First record of four Alysiinae species (Hymenoptera, Braconidae) from Brazil

NOTES AND COMMENTS

First record of four Alysiinae species (Hymenoptera, Braconidae) from Brazil

Arouca, RG.* * e-mail: raquelarouca@gmail.com ; Penteado-Dias, AM.

Departamento de Ecologia e Biologia Evolutiva, Universidade Federal de São Carlos - UFSCar, Rod. Washington Luis, Km 235, CEP 13565-905, São Carlos, SP, Brazil

1. Introduction

Studying material from decayed fruits, dung, carrion, "sweeping" vegetation, Malaise, Moericke and light traps from Brazilian localities, four Alysiinae (Hymenoptera, Braconidae) species were found: Aphaereta confusa Wharton, 1994; Idiasta (Idiasta) delicata (Papp, 1969); Gnathopleura astarte (Haliday, 1838) and G. semirufa (Brullé, 1846) specimens. All these species have Neotropical distribution, but this is a first recording for Brazil. Many species of Ichneumonoidea have been studied in several Brazilian ecosystems (Arouca and Penteado-Dias, 2006; Loffredo and Penteado-Dias, 2008 a,b; Onody et al., in press a,b; Shimbori and Penteado-Dias, 2005).

Aphaereta confusa (Figures 1 and 2) has been collected only in Mexico; Idiasta (Idiasta) delicata (Figure 6) in Argentina, Colombia, French Guiana, Panama, Peru and Venezuela; and their biology is unknown. Gnathopleura astarte (Figure 5) is known from Cuba, Puerto Rico, St. Vincent and Venezuela and G. semirufa (Figure 3 and 4) from French Guiana, Guyana, Peru and Trinidad and Tobago. Gnathopleura astarte and G. semirufa have been reared from the dipterous Calliphoridae, Muscidae and Sarcophagidae usually in association with dung and carrion (Wharton, 1984).

The information on the area of sampling, date, quantity and specimens sex are shown in Table 1. The specimens are deposited in the collection (DCBU) of the Federal University of São Carlos, in the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, São Carlos, São Paulo, Brazil.

Acknowledgements - We are grateful to the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES), Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP), Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq) and Instituto Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia dos Hymenoptera Parasitóides da Região Sudeste Brasileira (INCT - HYMPAR/Sudeste) for financial support.

Received June 18, 2009

Accepted June 26, 2009

Distributed November 30, 2009 (With 6 figures)

  • AROUCA, RG. and PENTEADO-DIAS, AM., 2006. Contribution to systematics of neotropical species Phaenocarpa Foerster (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Alysiinae) with description of three new species. Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment, vol. 41, no. 1, p. 33-43.
  • LOFFREDO, APS. and PENTEADO-DIAS, AM., 2008a. First record of Schizopygagravenhorst (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Pimplinae) from Brazil and a description of a new species. Revista Brasileira de Biologia = Brazilian Journal of Biology, vol. 68, no. 2, p. 456-458.
  • LOFFREDO, APS. and PENTEADO-DIAS, AM., 2008b. First record of Ticapimpla vilmae Gaud 1991 (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Pimplinae) from Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Biologia = Brazilian Journal of Biology, vol. 68, no. 4, p. 911.
  • ONODY, HC., LOFFREDO, APS. and PENTEADO-DIAS, AM., 2009. The Brachycyrtus Kriechbaumer species (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Brachycyrtinae) from Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Biologia = Brazilian Journal of Biology (No prelo).
  • ONODY, HC., MELO, IF., PENTEADO-DIAS, AM. and DIAS-FILHO, MM., 2009. New species of Eiphosoma Cresson 1865 (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Cremastinae) from Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Biologia = Brazilian Journal of Biology (No prelo).
  • SHIMBORI, EM. and PENTEADO-DIAS, AM., 2005. New species of Allobracon gahan, 1915 (Hymenoptera: Braconidae: Hormiinae), from Brazilian Atlantic Forest. Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment, vol. 42, no. 3, p. 181-202.
  • WHARTON, RA., 1984. Biology of the Alysiini (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), parasitoids of cyclorrhaphous Diptera. Texas Agricultural Experiment Station Technical Monograph, vol. 11, p. 39.

Publication Dates

  • Publication in this collection
    26 Nov 2009
  • Date of issue
    Nov 2009
Instituto Internacional de Ecologia R. Bento Carlos, 750, 13560-660 São Carlos SP - Brasil, Tel. e Fax: (55 16) 3362-5400 - São Carlos - SP - Brazil
E-mail: bjb@bjb.com.br