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Cecidomyiidae (Diptera, Insecta): richness of species and distribution in Brazil

Cecidomyiidae (Diptera, Insecta): riqueza de espécies e distribuição no Brasil

Abstract:

Most Neotropical species of Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) have been described from Brazil, but a list of species with occurrence in the country has never been published. Little is known about their distribution and richness in the Brazilian phytogeographic domains. Additionally, a list of host plant species has never been gathered. The present study aims to fill these knowledge gaps and provides an overview of this family in Brazil. For this, data were obtained mainly from the literature, but also from the Cecidomyiidae collection of Museu Nacional and two herbaria (RB and R). Based on the site "Flora do Brasil 2020", botanical names were updated and plant species origin and distribution were verified. A total of 265 gall midge species have been recorded in Brazil, most from the Atlantic Forest (183), followed by Cerrado (60), and Amazon Forest (29). The other phytogeographic domains shelter from five to ten species. Phytophagous gall midges occur on 128 plant species of 52 families, almost all native, being 43 endemic to Brazil (21 endemic to Atlantic Forest, five to Cerrado, and one to Amazon). Although, the taxonomical knowledge is focused on the Atlantic Forest, each domain has its own fauna composition and these informations can be useful for environmental conservational purposes. About 58% of the Brazilian fauna are known only from the type-locality. In order to fill these gaps, it is necessary and important to collect in uninvestigated areas.

Keywords:
Phytogeographic domains; host plants; endemism; taxonomical knowledge

Resumo:

A maioria das espécies neotropicais de Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) foi descrita do Brasil, mas uma lista das espécies com ocorrência no país nunca foi publicada. Pouco se sabe sobre sua distribuição e riqueza nos domínios fitogeográficos brasileiros. Adicionalmente, uma lista das espécies de plantas hospedeiras nunca foi elaborada. O presente estudo visa preencher estas lacunas de informação e fornecer um panorama geral desta família no Brasil. Para tal, dados foram obtidos principalmente da literatura, mas também da coleção de Cecidomyiidae do Museu Nacional e de dois herbários (RB e R). Com base no site "Flora do Brasil 2020", os nomes botânicos foram atualizados e a origem e distribuição das espécies vegetais foram verificadas. Um total de 265 espécies de cecidomiídeos é assinalado para o Brasil, a maioria da Mata Atlântica (183), seguida pelo Cerrado (60) e Floresta Amazônica (29). Os outros domínios fitogeográficos abrigam de cinco a dez espécies. Os cecidomiídeos fitófagos estão associados a 128 espécies de plantas de 52 famílias, quase todas nativas, sendo 43 endêmicas do Brasil (21 endêmicas da Mata Atlântica, cinco do Cerrado e uma da Floresta Amazônica). Embora o conhecimento taxonômico se concentre na Mata Atlântica, cada domínio tem sua própria composição faunística e estas informações podem ser úteis para a conservação ambiental. Cerca de 58% da fauna brasileira é conhecida apenas da localidade-tipo. Para preencher estas lacunas, é necessário e importante coletar em áreas não investigadas.

Palavras-chave:
Domínios fitogeográficos; plantas hospedeiras; endemismo; conhecimento taxonômico

Introduction

Cecidomyiidae are one of the most speciose families of Diptera, with more than 6,500 species. They are cosmopolitan and known mainly as gall-inducers (Gagné & Jaschoff 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. ). Most species have been described from the Holarctic Region, while the Neotropical fauna comprises less than 10% of the known species. This low richness reflects the scarcity of taxonomic studies in this region. Most species have been described from Brazil. Nevertheless, a list of Brazilian species has never been published.

Brazil comprises six phytogeographic domains: Amazon Forest, Atlantic Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, Pampa, and Pantanal, which greatly differ from each other in flora composition, and consequently they shelter different assemblages of gall-inducing species. The richness of cecidomyiid species by domain is still unknown, as well as the number of gall-inducing, predaceous, inquilinous, fungivorous, and free-living phytophagous species. Most of them appear to have a restricted distribution, but there are several locality records scattered in the literature.

Additionally, a list of host plant species has never been elaborated and many botanical names need to be updated. The main goals of the this study are: 1) to present a general overview of the richness of this family in Brazil, 2) to provide for the first time a list of gall midges species with occurrence in Brazil as well as in each phytogeographic domain, 3) to fill a knowledge gap about the distribution of this group, and 4) to provide for the first time a list of host plant species in Brazil.

Materials and Methods

The last version of the world catalog of Cecidomyiidae written by Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. was used as starting point. Using the find tool, all species with records in Brazil were retrieved. Papers with the original description of each species were consulted to obtain more detailed data on its occurrence localities. Furthermore, a literature survey was performed on the database "Web of Science" using "Cecidomyiidae" and "Brazil/Brasil" as key words in order to verify the gall midge species described after 2017. Based on the site "Flora do Brasil 2020", botanical names were updated and plant species origin and distribution were verified. Synonyms were provided in brackets after the correct names to allow linking of retrieved data to the original publications. Additionally, all insect gall inventories of Brazil were also consulted to recover information about locality records of the gall midge species, based on host plant species and gall morphology, whenever possible, or on gall-inducer identification. Data on phytogeographic domains were obtained using maps of IBGE 2004 or directly from the literature. In some cases, domains were not determined because data on localities were insufficient. When gall midge species were recorded in localities occupied by two different domains, both were considered as part of their distributional area.

Besides, the Collection of Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of Museu Nacional, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (MNRJ) was examined to aggregate unpublished data of species occurrence. Simultaneously, the Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro herbarium (RB) and the Museu Nacional herbarium (R) were consulted in a search of galled exsiccates. This procedure was adopted since galls are extended phenotypes of the gall-inducing insects (Stone & Schönrogge 2003STONE, G.N. & SCHÖNROGGE, K. 2003. The adaptative signifixance of the insect gall morphology. Trends Ecol. Evol. 18:512-522.), so their presence on the host plants indicates the gall-inducing species' presence. Data on localities were retrieved from labels and new records were established by comparison with the literature. The geographic distribution of all gall-inducing species was updated. Data on Brazilian localities were detailed, including states and municipalities. To discriminating Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo states from Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo municipalities, the word "state" was used whenever necessary.

Results

In Brazil, 265 species of Cecidomyiidae of 93 genera have been recorded. It corresponds to about 43% of the Neotropical fauna richness; 226 are gall-inducing (about 85%), 15 are predaceous, 11 are fungivorous, nine are inquilinous, three are free-living species, and one is kleptoparasite in spider webs. Phytophagous gall midges are collectivelly associated with 52 plant families, 105 genera, and 128 determined species. Among these hosts, only five are exotic, one is naturalized and all others are native to Brazil (Table 1). Futhermore, ten gall midge species are associated with hosts identified only in family, totaling six families, and 37 with hosts identified only in genus, totaling 35 genera. Additionally, host plants of six cecidomyiid species are unknown. Besides, the identification of some hosts are doubtful, e.g.: "Mikania cf. biformis", "? Smilax sp.", "Guarea sp. poss. guidonia (L.)", "Guapira pernambucensis (Casar.) Lundell (possibly Guapira opposita (Vell.) Reitz", "poss Smilax sp.", and the record of Youngomyia pouteriae on Pouteria torta (Mart.) Radlk. (Sapotaceae) corresponds to a misidentification of the gall-inducing species.

Table 1
List of host plant species (organized by family), their origin and richness of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) by species in Brazil.

Three incongruities were also observed between the host plant and gall-inducing species geographic distributions, namely: 1) Kielmeyera rosea Mart. & Zucc. (Calophyllaceae) x Arcivena kielmeyerae Gagné, 1984GAGNÉ, R.J. 1984. Five new species of Neotropical Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) associated with cacao flowers, killing the buds of Clusiaceae, or preying on mites. Brenesia 22:123-138., 2) Guapira pernambucensis (Casar.) Lundell (Nyctaginaceae) x Bruggmannia chapadensis Proença & Maia, 2018PROENÇA, P. & MAIA, V.C. 2018. Bruggmannia chapadensis sp. nov. (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae), a new midge inducing galls on Guapira pernambucensis (Nyctaginaceae) from the Parque Nacional da Chapada dos Guimarães, Mato Grosso State, Brazil. ZOOLOGIA 35: e13040 | DOI: 10.3897/zoologia.35.e13040.
https://doi.org/10.3897/zoologia.35.e130...
and 3) Urvillea uniloba Radlk. (Sapindaceae) x Neolasioptera urvilleae (Tavares, 1909TAVARES, J.S. 1909. Contributio prima ad cognitionem cecidologiae braziliae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 8:5-28, pls. I-VIII.). Finally, 27 botanical names were uptaded.

Most gall-inducing species are monophagous (about 90%), but oligophagous and polyphagous species have been reported. Oligophagous species are represented by at least 15 gall midge species, 11 of them occur on two or three plant species of the same genus and four on two or three genera of the same family. The number of hosts of some gall midge species could not be determined, since the level of plant identification does not allow it. This is the case of five gall midge species, four of them have been associated with an identified plant species plus a non identified congeneric host, and the other with an identified species plus a morphospecies of the same plant family. A single cecidomyiid species is polyphagous, occurring in plants of different families.

Fabaceae, Asteraceae, and Myrtaceae are the plant families with the greatest richness of gall midge species (28, 26 and 25), followed by Nyctaginaceae (16). They together host about 36% of the Brazilian fauna richness. Among these families, Myrtaceae exhibit the highest average of gall midge species by host plant species, 1.8, while Fabaceae have a similar value to Asteraceae (1.2 and 1.3, respectively). The average number in Nyctaginaceae was not stablished, because most plants were not identified in species (Table 2). All other families shelter from nine to one gall midge species, but most of them (23) (about 44%) shelter a single gall-inducer. The average of gall midge species by host plant species was 1.0 in 33 families. This is the most frequent value (Table 2). Eugenia L. (Myrtaceae) and Mikania Wild. (Asteraceae) host 13 and 12 gall midge species, respectively, followed by Guapira Aubl. (Nyctaginaceae) with 9. Guapira opposita (Vell.) Reitz, Mikania glomerata Spreng., and Calophyllum brasiliense Cambess (Calophyllaceae) highlight as plant species with the greatest number of gall midge species (seven, six and five, respectively).

Table 2
Richness of host plant species and gall midge species (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) by vegetable family, and average of gall midge species by host plant in each family in Brazil.

The gall-inducers are represented by 80 genera. Among them, Lopesia Rübsaamen, 1909, Asphondylia Loew, 1850, and Clinodiplosis Kieffer 1895 are the most speciose, with 25, 23 and 20 species, respectively (Table 3). Predators are represented by four genera, Aphidoletes Kieffer, 1904, Diadiplosis Felt 1911, Feltiella Rübsaamen, 1910, and Lestodiplosis Kieffer, 1894, being Diadiplosis the most speciose, with ten species, while the others comprise three (Lestodiplosis) or one species (Aphidoletes and Feltiella). The first genus feeds on aphids, the second on scale insects (Coccoidea), the third on mites and the fourth mostly on other cecidomyiids, but also on mites. They have been used as biological control agents of some plant pests. Fungivorous species are represented by five genera, Dichodiplosis Rübsaamen, 1910, Haplusia Karsch, 1877KARSCH, F. 1877. Revision der Gallmucken. Munster i. W., E.C. Brunn. , Mycodiplosis Rübsaamen, 1895, Stomatosema Kieffer, 1904, and TermitomastusSilvestri, 1901SILVESTRI, F. 1901. Descrizione di nuovi termitofili e relazioni di essi con gli ospiti. Bol. Mus. Zool. Anat. Comp. R. Univ. Torino 16:1-6.. Three of them comprise a single species, while Haplusia comprises two and Stomatosema six. Inquilines are represented by six genera, Clinodiplosis Kieffer, 1894, Contarinia Rondani, 1860, Dialeria Tavares 1918, Meunieriella Kieffer, 1909, Neolasioptera Felt, 1908 and Trotteria Kieffer, 1902. Among them, Dialeria and Trotteria include exclusively inquilinous species. Five of them comprise a single inquilinous species in Brazil, while Meunieriella comprises four. All were recorded in galls of other Cecidomyiidae. Although these cecidomyiids have been reported as inquilines, they are probably kleptoparasites, according to Luz and Mendonça-Júnior (2019)LUZ, F.A. & MENDONÇA-JÚNIOR, M.S. 2019. Guilds in insect galls: who is who. Fla. Entomol. 102:207-210.. Free-living species are less common, being represented by three genera, Clinodiplosis, Lopesia, and Prodiplosis Felt, 1908, each with a single species. Their larvae feed on plant reproductive organs. And only one species, Didactylomyia longimana (Felt, 1908), is reported as the kleptoparasite in literature.

Table 3
Richness of gall midge species (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) by Brazilian phytogeo-graphic domain.

Most species of gall midges (about 90%) have been recorded exclusively in Brazil, while only 26 (about 10%) occur in other countries. The Atlantic Forest is the phytogeographic domain with the greatest richness of species, 183, followed by Cerrado (60 species), Amazon (29 species), Pampa (10 species), Caatinga (8 species), and Pantanal (5 species) (Table 3). These values correspond to about 69%, 23%, 11%, 4%, 3%, and 2% of the Brazilian fauna of Cecidomyiidae. Fourty-one cecidomyiid species are associated with 43 endemic Brazilian plant species. Among them, 21 hosts are endemic to Atlantic Forest, five to Cerrado, and one to Amazon. No hosts were endemic to Caatinga, Pampa and Pantanal (Table 4). Two-hundred thirty five gall midge species (235) are known from a single domain: 157 from Atlantic Forest, 35 from Cerrado, 17 from Amazon Forest, 8 from Pampa, 4 from Caatinga, and 3 from Pantanal. The others have been reported in two (23 species) or three domains (seven species). One-hundred and thirty-seven species (about 52% of the Brazilian fauna) are known only from the type-locality.

Table 4
Richness of gall midge species (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) by endemic plant species in Brazilian phytogeographic domains. There is no endemic host plants in the Caatinga, Pampa and Pantanal until the current moment.

A list of gall midge species with occurrence in Brazil is presented below in alphabetical order. Data on their food habit, geographic distribution and host plant are added. Botanical names were updated (synomyms found in publications are given in brackets). The origin of each host plant and its occurrence in Brazilian phytogeographic domains are also provided. These last two informations are restricted to hosts identified at specific level. References are added in chronological order. New records are indicated by an asterisk. The number in brackets after the locality represents the voucher number of the plant species.

1. Alexomyia ciliata Felt, 1921aFELT, E.P. 1921a. Three new sub-tropical gall midges (Itonididae, Dipt.). Entomol. News 32:141-143. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Pará (Amazon Forest). Host plant: unkown. Refs.: Felt 1921aFELT, E.P. 1921a. Three new sub-tropical gall midges (Itonididae, Dipt.). Entomol. News 32:141-143., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

2. Alycaulus globulus Gagné, 2001GAGNÉ, R.J., ODA, R.A.M. & MONTEIRO, R.F. 2001. The gall midges (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) of Mikania glomerata (Asteraceae) in Southeastern Brazil. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 103:110-134. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Poço das Antas, Rio de Janeiro (Grumari), Parque Nacional do Itatiaia, Reserva Biológica União; São Paulo state: Bertioga (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Mikania glomerata Spreng. (native to Brazil) (Cerrado and Atlantic Forest) and Mikania cf biformis DC. (Asteraceae). Refs.: Gagné et al. 2001GAGNÉ, R.J., ODA, R.A.M. & MONTEIRO, R.F. 2001. The gall midges (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) of Mikania glomerata (Asteraceae) in Southeastern Brazil. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 103:110-134., Oliveira & Maia 2005OLIVEIRA, J.C. & MAIA, V.C. 2005. Ocorrência e caracterização de galhas de insetos na restinga de Grumari (Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil). Arqu. Mus. Nac. 63(4):669-676., Maia et al. 2008MAIA, V.C., MAGENTA, M.A.G. & MARTINS, S.E. 2008. Ocorrência e caracterização de galhas de insetos em áreas de restinga de Bertioga (São Paulo, Brasil). Biota Neotrop. 8(1):167-197. <http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v8n1/pt/abstract?inventory+bn02408012008> (last access on 17/March/2020).
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, Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. , Maia & Mascarenhas 2017MAIA, V.C. & MASCARENHAS, B. 2017. Insect galls of the Parque Nacional do Itatiaia (Southeast Region, Brazil). An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 89(1 Suppl.):505-575. , Maia & Siqueira 2020MAIA, V.C. & SIQUEIRA, E.S. 2020. Insect galls of the Reserva Biológica União, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Biota Neotrop. 20(1):e20190758. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1676-0611-BN-2019-0758. (last access on 17/March/2020).
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.

