techniques Article - Engineering, Technology And Techniques

    Postalcioglu, Seda

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Automatic tool is developed for diagnosis of pneumonia. Boosting techniques are used in terms of their speed and ease of use in real time applications. The best result in terms of simulation duration and accuracy is Catboost with 0.7 seconds running time and 83% accuracy. The results obtained from the model become more understandable using tool. A bridge is designed between the model and the user by the automatic tool. By using this tool, a diagnosis can be done quickly and accurately without any expert. So, treatment can be started quickly.
  • Impact on the Distribution Grid Due to the Introduction of Electric Vehicles on Fernando de Noronha Island (Brazil) Article - Engineering, Technology And Techniques

    Azevedo, Victor Lunet Alvarez de; Castro, Adriano Cardon; Blasi, Thaís Marzalek; Aoki, Alexandre Rasi

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Evaluation of the impacts of electric vehicles penetration on distribution grids. Power flow simulations on GridLab-D software considering the distribution grid with electric vehicles charging stations and a carport. Analysis of the real distribution grid of Fernando de Noronha Island.
  • Local PatchMatch Based on Superpixel Cut for Efficient High-resolution Stereo Matching Article - Engineering, Technology And Techniques

    Cheng, Xianjing; Zhao, Yong; Raj, Raja Soosaimarian Peter; Hu, Zhijun; Yu, Xiaomin; Yang, Wenbang

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS A new method of extracting the feature points in superpixels is proposed to compute the candidate disparities using non-local cost aggregation. A novel two-stage optimization framework for superpixel proposals by first getting the labels of feature points quickly and then consists the candidate label sets for updating the labels of pixels within the corresponding superpixel instead of assigning a label randomly to those pixels. The weight combination of intensity, gradient and binary image is designed for constructing an optimal minimum spanning tree to compute the aggregated matching cost.
  • The Gudermannian Growth Model: Theory, Application and Statistical Analysis Article - Engineering, Technology And Techniques

    Leite, Marcelo Teixeira

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS This work introduces the Gudermannian function as a sigmoid growth model. Hyperbolic and trigonometric identities provide several parameterizations of this model. The Gudermannian growth model can be a good alternative to the classical sigmoid models.
  • Local Atmospheric Electric Circuit Model Using Electrostatic Pickups on a 375kV Transmission Line Article - Engineering, Technology And Techniques

    Heilmann, Armando; Odake Junior, Edson Masao; Dartora, César Augusto; Adams, Augusto Mathias

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Local Atmospheric Electrical Circuit – LAEC with line transmission The waveform in atmospheric coupling (transmission line - LT) is out of phase by 10.34. A voltage drop difference of 0.27% is observed in relation to the atmospheric coupling. Signal with peaks at 100kV induced approximately 0.66% of the LT voltage (375kV).
  • Real-Time Energy Management System for Microgrids Article - Engineering, Technology And Techniques

    Correia, Vitor Teles; Aoki, Alexandre Rasi

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS An approach using AI techniques is proposed to evaluate real-time versus dispatch on a microgrid. Artificial Neural Network is used to predict load and renewable generation operation point on a microgrid. A novel approach with three-dimension analysis for deviation between day-ahead dispatch and real-time is presented. Adjustments in operation point are performed using fuzzy logic or MILP according to deviation between dispatch and real-time operation points.
  • Evaluation of Deep Sea Discharge Systems Efficiency in the Eastern Black Sea Using Artificial Neural Network: a Case Study for Trabzon, Turkey Article - Engineering, Technology And Techniques

    Er, Bilge Aydın; Odabas, Mehmet Serhat; Şenyer, Nurettin; Ardali, Yuksel

    Abstract in English:

    Abstract: The aim of this study is to evaluate the parameters such as pH, dissolved oxygen, temperature, conductivity, salinity, biological oxygen demand (BOD), total suspended solid, ammonia, chlorophyll-a and heavy metals affecting total coliform values in seawater using Artificial Neural Network (ANN) modelling at the Eastern Black Sea coast of Turkey. The results obtained from ANN model were compared with actual total coliform values. The samples were taken from the different points selected along the deep sea discharge systems starting from the diffuser end of three domestic deep sea discharge systems at Turkey's Eastern Black Sea coast. ANN model was developed for estimating the relationship between total coliform and other parameters. The parameters measured in seawater samples were analyzed by using the ANN model for prediction of coliform values. The results showed that neural network model is capable of estimating the sea pollution with a reasonable accuracy.
  • An Early Prediction of Tumor in Heart by Cardiac Masses Classification in Echocardiogram Images Using Robust Back Propagation Neural Network Classifier Article - Engineering, Technology And Techniques

