The article bears on the trajectories of General Rafael Uribe Uribe (1859-1914) and the political leader Jorge Eliecer Gaitán (1898-1948) by the examination of literary and biographic texts. Uribe inspired Gabriel García Márquez (1928-) in his creation of the protagonist of the novel "One Hundred Years of Solitude". Márquez's career as a writer began in 1948, when Gaitán died. The assassination of this leader resulted in the so-called 'Violence', catalyzed with the impossibility, within the Colombian political field, of the social transformation from the 'bottom up', proposed by Gaitán. It is interesting to examine in the historicity of myths and practices of Colombian political culture, the singular circumstances of the assassination of these two leaders.
Political trajectory; Biography; Social memory; National heroes; Political discourse; Discourse analysis