3. Alycaulus hexadentatus Urso-Guimarães, 2018a (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: São Paulo state: Altinópolis (Cerrado). Host plant: Smilax oblongifolia Pohl ex Griseb (Smilacaceae) (endemic to Brazil) (Caatinga and Cerrado). Refs.: Urso-Guimarães 2018aURSO-GUIMARÃES, M.V. 2018a. A new species of Asphondylia (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) and a key to separate species of the genus associated with Asteraceae from Neotropical region. Pap. Avulsos Zool., 2018; v.58: e20185853, Ribeiro et al. 2019RIBEIRO, A.N., BALBI, M.I.P.A. & URSO-GUIMARÃES, M.V. 2019. Characterization of insect galls from a vegetation area in Altinópolis, São Paulo State, Brazil. Pap. Avulsos Zool., v.59: e20195904..

4. Alycaulus mikaniae Rübsaamen, 1915RÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1915. Beitrag zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Gallmucken. Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1915:431-481. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Amazon (Amazon Forest). Host plant: Mikania sp. (Asteraceae). Refs.: Rübsaamen 1915, Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017.

5. Alycaulus trilobatus Möhn, 1964aMÖHN, E. 1964a. Gallmücken (Diptera, Itonididae) aus El Salvador. 7. Teil: Lasiopteridi. Beitr. Entomol. 14:553-600. (gall-inducer). Distribution: El Salvador; Colombia; Brazil: São Paulo state: Bertioga (Atlantic Forest). Host plants: Mikania micrantha Kunth (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Cerrado, Atlantic Forest, and Pampa) and M. cordifolia (L.f.) Willd. (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, Atlantic Forest, and Pampa) (Asteraceae). Refs.: Möhn 1964aMÖHN, E. 1964a. Gallmücken (Diptera, Itonididae) aus El Salvador. 7. Teil: Lasiopteridi. Beitr. Entomol. 14:553-600., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Maia et al. 2008MAIA, V.C., SILVEIRA, F.A.O., OLIVEIRA, L.A. & XAVIER, M.F. 2008 Asphondylia gochnatiae, a new species of gall midge (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Gochnatia polymorpha (Asteraceae). Zootaxa 1740:53-58., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

6. Anadiplosis caetetensis Tavares, 1920aTAVARES, J.S. 1920a. Anadiplosariae, nouvelle tribu de Cecidomyiinae (Dipt.). Marcellia 17:5-72, pl. I. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Bahia: Caetité (Atlantic Forest, Caatinga). Host plant: undetermined Fabaceae. Refs.: Tavares 1920aTAVARES, J.S. 1920a. Anadiplosariae, nouvelle tribu de Cecidomyiinae (Dipt.). Marcellia 17:5-72, pl. I., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

7. Anadiplosis procera Tavares, 1920aTAVARES, J.S. 1920a. Anadiplosariae, nouvelle tribu de Cecidomyiinae (Dipt.). Marcellia 17:5-72, pl. I. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Bahia: Salvador (Itaparica) (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: undetermined Fabaceae. Refs.: Tavares 1920aTAVARES, J.S. 1920a. Anadiplosariae, nouvelle tribu de Cecidomyiinae (Dipt.). Marcellia 17:5-72, pl. I., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

8. Anadiplosis pulchra Tavares, 1916TAVARES, J.S. 1916. Cecidomyias novas do Brazil. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 14:36-57. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Nova Friburgo (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Machaerium sp. (Fabaceae). Refs.: Tavares 1916TAVARES, J.S. 1916. Cecidomyias novas do Brazil. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 14:36-57. , Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

9. Anadiplosis venusta Tavares, 1916TAVARES, J.S. 1916. Cecidomyias novas do Brazil. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 14:36-57. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Nova Friburgo (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Machaerium sp. (Fabaceae). Refs.: Tavares 1916TAVARES, J.S. 1916. Cecidomyias novas do Brazil. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 14:36-57. , Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

10. Anasphondylia myrtacea Tavares, 1920bTAVARES, J.S. 1920b. [continuation of:] Cecidologia brazileira: cecidias que se criam em plantas das famílias das Leguminosae, Sapotaceae, Lauraceae, Myrtaceae, Punicaceae, Aurantiaceae, Malpighiaceae, Sapindaceae, Umbelliferae, Loranthaceae, Apocynaceae, Urticaceae, Salicaceae e Gramineae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 18(3):97-125, pl.III. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Nova Friburgo (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: undetermined Myrtaceae. Refs.: Tavares 1920bTAVARES, J.S. 1920b. [continuation of:] Cecidologia brazileira: cecidias que se criam em plantas das famílias das Leguminosae, Sapotaceae, Lauraceae, Myrtaceae, Punicaceae, Aurantiaceae, Malpighiaceae, Sapindaceae, Umbelliferae, Loranthaceae, Apocynaceae, Urticaceae, Salicaceae e Gramineae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 18(3):97-125, pl.III., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

11. Andirodiplosis bahiensis Tavares, 1920cTAVARES, J.S. 1920c. Cecidologia brazileira: cecidias que se criam em plantas das famílias das Leguminosae, Sapotaceae, Lauraceae, Myrtaceae, Punicaceae, Aurantiaceae, Malpighiaceae, Sapindaceae, Umbelliferae, Loranthaceae, Apocynaceae, Urticaceae, Salicaceae e Gramineae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 18(2):82-96. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Bahia: Salvador (Atlantic Forest); São Paulo state: Luiz Antônio (Cerrado). Host plant: Andira sp. (Fabaceae). Refs. Tavares 1920cTAVARES, J.S. 1920c. Cecidologia brazileira: cecidias que se criam em plantas das famílias das Leguminosae, Sapotaceae, Lauraceae, Myrtaceae, Punicaceae, Aurantiaceae, Malpighiaceae, Sapindaceae, Umbelliferae, Loranthaceae, Apocynaceae, Urticaceae, Salicaceae e Gramineae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 18(2):82-96., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Saito & Urso-Guimarães 2012SAITO, V.S. & URSO-GUIMARÃES, M.V. 2012. Characterization of galls, insect galls and associated fauna of Ecological Station of Jataí (Luiz Antônio, SP). Biota Neotrop. 12(3):1-9. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v12n3/en/abstract?article+bn02312032012 (last access on 17/March/2020).
http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v12n3/...
, Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

12. Anisodiplosis waltheriae Maia, 2005MAIA, V.C., CONSTANTINO, P.A.L. & MONTEIRO, R.F. 2005. New gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with two species of Eugenia (Myrtaceae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 49(3):347-352. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Minas Gerais: Aimorés (Atlantic Forest); Mato Grosso: Chapada dos Guimarães (Cerrado). Host plant: Waltheria indica L. (Sterculiaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, Atlantic Forest, and Pantanal). Refs.: Maia & Fernandes, 2005aMAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, G. W. 2005a. A new genus and species of gall midges (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) associated with Waltheria indica L. Zootaxa 1060:27-36., Almeida et al. 2006ALMEIDA, F.V.M., SANTOS, J.C., SILVEIRA, F.A.O. & FERNANDES, G.W. 2006. Distribution and frequency of galls induced by Anisodiplosis waltheriae Maia (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) on the invasive plant Waltheria indica L. (Sterculiaceae). Neotrop. Entomol. 35(4): 35-439., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. . Proença & Maia 2020PROENÇA, P. & MAIA, V.C. 2020. New state record of two gall midge species (Insecta, Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) in Brazil. Biota Amazon. .

13. Aphidoletes aphidimyza (Rondani, 1847) (predator of aphids: Hemiptera). Distribution: Widespread Palearctic, Hawaii, widespread Nearctic, Chile, New Zealand, and Brazil (unstated locality). Refs.: Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

14. Apodiplosis praecox Tavares, 1922TAVARES, J.S. 1922. Cecidologia brazileira: as restantes famílias. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 19(1):5-48, pls. XI-XIX. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Nova Friburgo (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Psychotria sp. (Rubiaceae). Refs.: Tavares 1922TAVARES, J.S. 1922. Cecidologia brazileira: as restantes famílias. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 19(1):5-48, pls. XI-XIX., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

15. Arcivena kielmeyerae Gagné, 1984GAGNÉ, R.J. 1984. Five new species of Neotropical Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) associated with cacao flowers, killing the buds of Clusiaceae, or preying on mites. Brenesia 22:123-138. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: São Paulo state: Mogi Guaçu (Cerrado). Host plant: Kielmeyera rosea Mart. & Zucc. (Calophyllaceae) (endemic to Cerrado). Refs.: Gagné 1984GAGNÉ, R.J. 1984. Five new species of Neotropical Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) associated with cacao flowers, killing the buds of Clusiaceae, or preying on mites. Brenesia 22:123-138., 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

16. Arrabiadaeamyia serrata Maia, 2001aMAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, S.P.C. 2001. Two new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Erythroxylum ovalifolium Peyr. (Erythroxylaceae) from the Barra de Maricá restinga, Maricá, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Braz. J. Biol. 71(2): 521-526. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Mangaratiba, Rio de Janeiro (Grumari, Mangaratiba), Reserva Biológica União, Maricá, Araruama, Arraial do Cabo, São João da Barra (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Fridericia conjugata (Vell.) L. G. Lohmann (Bignoniaceae) (=Arrabidaea conjugata Mart.) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Cerrado, Atlantic Forest, and Pantanal). Refs.: Monteiro et al. 1994MONTEIRO, R.F., FERRAZ, F.F.F., MAIA, V.C. & AZEVEDO, M.A.P. 1994. Galhas entomógenas em restingas: uma abordagem preliminar. In An. ACIESP 3(87):210-220. , Maia 2001aMAIA, V.C. 2001a. New genera and species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool.18(Suppl. 1):1-32., bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., Oliveira & Maia 2005OLIVEIRA, J.C. & MAIA, V.C. 2005. Ocorrência e caracterização de galhas de insetos na restinga de Grumari (Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil). Arqu. Mus. Nac. 63(4):669-676., Rodrigues et al. 2014RODRIGUES, A.R., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2014. Insect galls of restinga areas of Ilha da Marambaia, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 58(2):173-197., Carvalho-Fernandes et al. 2016CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P., ASCENDINO, S., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2016. Diversity of insect galls associated with coastal shrub vegetation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 88(3):1407-1418., Maia & Silva 2016MAIA, V.C. & SILVA, L.O. 2016. Insect galls of restinga de Marambaia (Barra de Guaratiba, Rio de Janeiro, RJ). Braz. J. Biol. 73(6):787-795., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. , Maia & Siqueira 2020MAIA, V.C. & SIQUEIRA, E.S. 2020. Insect galls of the Reserva Biológica União, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Biota Neotrop. 20(1):e20190758. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1676-0611-BN-2019-0758. (last access on 17/March/2020).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1676-0611-BN-2...
.

17. Asphondylia bahiensis Tavares, 1917aTAVARES, J.S. 1917a. Cecídias do brazileiras que se criam em planta das Compositae, Rubiaceae, Tiliaceae, Lythraceae e Artocarpaceae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 15:113-181, pls. VI-XI. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Bahia: Salvador (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: undetermined Rubiaceae. Refs.: Tavares 1917aTAVARES, J.S. 1917a. Cecídias do brazileiras que se criam em planta das Compositae, Rubiaceae, Tiliaceae, Lythraceae e Artocarpaceae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 15:113-181, pls. VI-XI., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

18. Asphondylia borreriae Rübsaamen, 1905aRÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1905a. Beitrage zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Zoocecidien. II. Beitrag: Gallen aus Brasilien und Peru. (Vorlaufige Mitteilung.) Marcellia 4:65-85. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Mangaratiba, Rio de Janeiro, Maricá, Saquarema, Cabo Frio, Carapebus, Arraial do Cabo (Atlantic Forest). Host plants: Borreria sp. and B. verticillata (L.) G. Mey. (Rubiaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest). Refs. Rübsaamen 1905aRÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1905a. Beitrage zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Zoocecidien. II. Beitrag: Gallen aus Brasilien und Peru. (Vorlaufige Mitteilung.) Marcellia 4:65-85., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Monteiro et al. 1994MONTEIRO, R.F., FERRAZ, F.F.F., MAIA, V.C. & AZEVEDO, M.A.P. 1994. Galhas entomógenas em restingas: uma abordagem preliminar. In An. ACIESP 3(87):210-220. , Maia 2001bMAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, S.P.C. 2001. Two new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Erythroxylum ovalifolium Peyr. (Erythroxylaceae) from the Barra de Maricá restinga, Maricá, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Braz. J. Biol. 71(2): 521-526., Rodrigues et al. 2014RODRIGUES, A.R., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2014. Insect galls of restinga areas of Ilha da Marambaia, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 58(2):173-197., Carvalho-Fernandes et al. 2016CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P., ASCENDINO, S., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2016. Diversity of insect galls associated with coastal shrub vegetation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 88(3):1407-1418., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

19. Asphondylia canastrae Urso-Guimarães & Amorim, 2002URSO-GUIMARÃES, M.V. & AMORIM, D.S. 2002. New Brazilian species of Asphondyliini (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 46:561-570. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Minas Gerais: Delfinópolis (Cerrado). Host plant: Hyptis sp. (Lamiaceae). Refs. Urso-Guimarães & Amorim 2002URSO-GUIMARÃES, M.V. & AMORIM, D.S. 2002. New Brazilian species of Asphondyliini (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 46:561-570. , Urso-Guimarães et al. 2003URSO-GUIMARÃES, M.V., SCARELI-SANTOS, C. & BONIFÁCIO-SILVA, A.C. 2003. Occurrence and characterization of entomogen galls from natural vegetation areas in Delfinópolis, MG, Brazil. Braz. J. Biol. 63(4):705-715., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

20. Asphondylia cipo Urso-Guimarães, 2018bURSO-GUIMARÃES, M.V. 2018b. Two new species of the Tribe Alycaulini (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) from Brazil. Fla. Entomol. 101(4):603-610. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Minas Gerais: Santana do Riacho (Cerrado). Host plant: Lessingianthus warmingianus (Baker) H. Rob. (Asteraceae) (endemic to Cerrado). Refs.: Urso-Guimarães, 2018bURSO-GUIMARÃES, M.V. 2018b. Two new species of the Tribe Alycaulini (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) from Brazil. Fla. Entomol. 101(4):603-610.

