Asymetric testicular schistosomal infection
Daniel Abensur AthanazioI; Paulo Roberto Fontes AthanazioI,II
IFederal University of Bahia
IIDepartament of Pathology, Edgard Santos Hospital; Salvador, BA, Brazil
Address for correspondence Address for correspondence: Dr. Daniel Abensur Athanazio Departamento de Biointeração - ICS - UFBA Av. Reitor Miguel Calmon s/nº - Campus do Canela Zip code: 40.110-100 Salvador - Bahia - Brazil Phone: (71) 3245-8602 Fax: (71) 3240-4194 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
We read with great interest the recent report of testicular schistosomiasis in this journal. The authors reported the case of a 31-year-old man from Northeast Brazil presenting a 2 cm nodule in the right testis, with proven Schistosoma mansoni infection and associated granulomatous inflammation documented by excisional biopsy. The authors suggested the presence of eggs results from venous channels between the internal spermatic and mesenteric veins .
In Edgard Santos Hospital, Salvador, Brazil, we documented a rare (first report) case of spontaneous aortocutaneous fistula complicating the natural history of a thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm . Additional diagnoses were a benign schwannoma of the anterior chest wall and Schistosoma mansoni infection detected by the presence of viable eggs in liver and large bowel wall, and mostly calcified eggs in lungs and testes. Strikingly, the egg load was massive in the right testis (with a mean count of 12 per 10x objective) while only sparse calcified eggs were detected in the left testis (< 1 per 10x objective) as illustrated in Figure 1.
Such asymmetry is most probably a manifestation, as suggested by Lopes et al. , that egg deposition in tests may reflect the availability of portosystemic anastomosis. Egg deposition in testicular tissue may not require any anatomical variation since the posterior vein to the spermatic chord (cremasteric vein) drains into epigastric veins. Similar to what can be observed for isolated varicocele that may represent a salvage pathway for portal hypertension in patients with other unilateral portosystemic shunts in the triple testicular blood drainage , such variations may also explain asymmetric infection load in patients with S.mansoni-related portal hypertension. This determining factor for egg load may indeed define which patients may develop large lesions that may clinically present as testicular nodules.
- 1. Lopes R.I., Leite K.R., Prando D., Lopes R.N. Testicular schistosomiasis caused by Schistosoma mansoni: a case report from Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases 2007;11:523-4.
- 2. Athanazio D.A., Athanazio P.R.F., Schaer-Barbosa H. Aortocutaneous fistula complicating a pseudoaneurysm of the thoracic aorta - a necropsy report. Cardiovascular Pathology 2007;16:357-8.
- 3. Pinggera G.M., Herwig R., Pallwein L., et al. Isolated right-sided varicocele as a salvage pathway for portal hypertension. Int J Clin Pract 2005;59:740-2.
Address for correspondence:
Publication in this collection
10 Mar 2009
Date of issue