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Interaction of general adaptation syndrome and myocarditis causing ventricular rupture in a black swan (Cygnus atratus): case report

Interação de síndrome geral de adaptação e miocardite causando ruptura ventricular em cisne negro (Cygnus atratus): relato de caso

Case report about the interaction of chronic myocarditis and General Adaptation Syndrome ("stress") causing rupture of left ventricular wall on a young, female specie of Cygnus atratus (black swan), that came to die at the Country Zoo of Taboão da Serra, in São Paulo, during quarantine, after being taken on a long distance travel, under disfavorable temperature and ventilation conditions.

Stress; General Adaptation Syndrome; Myocarditis; Swan


Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia / Universidade de São Paulo Av. Prof. Dr. Orlando Marques de Paiva, 87, Cidade Universitária Armando de Salles Oliveira, 05508-270 São Paulo SP Brazil, Tel.: +55 11 3091-7636, Fax: +55 11 3031-3074 / 3091-7672 / 3091-7678 - São Paulo - SP - Brazil
E-mail: brazvet@edu.usp.br