21. Asphondylia communis Maia & Couri, 1992MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 1992. Pp. 655-660. InMaia, V.C., M.S. Couri and R.F. Monteiro. Sobre seis espécies de Asphondylia Loew, 1850 do Brasil (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae. Rev. Bras. Entomol 36(3):653-661. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Mangaratiba, Maricá, Arraial do Cabo (Ilha do Cabo Frio), São João da Barra (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Ximenia americana L. (Olacaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest). Refs. Maia & Couri 1992MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 1992. Pp. 655-660. InMaia, V.C., M.S. Couri and R.F. Monteiro. Sobre seis espécies de Asphondylia Loew, 1850 do Brasil (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae. Rev. Bras. Entomol 36(3):653-661., Monteiro et al. 1994MONTEIRO, R.F., FERRAZ, F.F.F., MAIA, V.C. & AZEVEDO, M.A.P. 1994. Galhas entomógenas em restingas: uma abordagem preliminar. In An. ACIESP 3(87):210-220. , Maia 1999aMAIA, V.C. 1999a. Descrição de imaturos de quatro espécies de Asphondyliini neotropicais e nota taxonômica sobre Asphondylia maytenuse Maia & Couri (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae). Rev. Bras. Zool. 16(3):775-778., Maia 2001bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., Maia & Souza 2013MAIA, V.C. & SOUZA, M.C. 2013. Insect galls of the xeric vegetation of Ilha do Cabo Frio (Arraial do Cabo, RJ, Brazil). Biota Neotrop. 13(3):278-288. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v13n3/en/abstract?inventory+bn02213032013 (last access on 17/March/2020).
http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v13n3/...
, Rodrigues et al. 2014RODRIGUES, A.R., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2014. Insect galls of restinga areas of Ilha da Marambaia, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 58(2):173-197., Carvalho-Fernandes et al. 2016CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P., ASCENDINO, S., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2016. Diversity of insect galls associated with coastal shrub vegetation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 88(3):1407-1418., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

22. Asphondylia cordiae Möhn, 1959MÖHN, E. 1959. Gallmücken (Diptera, Itonididae) aus El Salvador. 1. Teil. Senckenbergiana Biologica 40:297-368. (gall-inducer). Distribution: El Salvador and Brazil: Minas Gerais: Lagoa Santa (Cerrado); Espírito Santo: Anchieta-Piúma (Atlantic Forest) Rio de Janeiro state: Rio de Janeiro, Maricá, Reserva Biológica União, Saquarema, Araruama, Arraial do Cabo, Quissamã, Carapebus, Campos de Goitacazes, São João da Barra (Atlantic Forest); São Paulo state: Bertioga, Ubatuba (Atlantic Forest); Santa Catarina: Babitonga (Atlantic Forest); Rio Grande do Sul: Porto Alegre (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Cordia dentata Poir. (exotic) (no records in Brazil), C. alba (Jacq.) Roem. & Schult. (exotic) (no records in Brazil), and Varronia curassavica Jacq. (= Cordia verbenacea DC. = Cordia curassavica (Jacq.) Roem. & Schult.) (Boraginaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, Atlantic Forest, and Pampa). Refs.: Möhn 1959MÖHN, E. 1959. Gallmücken (Diptera, Itonididae) aus El Salvador. 1. Teil. Senckenbergiana Biologica 40:297-368., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Maia 2001bMAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, S.P.C. 2001. Two new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Erythroxylum ovalifolium Peyr. (Erythroxylaceae) from the Barra de Maricá restinga, Maricá, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Braz. J. Biol. 71(2): 521-526., Maia et al. 2008MAIA, V.C., MAGENTA, M.A.G. & MARTINS, S.E. 2008. Ocorrência e caracterização de galhas de insetos em áreas de restinga de Bertioga (São Paulo, Brasil). Biota Neotrop. 8(1):167-197. <http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v8n1/pt/abstract?inventory+bn02408012008> (last access on 17/March/2020).
http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v8n1/p...
, Carvalho-Fernandes et al. 2016CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P., ASCENDINO, S., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2016. Diversity of insect galls associated with coastal shrub vegetation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 88(3):1407-1418., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. , Melo-Júnior et al. 2018, Maia & Siqueira 2020MAIA, V.C. & SIQUEIRA, E.S. 2020. Insect galls of the Reserva Biológica União, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Biota Neotrop. 20(1):e20190758. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1676-0611-BN-2019-0758. (last access on 17/March/2020).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1676-0611-BN-2...
, Maia & Flor 2020.

23. Asphondylia fructicola Maia, 2009MAIA, V.C., ZART, M. & BOTTON, M. 2009. Neolasioptera ramicola, a new species of Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) associated with Physalis angulata (Solanaceae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 53(2):163-165. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Pará: Oriximiná (Porto Trombetas) (Amazon Forest). Host plant: Solanum sp. (Solanaceae). Refs.: Maia et al. 2009MAIA, V.C. & ARAÚJO, W.S. 2009. Uma nova espécie de Schizomyia (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) indutora de galhas nos botões florais de Jacquemontia holosericea (Convolvulaceae). 53(3):356-360., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

24. Asphondylia glomeratae Gagné, 2001GAGNÉ, R.J., ODA, R.A.M. & MONTEIRO, R.F. 2001. The gall midges (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) of Mikania glomerata (Asteraceae) in Southeastern Brazil. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 103:110-134. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Rio de Janeiro, Parque Nacional do Itatiaia, Valença (Atlantic Forest); Minas Gerais: Viçosa (Atlantic Forest); São Paulo state: Bertioga (Atlantic Forest). Host plants: Mikania glomerata Spreng. (native to Brazil) (Cerrado and Atlantic Forest) and Mikania cf biformis (Asteraceae). Refs.: Gagné et al. 2001GAGNÉ, R.J., ODA, R.A.M. & MONTEIRO, R.F. 2001. The gall midges (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) of Mikania glomerata (Asteraceae) in Southeastern Brazil. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 103:110-134., Maia et al. 2008MAIA, V.C., SILVEIRA, F.A.O., OLIVEIRA, L.A. & XAVIER, M.F. 2008 Asphondylia gochnatiae, a new species of gall midge (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Gochnatia polymorpha (Asteraceae). Zootaxa 1740:53-58., Proença & Maia 2012PROENÇA, B. & MAIA, V.C. 2012. Distribuição geográfica de Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) galhadores associados à Mikania glomerata (Asteraceae) em áreas de Mata Atlântica do Brasil. In Livro de Resumos do II Simpósio de Pesquisa em Mata Atlântica. Santos, MCRM, PANZA, CGO & Rodrigues, WC (orgs,). FFP - UERJ/IZMA, p.40-41., Maia & Proença 2016MAIA, V.C. & PROENÇA, B. 2016. Insect galls on Mikania glomerata (Asteraceae) in an area of Atlantic Forest in Viçosa (Minas Gerais, Brazil). Check List 11: doi.org/10.15560/12.2.2026.
doi.org/10.15560/12.2.2026...
, Maia & Mascarenhas 2017MAIA, V.C. & MASCARENHAS, B. 2017. Insect galls of the Parque Nacional do Itatiaia (Southeast Region, Brazil). An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 89(1 Suppl.):505-575. , Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

25. Asphondylia gochnatiae Maia, 2008MAIA, V.C., SILVEIRA, F.A.O., OLIVEIRA, L.A. & XAVIER, M.F. 2008 Asphondylia gochnatiae, a new species of gall midge (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Gochnatia polymorpha (Asteraceae). Zootaxa 1740:53-58. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Minas Gerais: Luz (Cerrado). Host plant: Moquiniastrum polymorphum (Less.) G. Sancho (=Gochnatia polymorpha (Less.) Cabrera) (Asteraceae) (native to Brazil) (Cerrado and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia et al. 2008MAIA, V.C., MAGENTA, M.A.G. & MARTINS, S.E. 2008. Ocorrência e caracterização de galhas de insetos em áreas de restinga de Bertioga (São Paulo, Brasil). Biota Neotrop. 8(1):167-197. <http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v8n1/pt/abstract?inventory+bn02408012008> (last access on 17/March/2020).
http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v8n1/p...
, Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

26. Asphondylia maricensis Maia & Couri, 1992MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 1992. Pp. 655-660. InMaia, V.C., M.S. Couri and R.F. Monteiro. Sobre seis espécies de Asphondylia Loew, 1850 do Brasil (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae. Rev. Bras. Entomol 36(3):653-661. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Maricá (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Struthanthus taubatensis Eichler (= S. maricensis Rizzini ex Profice (Loranthaceae) (endemic to Brazil) (Cerrado and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia & Couri 1992MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 1992. Pp. 655-660. InMaia, V.C., M.S. Couri and R.F. Monteiro. Sobre seis espécies de Asphondylia Loew, 1850 do Brasil (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae. Rev. Bras. Entomol 36(3):653-661., Maia 2001bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

27. Asphondylia microcapillata Maia, 2005MAIA, V.C., CONSTANTINO, P.A.L. & MONTEIRO, R.F. 2005. New gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with two species of Eugenia (Myrtaceae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 49(3):347-352. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Minas Gerais: Três Marias (Cerrado). Host plant: Bauhinia brevipes Vogel (Fabaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia & Fernandes, 2005bMAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, G.W. 2005b. Two new species of Asphondyliini (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) associated with Bauhinia brevipes (Fabaceae). Zootaxa 1091:27-4., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

28. Asphondylia moehni Skuhravá, 1989 (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio Grande do Sul: São Leopoldo (Pampa), Canela, Santa Tereza (Atlantic Forest); São Paulo state: Ubatuba, Bertioga (Atlantic Forest); Rio de Janeiro state: Rio de Janeiro (Grumari), Parque Nacional do Itatiaia (Atlantic Forest). Host plants: Mikania guaco Kunth (native to Brazil) (Amazon), M. glomerata Spreng. (native to Brazil) (Cerrado and Atlantic Forest), and Mikania cf biformis (Asteraceae). Refs.: Möhn 1973MÖHN, E. 1973. Studien uber neotropische Gallmücken (Diptera, Itonididae). 2. Teil. Stutt. Beitr. Naturd. 257:1-9., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Oliveira & Maia 2005OLIVEIRA, J.C. & MAIA, V.C. 2005. Ocorrência e caracterização de galhas de insetos na restinga de Grumari (Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil). Arqu. Mus. Nac. 63(4):669-676., Maia et al. 2008MAIA, V.C., MAGENTA, M.A.G. & MARTINS, S.E. 2008. Ocorrência e caracterização de galhas de insetos em áreas de restinga de Bertioga (São Paulo, Brasil). Biota Neotrop. 8(1):167-197. <http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v8n1/pt/abstract?inventory+bn02408012008> (last access on 17/March/2020).
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, Maia & Mascarenhas 2017MAIA, V.C. & MASCARENHAS, B. 2017. Insect galls of the Parque Nacional do Itatiaia (Southeast Region, Brazil). An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 89(1 Suppl.):505-575. , Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. , Goetz et al. 2018GOETZ, A.P.M., LUZ, F.A., TOMA, T.S.P. & MENDONÇA-JÚNIOR, M. 2018. Gall-inducing insects of deciduous and semideciduous forests in Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. Iheringia, Ser. Zool. e-ISSN 1678-4766..

29. Asphondylia parva Tavares, 1917aTAVARES, J.S. 1917a. Cecídias do brazileiras que se criam em planta das Compositae, Rubiaceae, Tiliaceae, Lythraceae e Artocarpaceae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 15:113-181, pls. VI-XI. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Bahia: Madre de Deus (Atlantic Forest). Hos plant: undetermined Rubiaceae. Refs.: Tavares 1917aTAVARES, J.S. 1917a. Cecídias do brazileiras que se criam em planta das Compositae, Rubiaceae, Tiliaceae, Lythraceae e Artocarpaceae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 15:113-181, pls. VI-XI., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

30. Asphondylia peploniae Maia, 2001aMAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, S.P.C. 2001. Two new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Erythroxylum ovalifolium Peyr. (Erythroxylaceae) from the Barra de Maricá restinga, Maricá, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Braz. J. Biol. 71(2): 521-526. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Carapebus (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Peplonia asteria (Vell.) Fontella & E. A. Schwarz (Asclepiadaceae) (endemic to Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia 2001aMAIA, V.C. 2001a. New genera and species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool.18(Suppl. 1):1-32., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

31. Asphondylia rochae Tavares, 1918aTAVARES, J.S. 1918a. Cecidomyias novas do Brazil, segunda série. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 16(2):68-84, pls. III-IV. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Ceará: Fortaleza (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Ludwigia sp. (Onagraceae). Refs.: Tavares 1918aTAVARES, J.S. 1918a. Cecidomyias novas do Brazil, segunda série. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 16(2):68-84, pls. III-IV., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

32. Asphondylia sanctipetri Urso-Guimarães & Amorim, 2002URSO-GUIMARÃES, M.V. & AMORIM, D.S. 2002. New Brazilian species of Asphondyliini (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 46:561-570. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: São Paulo state: Ribeirão Preto (Cerrado); Minas Gerais: Delfinópolis (Cerrado). Host plant: Didymopanax morototoni (Aubl.) Decne. & Planch (Araliaceae) (native to Brazil) (all Brazilian biomes). Refs.: Urso-Guimarães & Amorim 2002URSO-GUIMARÃES, M.V. & AMORIM, D.S. 2002. New Brazilian species of Asphondyliini (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 46:561-570. , Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. ., Proença & Maia in print.

33. Asphondylia sennae Maia & Couri, 1992MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 1992. Pp. 655-660. InMaia, V.C., M.S. Couri and R.F. Monteiro. Sobre seis espécies de Asphondylia Loew, 1850 do Brasil (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae. Rev. Bras. Entomol 36(3):653-661. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state, Maricá (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Senna bicapsularis (L.) Roxb. (Fabaceae) (exotic). Refs.: Maia & Couri 1992MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 1992. Pp. 655-660. InMaia, V.C., M.S. Couri and R.F. Monteiro. Sobre seis espécies de Asphondylia Loew, 1850 do Brasil (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae. Rev. Bras. Entomol 36(3):653-661., Maia 2001bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

34. Asphondylia serrata Maia, 2004aMAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, G.W. 2004. Insect galls from Serra de São José (Tiradentes, MG, Brazil). Braz. J. Biol. 64(3A):423-445. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Minas Gerais: Tiradentes (Cerrado), Serra do Ibitipoca (Atlantic Forest), Serra Azul de Minas (Cerrado), Serra do Cabral (Cerrado), São Tomé das Letras (Atlantic Forest and Cerrado), Serra do Caparaó (Atlantic Forest); Espírito Santo: Santa Teresa (Atlantic Forest); Rio de Janeiro state: Petrópolis, Nova Friburgo (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Eremanthus erythropappus (DC.) MacLeish (= Vanillosmopsis erythropappa (DC.) Sch. Bip.) (Asteraceae) (endemic to Brazil) (Cerrado and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia 2004aMAIA, V.C. 2004a. A new genus and six new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from Serra de São José (Minas Gerais State), Brazil). Arqu. Mus. Nac. 62: 69-82., Maia 2011MAIA, V.C. 2011. Galhas de Insetos do Parque Nacional do Ibitipoca (Minas Gerais, Brasil). In Resumos do X Congresso de Ecologia do Brasil. Sociedade Brasileira de Ecologia. 2pp. http://seb-ecologia.org.br/revistas/indexar/anais/xceb/resumos/53.pdf
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, 2013MAIA, V.C. 2013. Insect galls of São Tomé das Letras (MG, Brazil). Biota Neotrop. 13(4):164-189. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v13n4/en/abstract?article+bn03213042013 (last access on 17/March/2020).
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, Coelho et al. 2013COELHO, M.S., CARNEIRO, M.A.A., BRANCO, C.A. & FERNANDES, G.W. 2013b. Gall-inducing insects from Serra do Cabral, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Biota Neotrop. 13(3):102-108. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v13n3/pt/abstract?article+bn02113032013 (last access on 17/March/2020).
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, Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. , Maia & Flor 2020MAIA, V.C. & FLOR, I.C. 2020 New geographic records of four species of Asphondyliini (Insecta, Diptera, Cecidomyiidae). Check List 16(4):859-864. https://doi.org/10.15560/16.4.859
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.