    Annamalai, Manikandan; Muthiah, Ponni Bala

    Abstract in English:

    ABSTRACT: Identification and classification of intracardiac masses in echocardiogram is one of the significant processes in the diagnosis of cardiovascular disease. A robust back propagation neural network (RBPNN) technique is used to conquer every single conventional-issue utilizing the echocardiogram image analysis for this work, which consists of four phases such as noise removal, automatic segmentation, feature extraction, and intracardiac masses classification. Initially, the noise is diminished from the echocardiogram images utilizing the adaptive vector median filter (AVMF). Then, linear iterative vessel segmentation (LIVS) is applied for automatic segmentation of the masses followed by the extraction of texture features using the multiscale local binary pattern (MS-LBP) approach. Finally, RBPNN is employed to classify the heart mass from the images of echocardiogram with the layered kernel for the system combination. Extensive simulation results obtained using proposed AVMF-MS-LBP based RBPNN approach disclosed the superiority over existing intracardiac mass detection and classification approaches in terms of accuracy of 98.85%.
  • Low Voltage Tariffs in the Context of Decentralized on Grid Photovoltaic Generation Article - Engineering, Technology And Techniques

    Castro, Pedro Henrique Goncalves Rigueira Pinheiro; Oliveira Filho, Delly; Toledo, Olga Moraes; Carlo, Joyce Correna; Diniz, Antônia Sônia Alves Cardoso

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Business model for electrical energy distribution utilities. Distributed photovoltaic generation impacts in current Brazilian tariffs. Binomial tariffs for Brazilian costumers at low voltage.
  • Multiperiod Optimum Power Flow for Optimization of an Active Distribution Network with Battery Energy Storage Systems Article - Engineering, Technology And Techniques

    Blasi, Thaís Marzalek; Fernandes, Thelma Solange Piazza; Aoki, Alexandre Rasi; Tabarro, Fabrício Henrique

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Optimization of distribution grid operation with distributed energy resources. Modeling and simulation of an Optimum Power Flow solved with Interior Points Method implemented in Python language. Robustness even with the implementation in a 90 bus test distribution feeder with multiple distributed energy resources simultaneously.
  • Solid-liquid Extraction of Soluble Carbohydrates from Soybean Meal: an Experimental Study, Kinetics, and Modeling Article - Engineering, Technology And Techniques

    Levek, Caio Augusto; Hamerski, Fabiane; Ribani, Rosemary Hoffman; Silva, Vitor Renan da

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS SPC is obtained by solid-liquid extraction process with hydroalcoholic solvent. Box-Behnken was applied to evaluate the effect of operational parameters. Soluble carbohydrate extraction from DSM is limited by intraparticle diffusion. Diffusion coefficient of stachyose, raffinose, sucrose, and glucose was estimated.
  • A Hybrid Feature Ranking Algorithm for Assisted Reproductive Technology Outcome Prediction Article - Engineering, Technology And Techniques

    Kothandaraman, Ranjini; Andavar, Suruliandi; Raj, Raja Soosaimarian Peter

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Proposed a hybrid feature ranking algorithm named VIGAREA The proposed feature ranking algorithm gives importance to the individual feature as well as interaction between the features. The proposed VIGAREA can combine any number and type of feature selection methods along with information gain ratio
  • Bioinformatics Analyses of Regulatory Network of Biomarkers in Chondrocytes from Patients with Osteoarthritis Article - Engineering, Technology And Techniques

    Jia, Tingsong; Lao, Jie

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS BP term related to neuron differentiation was the most significant GO terms. Regulation of actin cytoskeleton may play an important role in OA progression. GNAO1 and POU3F4 may be biomarkers of OA.
  • Effect of Shape on Physico-Chemical Properties of Metronidazole Tablet Article - Engineering, Technology And Techniques

    Nisar, Huma; Khan, Sajjad Ali; shah, Yasar; Alossaimi, Manal A.; Abbas, Muhammad

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Metronidazole is selected for this study because it is a poorly compressed drug. This study is based on the comparison of various physicochemical parameters of round and oblong shape tablets. Different statistical results showed that round shape is more stable form for poorly compressed drugs like metronidazole.
  • Experience in Using Additive Manufacturing of Cerebral Aneurysms as a 3D Assistant Tool in Surgical Planning Article - Engineering, Technology And Techniques

