Records of Neomorphus squamiger todd, 1925 (cuculiforme: cuculidae) and interaction between n. Squamiger and a flock of Tayassu pecari link, 1795 (artiodactyla: tayassuidae)

V. Gonçalves-Castro L. Silva-Castilho About the authors

Scaled Ground Cuckoo (Neomorphus squamiger Todd 1925) is a bird belonging to the order Cuculiformes in the Cuculidae family (CBRO, 2014Comitê Brasileiro de Registros Ornitológicos – CBRO, 2014. Listas das aves do Brasil. 11th ed. Available from: <http://www.cbro.org.br>. Access in: 15 Apr. 2014.
http://www.cbro.org.br...
). The species is endemic to the Xingu and Tapajós rivers interfluves. It inhabits onshore forests and preserved rainforests (Sigrist, 2013Sigrist, T., 2013. Guia de campo Avis Brasilis: Avifauna Brasileira. São Paulo: AvisBrasilis. 200 p.). The records are limited to some few specimens collected and visual and auditory records (Parker III et al., 1996Parker III, TA., STOTZ, DF. and FITZPATRICK, JW., 1996. Ecological and distributional databases. In STOTZ, DF., FITZPATRICK, JW., PARKER III, TA. and MOSKOVITS, DK. (Eds.). Neotropical bird ecology and conservation. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. p. 113-436.; Payne, 1997Payne, RB., 1997. Cuculidae (Cuckoos). In DEL HOYO, J., ELLIOTT, A. and SARGATAL, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the birds of the world. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. p. 508-607.). Their behavioral habits are virtually unknown to science (Sigrist, 2013Sigrist, T., 2013. Guia de campo Avis Brasilis: Avifauna Brasileira. São Paulo: AvisBrasilis. 200 p.). Scaled Ground Cuckoo is considered vulnerable in the “Red List” (BirdLife International, 2012BirdLife International, 2012. Falco deiroleucus. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. Available from: <http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/22696516/0>. Access in: 18 Apr. 2014.
http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/22696...
) and described as rare (Stotz et al., 1996STOTZ, DF., FITZPATRICK, JW., PARKER III, TA. and MOSKOVITS, DK., 1996. Neotropical birds: ecology and conservation. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.). Species is dependent on forest areas (BirdLife International, 2012BirdLife International, 2012. Falco deiroleucus. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. Available from: <http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/22696516/0>. Access in: 18 Apr. 2014.
http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/22696...
), the main threat to destruction of their natural habitat (Soares-Filho et al., 2006SOARES-FILHO, BS., Nepstad, DC., Curran, LM., Cerqueira, GC., Garcia, RA., Ramos, CA., Voll, E., McDonald, A., Lefebvre, P. and Schlesinger, P., 2006. Modelling conservation in the Amazon basin. Nature, vol. 440, no. 7083, p. 520-523. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature04389. PMid:16554817.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature04389...
).

N. squamiger was first described as a species and later considered as subspecies Neomorphus geoffroyi Temminck 1820 (Payne 1997Payne, RB., 1997. Cuculidae (Cuckoos). In DEL HOYO, J., ELLIOTT, A. and SARGATAL, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the birds of the world. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. p. 508-607.; Sick, 2001Sick, H., 2001. Ornitologia brasileira. Rio de Janeiro: Nova Fronteira. p. 390-391.) by small genetic difference between them. Currently it is considered a full species (CBRO, 2014Comitê Brasileiro de Registros Ornitológicos – CBRO, 2014. Listas das aves do Brasil. 11th ed. Available from: <http://www.cbro.org.br>. Access in: 15 Apr. 2014.
http://www.cbro.org.br...
), by having distinct plumage. Thus, the importance of each record of N. squamiger justified for all matters of taxonomic changes, lack of ecological data, rarity and threat of records. Therefore, the current work complements a small part of this deficiency presenting new records of occurrence and behavior.