35. Asphondylia stachytarpheta Barnes, 1932BARNES, H.F. 1932. Notes on Cecidomyidae. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (10)9:475-484. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Trinidad and Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Mangaratiba (Atlantic Forest). Host plants: Stachytarpheta cayennensis (Rich.) Vahl. (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, Atlantic Forest, Pampa, and Pantanal) and Stachytarpheta sp. (Verbenaceae). Refs.: Barnes 1932BARNES, H.F. 1932. Notes on Cecidomyidae. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (10)9:475-484., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Rodrigues et al. 2014RODRIGUES, A.R., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2014. Insect galls of restinga areas of Ilha da Marambaia, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 58(2):173-197., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

36. Asphondylia struthanthi Rübsaamen, 1915RÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1915. Beitrag zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Gallmucken. Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1915:431-481. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Ceará: Serra do Baturité (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Struthanthus sp. (Loranthaceae). Refs.: Rübsaamen 1915RÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1915. Beitrag zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Gallmucken. Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1915:431-481., Möhn 1973MÖHN, E. 1973. Studien uber neotropische Gallmücken (Diptera, Itonididae). 2. Teil. Stutt. Beitr. Naturd. 257:1-9., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

37. Asphondylia sulphurea Tavares, 1909TAVARES, J.S. 1909. Contributio prima ad cognitionem cecidologiae braziliae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 8:5-28, pls. I-VIII. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio Grande do Sul: São Leopoldo (Pampa). Host plant: Poss on Smilax sp. (Smilacaceae). Refs.: Tavares 1909TAVARES, J.S. 1909. Contributio prima ad cognitionem cecidologiae braziliae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 8:5-28, pls. I-VIII., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

38. Asphondylia tournefortiae Rübsaamen, 1915RÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1915. Beitrag zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Gallmucken. Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1915:431-481. (gall-inducer). Distribution: El Salvador; Brazil: Amazonas: Auristela and São Francisco on Acre River (Amazon Forest). Host plants: Heliotropium angustiflorum (Ruiz & Pav.) Govaerts (=Tournefortia angustiflora Ruiz & Pav.) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest) and Myriopus volubilis Small (=Tournefortia volubilis L.) (Boraginaceae) (native) (Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Rübsaamen 1915RÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1915. Beitrag zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Gallmucken. Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1915:431-481., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

39. Asphondylia ulei Rübsaamen, 1908aRÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1908a. Beitrage zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Zoocecidien. III. Beitrag: Gallen aus Brasilien und Peru. Marcellia 6:110-173. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Palmeiras (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Mikania sp. (Asteraceae). Refs.: Rübsaamen 1908aRÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1908a. Beitrage zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Zoocecidien. III. Beitrag: Gallen aus Brasilien und Peru. Marcellia 6:110-173., Möhn 1973MÖHN, E. 1973. Studien uber neotropische Gallmücken (Diptera, Itonididae). 2. Teil. Stutt. Beitr. Naturd. 257:1-9., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

40. Asteromyia modesta (Felt, 1907aFELT, E.P. 1907a. Appendix: New species of Cecidomyiidae. Pp. 97-165. In his 22d report of the State entomologist on injurious and other insects of the State of New York 1906. N. Y. State Mus. Bul. 110:39-186, 3 pls.) (gall-inducer). Distribution: Widespread eastern Nearctic, Argentina, and Brazil: Minas Gerais (unstated municipality), Rio de Janeiro state (Atlantic Forest). Host plants: Conyza canadensis (L.) Cronquist (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, Atlantic Forest, Pampa, and Pantanal) and Erigeron strigosus Muhl. ex Willd. (Asteraceae) (exotic). Refs.: Felt 1907aFELT, E.P. 1907a. Appendix: New species of Cecidomyiidae. Pp. 97-165. In his 22d report of the State entomologist on injurious and other insects of the State of New York 1906. N. Y. State Mus. Bul. 110:39-186, 3 pls., Gagné 1968GAGNÉ, R.J. 1968. A taxonomic revision of the genus Asteromyia (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae). Misc. Publ. Entomol. Soc. Am. 6:1-40., 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

41. Autodiplosis parva (Tavares, 1916TAVARES, J.S. 1916. Cecidomyias novas do Brazil. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 14:36-57. ) (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Bahia: Salvador (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: undetermined Fabaceae. Refs.: Tavares 1916TAVARES, J.S. 1916. Cecidomyias novas do Brazil. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 14:36-57. , Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

42. Baccharomyia magna Maia, 2012MAIA, V.C. & FONSECA, K. F. 2012. Burseramyia braziliensis, a new species of gall midge (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Asphondyliini) associated with Swartzia langsdorffii Raddi (Fabaceae). Biota Neotrop. 11(4):55-57. http://www. biotaneotropica.org.br/v11n4/en/abstract?article+bn00611042011 (last access on 17/March/2020).
http://www. biotaneotropica.org.br/v11n4...
(gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Minas Gerais: Parque Estadual do Itacolomi (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Baccharis pseudomyriocephala Malag. (Asteraceae) (endemic to Atlantic Forest); HT; ♂; MNRJ. Distr.: Brazil (Minas Gerais). Refs.: Maia 2012MAIA, V.C. 2012. Pp. 26-28. In Maia, V.C. and M.A.A. Carneiro. A new species of Baccharomyia (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from Baccharis pseudomiryocephala (Asteraceae) in Brazil.Vestn. Zool. 46(2):23-28., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

43. Baccharomyia ramosina Tavares, 1917aTAVARES, J.S. 1917a. Cecídias do brazileiras que se criam em planta das Compositae, Rubiaceae, Tiliaceae, Lythraceae e Artocarpaceae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 15:113-181, pls. VI-XI. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Nova Friburgo (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Baccharis crispa Spreng. (= B. trimera (Less.) DC. (Asteraceae) (native to Brazil) (Caatinga, Cerrado, Atlantic Forest, and Pampa). Refs.: Tavares 1917aTAVARES, J.S. 1917a. Cecídias do brazileiras que se criam em planta das Compositae, Rubiaceae, Tiliaceae, Lythraceae e Artocarpaceae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 15:113-181, pls. VI-XI., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

44. Brethesiamyia retorta Maia, 2009MAIA, V.C., ZART, M. & BOTTON, M. 2009. Neolasioptera ramicola, a new species of Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) associated with Physalis angulata (Solanaceae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 53(2):163-165. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Minas Gerais: Três Marias (Cerrado). Host plant: Myrcia retorta Cambess (Myrtaceae) (endemic to Brazil) (Cerrado and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia et al. 2009MAIA, V.C., FERNANDES, G. W. & NEGREIROS, D. 2009. A new genus and species of gall midge (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Myrcia retorta (Myrtaceae) Rev. Bras. Entomol. 53(1):38-40., 2010aMAIA, V.C. 2010a. A new replacement name for Brethesia (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 54(1):146., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

45. Bruggmannia acaudata Maia, 2004bMAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, G.W. 2004. Insect galls from Serra de São José (Tiradentes, MG, Brazil). Braz. J. Biol. 64(3A):423-445. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Espírito Santo: Santa Teresa (Atlantic Forest); Rio de Janeiro state: Angra dos Reis (Ilha Grande), Mangaratiba, Maricá, Carapebus, Arraial do Cabo; São Francisco de Itabapoana (Atlantic Forest); Bahia: Porto Seguro-Trancoso (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Guapira opposita (Vell.) Reitz (Nyctaginaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Monteiro et al. 1994MONTEIRO, R.F., FERRAZ, F.F.F., MAIA, V.C. & AZEVEDO, M.A.P. 1994. Galhas entomógenas em restingas: uma abordagem preliminar. In An. ACIESP 3(87):210-220. , Maia 2001bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., 2004bMAIA, V.C. 2004b. Description of a new species of Bruggmannia Tavares (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Guapira opposita (Vell.) Reltz (Nyctaginaceae) in Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 21(4):761-764., 2014, Maia & Oliveira 2010MAIA, V.C. & OLIVEIRA, J.C. 2010. Galhas de insetos da Reserva Biológica Estadual da Praia do Sul (Ilha Grande, Angra dos Reis, RJ). Biota Neotrop. 10(4):227-238. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v10n4/pt/abstract?inventory+bn04110042010 (last access on 17/March/2020).
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, Maia et al. 2014MAIA, V.C. 2014. New state record of four species of gall midges (Insecta, Diptera, Cecidomyiidae). Check List 10(4):942-943., Rodrigues & Maia 2014RODRIGUES, A.R., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2014. Insect galls of restinga areas of Ilha da Marambaia, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 58(2):173-197., Maia & Carvalho-Fernandes 2016MAIA, V.C. & CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P. 2016. Insect galls of a protected remnant of the Atlantic Forest tableland from Rio de Janeiro State (Brazil). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 60(2016)40-56., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

46. Bruggmannia braziliensis Tavares, 1906TAVARES, J.S. 1906. Descripção de uma cecidomyia nova do Brazil, pertencente a um gênero novo. Brotéria 5:81-84. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio Grande do Sul: São Leopoldo (Pampa). Host plant: Myrsine sp. (Myrsinaceae). Refs.: Tavares 1906TAVARES, J.S. 1906. Descripção de uma cecidomyia nova do Brazil, pertencente a um gênero novo. Brotéria 5:81-84., Möhn 1962MÖHN, E. 1962. Studien uber neotropische Gallmücken (Diptera, Itonididae). 1. Teil. Broteria 31:211-239., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

47. Bruggmannia chapadensis Proença & Maia, 2018PROENÇA, P. & MAIA, V.C. 2018. Bruggmannia chapadensis sp. nov. (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae), a new midge inducing galls on Guapira pernambucensis (Nyctaginaceae) from the Parque Nacional da Chapada dos Guimarães, Mato Grosso State, Brazil. ZOOLOGIA 35: e13040 | DOI: 10.3897/zoologia.35.e13040.
https://doi.org/10.3897/zoologia.35.e130...
(gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Mato Grosso: Parque Nacional da Chapada dos Guimarães (Cerrado). Host plant: Guapira pernambucensis (Casar.) Lundell (Nyctaginaceae) (endemic to Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Proença & Maia 2018PROENÇA, P. & MAIA, V.C. 2018. Bruggmannia chapadensis sp. nov. (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae), a new midge inducing galls on Guapira pernambucensis (Nyctaginaceae) from the Parque Nacional da Chapada dos Guimarães, Mato Grosso State, Brazil. ZOOLOGIA 35: e13040 | DOI: 10.3897/zoologia.35.e13040.
https://doi.org/10.3897/zoologia.35.e130...

48. Brugmannia depressa (Kieffer, 1913KIEFFER, J.-J. 1913. Diptera. Fam. Cecidomyidae. Fasc. 152. Wytsman, P., ed., Genera Insectorum. Bruxelles.) (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Pará: Belém; Acre: Juruá Mirim (Amazon Forest); Rio de Janeiro state: Teresópolis, Rio de Janeiro (Floresta da Tijuca) (Atlantic Forest); Santa Catarina (unstated municipality); Minas Gerais (unstated municipality). Host plant: Neea sp. (Nyctaginaceae). Refs.: Kieffer 1913KIEFFER, J.-J. 1913. Diptera. Fam. Cecidomyidae. Fasc. 152. Wytsman, P., ed., Genera Insectorum. Bruxelles., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

49. Bruggmannia elongata Maia & Couri, 1993MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 1993. Descrição de três espécies novas de Bruggmannia Tavares, 1906 (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Asphondyliidi) do Brasil associadas com Guapira opposita (Nyctaginaceae). Rev. Bras. Biol. 53(2):209-215. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Bahia: Porto Seguro-Trancoso (Atlantic Forest); Espírito Santo: Conceição da Barra, Guarapari (Atlantic Forest); Rio de Janeiro state: Angra dos Reis (Ilha Grande), Mangaratiba, Rio de Janeiro (Marambaia), Maricá, Saquarema, Araruama, Carapebus, Arraial do Cabo (Ilha do Cabo Frio), Cabo Frio, São João da Barra, São Francisco de Itabapoana (Atlantic Forest); São Paulo state: Bertioga (Atlantic Forest); Santa Catarina: Babitonga (Atlantic Forest); Rio Grande do Sul: Canela (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Guapira opposita (Vell.) Reitz (Nyctaginaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia & Couri 1993MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 1993. Descrição de três espécies novas de Bruggmannia Tavares, 1906 (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Asphondyliidi) do Brasil associadas com Guapira opposita (Nyctaginaceae). Rev. Bras. Biol. 53(2):209-215., Monteiro et al. 1994MONTEIRO, R.F., FERRAZ, F.F.F., MAIA, V.C. & AZEVEDO, M.A.P. 1994. Galhas entomógenas em restingas: uma abordagem preliminar. In An. ACIESP 3(87):210-220. . Maia 2001bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., 2014MAIA, V.C. 2014. New state record of four species of gall midges (Insecta, Diptera, Cecidomyiidae). Check List 10(4):942-943., Maia et al. 2008MAIA, V.C., MAGENTA, M.A.G. & MARTINS, S.E. 2008. Ocorrência e caracterização de galhas de insetos em áreas de restinga de Bertioga (São Paulo, Brasil). Biota Neotrop. 8(1):167-197. <http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v8n1/pt/abstract?inventory+bn02408012008> (last access on 17/March/2020).
http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v8n1/p...
, Maia & Oliveira 2010MAIA, V.C., FERNANDES, G.W. & OLIVEIRA, L.A. 2010a. A new species of Bruggmanniella (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Asphondyliini) associated with Doliocarpus dentatus (Dillenicaceae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 54(2):225-228., Maia & Souza 2013MAIA, V.C. & SOUZA, M.C. 2013. Insect galls of the xeric vegetation of Ilha do Cabo Frio (Arraial do Cabo, RJ, Brazil). Biota Neotrop. 13(3):278-288. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v13n3/en/abstract?inventory+bn02213032013 (last access on 17/March/2020).
http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v13n3/...
, Rodrigues & Maia 2014RODRIGUES, A.R., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2014. Insect galls of restinga areas of Ilha da Marambaia, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 58(2):173-197., Arriola et al. 2015ARRIOLA, I.B., MELO-JÚNIOR, J.C.F, MOUGA, D.M.D, ISAIAS, R.M.S, COSTA, E.C. 2016. Where host plant goes, galls go too: new records of the Neotropical galling Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) associated with Calophyllum brasiliense Cambess. (Calophyllaceae). Check List 12:1924., Carvalho-Fernandes et al. 2016CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P., ASCENDINO, S., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2016. Diversity of insect galls associated with coastal shrub vegetation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 88(3):1407-1418., Maia & Carvalho-Fernandes 2016CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P., ASCENDINO, S., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2016. Diversity of insect galls associated with coastal shrub vegetation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 88(3):1407-1418., Maia & Silva 2016MAIA, V.C. & SILVA, L.O. 2016. Insect galls of restinga de Marambaia (Barra de Guaratiba, Rio de Janeiro, RJ). Braz. J. Biol. 73(6):787-795., Goetz et al. 2018GOETZ, A.P.M., LUZ, F.A., TOMA, T.S.P. & MENDONÇA-JÚNIOR, M. 2018. Gall-inducing insects of deciduous and semideciduous forests in Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. Iheringia, Ser. Zool. e-ISSN 1678-4766., Melo-Júnior et al. 2018, Maia 2020aMAIA, V.C. 2020a. Insetos galhadores em áreas de Restinga no Espírito Santo, Brasil. In Anais do VIII Simpósio sobre a Biodiversidade da Mata Atlântica (SIMBIOMA), "Museu de Biologia Professor Mello Leitão: sete décadas conhecendo a biodiversidade da Mata Atlântica". Mônico, AT, Koch, ED, Freitas J, Rodrigues, LN, Lopes, MM & Betzel, RL (Eds.). Santa Teresa,. p.359-365. .

