Comparison of DNA-extraction methods and Selective Enrichment broths on the detection of Salmonella Typhimurium in swine feces by polymerase chain reaction (PCR)

Comparação entre métodos de extração de DNA e caldos de enriquecimento seletivo na detecção de Salmonella Typhimurium em fezes de suínos pela reação em cadeia da polimerase (PCR)

Carla Roberta Freschi Luiz Fernando de Oliveira e Silva Carvalho Celso José Bruno de Oliveira About the authors

The aim of this study was to compare different DNA-extraction methods and selective enrichment broths for their effectiveness to detect Salmonella Typhimurium in artificially inoculated swine feces samples (100 CFU/g) by polymerase chain reaction. After enrichment in Rappaport-Vassiliadis, selenite cystine or Müller-Kauffmann tetrathionate, aliquots were used for DNA extraction by three different methods: boiling-centrifugation, phenol-chloroform and salting-out. Aliquots of extracted DNA were then used as template in PCR. The selective enrichment broths had no effect on the efficiency of PCR when boiling-centrifugation and salting-out were used. On the other hand, phenol-chloroform was superior (P<0.05) when combined to Rappaport-Vassiliadis. Considering cost and efficiency parameters, we encourage the use of Müller-Kauffmann tetrathionate broth in combination with boiling-centrifugation DNA-extraction procedure.

diagnosis; DNA; feces; PCR; Salmonella Typhimurium


Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia USP - ICB III - Dep. de Microbiologia, Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia, Av. Prof. Lineu Prestes, 2415, Cidade Universitária, 05508-900 São Paulo, SP - Brasil, Ramal USP 7979, Tel. / Fax: (55 11) 3813-9647 ou 3037-7095 - São Paulo - SP - Brazil
E-mail: bjm@sbmicrobiologia.org.br
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