    Dering, Lorena Maria; Pedro, Matheus Kahakura Franco; Silva, Ana Carolina Felipe da; Leal, André Giacomelli; Souza, Mauren Abreu de

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS The use of 3D models in medicine brings several advantages in the medical field. AM is useful for the patient's understanding of the disease. AM is a fast and low-cost option to produce patient-specific AI models that can be used for surgical planning.
  • An Experimental Analysis of Optimal Hybrid Word Embedding Methods for Text Classification Using a Movie Review Dataset Article - Engineering, Technology And Techniques

    Alagarsamy, Sandhya; James, Visumathi; Raj, Raja Soosaimarian Peter

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Proposed Hybrid Word Embedding (HWE) models for Efficient Text classification. Data Sparsity issue is reduced using WordNet repository along with proposed model. Optimal model is derived based on the Performance evaluation on the model.
  • Robotic Process Automation and Machine Learning: a Systematic Review Article - Engineering, Technology And Techniques

    Moraes, Carlos Henrique Valério de; Scolimoski, Josnei; Lambert-Torres, Germano; Santini, Mariana; Dias, André Luiz Alves; Guerra, Fábio Alessandro; Pedretti, André; Ramos, Milton Pires

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Mapping of the Robotic Process Automation (RPA). Recent advances and new possibilities of RPA. RPA platforms available on the market.
  • Daily Rainfall Disaggregation to Estimate the Intensity-Duration-Frequency Relationship in Minas Gerais State, Brazil Article - Engineering, Technology And Techniques

    Abreu, Marcel Carvalho; Cecílio, Roberto Avelino; Pruski, Fernando Falco; Almeida, Laura Thebit de; Santos, Gérson Rodrigues dos; Zanetti, Sidney Sara; Pereira, Silvio Bueno; Silva, Demetrius David da

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS An alternative method to sub-daily rainfall data for locals with scarce data. Intensity-duration-frequency curves were fitted by observed and disaggregation data. Assessment disaggregation coefficients for intensity-duration-frequency curves. Disaggregated sub-daily rainfall data adequately reproduced the IDF curves.
  • Testing the Performance of Bat-Algorithm for Permutation Flow Shop Scheduling Problems with Makespan Minimization Article - Engineering, Technology And Techniques

    Bellabai, Jeen Robert; Leela, Brabin Nivas Murugadhas; Kennedy, Senthil Maharaj Ramesh

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS BAT algorithm is presented to minimize makespan as objective for the permutation flowshop scheduling problem by modifying the process parameter. In order to improve the initial quality & diversity, an NEH heuristics based constructive approach is given an initial solution.
  • Bit Incorporated Codon Positional Encoder (BICPE) Algorithm for Privacy Preservation in Vertically Partitioned Data in Cloud Article - Engineering, Technology And Techniques

    Manithurai, Yogasini; Nagaraju, Prathibha Badhravati

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Fake transactions are inserted into database to hide item frequency. The input binary bits are grouped into N sets with length as four for encryption. Each item in a data set is encoded with A,C,G,T DNA codons. Encrypted Association rules are built for frequent items in a transaction.
  • Investigations on Tensile and Flexural Behaviours of Fly Ash / Coir Reinforced Polymer Matrix Composites Article - Engineering, Technology And Techniques

    Gopalan, Venkatachalam; Sampantham, Aravindh; Govindaraman, Loganathan Thozhuvur; Pragasam, Vignesh; Chinnaiyan, Pandivelan

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Influence of Fly ash and Coir Fibre in mechanical performance of Polymer composite Polymers exhibits varying performance in tensile and flexural loading A threshold fly ash proportion has been limited to 5- 10%. Increasing fibre length shows improvement in strength whereas short fibre are good enough for modulus.
  • Epileptic Seizure Detection Using Deep Learning Based Long Short-Term Memory Networks and Time-Frequency Analysis: a Comparative Investigation in Machine Learning Paradigm Article - Engineering, Technology And Techniques

    Mandal, Sunandan; Singh, Bikesh Kumar; Thakur, Kavita

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS A hybrid approach using time frequency analysis and deep learning for risk stratification of epileptic seizure is proposed. An extensive comparative study of various machine learning and feature selection techniques is conducted. Implemented andevaluatedthedeep learning based long short-term memory networks.
  • Technology-Assisted Social Reforms and Online Hate Content: Insights from India Article - Engineering, Technology And Techniques

    Chetty, Naganna; Alathur, Srijith; Kumar, Vishal

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Analyzation of social-reforms. Cohesiveness of Hate and Harassment. Comparison of Reform Movements. Implications to Policy.
  • Blockchain Based Adaptive Resource Allocation in Cloud Computing Article - Engineering, Technology And Techniques