50. Bruggmannia globulifex (Kieffer, 1913KIEFFER, J.-J. 1913. Diptera. Fam. Cecidomyidae. Fasc. 152. Wytsman, P., ed., Genera Insectorum. Bruxelles.) (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Serra dos Órgãos (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Neea sp. (Nyctaginaceae). Refs.: Kieffer 1913KIEFFER, J.-J. 1913. Diptera. Fam. Cecidomyidae. Fasc. 152. Wytsman, P., ed., Genera Insectorum. Bruxelles., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

51. Bruggmannia lignicola (Kieffer, 1913KIEFFER, J.-J. 1913. Diptera. Fam. Cecidomyidae. Fasc. 152. Wytsman, P., ed., Genera Insectorum. Bruxelles.) (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Serra do Macaé (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Neea sp. (Nyctaginaceae). Refs.: Kieffer 1913KIEFFER, J.-J. 1913. Diptera. Fam. Cecidomyidae. Fasc. 152. Wytsman, P., ed., Genera Insectorum. Bruxelles., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

52. Bruggmannia longicauda (Kieffer, 1913KIEFFER, J.-J. 1913. Diptera. Fam. Cecidomyidae. Fasc. 152. Wytsman, P., ed., Genera Insectorum. Bruxelles.) (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Rio de Janeiro (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Neea sp. (Nyctaginaceae). Refs.: Kieffer 1913KIEFFER, J.-J. 1913. Diptera. Fam. Cecidomyidae. Fasc. 152. Wytsman, P., ed., Genera Insectorum. Bruxelles., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

53. Brugmannia longiseta (Kieffer, 1913KIEFFER, J.-J. 1913. Diptera. Fam. Cecidomyidae. Fasc. 152. Wytsman, P., ed., Genera Insectorum. Bruxelles.) (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Amazonas: Barcelos (Marari), Juruá (Amazon Forest). Host plant: Neea sp. (Nyctaginaceae). Refs.: Kieffer 1913KIEFFER, J.-J. 1913. Diptera. Fam. Cecidomyidae. Fasc. 152. Wytsman, P., ed., Genera Insectorum. Bruxelles., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

54. Bruggmannia micrura (Kieffer, 1913KIEFFER, J.-J. 1913. Diptera. Fam. Cecidomyidae. Fasc. 152. Wytsman, P., ed., Genera Insectorum. Bruxelles.) (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Santa Catarina (unstated municipality) (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Neea sp. (Nyctaginaceae). Refs.: Kieffer 1913KIEFFER, J.-J. 1913. Diptera. Fam. Cecidomyidae. Fasc. 152. Wytsman, P., ed., Genera Insectorum. Bruxelles., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

55. Bruggmannia monteiroiMaia & Couri, 1993MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 1993. Descrição de três espécies novas de Bruggmannia Tavares, 1906 (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Asphondyliidi) do Brasil associadas com Guapira opposita (Nyctaginaceae). Rev. Bras. Biol. 53(2):209-215. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Maricá (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Guapira opposita (Vell.) Reitz (Nyctaginaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia & Couri 1993MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 1993. Descrição de três espécies novas de Bruggmannia Tavares, 1906 (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Asphondyliidi) do Brasil associadas com Guapira opposita (Nyctaginaceae). Rev. Bras. Biol. 53(2):209-215., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

57. Bruggmannia robusta Maia & Couri, 1993MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 1993. Descrição de três espécies novas de Bruggmannia Tavares, 1906 (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Asphondyliidi) do Brasil associadas com Guapira opposita (Nyctaginaceae). Rev. Bras. Biol. 53(2):209-215. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: São Paulo state: Bertioga (Atlantic Forest); Rio de Janeiro state: Angra dos Reis (Ilha Grande), Mangaratiba, Reserva Biológica União, Maricá, Saquarema, Araruama, Arraial do Cabo, Cabo Frio, Carapebus, São João da Barra, São Francisco de Itabapoana (Atlantic Forest); Espírito Santo: Santa Tereza, Conceição da Barra (Atlantic Forest); Bahia: Porto Seguro-Trancoso (Atlantic Forest); Rio Grande do Sul: Canela (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Guapira opposita (Vell.) Reitz (Nyctaginaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia & Couri 1993MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 1993. Descrição de três espécies novas de Bruggmannia Tavares, 1906 (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Asphondyliidi) do Brasil associadas com Guapira opposita (Nyctaginaceae). Rev. Bras. Biol. 53(2):209-215., Monteiro et al. 1994MONTEIRO, R.F., FERRAZ, F.F.F., MAIA, V.C. & AZEVEDO, M.A.P. 1994. Galhas entomógenas em restingas: uma abordagem preliminar. In An. ACIESP 3(87):210-220. , Maia 2001bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., 2014MAIA, V.C. 2014. New state record of four species of gall midges (Insecta, Diptera, Cecidomyiidae). Check List 10(4):942-943., Maia et al. 2008MAIA, V.C., MAGENTA, M.A.G. & MARTINS, S.E. 2008. Ocorrência e caracterização de galhas de insetos em áreas de restinga de Bertioga (São Paulo, Brasil). Biota Neotrop. 8(1):167-197. <http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v8n1/pt/abstract?inventory+bn02408012008> (last access on 17/March/2020).
http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v8n1/p...
, Maia & Oliveira 2010MAIA, V.C. & OLIVEIRA, J.C. 2010. Galhas de insetos da Reserva Biológica Estadual da Praia do Sul (Ilha Grande, Angra dos Reis, RJ). Biota Neotrop. 10(4):227-238. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v10n4/pt/abstract?inventory+bn04110042010 (last access on 17/March/2020).
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, Maia et al. 2014MAIA, V.C. 2014. New state record of four species of gall midges (Insecta, Diptera, Cecidomyiidae). Check List 10(4):942-943., Rodrigues & Maia 2014RODRIGUES, A.R., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2014. Insect galls of restinga areas of Ilha da Marambaia, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 58(2):173-197., Maia & Carvalho-Fernandes 2016MAIA, V.C. & CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P. 2016. Insect galls of a protected remnant of the Atlantic Forest tableland from Rio de Janeiro State (Brazil). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 60(2016)40-56., Carvalho-Fernandes et al. 2016CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P., ASCENDINO, S., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2016. Diversity of insect galls associated with coastal shrub vegetation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 88(3):1407-1418., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. , Goetz et al. 2018GOETZ, A.P.M., LUZ, F.A., TOMA, T.S.P. & MENDONÇA-JÚNIOR, M. 2018. Gall-inducing insects of deciduous and semideciduous forests in Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. Iheringia, Ser. Zool. e-ISSN 1678-4766., Maia & Siqueira 2020MAIA, V.C. & SIQUEIRA, E.S. 2020. Insect galls of the Reserva Biológica União, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Biota Neotrop. 20(1):e20190758. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1676-0611-BN-2019-0758. (last access on 17/March/2020).
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, Maia 2020aMAIA, V.C. 2020a. Insetos galhadores em áreas de Restinga no Espírito Santo, Brasil. In Anais do VIII Simpósio sobre a Biodiversidade da Mata Atlântica (SIMBIOMA), "Museu de Biologia Professor Mello Leitão: sete décadas conhecendo a biodiversidade da Mata Atlântica". Mônico, AT, Koch, ED, Freitas J, Rodrigues, LN, Lopes, MM & Betzel, RL (Eds.). Santa Teresa,. p.359-365. .

58. Bruggmannia ruebsaameni (Kieffer, 1913KIEFFER, J.-J. 1913. Diptera. Fam. Cecidomyidae. Fasc. 152. Wytsman, P., ed., Genera Insectorum. Bruxelles.) (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Santa Catarina: Pedras Grandes (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Neea sp. (Nyctaginaceae). Refs.: Kieffer 1913KIEFFER, J.-J. 1913. Diptera. Fam. Cecidomyidae. Fasc. 152. Wytsman, P., ed., Genera Insectorum. Bruxelles., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

59. Bruggmanniella braziliensis Tavares, 1909TAVARES, J.S. 1909. Contributio prima ad cognitionem cecidologiae braziliae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 8:5-28, pls. I-VIII. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio Grande do Sul: São Leopoldo (Pampa). Host plant: Sorocea bonplandii (Baill.) W. C. Burger et al. (= Sorocea ilicifolia Miq.) (Moraceae) (native to Brazil) (Cerrado, Atlantic Forest, and Pantanal). Refs.: Tavares 1909TAVARES, J.S. 1909. Contributio prima ad cognitionem cecidologiae braziliae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 8:5-28, pls. I-VIII., Möhn 1963MÖHN, E. 1963. Studien uber neotropische Gallmücken (Diptera, Itonididae). 1. Teil (Fortsetzung). Broteria 32:3-23., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

60. Bruggmanniella byrsonimae (Maia & Couri, 1992MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 1992. Pp. 655-660. InMaia, V.C., M.S. Couri and R.F. Monteiro. Sobre seis espécies de Asphondylia Loew, 1850 do Brasil (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae. Rev. Bras. Entomol 36(3):653-661.) (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Bahia: Viçosa (Atlantic Forest); Espírito Santo: Linhares (Atlantic Forest); Rio de Janeiro state: Mangaratiba, Rio de Janeiro (Marambaia), Maricá, Araruama, Arraial do Cabo, Carapebus, São João da Barra (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Byrsonima sericea DC. (Malpighiaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia & Couri 1992MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 1992. Pp. 655-660. InMaia, V.C., M.S. Couri and R.F. Monteiro. Sobre seis espécies de Asphondylia Loew, 1850 do Brasil (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae. Rev. Bras. Entomol 36(3):653-661., Maia 1999aMAIA, V.C. 1999a. Descrição de imaturos de quatro espécies de Asphondyliini neotropicais e nota taxonômica sobre Asphondylia maytenuse Maia & Couri (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae). Rev. Bras. Zool. 16(3):775-778., Maia 2001bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., Rodrigues et al. 2014RODRIGUES, A.R., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2014. Insect galls of restinga areas of Ilha da Marambaia, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 58(2):173-197., Carvalho-Fernandes et al. 2016CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P., ASCENDINO, S., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2016. Diversity of insect galls associated with coastal shrub vegetation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 88(3):1407-1418., Maia & Silva 2016MAIA, V.C. & SILVA, L.O. 2016. Insect galls of restinga de Marambaia (Barra de Guaratiba, Rio de Janeiro, RJ). Braz. J. Biol. 73(6):787-795., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. , Maia & Flor 2020MAIA, V.C. & FLOR, I.C. 2020 New geographic records of four species of Asphondyliini (Insecta, Diptera, Cecidomyiidae). Check List 16(4):859-864. https://doi.org/10.15560/16.4.859
https://doi.org/10.15560/16.4.859...
.

61. Bruggmanniella doliocarpi Maia, 2010MAIA, V.C. & OLIVEIRA, J.C. 2010. Galhas de insetos da Reserva Biológica Estadual da Praia do Sul (Ilha Grande, Angra dos Reis, RJ). Biota Neotrop. 10(4):227-238. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v10n4/pt/abstract?inventory+bn04110042010 (last access on 17/March/2020).
http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v10n4/...
(gall-inducer). Distribution: Venezuela: Santa Lucia; Brazil: Pernambuco: Recife (Atlantic Forest); D.F.: Planaltina (Cerrado); Minas Gerais: Dores do Indaiá (Cerrado). Host plant: Doliocarpus dentatus (Aubl.) Standl. (Dilleniaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, Atlantic Forest, and Pantanal). Refs.: Maia et al. 2010a,MAIA, V.C., FERNANDES, G.W. & OLIVEIRA, L.A. 2010a. A new species of Bruggmanniella (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Asphondyliini) associated with Doliocarpus dentatus (Dillenicaceae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 54(2):225-228. Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. , Maia & Flor 2020MAIA, V.C. & FLOR, I.C. 2020 New geographic records of four species of Asphondyliini (Insecta, Diptera, Cecidomyiidae). Check List 16(4):859-864. https://doi.org/10.15560/16.4.859
https://doi.org/10.15560/16.4.859...
.

62. Bruggmanniella duguetiae Urso-Guimarães & Amorim, 2005URSO-GUIMARÃES, M.V. &. AMORIM, D.S. 2005. Two new species of Bruggmanniella Tavares, 1909 (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) from Brazil. Stud. Dipterol. 11(2004): 429-436. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: São Paulo state: São Carlos, Luiz Antônio (Cerrado). Host plant: Duguetia furfuraceae (A.St.-Hil.) Saff. (Annonaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Urso-Guimarães & Amorim 2005URSO-GUIMARÃES, M.V. &. AMORIM, D.S. 2005. Two new species of Bruggmanniella Tavares, 1909 (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) from Brazil. Stud. Dipterol. 11(2004): 429-436., Saito & Urso-Guimarães 2012SAITO, V.S. & URSO-GUIMARÃES, M.V. 2012. Characterization of galls, insect galls and associated fauna of Ecological Station of Jataí (Luiz Antônio, SP). Biota Neotrop. 12(3):1-9. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v12n3/en/abstract?article+bn02312032012 (last access on 17/March/2020).
http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v12n3/...
, Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

63. Bruggmanniella ingae Urso-Guimarães & Amorim, 2005URSO-GUIMARÃES, M.V. &. AMORIM, D.S. 2005. Two new species of Bruggmanniella Tavares, 1909 (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) from Brazil. Stud. Dipterol. 11(2004): 429-436. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: São Paulo state: between São José do Rio Preto (Atlantic Forest and Cerrado) and Tapiratiba (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Inga edulis Mart. (Fabaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Urso-Guimarães & Amorim 2005URSO-GUIMARÃES, M.V. &. AMORIM, D.S. 2005. Two new species of Bruggmanniella Tavares, 1909 (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) from Brazil. Stud. Dipterol. 11(2004): 429-436., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

64. Bruggmanniella maytenuse (Maia & Couri, 1992MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 1992. Pp. 655-660. InMaia, V.C., M.S. Couri and R.F. Monteiro. Sobre seis espécies de Asphondylia Loew, 1850 do Brasil (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae. Rev. Bras. Entomol 36(3):653-661.) (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Maricá, São João da Barra, São Francisco de Itabapoana (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Monteverdia obtusifolia (Mart.) Biral (=Maytenus obtusifolia Mart.) (Celastraceae) (endemic to Brazil) (Amazon Forest and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia & Couri 1992MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 1992. Pp. 655-660. InMaia, V.C., M.S. Couri and R.F. Monteiro. Sobre seis espécies de Asphondylia Loew, 1850 do Brasil (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae. Rev. Bras. Entomol 36(3):653-661., Maia 1999aMAIA, V.C. 1999a. Descrição de imaturos de quatro espécies de Asphondyliini neotropicais e nota taxonômica sobre Asphondylia maytenuse Maia & Couri (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae). Rev. Bras. Zool. 16(3):775-778., Maia 2001bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., Carvalho-Fernandes et al. 2016CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P., ASCENDINO, S., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2016. Diversity of insect galls associated with coastal shrub vegetation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 88(3):1407-1418., Maia & Carvalho-Fernandes 2016CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P., ASCENDINO, S., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2016. Diversity of insect galls associated with coastal shrub vegetation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 88(3):1407-1418., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

65. Bruggmanniella miconiae Carvalho-Fernandes, Maia & Rodrigues, 2020 (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Minas Gerais: Dores do Indaiá (Cerrado). Host plant: Miconia theaezans (Bonpl.) Cogn. (Melastomataceae) (native to Brazil) (Cerrado and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Rodrigues et al. 2020RODRIGUES, A.R. , CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P. & MAIA, V.C. 2020. Pp 2-3. In Rodrigues, AR, Carvalho-Fernandes, SP &, Maia, VC & Oliveira, LA. Three new species of Bruggmanniella Tavares, 1909 (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from Brazil with a key to species. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 64(1): e201917.

