Central action of the naloxone on ß-endorphins and luteinizing hormone (LH) in ovariectomized and hypoglicemic ewes

Aiming to investigate the central effect of the opioid antagonist naloxone hydrochloride on the release of the luteinizing hormone (LH) and ß-endorphin in ovariectomized and hypoglycemic ewes, eight female (65.7 ± 3.6 kg), Mule x Suffolk cross, were used. Two weeks before the beginning of the experiment, the animals received guides directed towards to both sides of the lateral ventricle. There were two treatments (TI- non-stressed animals; TII- stressed animals), which were divided into three groups (saline solution, 1 mg and 2 mg of naloxone). The animals were randomly distributed and the experiments were repeated until getting four observations per treatment. It was not either observed significant alteration in the ß-endorphin concentrations or in the LH levels in the animals submitted to TI. The animals of the TII did not show significant alterations in the ß-endorphin levels after (i.c.v.) injection of 1 mg of naloxone, but showed a significant (p<0.05) decrease after naloxone injection (2 mg). The LH concentrations showed a significant (p<0.05) increase after naloxone injections in the TII. The results allow us to conclude that even in the absence of gonadal steroids, the endogenous opioids are involved in the control of the LH release in hypoglycemic animals.

Stress; Endogenous; Naloxone; Reproduction; LH

Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia / Universidade de São Paulo Av. Prof. Dr. Orlando Marques de Paiva, 87, Cidade Universitária Armando de Salles Oliveira, 05508-270 São Paulo SP Brazil, Tel.: +55 11 3091-7636, Fax: +55 11 3031-3074 / 3091-7672 / 3091-7678 - São Paulo - SP - Brazil
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