Abstract in English:The author studies seventeen surface level samples of Diatoms and Dinoflagellates collected between June 7 and October 28, 1949, by the São Paulo Oceanographic Institute, on the southern inshore region ol São Paulo State, Brazil. Thirty-two species of diatoms distributed among twenty-four genera were present in the samples collected. Neritic forms of northerly and southerly temperate habitats predominated, varying very little from those found commonly in the open ocean. Coscinodiscus excentricus and C. radiatus were the most prominent species. Chaetoceros curvisetum, Coscinodiscus grani, Thalassionema nitzschioides and Thalassiotrix frauenfeldii occurred in very large numbers in the samples. Certain regions are shown to be consistently more productive than others at the surface level. The species of diatoms represented throughout .the region were cosmopolitan; in character. Dinoflagellate population was represented by 8 species distributed, among 3 genera, but at no time did they occur in large numbers.
Abstract in English:The present elaboration is a "previous note" about two watercourses, Maria Rodrigues and Baguaçú, belonging to Hydrografic System of the Cananeas Lagoon Region in the Southern Part of it he Coast of the Estado de São Paulo, Brazil, which is the objete of our physical and chemical researches. It is based on the first results obtained from our contact with that region, ttfie studies of which are being continued and will still have to confirm or not the previous conclusions, which we are presenting in this "provisional paper". We studied the Maria Rodrigues and the Baguacu under the discussion whether they are to be clasified as a river in the poper sense ot the word or waUer-courses of any other origin. For this purpose we established observatory-stations along their whole course where we collected quantities of water to be analised. The data included in the table nº 1 and 2 refer to the physical and chemical properties of these portions of water. These physical and chemical properties were discussed and compared one with the other according to the observatory-stations, at the same moment and the tide predominating on that occasion. The physical and chemical datas were obtained according to the norms recommended by the Conseil International permanent pour l'Exploration de la Mer, Copenhague. We also presented a sketch of both; we described their relations with regard to the Mar de Cananéia; we inserted comprehensible histograms of the distribution of the observatory-stations, each of them with the respective indices, and at last we tried to correlate the occurrence of the "plancton" with the physical and chemical properties of water as well in the Maria Rodrigues as in the Baguacú. From these researches result the following previous conclusions: 1 - By the data obtained up to now nothing could be formulated as to a cyclical or "seasonal" aspect. 2 - By the comparison of the phenomena which present the rivers in the proper sense of the word and those observed in the Maria Rodrigues and the Baguacú, we are convinced that both are water-courses of the classical type "marigot,". 3 - Their channels are maintained open by the effect of the tide and, more perphaps, by the infiltration-water deriving from the underground-water level owing to the type of the soil of that region, which in mean shows an elevation of 2-4 meters over sea-level. 4 - From tables 1 and 2 and histograms 2 and 3 we stated that the water, not only of the Maria Rodrigues but also of the Baguacú, conserve more or less the same physical and chemical properties, provided that: 1) the localities to be compared are the mouths or equidistant points from them in the lower course, and 2) the moment and tide must be the same. Tables 3a and 3b show sufficiently this supposition.
Abstract in Portuguese:Na região de São Sebastião e canal do mesmo nome foi capturado um lote de larvas e alevinos de Sardinella aurita Cuv. & Val.. Esse lote compunha-se de três séries, cada qual proveniente de uma coleta diferente e oriunda do mesmo engenho de captura. O lote compunha-se de espécimes providos de portes muito diferentes, variando de 22 mm., a 105 mm.. Após as medições (em milímetros) os diagramas de variabilidade revelaram a existência de numerosos ápices (cerca de 20) que se revelaram confusos e ilegíveis. Depois de se ter tentado várias operações, conseguiu-se separar cinco curvas mais ou menos razoáveis. A pesquisa levada a efeito nessas curvas de variabilidade, não teve outro objetivo sinão o de procurar uma explicação para o conjunto dos diagramas obtidos. A existência de várias curvas prova que nos encontramos em presença de uma série de posturas consecutivas.
Abstract in French:Dans la région de São Sebastião, dans le canal du même nom a été capturé un lot de larves et alevins de Sardinella aurita: Cur. & Val.. Ce lot étant composé de trois séries, chacune étant le résultat d'une levée séparée du même engin de capture. Le lot était composé de spécimens de tailles très différentes allant de 22mm. à 105mm. Après mensurations (au millimètre) les diagrammes de variabilité ont montré l'existence de nombreux sommets (prés de 20) mais se sont avéré confus et illisibles. Après avoir tenté diverses opérations on est parvenu à séparer 5 courbes plus ou moins plausibles. La recherche de ces courbes de variabilité n'avait comme but que l'explication de l'ensemble des diagrammes obtenus. La découverte de plusieurs courbes prouve que l'on est en présence d'un série de pontes consécutives.