66. Bruggmanniella miconia Garcia, Lamas and Urso-Guimarães, 2020GARCIA, C.A., SCARELI-SANTOS, C., OLIVEIRA, F.G.S., SILVA,M.D. & URSO-GUIMARÃES, U.V. 2020. A new genus and two new species of Cecidomyiini (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) from Brazil. Ann Zool 70(2):263-271. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: São Paulo state: Sorocaba (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Miconia cf. cinnamomifolia (Melastomataceae). Refs.: Garcia et al. 2020GARCIA, C.A., SCARELI-SANTOS, C., OLIVEIRA, F.G.S., SILVA,M.D. & URSO-GUIMARÃES, U.V. 2020. A new genus and two new species of Cecidomyiini (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) from Brazil. Ann Zool 70(2):263-271..

67. Bruggmanniella notatae Rodrigues & Maia, 2020RODRIGUES, A.R. , CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P. & MAIA, V.C. 2020. Pp 2-3. In Rodrigues, AR, Carvalho-Fernandes, SP &, Maia, VC & Oliveira, LA. Three new species of Bruggmanniella Tavares, 1909 (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from Brazil with a key to species. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 64(1): e201917. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Mangaratiba (Ilha da Marambaia) (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Ocotea notata (Nees and Mart.) Mez (Lauraceae) (endemic to Brazil) (Cerrado and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Rodrigues et al. 2020RODRIGUES, A.R. , CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P. & MAIA, V.C. 2020. Pp 2-3. In Rodrigues, AR, Carvalho-Fernandes, SP &, Maia, VC & Oliveira, LA. Three new species of Bruggmanniella Tavares, 1909 (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from Brazil with a key to species. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 64(1): e201917..

68. Bruggmanniella oblita Tavares, 1920dTAVARES, J.S. 1920d. O gênero Bruggmanniella Tav. com a descripção de uma espécie nova e a clave dichotomica des gêneros das Asphondyliariae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 18(1):33-42. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Nova Friburgo (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Schinus sp. (Anacardiaceae). Refs.: Tavares 1920dTAVARES, J.S. 1920d. O gênero Bruggmanniella Tav. com a descripção de uma espécie nova e a clave dichotomica des gêneros das Asphondyliariae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 18(1):33-42., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

69. Bruggmanniella sideroxyli Rodrigues & Maia, 2020RODRIGUES, A.R. , CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P. & MAIA, V.C. 2020. Pp 2-3. In Rodrigues, AR, Carvalho-Fernandes, SP &, Maia, VC & Oliveira, LA. Three new species of Bruggmanniella Tavares, 1909 (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from Brazil with a key to species. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 64(1): e201917. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Mangaratiba (Ilha da Marambaia) (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Sideroxylon obtusifolium (Roem. and Schult.) T. D. Penn. (Sapotaceae) (native to Brazil) (Caatinga, Cerrado, Atlantic Forest, and Pantanal). Refs.: Rodrigues & Maia 2020RODRIGUES, A.R. , CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P. & MAIA, V.C. 2020. Pp 2-3. In Rodrigues, AR, Carvalho-Fernandes, SP &, Maia, VC & Oliveira, LA. Three new species of Bruggmanniella Tavares, 1909 (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from Brazil with a key to species. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 64(1): e201917..

70. Burseramyia braziliensis Maia & Fonseca, 2012MAIA, V.C. & FONSECA, K. F. 2012. Burseramyia braziliensis, a new species of gall midge (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Asphondyliini) associated with Swartzia langsdorffii Raddi (Fabaceae). Biota Neotrop. 11(4):55-57. http://www. biotaneotropica.org.br/v11n4/en/abstract?article+bn00611042011 (last access on 17/March/2020).
http://www. biotaneotropica.org.br/v11n4...
(gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: São Paulo state: Bertioga (Atlantic Forest); Espírito Santo: Santa Teresa (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Swartzia langsdorffii Raddi (Fabaceae) (endemic to Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia et al. 2008MAIA, V.C., MAGENTA, M.A.G. & MARTINS, S.E. 2008. Ocorrência e caracterização de galhas de insetos em áreas de restinga de Bertioga (São Paulo, Brasil). Biota Neotrop. 8(1):167-197. <http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v8n1/pt/abstract?inventory+bn02408012008> (last access on 17/March/2020).
http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v8n1/p...
, Maia & Fonseca 2012MAIA, V.C. & FONSECA, K. F. 2012. Burseramyia braziliensis, a new species of gall midge (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Asphondyliini) associated with Swartzia langsdorffii Raddi (Fabaceae). Biota Neotrop. 11(4):55-57. http://www. biotaneotropica.org.br/v11n4/en/abstract?article+bn00611042011 (last access on 17/March/2020).
http://www. biotaneotropica.org.br/v11n4...
, Maia 2014MAIA, V.C. 2014. New state record of four species of gall midges (Insecta, Diptera, Cecidomyiidae). Check List 10(4):942-943., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

71. Cerciplanus cipo Garcia & Urso-Guimarães, 2020GARCIA, C.A., SCARELI-SANTOS, C., OLIVEIRA, F.G.S., SILVA,M.D. & URSO-GUIMARÃES, U.V. 2020. A new genus and two new species of Cecidomyiini (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) from Brazil. Ann Zool 70(2):263-271. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Minas Gerais: Serra do Cipó (Cerrado). Host plant: Heteropterys sp. (Malpighiaceae). Ref: Garcia et al. 2020GARCIA, C.A., SCARELI-SANTOS, C., OLIVEIRA, F.G.S., SILVA,M.D. & URSO-GUIMARÃES, U.V. 2020. A new genus and two new species of Cecidomyiini (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) from Brazil. Ann Zool 70(2):263-271..

72. Cerciplanus tocantinensis Garcia & Urso-Guimarães, 2020GARCIA, C.A., SCARELI-SANTOS, C., OLIVEIRA, F.G.S., SILVA,M.D. & URSO-GUIMARÃES, U.V. 2020. A new genus and two new species of Cecidomyiini (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) from Brazil. Ann Zool 70(2):263-271. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Tocantins: Araguaína (Cerrado). Host plant: Ouratea spectabilis (Mart.) Engl. (Ochnaceae) (endemic to Cerrado). Ref.: Garcia et al. 2020GARCIA, C.A., SCARELI-SANTOS, C., OLIVEIRA, F.G.S., SILVA,M.D. & URSO-GUIMARÃES, U.V. 2020. A new genus and two new species of Cecidomyiini (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) from Brazil. Ann Zool 70(2):263-271..

73. Cleitodiplosis graminis (Tavares, 1916TAVARES, J.S. 1916. Cecidomyias novas do Brazil. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 14:36-57. ) (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Bahia (unstated municipality); Rio de Janeiro state (unstated municipality) (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Paspalum conjugatum P. J. Bergius (Poaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, Atlantic Forest, Pampa, and Pantanal). Refs.: Tavares 1916TAVARES, J.S. 1916. Cecidomyias novas do Brazil. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 14:36-57. , 1921TAVARES, J.S. 1921. [continuation of:] Cecidologia brazileira: cecidias que se criam em plantas das famílias das Leguminosae, Sapotaceae, Lauraceae, Myrtaceae, Punicaceae, Aurantiaceae, Malpighiaceae, Sapindaceae, Umbelliferae, Loranthaceae, Apocynaceae, Urticaceae, Salicaceae e Gramineae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 19(3):97-112, pl. I., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

74. Clinodiplosis agerati Maia, 2016MAIA, V.C., WILSON, V.A.C. & MONTEIRO, R.F. 2016. A new species of Machaeriobia Rubsaamen, 1915 (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 60:227-230. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Minas Gerais: Dores de Indaiá (Cerrado). Host plant: Ageratum conyzoides L. (Asteraceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, Atlantic Forest, Pampa, and Pantanal). Refs.: Maia & Oliveira 2016MAIA, V.C. & OLIVEIRA, L.A. 2016. Clinodiplosis agerati (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae), a new galling species associated with Ageratum conyzoides (Asteraceae) from Brazil. Braz. J. Biol. 76:782-786., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

75. Clinodiplosis alternantherae Gagné, 2004GAGNÉ, R.J., SOSA, A. & CORDO, H. 2004. A new Neotropical species of Clinodiplosis (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) injurious to alligatorweed, Alternanthera philoxeroides (Amaranthaceae). Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 106: 305-311. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Uruguay, Argentina and Brazil (unstated locality), Host plant: Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb. (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, Atlantic Forest, Pampa, and Pantanal) and A. aquatica (D. Parodi) Chodat (Amaranthaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, Atlantic Forest, and Pantanal). Refs.: Gagné et al. 2004GAGNÉ, R.J., SOSA, A. & CORDO, H. 2004. A new Neotropical species of Clinodiplosis (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) injurious to alligatorweed, Alternanthera philoxeroides (Amaranthaceae). Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 106: 305-311., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

76. Clinodiplosis bahiensis (Tavares, 1917aTAVARES, J.S. 1917a. Cecídias do brazileiras que se criam em planta das Compositae, Rubiaceae, Tiliaceae, Lythraceae e Artocarpaceae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 15:113-181, pls. VI-XI.) (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Bahia: Salvador, Madre de Deus (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: undetermined Asteraceae. Refs.: Tavares 1917aTAVARES, J.S. 1917a. Cecídias do brazileiras que se criam em planta das Compositae, Rubiaceae, Tiliaceae, Lythraceae e Artocarpaceae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 15:113-181, pls. VI-XI., Gagné 2004GAGNÉ, R.J., SOSA, A. & CORDO, H. 2004. A new Neotropical species of Clinodiplosis (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) injurious to alligatorweed, Alternanthera philoxeroides (Amaranthaceae). Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 106: 305-311., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

77. Clinodiplosis bellum Urso-Guimarães & Carmo-Neto, 2015URSO-GUIMARÃES, M.V. & CARMO-NETO, A.M. 2015. A new species of gall midge associated with Diplopterys pubipetala (A. Juss.) Anderson and Davis (Malpighiaceae) from Altinópolis, São Paulo, Brazil. Braz. J. Biol. 75:175-179. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: São Paulo state: Altinopólis (Cerrado). Host plant: Diplopteryx pubipetala (A. Juss.) W. R. Anderson & C. C. Davis (Malpighiaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Urso-Guimarães & Carmo-Neto 2015URSO-GUIMARÃES, M.V. & CARMO-NETO, A.M. 2015. A new species of gall midge associated with Diplopterys pubipetala (A. Juss.) Anderson and Davis (Malpighiaceae) from Altinópolis, São Paulo, Brazil. Braz. J. Biol. 75:175-179., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. , Ribeiro et al. 2019RIBEIRO, A.N., BALBI, M.I.P.A. & URSO-GUIMARÃES, M.V. 2019. Characterization of insect galls from a vegetation area in Altinópolis, São Paulo State, Brazil. Pap. Avulsos Zool., v.59: e20195904..

78. Clinodiplosis cattleyae Felt, 1908FELT, E.P. 1908. Appendix D. Pp. 286-422, 489-510, pls. 33-34. In his 23d report of the State Entomologist on injurious and other insects of the State of New York 1907. N. Y. State Mus. Bul. 124:5-541, 44 pls. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Western Europe, immigr: Hawaii, USA, Mexico, Jamaica, Ecuador, and Brazil (unstated locality). Host plants: Cattleya spp., Epidendrum spp., and Laelia spp. (Orchidaceae). Refs.: Felt 1908FELT, E.P. 1908. Appendix D. Pp. 286-422, 489-510, pls. 33-34. In his 23d report of the State Entomologist on injurious and other insects of the State of New York 1907. N. Y. State Mus. Bul. 124:5-541, 44 pls., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

79. Clinodiplosis cearensis (Tavares, 1917aTAVARES, J.S. 1917a. Cecídias do brazileiras que se criam em planta das Compositae, Rubiaceae, Tiliaceae, Lythraceae e Artocarpaceae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 15:113-181, pls. VI-XI.) (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Ceará: Fortaleza (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: undetermined Asteraceae. Refs.: Tavares 1917aTAVARES, J.S. 1917a. Cecídias do brazileiras que se criam em planta das Compositae, Rubiaceae, Tiliaceae, Lythraceae e Artocarpaceae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 15:113-181, pls. VI-XI., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

80. Clinodiplosis cecropiae Proença & Maia, 2020PROENÇA, P. & MAIA, V.C. 2020. A new species of Clinodiplosis Kieffer (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Cecropia sp. (Urticaceae) in Brazil. Pap. Avulsos Zool., v.60: e20206003. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rondônia: Monte Negro (Amazon Forest). Host plant: Cecropiae sp. (Urticaceae). Refs.: Proença & Maia 2020PROENÇA, P. & MAIA, V.C. 2020. A new species of Clinodiplosis Kieffer (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Cecropia sp. (Urticaceae) in Brazil. Pap. Avulsos Zool., v.60: e20206003..

81. Clinodiplosis chlorophorae Rübsaamen, 1905aRÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1905a. Beitrage zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Zoocecidien. II. Beitrag: Gallen aus Brasilien und Peru. (Vorlaufige Mitteilung.) Marcellia 4:65-85. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Fábrica (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Maclura tinctoria (L.) D. Don ex Steud. (= Chlorophora tinctoria (L.) Gaudich. ex B.D. Jackson|) (Moraceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, Atlantic Forest, Pampa, and Pantanal). Refs.: Rübsaamen 1905aRÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1905a. Beitrage zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Zoocecidien. II. Beitrag: Gallen aus Brasilien und Peru. (Vorlaufige Mitteilung.) Marcellia 4:65-85., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

82. Clinodiplosis conica Oliveira & Maia, 2008OLIVEIRA, U.P. & MAIA, V.C. 2008. A new species of gall midge (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Sebastiania glandulosa (Euphorbiaceae). Arqu. Mus. Nac. 66(2):355-358. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Maricá, Carapebus, Arraial do Cabo (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Microstachys corniculata (Vahl) Griseb. (=Sebastiania glandulosa (Mart.) Pax.) (Euphorbiaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia 2001bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., Oliveira & Maia 2008,OLIVEIRA, U.P. & MAIA, V.C. 2008. A new species of gall midge (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Sebastiania glandulosa (Euphorbiaceae). Arqu. Mus. Nac. 66(2):355-358. Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

83. Clinodiplosis costai Maia, 2005MAIA, V.C., CONSTANTINO, P.A.L. & MONTEIRO, R.F. 2005. New gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with two species of Eugenia (Myrtaceae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 49(3):347-352. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Maricá, Carapebus, Arraial do Cabo (Atlantic Forest); São Paulo state: Bertioga (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Paullinia weinmanniifolia Mart. (Sapindaceae) (endemic to Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia 2001bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., 2005MAIA, V.C. 2005. Clinodiplosis costai, a new galler species (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Paullinia weinmanniaefolia Mart (Sapindaceae). Rev. Bras. Zool. 22(3):676-679., Maia et al. 2008MAIA, V.C., MAGENTA, M.A.G. & MARTINS, S.E. 2008. Ocorrência e caracterização de galhas de insetos em áreas de restinga de Bertioga (São Paulo, Brasil). Biota Neotrop. 8(1):167-197. <http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v8n1/pt/abstract?inventory+bn02408012008> (last access on 17/March/2020).
http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v8n1/p...
, Carvalho-Fernandes et al. 2016CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P., ASCENDINO, S., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2016. Diversity of insect galls associated with coastal shrub vegetation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 88(3):1407-1418., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