    Muruganandam, Sumathi; Natarajan, Vijayaraj; Raj, Raja Soosaimarian Peter; Maharajan, Venkatachalapathy

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS The permissioned blockchain is used for resource allocation and monitoring. To reduce storage size, partial data is stored in the onchain blocks instead of entire data. The EU’s based Fixed and variable size resource allocation techniques are proposed.
  • Linear AC Three-Phase OPF Model for Active Distribution Networks with Unbalanced ZIP Loads Article - Engineering, Technology And Techniques

    Pinto, Rafael Silva; Unsihuay-Vila, Clodomiro; Fernandes, Thelma Solange Piazza; Baran Junior, Antonio Rubens

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS An AC linear optimal power flow model for unbalanced ZIP loads. Model includes voltage regulators, distributed generation, and mutual impedance. Results show deviations lower than 0.6% for voltage magnitude compared to a non-linear model. Results show deviations lower than 3% for voltage angle compared to a non-linear model.
  • Development of Orally Disintegrating Films HPMC-Based Containing Captopril: Mechanical, Optical and Physicochemical Studies Article - Engineering, Technology And Techniques

    Colucci, Larissa Aroca; Rodrigues, Leticia Norma Carpentieri

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Orally disintegrating films were prepared by solvent casting using HPMC polymer. Films were prepared by 32 factorial designs for oral delivery of captopril. Mechanical, optical, and dissolution properties were evaluated. The experimental design allowed to optimize the formulation.
  • Determination of Low-Cost Arduino Based Light Intensity Sensors Effectiveness for Agricultural Applications Article - Engineering, Technology And Techniques

    Beyaz, Abdullah; Gül, Veysel

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS This research aimed to explore low-cost light sensors for agriculture. TSL2561, BH1750, TEMT6000, light sensors have been used. Low-cost light sensors can be used for a range of applications in agriculture. The light calculation values of low-cost light sensors were statistically compared. Calibration results were also analyzed, so the reliability of low-cost light sensors was calculated.
  • Rain Intensity Forecast with Microcontroller Based Pluviometer and Machine Learning Article - Engineering, Technology And Techniques

    Esirge, Zeynep; Beyaz, Abdullah

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Global warming manifests itself as an irregularity in rainfall. Correct measures should be taken to determine the rainfall irregularities. More efficient use of water resources can only be achieved through data analysis. In this research, a new mobile pluviometer was developed. The rainfall intensity was best determined by Random Forest algorithm.
  • Rain Water Treatment by Ultraviolet Radiation Using Photovoltaic Energy Article - Engineering, Technology And Techniques

    Santos, Francielle da Rocha; Urbanetz Junior, Jair

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS A self-sufficient system is presented Energy is generated by photovoltaic panels Rainwater is captured and treated with ultraviolet lighting. This water is used in toilets, pulping the use of drinking water
  • Wavelet Applied to the Classification of Bacterial Genomes Article - Engineering, Technology And Techniques

    Ferreira, Leila Maria; Sáfadi, Thelma; Ferreira, Juliano Lino

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Advancement of analyzes using the wavelet technique applied to genome data. Analyze the entire genome, that is, there is no loss of information. It represents a more detailed technique in which energy (variance) is used.
  • New Insights on Environmental Occurrence of Pathogenic Fungi Based on Metagenomic Data from Brazilian Cerrado Biome Article - Environmental Sciences

    Costa, Flávia de Fátima; Souza, Renata Carolini; Voidaleski, Morgana Ferreira; Bombassaro, Amanda; Candido, Giovanna Zuzarte; Silva, Nickolas Menezes da; Robl, Diogo; Moreno, Leandro Ferreira; Weiss, Vinicius Almir; Raittz, Roberto Tadeu; Castro, Mauro Antônio; Gomes, Renata Rodrigues; Bittencourt, Juliana Vitoria Messias; Hoog, Gerrit Sybren de; Hungria, Mariangela; Vicente, Vania Aparecida

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Investigation of pathogenic fungi sequences from the metagenomic data of Cerrado soils. The native vegetation samples show higher relative abundance of pathogenic fungi. Identification of 41 pathogenic fungal species associated with human and animal infections.
  • How to Control the Airborne Contamination in Laboratory Analyses of Microplastics? Article - Environmental Sciences

    Paiva, Bianca Oliveira; Souza, Ana Karolyna Maia de; Soares, Petrucia Lira; Palma, Alexandre Ramlo Torre; Vendel, Ana Lúcia