Abstract in English:In Anis paper are listed 19 different species of Hydrozca collected during a trip to the oceanic island of Trindade, located at lat. 20º 30' 00" S. and long. 29º 22' 00" W., 600 miles off the brazilian coast. During the trip hawls and dredges were done at different points of the island and of banks that exist between the coast and the island. Of the 19 listed species one is here considered new to science: Hebellopsis besnardi (p. 83), characterized by having thecae with a single curvature and a strongly everted margin. Its measures are intermediate between those os H. hartmeyeri and H. sinuosa, which are its closest allies. H. besnardi was found epizoic on D. quadridentata. Of the remainder 18, 14 were already known from the brazilian coast. Of these 14, 4 were previously known only from the coast south of Cabo Frio, and 10 are at present known only from the region north of Cabo Frio. Five species are found both north and south of this Cape. As a whole, 5 species are recorded now for the first time on the brazilian coast, of these are given a full description and figures. This paper has the purpose of increasing the faunistical knowledge of this region of the Atlantic Ocean as a first step towards the understanding of the zoogeographical relationships with the other oceans and the establishment of the zoogeographical regions of this coast.
Abstract in Portuguese:Trata o presente trabalho de uma coleção de peixes obtida em Cabo Frio, em São João da Barra, no Banco de São Tomé, no Banco Jaseur e na Ilha da Trindade. Considerando-se a ocorrência das espécies, por localidade, chega-se ao seguinte resultado: Cabo Frio ........................................... 13 espécies. São João da Barra ............................... 8 " " " Banco São Tomé ................................. 16 " " " Banco Jaseur ...................................... 2 " " " Ilha da Trindade .................................. 32 " " " Examinando-se as espécies da Ilha da Trindade, verifica-se que as frequentadoras da região representam, na realidade, 37,5% do total capturado, cifra obtida nessa primeira viagem de estudo. A maioria é encontratada tanto na região pelágica como nas proximidades da costa. Analisando-se a fauna da região estudada pelo Museu Americano de Nova Iorque, pelo Museu Nacional, do Rio de Janeiro e pelo Instituto Paulista de Oceanografia, constata-se que sobe a 66 o número de espécies lá encontradas entre 1912 e 1950. É de se presumir que ulteriores observações, levadas a efeito em várias épocas do ano, possam ainda acrescer esse número. A contribuição do Instituto Paulista de Oceanografia foi de 24 espécies que, incorporadas às 42 já constatadas per outras expedições, dão o total das até agora conhecidas no local.
Abstract in English:In May 1950, upon request of the Minister João Alberto Lins de Barros, the Instituto Paulista de Oceanografia (São Paulo Oceanographic Institution) sent a delegation to She Trindade Island, situated on the south Atlantic at 20º 28' S. and 31º 46' W., to study the fishes. The expenses were defrayed by the Minister that had as it chief assignements an investigation of the abundance of the fishery resources of the region, to provide nourishing food for a population thac wIII be probably established on the island. Three scientific expeditions were engaged on the study of lhe Trindade fishes. The first was organized by the American Musem of New York (1912-1913), the second by the Museu Nacional, of Rio de Janeiro (1916) and the third by the Instituto Paulisía de Oceanografia (1950). During the course of the explorations, researches were carried out also at Cabo Frio, São João da Barra, and at the banks of São Tomé, Jaseur and Victoria; a collection of 153 fishes, now deposited in the Instivuto Paulista de Oceanografia, was obtained. This work is wholly based on a collection made by Prof. W. Besnard, Director of the Instituto Paulista de Oceanografia, and resulted in the recognition of 58 species of coastal and pelagic fishes from the entire region investigated. Among the main results of this scientific expedition, must be pointed out the occurrence of one species similar to Neopercis ledanoisi Cadenat, from Cabo Frio, that is now under investigation. At Trindade Island, was captured Kyphosus lutescens (Jordan & Gilbert), peculiar to the RevIIIa Gigedo Archipelago, Socorro and Clarion islands, of the Pacific region. It was also found, in the same collection, Balistes polylepis Steindachner from lower California and Peru, and Paracubiceps ledanoisi Belloc inhabiting the Westafrican coast.
Abstract in English:Re-finding of Balanoglossus gigas FR. MUULLER on the brasilian sea shore. Balanoglossus gigas, the giant Enteropneusta, has been described for the first time by Fritz Muller in his notes collected and published by Dr. HERMANN VON IHERING (1898, pg. 35). FR. MULLER found the Balanoglossus on the coats of the State of Santa Catarina in 1884. Once again in 1885 several specimens of that animal were captured by FR. MULLER in the same place. Since that time up to now no references on the occurrence of this animal have been found in the zoological bibliography. During the spring of 1948 Prof. W. BESNARD, Director of he Instituto Paulista de Oceanografia saw some signals indicating the existence of Balanoglossus at the beach of São Sebastião, State of São Paulo. From 1948 to now several attempts have been made to catch the animal alive and complete. On the last September during a shorts visit to the beach of São Sebastião one Balanoglossus was captured and brought to the Department of General and Animal Physiology in good conditions. The animal measured 1.80 m in length. It seems to be the largest Balanoglossus known. According to the descriptions of SPENGEL (1893, pg. 158), and VAN DER HORST (1939) pg. 717) it was possible to identify this Enteropneusta as Balanoglossus gigas FR. MULLER, refound at the Brazilian coast sixty six years after its discovery by FR. MÜLLER.