84. Clinodiplosis diodiae Maia, 2001aMAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, S.P.C. 2001. Two new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Erythroxylum ovalifolium Peyr. (Erythroxylaceae) from the Barra de Maricá restinga, Maricá, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Braz. J. Biol. 71(2): 521-526. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Carapebus, Arraial do Cabo (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Borreria palustris (Cham. & Schltdl.) Bacigalupo & E. L. Cabral (= Diodia gymnocephala (DC.) K.Schum.) (Rubiaceae) (native to Brazil) (Caatinga, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia 2001aMAIA, V.C. 2001a. New genera and species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool.18(Suppl. 1):1-32.,bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., Carvalho-Fernandes et al. 2016CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P., ASCENDINO, S., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2016. Diversity of insect galls associated with coastal shrub vegetation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 88(3):1407-1418., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

85. Clinodiplosis eupatorii (Felt, 1911aFELT, E.P. 1911a. Two new gall midges (Dipt.). Entomol. News 22:109-111.) (gall-inducer). Distribution: St. Vincent, Trinidad, Costa Rica, Brazil: Pará (unstated locality) (Amazon Forest). Host plant: Chromolaena odorata (L.) R. M. King & H. Rob. (native to Brazil) (all phytogeographic domains) and Eupatorium spp. (Asteraceae). Refs.: Felt 1911aFELT, E.P. 1911a. Two new gall midges (Dipt.). Entomol. News 22:109-111., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

86. Clinodiplosis floricola Novo-Guedes & Maia, 2008NOVO-GUEDES, R. & MAIA, V.C. 2008. Gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Heteropteris nitida (Malpigiaceae). Arqu. Mus. Nac. 66(2):359-362. (free living phytophagous). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Maricá, Rio de Janeiro (Marambaia) (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Heteropterys nitida (Lam.) DC. (Malpighiaceae) (native to Brazil) (Cerrado and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia 2001bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., Novo-Guedes & Maia 2008NOVO-GUEDES, R. & MAIA, V.C. 2008. Gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Heteropteris nitida (Malpigiaceae). Arqu. Mus. Nac. 66(2):359-362., Maia & Silva 2016MAIA, V.C. & SILVA, L.O. 2016. Insect galls of restinga de Marambaia (Barra de Guaratiba, Rio de Janeiro, RJ). Braz. J. Biol. 73(6):787-795., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

87. Clinodiplosis iheringi (Tavares, 1925TAVARES, J.S. 1925. Nova contribuição para o conhecimento da cecidologia brazileira. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 22:5-48.) (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Santa Catarina: Joinville (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Aegiphila integrifolia (Jacq.) Moldenke (= Aegiphila arborescens (Aubl.) J. F. Gmel.) (Verbenaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Tavares 1925TAVARES, J.S. 1925. Nova contribuição para o conhecimento da cecidologia brazileira. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 22:5-48., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

88. Clinodiplosis marcetiae (Tavares, 1917bTAVARES, J.S. 1917b. As cecidias do Brazil que se criam nas plantas da família das Melastomataceae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 15:18-49, pls. I-V. ) (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Nova Friburgo (Atlantic Forest). Host plan t: Marcetia sp. (Melastomataceae). Refs.: Tavares 1917bTAVARES, J.S. 1917b. As cecidias do Brazil que se criam nas plantas da família das Melastomataceae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 15:18-49, pls. I-V. , Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

89. Clinodiplosis maricaensis Fernandes & Maia, 2011 (inquiline). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Maricá, Carapebus (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Erythroxylum ovalifolium Peyr. (Erythroxylaceae) (endemic to Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia 2001bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., Maia & Fernandes 2011, Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

90. Clinodiplosis melissae Maia, 1993aMAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 1993. Descrição de três espécies novas de Bruggmannia Tavares, 1906 (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Asphondyliidi) do Brasil associadas com Guapira opposita (Nyctaginaceae). Rev. Bras. Biol. 53(2):209-215. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Maricá (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Melissa officinalis L. (Lamiaceae) (exotic) (cultived plant). Refs.: Maia 1993a,MAIA, V.C. 1999a. Descrição de imaturos de quatro espécies de Asphondyliini neotropicais e nota taxonômica sobre Asphondylia maytenuse Maia & Couri (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae). Rev. Bras. Zool. 16(3):775-778. Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

91. Clinodiplosis profusa Maia, 2001aMAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, S.P.C. 2001. Two new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Erythroxylum ovalifolium Peyr. (Erythroxylaceae) from the Barra de Maricá restinga, Maricá, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Braz. J. Biol. 71(2): 521-526. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Mangaratiba, Rio de Janeiro (Marambaia, Grumari), Maricá, Saquarema, Araruama, Cabo Frio, Arraial do Cabo (Ilha do Cabo Frio), São João da Barra (Atlantic Forest); Rio Grande do Sul: Santa Tereza (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Eugenia uniflora L. (Myrtaceae) (native to Brazil) (Cerrado, Atlantic Forest, and Pampa). Refs.: Monteiro et al. 1994MONTEIRO, R.F., FERRAZ, F.F.F., MAIA, V.C. & AZEVEDO, M.A.P. 1994. Galhas entomógenas em restingas: uma abordagem preliminar. In An. ACIESP 3(87):210-220. , Maia 2001aMAIA, V.C. 2001a. New genera and species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool.18(Suppl. 1):1-32., bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., Oliveira & Maia 2005OLIVEIRA, J.C. & MAIA, V.C. 2005. Ocorrência e caracterização de galhas de insetos na restinga de Grumari (Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil). Arqu. Mus. Nac. 63(4):669-676., Maia 2008, Silva & Rodrigues 2011SILVA, L.O. & RODRIGUES, A.R. 2011. Galhas de inseto do Parque Municipal da Boca da Barra, Cabo Frio (RJ). In Livro de resumos. X Congresso de Ecologia do Brasil. Sociedade de Ecologia do Brasil (SEB), Universidade de São Paulo. São Paulo. http://seb-ecologia.org.br/revistas/indexar/anais/xceb/resumos/449.pdf
http://seb-ecologia.org.br/revistas/inde...
, Rodrigues & Maia 2014RODRIGUES, A.R., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2014. Insect galls of restinga areas of Ilha da Marambaia, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 58(2):173-197., Carvalho-Fernandes et al. 2016CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P., ASCENDINO, S., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2016. Diversity of insect galls associated with coastal shrub vegetation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 88(3):1407-1418., Maia & Silva, 2016MAIA, V.C. & SILVA, L.O. 2016. Insect galls of restinga de Marambaia (Barra de Guaratiba, Rio de Janeiro, RJ). Braz. J. Biol. 73(6):787-795., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. , Goetz et al. 2018GOETZ, A.P.M., LUZ, F.A., TOMA, T.S.P. & MENDONÇA-JÚNIOR, M. 2018. Gall-inducing insects of deciduous and semideciduous forests in Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. Iheringia, Ser. Zool. e-ISSN 1678-4766..

92. Clinodiplosis pulchra (Tavares, 1917aTAVARES, J.S. 1917a. Cecídias do brazileiras que se criam em planta das Compositae, Rubiaceae, Tiliaceae, Lythraceae e Artocarpaceae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 15:113-181, pls. VI-XI.) (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Bahia: Salvador, Madre de Deus (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Lantana sp. (Verbenaceae). Refs.: Tavares 1917aTAVARES, J.S. 1917a. Cecídias do brazileiras que se criam em planta das Compositae, Rubiaceae, Tiliaceae, Lythraceae e Artocarpaceae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 15:113-181, pls. VI-XI., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

93. Clinodiplosis quartelensis Maia & Oliveira 2019MAIA, V.C. & OLIVEIRA, L.A. 2019. A new species of Clinodiplosis (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) causing galls on Banisteriopsis membranifolia (Malpighiaceae), an endemic plant in Brazil. ZOOLOGIA 36: e21481 | DOI: 10.3897/zoologia.36.e21481.
https://doi.org/10.3897/zoologia.36.e214...
(gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Minas Gerais: Quartel São João (Cerrado). Host plant: Banisteriopsis membranifolia (A. Juss.) B. Gates (Malpighiaceae) (endemic to Brazil) (Amazon and Atlantic Forests). Ref.: Maia & Oliveira 2019MAIA, V.C. & OLIVEIRA, L.A. 2019. A new species of Clinodiplosis (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) causing galls on Banisteriopsis membranifolia (Malpighiaceae), an endemic plant in Brazil. ZOOLOGIA 36: e21481 | DOI: 10.3897/zoologia.36.e21481.
https://doi.org/10.3897/zoologia.36.e214...

94. Clinodiplosis rubiae (Tavares, 1918aTAVARES, J.S. 1918a. Cecidomyias novas do Brazil, segunda série. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 16(2):68-84, pls. III-IV.) (gall-inducer). Rio de Janeiro state: Nova Friburgo (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Rubia sp. (Rubiaceae). Refs.: Tavares 1918aTAVARES, J.S. 1918a. Cecidomyias novas do Brazil, segunda série. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 16(2):68-84, pls. III-IV., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

95. Clusiamyia granulosa Maia, 2001aMAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, S.P.C. 2001. Two new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Erythroxylum ovalifolium Peyr. (Erythroxylaceae) from the Barra de Maricá restinga, Maricá, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Braz. J. Biol. 71(2): 521-526. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Casimiro de Abreu, Carapebus, Arraial do Cabo (Atlantic Forest); Espírito Santo: Guarapari (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Clusia hilariana Schltdl. (Clusiaceae) (endemic to Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia 2001aMAIA, V.C. 2001a. New genera and species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool.18(Suppl. 1):1-32., bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., Bregonci et al. 2010BREGONCI, J.M., POLYCARPO, P.V. & MAIA, V.C. 2010. Galhas de insetos do Parque Estadual Paulo César Vinha (Guarapari, ES, Brasil). Biota Neotrop. 10(1):1-10. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v10n1/pt/abstract?inventory+bn01410012010 (last access on 17/March/2020).
http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v10n1/...
, Carvalho-Fernandes et al. 2016CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P., ASCENDINO, S., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2016. Diversity of insect galls associated with coastal shrub vegetation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 88(3):1407-1418., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

96. Clusiamyia nitida Maia, 1997MAIA, V.C., MENDONÇA-JÚNIOR, M. & ROMANOWSKI, H.P. 1997. Eugeniamyia dispar gen. n. and sp. n. (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Lasiopteridi) associated with Eugenia uniflora L. (Myrtaceae) in Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 13(4):1087-1090. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Paraty, Rio de Janeiro, Maricá, Silva Jardim, Quissamã, Macaé, Arraial do Cabo (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Clusia lanceolata Cambess. (Clusiaceae) (endemic to Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia 1997MAIA, V.C. 1997. Clusiamyia nitida gen. n. e sp. n. (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Cecidomyiidi) associada com Clusia lanceolata Camb. (Clusiaceae) no Brasil. Rev. Bras. Zool.13(4): 829-832., 2001bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

97. Compsodiplosis itaparicana Tavares, 1922TAVARES, J.S. 1922. Cecidologia brazileira: as restantes famílias. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 19(1):5-48, pls. XI-XIX. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Bahia: Salvador (Itaparica) (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: unknown. Refs.: Tavares 1922TAVARES, J.S. 1922. Cecidologia brazileira: as restantes famílias. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 19(1):5-48, pls. XI-XIX., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

98. Compsodiplosis luteoalbida (Tavares, 1909TAVARES, J.S. 1909. Contributio prima ad cognitionem cecidologiae braziliae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 8:5-28, pls. I-VIII.) (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio Grande do Sul: São Leopoldo (Pampa). Host plant: ?Smilax sp. (Smilacaceae). Refs.: Tavares 1909TAVARES, J.S. 1909. Contributio prima ad cognitionem cecidologiae braziliae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 8:5-28, pls. I-VIII., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

99. Contarinia gemmae Maia, 2003 (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Amazonas: Amanã (Amazon Forest); Bahia: Sebastião Laranjeiras (Cerrado); Goiás: Pirenópolis, Teresina de Goiás, Cavalcante (Cerrado); Minas Gerais: Januária (Cerrado), São Tomé das Letras (Atlantic Forest, Cerrado); Rio de Janeiro state: Carapebus (Atlantic Forest); São Paulo state: Bertioga (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Calophyllum brasiliense Cambess. (Calophyllaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Madeira et al. 2003MADEIRA, J.A., MAIA, V.C. & MONTEIRO. R.F. 2003. Gall makers (Cecidomyiidae, Diptera) on Calophyllum brasiliense Camb. (Clusiaceae): descriptions and biology. Arqu. Mus. Nac. 61:31-48., Maia et al. 2008MAIA, V.C., MAGENTA, M.A.G. & MARTINS, S.E. 2008. Ocorrência e caracterização de galhas de insetos em áreas de restinga de Bertioga (São Paulo, Brasil). Biota Neotrop. 8(1):167-197. <http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v8n1/pt/abstract?inventory+bn02408012008> (last access on 17/March/2020).
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, Arriola et al. 2015, Proença & Maia 2015PROENÇA, B. & MAIA, V.C. 2015. New state record of gall midge species (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Calophyllum brasiliense Cambess (Calophyllaceae). Check List 11: doi.org/10.15560/11.2.1564. Article 1564.
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, Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. , Maia 2019aMAIA, V.C. 2019a. Gall-inducing insects on Calophyllum brasiliense Cambess. (Calophyllaceae): new geographical records and data on abundance and infestation rate. Biota Amazon. 9(2):51-53. .