About the new records of N. squamiger in chronological order: Lees (2003)Lees, A., 2003. XC169437, Neomorphus squamiger Todd, 1925. Xeno-canto: compartilhando sons de aves do mundo todo. Available from: <http://www.xeno-canto.org/8791>. Access in: 19 Apr. 2014.
http://www.xeno-canto.org/8791...
recorded in the Cristalino Jungle Lodge Private Reserve of Natural Heritage (RPPN) in Alta Floresta - Mato Grosso/Brazil, on 07 June/2003. At the same location Lambert (2004)Lambert, F., 2004. XC68839, Neomorphus squamiger Todd, 1925. Xeno-canto: compartilhando sons de aves do mundo todo. Available from: <http://www.xeno-canto.org/68839>. Access in: 19 Apr. 2014.
http://www.xeno-canto.org/68839...
recorded an individual on May 4th, 2004. On September 21th, 2012, Battistuzzo (2012)Battistuzzo, G., 2012. WA960688, Neomorphus squamiger Todd, 1925. Wikiaves: a enciclopédia das aves do Brasil. Available from: <http://www.wikiaves.com.br/960688>. Access in: 19 Apr. 2014.
http://www.wikiaves.com.br/960688...
made ​​a sound recording in Cristalino Lodge Reserve (RPPN).

In Altamira-Pará/Brazil, Castro (2013)Castro, VG., 2013. WA1088098, Neomorphus squamiger Todd, 1925. Wikiaves: a enciclopédia das aves do Brasil. Available from: <http://www.wikiaves.com/1088098>. Access in: 19 Apr. 2014.
http://www.wikiaves.com/1088098...
recorded the species on March 24th, 2013. In Vitória do Xingú, on May 24th, 2013, Fernandes (2013)Fernandes, D., 2013. WA992391, Neomorphus squamiger Todd, 1925. Wikiaves: a enciclopédia das aves do Brasil. Available from: <http://www.wikiaves.com.br/992391>. Access in: 19 Apr. 2014.
http://www.wikiaves.com.br/992391...
recorded the species on May 28th, 2013. On August 10th, 2013, Lopes (2013)Lopes, J., 2013. WA1203910, Neomorphus squamiger Todd, 1925. Wiki Aves: a enciclopédia das aves do Brasil. Available from: <http://www.wikiaves.com/1203910>. Access in: 19 Apr. 2014.
http://www.wikiaves.com/1203910...
photographed and recorded a couple of species in the Cristalino Lodge RPPN. In the same place Riegner (2013)Riegner, M., 2013. XC169437, Neomorphus squamiger Todd, 1925. Xeno-canto: compartilhando sons de aves do mundo todo. Available from: <http://www.xeno-canto.org/169437>. Access in: 19 Apr. 2014.
http://www.xeno-canto.org/169437...
recorded the species in September 3rd, 2013.

Regarding the interaction between N. squamiger and a flocks of Tayassu pecari Link 1795 (white-lipped peccary), the September 15th, 2013 in Vitória do Xingú-Pará/Brazil, biologist Victor G. Castro filmed an individual interacting on a stick about 40 peccaries. He was with the last individuals stick while pigs were foraging. Such behavior has been described for Neomorphus geoffroyi Temminck 1820 (Rufous-vented Ground Cuckoo) (Sigrist, 2013Sigrist, T., 2013. Guia de campo Avis Brasilis: Avifauna Brasileira. São Paulo: AvisBrasilis. 200 p.) but had not been described for N. squamiger yet. As described by Sick (2001)Sick, H., 2001. Ornitologia brasileira. Rio de Janeiro: Nova Fronteira. p. 390-391., the animal runs in the forest ground, resembling a caxinguelê (Sciurus aestuans Linnaeus, 1766).

Rufous-vented Ground Cuckoo is a bit conspicuous bird. In an interval of 11 years (between 2003 and 2014), only a few records are known and are presented in this work. It reflects the matter of each record of this species. Therefore, the new information presented here contributes to a better understanding the distribution and behavioral biology of this bird little known to science.

