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Brazilian Journal of Geology, Volume: 53, Número: 2, Publicado: 2023
  • Crustal growth in the northeast portion of the Rhyacian Bacajá domain, SE Amazonian craton, based on U-Pb, Lu-Hf, and Sm-Nd data Article

    Magalhães, Lucas Baía; Macambira, Moacir José Buenano; Macambira, Edesio Maria Buenano; Ricci, Paulo dos Santos Freire

    Resumo em Inglês:

    Abstract The Bacajá domain, southeastern Amazonian craton, comprises Mesoarchaean and Siderian terrains reworked during the Transamazonian cycle. Combined analyses of zircon LA-ICP-MS U-Pb and Lu-Hf with whole-rock Sm-Nd from the northeast portion of this domain made it possible to propose an evolutionary sequence between ca. 2.60 and 2.06 Ga. Gneisses with an igneous protolith age of 2630±15 Ma show negative signatures (ɛHft = -0.3 to -1.7 and ɛNdt = -3.08 to -2.98) and a Mesoarchaean formation (Hf-TDMC and Nd-TDM model ages range from 3.0 to 3.2 Ga). Rhyacian granite genesis lasted about 40 million years (2.10–2.06 Ga) and was divided into two magmatic periods. The first is represented by deformed granitoids with zircons yielding crystallization ages between 2.10 and 2.09 Ga and model ages (Hf-Nd) at about 2.5 Ga. The second event is represented by granitoids with preserved magmatic texture, crystallization ages of 2.06 Ga, and Siderian model ages (Hf-Nd) of around 2.3 Ga. The overall Hf isotopic analyses of this Rhyacian granite genesis exhibit a spread of ɛHft values between 1.8 and -2.9, which show a probably underestimated mantle-derived contribution in this period.
  • The Late Cretaceous alkaline magmatism in the SE Brazilian coast: new paleomagnetic data and age constraints Article

    Ernesto, Marcia; Raposo, Maria Irene Bartolomeu

    Resumo em Inglês:

    Abstract Alkaline dikes from the Santos-Rio de Janeiro coast, SE Brazil, mainly from São Sebastião and Búzios islands, yielded a Late Cretaceous paleomagnetic pole (SR) located at 319.7°E 81.2°S (N = 44, A95 = 3.0°, k = 44). This pole includes some sites of alkaline stocks from São Sebastião Island of the same age and supersedes the previous pole for this island. To match the available radiometric ages and the prevailing normal polarity remanence of the rocks with the geomagnetic polarity time scale, the SR pole is placed at 84 Myr. Another group of alkaline rocks, dikes located mainly in Rio de Janeiro, was assigned an age of less than 70 Myr. The ages of the Poços de Caldas, Itatiaia, and Passa Quatro paleomagnetic poles are also discussed based on available radiometric data. Assuming a rigid plate, the SR pole indicates the southward movement of about 7° with virtually no rotation between 100 and 84 Myr. From approximately 84 to 70 Myr, a clockwise rotation of 8° is postulated, with slight variation in latitude.
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