Ethical challenges of female genital mutilation and of male circumcision

This article is about the ethical challenges related to female genital mutilation and male circumcision, by showing similarities and differences. Male circumcision is a medical procedure to some clinical conditions of male genital health. The peoples that carry out the female genital mutilation also carry out together the ritual of male circumcision, but there are peoples and religions that carry out male circumcision without female genital mutilation. Female genital mutilation occurs concentrated in very poor regions and it is against Human Rights, so there are several worldwide movements for its eradication. Male circumcision can be associated to seriously dangerous complications, so that it is not ethically acceptable to be carried out without a precise clinical indication.

Circumcision, female; Circumcision, male; Culture; Africa; Judaism-islamismo; Human rights; Human rights abuses; Medicalization

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