References

  • Battistuzzo, G., 2012. WA960688, Neomorphus squamiger Todd, 1925. Wikiaves: a enciclopédia das aves do Brasil. Available from: <http://www.wikiaves.com.br/960688>. Access in: 19 Apr. 2014.
    » http://www.wikiaves.com.br/960688
  • BirdLife International, 2012. Falco deiroleucus. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. Available from: <http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/22696516/0>. Access in: 18 Apr. 2014.
    » http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/22696516/0
  • Castro, VG., 2013. WA1088098, Neomorphus squamiger Todd, 1925. Wikiaves: a enciclopédia das aves do Brasil. Available from: <http://www.wikiaves.com/1088098>. Access in: 19 Apr. 2014.
    » http://www.wikiaves.com/1088098
  • Comitê Brasileiro de Registros Ornitológicos – CBRO, 2014. Listas das aves do Brasil. 11th ed. Available from: <http://www.cbro.org.br>. Access in: 15 Apr. 2014.
    » http://www.cbro.org.br
  • Fernandes, D., 2013. WA992391, Neomorphus squamiger Todd, 1925. Wikiaves: a enciclopédia das aves do Brasil. Available from: <http://www.wikiaves.com.br/992391>. Access in: 19 Apr. 2014.
    » http://www.wikiaves.com.br/992391
  • Lambert, F., 2004. XC68839, Neomorphus squamiger Todd, 1925. Xeno-canto: compartilhando sons de aves do mundo todo. Available from: <http://www.xeno-canto.org/68839>. Access in: 19 Apr. 2014.
    » http://www.xeno-canto.org/68839
  • Lees, A., 2003. XC169437, Neomorphus squamiger Todd, 1925. Xeno-canto: compartilhando sons de aves do mundo todo. Available from: <http://www.xeno-canto.org/8791>. Access in: 19 Apr. 2014.
    » http://www.xeno-canto.org/8791
  • Lopes, J., 2013. WA1203910, Neomorphus squamiger Todd, 1925. Wiki Aves: a enciclopédia das aves do Brasil. Available from: <http://www.wikiaves.com/1203910>. Access in: 19 Apr. 2014.
    » http://www.wikiaves.com/1203910
  • Parker III, TA., STOTZ, DF. and FITZPATRICK, JW., 1996. Ecological and distributional databases. In STOTZ, DF., FITZPATRICK, JW., PARKER III, TA. and MOSKOVITS, DK. (Eds.). Neotropical bird ecology and conservation. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. p. 113-436.
  • Payne, RB., 1997. Cuculidae (Cuckoos). In DEL HOYO, J., ELLIOTT, A. and SARGATAL, J. (Eds.). Handbook of the birds of the world. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. p. 508-607.
  • Riegner, M., 2013. XC169437, Neomorphus squamiger Todd, 1925. Xeno-canto: compartilhando sons de aves do mundo todo. Available from: <http://www.xeno-canto.org/169437>. Access in: 19 Apr. 2014.
    » http://www.xeno-canto.org/169437
  • Sick, H., 2001. Ornitologia brasileira. Rio de Janeiro: Nova Fronteira. p. 390-391.
  • Sigrist, T., 2013. Guia de campo Avis Brasilis: Avifauna Brasileira. São Paulo: AvisBrasilis. 200 p.
  • SOARES-FILHO, BS., Nepstad, DC., Curran, LM., Cerqueira, GC., Garcia, RA., Ramos, CA., Voll, E., McDonald, A., Lefebvre, P. and Schlesinger, P., 2006. Modelling conservation in the Amazon basin. Nature, vol. 440, no. 7083, p. 520-523. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature04389 PMid:16554817.
    » http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature04389
  • STOTZ, DF., FITZPATRICK, JW., PARKER III, TA. and MOSKOVITS, DK., 1996. Neotropical birds: ecology and conservation. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Publication Dates

  • Publication in this collection
    Aug 2015

History

  • Received
    02 May 2014
  • Accepted
    14 July 2014
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