Use of barley malt pomace in the production of fresh sausage

Aproveitamento do bagaço de malte de cevada na produção de linguiça frescal

Gerson Herrmann Claucia Fernanda Volken de Souza About the authors

Abstract

The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of barley malt pomace addition on the characteristics of fresh pork sausages over 10 days of storage. Four fresh sausage formulations were elaborated, one with no addition of barley malt pomace (control formulation), and the other three elaborated with 3%, 6%, and 9% of pomace. The sausages were submitted to physicochemical analyses to determine ash, moisture, protein, lipid, carbohydrate, and raw fiber contents, water activity, pH, peroxide indices, and energetic value. Additionally, texture and color technological analysis and sensory analysis were performed. Sausages with 3% of malt pomace presented a protein content of 17.10% on the 10th day of storage, and raw fiber content of 2.00%; while in the control formulation these contents were 16.59% and 0.77%, respectively, with a significant difference (p ≤ 0.05) between samples, representing an increase in product nutritional value. In the hardness analysis, the control formulation had a value of 13.99 N and the formulation with 3% of pomace of 10.11 N, which shows that sausages with the addition of pomace are not as hard. In the sensory analysis, the control formulation showed about 80% acceptability in all attributes, the sausage with 3% of malt pomace had an acceptability index higher than 80% for the attribute 'global acceptance', the sausage with 6% of pomace had an index of approximately 70% and the formulation with 9% showed acceptability index of approximately 64% for the attribute 'global acceptance'. The addition of 3% of malt pomace to the sausage was the best alternative, since it had good acceptance by consumers, and provided an increased nutritional value. Our results show that the use of malt pomace in meat products is a viable alternative that helps to reduce production costs and aids in solving an environmental issue.

Keywords:
Brewing industry waste; Meat products; Physicochemical analyses; Sensorial analysis; Nutritional value; Fiber content

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