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS The contamination of blanks by airborne fibers in the lab was investigated. Microfibers could be overestimated in fish’s gastrointestinal tract and surface water. We tested and approved an Airborne Contamination Control Protocol (ACC Protocol).
  • Estuaries Environmental Monitoring Associated with Solar Salt Production in the Brazilian Semiarid Article - Environmental Sciences

    Fernandes, Rogério Taygra Vasconcelos; Fernandes, Raimunda Thyciana Vasconcelos; Pinto, Aruza Rayana Morais; Oliveira, Jônnata Fernandes de; Novaes, José Luís Costa

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Solar saltwork production does not affect water quality. Salinity is not affected by salt production. The ions present in the estuary are not affected by salt production. The estuary is oligotrophic and is not affected by salt production.
  • Climate Regionalization in Mato Grosso do Sul: a Combination of Hierarchical and Non-hierarchical Clustering Analyses Based on Precipitation and Temperature Article - Environmental Sciences

    Souza, Amaury de; Abreu, Marcel Carvalho; de Oliveira-Júnior, José Francisco; Aristone, Flavio; Fernandes, Widinei Alves; Aviv-Sharon, Elinor; Graf, Renata

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Hierarchical cluster analysis was efficient in determining climatic areas. The elbow method for the optimal number of clusters was the most suitable. Notch boxplot analysis and comparing tests can help in the number of clusters. The clusters formed were correlated with geographical and climatic variables. Meteorological systems and topography assist in the discrimination of clusters.
  • Physical and Mechanical Properties of Biodegradable Pot Derived from Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch and Sodium Alginate Article - Environmental Sciences

    Jaya, Jaka Darma; Elma, Muthia; Sunardi, Sunardi; Nugroho, Agung

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Oil palm empty fruit bunch is sufficient to be used as reinforcement on the biopot production. Application of sodium alginate deliver a positive effect on the biopot’s mechanical properties. Properties of the developed biopot indicate the possibility to substitute the plastic pot use.
  • Modeling of Brazilian Carbon Dioxide Emissions: a Review Review - Engineering, Technology And Techniques

    Pedreira, Vitor Neves; Brito, Marcos Lapa; Santos, Luiz Carlos Lobato dos; Simonelli, George

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS The most used model types and independent variables to forecasting Brazilian CO2 emissions can be obtained by literature review. Gray models and artificial neural networks are the most promising modeling methods. Economic growth and energy consumption are the main independent variables to forecasting Brazilian CO2 emissions.
  • Studies about Snake Peptides: a Review about Brazilian Contribution Review - Biological And Applied Sciences

    Assis, Rhayane Alves; Bittar, Bruno Barros; Amorim, Nathan Pereira Lima; Carrasco, Guilherme Henrique; Silveira, Elaine Divina Rodrigues; Benvindo-Souza, Marcelino; Santos, Lia Raquel de Souza

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Brazilian scientific production on snake peptides has grown over the years. São Paulo, is the most representative state in Brazil in research. The main periodical where researches were published, is the Toxicon journal. Collaboration is observed between institutions in Brazil and other countries.
  • Conserving the Invisible Common: Advances and Challenges of the Insect Conservation in Brazil Review - Biological And Applied Sciences

    Souza, Carlos Alberto dos Santos; Cordeiro, Isabelle da Rocha Silva; Magalhães, Oséias Martins; Grossi, Paula Ferreira; Queiroz, Jarbas Marçal

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Most Brazilian entomology has focused on the Atlantic Forest biome. Research on the Amazon and Pantanal biomes should be increased given their biodiversity. The Hymenoptera is the most studied taxon in Brazil for conservation. Aquatic insects are widely used in official monitoring and conservation programs. Insect recovery programs should provide effective conservation.
  • Biodegradable Films with the Addition of Nanofibers: a Review Focusing on Raw Materials and Analysis Review- Food/feed Science And Technology

    Almeida, Vanessa Soltes de; Ito, Vivian Cristina; Barretti, Bárbara Ruivo Válio; Demiate, Ivo Mottin; Pinheiro, Luís Antonio; Lacerda, Luiz Gustavo

    Abstract in English:

    HIGHLIGHTS Starch is promising biopolymer to be used as a biodegradable natural source. The combination of starch with nanocellulose can provide new applications. Glycerol is an additive widely used in the production of biodegradable packaging. Biodegradable films are effective to extend the shelf life of fresh vegetables.
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  • ERRATUM Erratum

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