100. Contarinia ubiquita Gagné, 2001GAGNÉ, R.J., ODA, R.A.M. & MONTEIRO, R.F. 2001. The gall midges (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) of Mikania glomerata (Asteraceae) in Southeastern Brazil. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 103:110-134. (inquiline). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Reserva Biológica de Poço das Antas (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Mikania glomerata Spreng. (Asteraceae) (native to Brazil) (Cerrado and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Gagné et al. 2001GAGNÉ, R.J., ODA, R.A.M. & MONTEIRO, R.F. 2001. The gall midges (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) of Mikania glomerata (Asteraceae) in Southeastern Brazil. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 103:110-134., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

101. Contodiplosis friburgensis (Tavares, 1915TAVARES, J.S. 1915. As cecidias das plantas do gênero Styrax no Brazil. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 13:145-160, pl. VI.) (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Nova Friburgo (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Styrax sp. (Styracaceae). Refs.: Tavares 1915TAVARES, J.S. 1915. As cecidias das plantas do gênero Styrax no Brazil. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 13:145-160, pl. VI., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

102. Contodiplosis humilis (Tavares, 1915TAVARES, J.S. 1915. As cecidias das plantas do gênero Styrax no Brazil. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 13:145-160, pl. VI.) (gall-inducer). Distribution: Rio de Janeiro state: Nova Friburgo (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Styrax sp. (Styracaceae). Refs.: Tavares 1915TAVARES, J.S. 1915. As cecidias das plantas do gênero Styrax no Brazil. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 13:145-160, pl. VI., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

103. Contodiplosis tristis (Tavares, 1915TAVARES, J.S. 1915. As cecidias das plantas do gênero Styrax no Brazil. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 13:145-160, pl. VI.) (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Nova Friburgo (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Styrax sp. (Styracaceae). Refs.: Tavares 1915TAVARES, J.S. 1915. As cecidias das plantas do gênero Styrax no Brazil. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 13:145-160, pl. VI., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

104. Cordiamyia globosa Maia, 1996aMAIA, V.C. 1996a. Cordiamyia globosa gen. n. e sp. n. (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associado com Cordia verbenacea DC. (Boraginaceae) no Brasil. Rev. Bras. Zool 13(3):579-583. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Maricá, Reserva Biológica União, Saquarema, Cabo Frio, Arraial do Cabo, São João da Barra, São Francisco de Itabapoana (Atlantic Forest); Espírito Santo: Guarapari, Conceição da Barra, Itaúnas (Atlantic Forest); São Paulo state: Bertioga (Atlantic Forest); Santa Catarina: Babitonga (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Varronia curassavica Jacq. (= Cordia verbenacea DC.) (= Cordia curassavica (Jacq.) Roem. & Schult.) (Boraginaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, Atlantic Forest, and Pampa). Refs.: Monteiro et al. 1994MONTEIRO, R.F., FERRAZ, F.F.F., MAIA, V.C. & AZEVEDO, M.A.P. 1994. Galhas entomógenas em restingas: uma abordagem preliminar. In An. ACIESP 3(87):210-220. , Maia 1996aMAIA, V.C. 1996a. Cordiamyia globosa gen. n. e sp. n. (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associado com Cordia verbenacea DC. (Boraginaceae) no Brasil. Rev. Bras. Zool 13(3):579-583., 2001bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., Maia et al. 2008MAIA, V.C., MAGENTA, M.A.G. & MARTINS, S.E. 2008. Ocorrência e caracterização de galhas de insetos em áreas de restinga de Bertioga (São Paulo, Brasil). Biota Neotrop. 8(1):167-197. <http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v8n1/pt/abstract?inventory+bn02408012008> (last access on 17/March/2020).
http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v8n1/p...
, Bregonci et al. 2010BREGONCI, J.M., POLYCARPO, P.V. & MAIA, V.C. 2010. Galhas de insetos do Parque Estadual Paulo César Vinha (Guarapari, ES, Brasil). Biota Neotrop. 10(1):1-10. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v10n1/pt/abstract?inventory+bn01410012010 (last access on 17/March/2020).
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, Arriola et al. 2015, Carvalho-Fernandes et al. 2016CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P., ASCENDINO, S., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2016. Diversity of insect galls associated with coastal shrub vegetation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 88(3):1407-1418., Maia & Carvalho-Fernandes 2016CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P., ASCENDINO, S., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2016. Diversity of insect galls associated with coastal shrub vegetation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 88(3):1407-1418., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. , Melo-Júnior et al. 2018, Maia & Siqueira 2020MAIA, V.C. & SIQUEIRA, E.S. 2020. Insect galls of the Reserva Biológica União, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Biota Neotrop. 20(1):e20190758. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1676-0611-BN-2019-0758. (last access on 17/March/2020).
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, Maia 2020aMAIA, V.C. 2020a. Insetos galhadores em áreas de Restinga no Espírito Santo, Brasil. In Anais do VIII Simpósio sobre a Biodiversidade da Mata Atlântica (SIMBIOMA), "Museu de Biologia Professor Mello Leitão: sete décadas conhecendo a biodiversidade da Mata Atlântica". Mônico, AT, Koch, ED, Freitas J, Rodrigues, LN, Lopes, MM & Betzel, RL (Eds.). Santa Teresa,. p.359-365. .

105. Costadiplosis maricaensis Viceconte & Maia, 2009VICECONTE, K.S.M. & MAIA, V.C. 2009. Novo gênero e nova espécie de Diptera ,Cecidomyiidae, associada com Psittacanthus dichrous (Loranthaceae). Arqu. Mus. Nac. 67:35-40. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Bahia*: Porto Seguro (RB557173) (Atlantic Forest); Rio de Janeiro state: Maricá (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Psittacanthus dichroos (Mart.) Mart. (Loranthaceae) (endemic to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia 2001bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., Viceconte & Maia 2009VICECONTE, K.S.M. & MAIA, V.C. 2009. Novo gênero e nova espécie de Diptera ,Cecidomyiidae, associada com Psittacanthus dichrous (Loranthaceae). Arqu. Mus. Nac. 67:35-40., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

106. Couridiplosis vena Maia, 2004aMAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, G.W. 2004. Insect galls from Serra de São José (Tiradentes, MG, Brazil). Braz. J. Biol. 64(3A):423-445. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Bahia*: Ilhéus (RB732206) (Atlantic Forest); Espírito Santo*: Santa Leopoldina (RB440351) (Atlantic Forest); Minas Gerais: Tiradentes (Cerrado); São Paulo state*: Bananal (RB511509) (Atlantic Forest); Paraná*: Diamante do Norte (RB460265) (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Croton floribundus Spreng (Euphorbiaceae) (native) (Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia 2004aMAIA, V.C. 2004a. A new genus and six new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from Serra de São José (Minas Gerais State), Brazil). Arqu. Mus. Nac. 62: 69-82., Maia & Fernandes 2004MAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, G.W. 2004. Insect galls from Serra de São José (Tiradentes, MG, Brazil). Braz. J. Biol. 64(3A):423-445., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

107. Dactylodiplosis heisteriae Rübsaamen, 1915RÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1915. Beitrag zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Gallmucken. Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1915:431-481.a (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Acre: Auristela, São Francisco (Amazon Forest). Host plant: Heisteria acuminata (Humb. & Bonpl.) Engl. (=Heisteria cyanocarpa Poepp.) (Olacaceae) (native) (Amazon Forest). Refs.: Rübsaamen 1915aRÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1915. Beitrag zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Gallmucken. Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1915:431-481., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

108. Dactylodiplosis heptaphylli Maia, 2004MAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, G.W. 2004. Insect galls from Serra de São José (Tiradentes, MG, Brazil). Braz. J. Biol. 64(3A):423-445. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Bahia*: Conde (RB37968), Caravelas (RB507605) (Atlantic Forest); Espírito Santo*: Linhares (RB252596, RB34113), Guarapari (RB535217) (Atlantic Forest); Rio de Janeiro state, Carapebus, Macaé* (RB393518), São João da Barra, São Francisco de Itabapoana (Atlantic Forest); Minas Gerais: São Tomé das Letras (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Protium heptaphyllum (Aubl.) Marchand (Burseraceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Narahara et al. 2004NARAHARA, K.L., MAIA, V.C. & MONTEIRO, R.F. 2004. Two new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Protium heptaphyllum (Aubl.) Marchand in Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 48(4):485-490., Maia 2001bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., 2013MAIA, V.C. 2013. Insect galls of São Tomé das Letras (MG, Brazil). Biota Neotrop. 13(4):164-189. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v13n4/en/abstract?article+bn03213042013 (last access on 17/March/2020).
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, Carvalho-Fernandes et al. 2016CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P., ASCENDINO, S., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2016. Diversity of insect galls associated with coastal shrub vegetation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 88(3):1407-1418., Maia & Carvalho-Fernandes 2016CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P., ASCENDINO, S., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2016. Diversity of insect galls associated with coastal shrub vegetation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 88(3):1407-1418., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

109. Dactylodiplosis icicaribae Maia, 2002MAIA, V.C., MONTEIRO R.F. & NARAHARA K. L. 2002. Two new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Protium icicariba (Burseraceae) in Brazil. Stud. Dipterol. 9:171-178. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Mangaratiba, Carapebus (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Protium icicariba (DC.) Marchand (Burseraceae) (endemic to Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia et al. 2002MAIA, V.C., MONTEIRO R.F. & NARAHARA K. L. 2002. Two new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Protium icicariba (Burseraceae) in Brazil. Stud. Dipterol. 9:171-178., Rodrigues et al. 2014RODRIGUES, A.R., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2014. Insect galls of restinga areas of Ilha da Marambaia, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 58(2):173-197., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

110. Dactylodiplosis petibaurum Maia, 2021MAIA, V.C. & SANTOS, M.G. 2021. A new species of gall midge (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Ocotea pulchella (Nees & Mart.) Mez (Lauraceae) from Brazil. DOI: 10.1080/01650521.2020.1857631
https://doi.org/10.1080/01650521.2020.18...
(gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Parque Nacional da Restinga de Jurubatiba (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Ocotea pulchella (Nees & Mart) Mez (Lauraceae) (native) (Atlantic Forest, Cerrado, and Pampa).

111. Dasineura braziliensis (Tavares, 1922TAVARES, J.S. 1922. Cecidologia brazileira: as restantes famílias. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 19(1):5-48, pls. XI-XIX.) (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Mato Grosso*: Fazenda Palmeiras (RB 314383) (Cerrado); Piauí: Piracuruca (Parque Nacional das Sete Cidades) (RB181551) (Cerrado); Bahia (unstated); MG*: Carrancas (RB560635) (Cerrado). Host plant: Protium heptaphyllum (Aubl.) Marchand (Burseraceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Tavares 1922TAVARES, J.S. 1922. Cecidologia brazileira: as restantes famílias. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 19(1):5-48, pls. XI-XIX., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

112. Dasineura byrsonimae Maia, 2010bMAIA, V.C. & OLIVEIRA, J.C. 2010. Galhas de insetos da Reserva Biológica Estadual da Praia do Sul (Ilha Grande, Angra dos Reis, RJ). Biota Neotrop. 10(4):227-238. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v10n4/pt/abstract?inventory+bn04110042010 (last access on 17/March/2020).
http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v10n4/...
(gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Mangaratiba, Rio de Janeiro (Marambaia), Reserva Biológica União, Maricá, Saquarema, Carapebus, Araruama, Arraial do Cabo, Cabo Frio, São João da Barra, São Francisco de Itabapoana (Atlantic Forest); Espírito Santo: Conceição da Barra Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Byrsonima sericea DC. (Malpighiaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia 2001bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., Maia 2008MAIA, V.C., MAGENTA, M.A.G. & MARTINS, S.E. 2008. Ocorrência e caracterização de galhas de insetos em áreas de restinga de Bertioga (São Paulo, Brasil). Biota Neotrop. 8(1):167-197. <http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v8n1/pt/abstract?inventory+bn02408012008> (last access on 17/March/2020).
http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v8n1/p...
, 2010bMAIA, V.C. 2010a. A new replacement name for Brethesia (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 54(1):146., Rodrigues et al. 2014RODRIGUES, A.R., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2014. Insect galls of restinga areas of Ilha da Marambaia, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 58(2):173-197., Carvalho-Fernandes et al. 2016CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P., ASCENDINO, S., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2016. Diversity of insect galls associated with coastal shrub vegetation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 88(3):1407-1418., Maia & Carvalho-Fernandes 2016CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P., ASCENDINO, S., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2016. Diversity of insect galls associated with coastal shrub vegetation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 88(3):1407-1418., Maia & Silva 2016MAIA, V.C. & SILVA, L.O. 2016. Insect galls of restinga de Marambaia (Barra de Guaratiba, Rio de Janeiro, RJ). Braz. J. Biol. 73(6):787-795., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. , Maia & Siqueira 2020MAIA, V.C. & SIQUEIRA, E.S. 2020. Insect galls of the Reserva Biológica União, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Biota Neotrop. 20(1):e20190758. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1676-0611-BN-2019-0758. (last access on 17/March/2020).
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, Maia 2020aMAIA, V.C. 2020a. Insetos galhadores em áreas de Restinga no Espírito Santo, Brasil. In Anais do VIII Simpósio sobre a Biodiversidade da Mata Atlântica (SIMBIOMA), "Museu de Biologia Professor Mello Leitão: sete décadas conhecendo a biodiversidade da Mata Atlântica". Mônico, AT, Koch, ED, Freitas J, Rodrigues, LN, Lopes, MM & Betzel, RL (Eds.). Santa Teresa,. p.359-365. .

113. Dasineura copacabanensis Maia, 1993bMAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 1993. Descrição de três espécies novas de Bruggmannia Tavares, 1906 (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Asphondyliidi) do Brasil associadas com Guapira opposita (Nyctaginaceae). Rev. Bras. Biol. 53(2):209-215. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Saquarema, Araruama, Arraial do Cabo, Cabo Frio, São João da Barra (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Eugenia copacabanensis Kiaersk. (Myrtaceae) (endemic to Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia 1993bMAIA, V.C., 1993b. Descrição de duas espécies novas de Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) associadas a Eugenia spp. (Myrtaceae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 37(4):717-721., Carvalho-Fernandes et al. 2016CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P., ASCENDINO, S., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2016. Diversity of insect galls associated with coastal shrub vegetation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 88(3):1407-1418., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

114. Dasineura couepiae Maia, 2001aMAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, S.P.C. 2001. Two new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Erythroxylum ovalifolium Peyr. (Erythroxylaceae) from the Barra de Maricá restinga, Maricá, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Braz. J. Biol. 71(2): 521-526. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Rio de Janeiro, Maricá, Araruama, Arraial do Cabo, Cabo Frio (Atlantic Forest); Espírito Santo: Guarapari, São Mateus (Atlantic Forest); Bahia: Caravelas, Conde, Porto Seguro (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Couepia ovalifolia (Schott) Benth. ex Hook.f. (Chrysobalanaceae) (endemic to Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Monteiro et al. 1994MONTEIRO, R.F., FERRAZ, F.F.F., MAIA, V.C. & AZEVEDO, M.A.P. 1994. Galhas entomógenas em restingas: uma abordagem preliminar. In An. ACIESP 3(87):210-220. , Maia 2001aMAIA, V.C. 2001a. New genera and species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool.18(Suppl. 1):1-32., bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., Bregonci et al. 2010BREGONCI, J.M., POLYCARPO, P.V. & MAIA, V.C. 2010. Galhas de insetos do Parque Estadual Paulo César Vinha (Guarapari, ES, Brasil). Biota Neotrop. 10(1):1-10. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v10n1/pt/abstract?inventory+bn01410012010 (last access on 17/March/2020).
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, Carvalho-Fernandes et al. 2016CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P., ASCENDINO, S., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2016. Diversity of insect galls associated with coastal shrub vegetation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 88(3):1407-1418., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. , Maia & Cruz, 2020MAIA, V.C. & CRUZ, K.D. 2020 Distribuição geográfica de insetos galhadores associados à Couepia ovalifolia (Chrysobalanaceae), planta endêmica do Brasil. In Anais do VIII Simpósio sobre a Biodiversidade da Mata Atlântica (SIMBIOMA), "Museu de Biologia Professor Mello Leitão: sete décadas conhecendo a biodiversidade da Mata Atlântica". Mônico, AT, Koch, ED, Freitas J, Rodrigues, LN, Lopes, MM & Betzel, RL (Eds.). Santa Teresa, p.355-358. .

115. Dasineura gigantea Angelo & Maia, 1999ANGELO, A.C. & MAIA, V.C. 1999. Dasineura gigantea sp. n. (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associada a Psidium cattleianum Sabine (Myrtaceae) no Brasil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 16(1): 191-195. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Paraná: Piraquara, Pontal do Paraná (Atlantic Forest); Santa Catarina: Babitonga, Itapoá (Atlantic Forest); São Paulo state: Bertioga (Atlantic Forest); Host plant: Psidium cattleyanum Sabine (Myrtaceae) (endemic to Brazil) (Caatinga, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Angelo & Maia 1999ANGELO, A.C. & MAIA, V.C. 1999. Dasineura gigantea sp. n. (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associada a Psidium cattleianum Sabine (Myrtaceae) no Brasil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 16(1): 191-195., Maia et al. 2008MAIA, V.C., FLOR, I.C. & OLIVEIRA, L.A. 2018. Myrciamyia pterandrae (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Lopesiini), a new species of gall midge associated with Pterandra pyroidea A. Juss. (Malpighiaceae), an endemic plant in Brazilian Cerrado. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 62(2018):220-224. , Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. , Melo-Júnior et al. 2018.

116. Dasineura globosa Maia, 1996bMAIA, V.C. 1996b. Três espécies novas de Dasineura Rondani (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associadas a Myrtaceae, na restinga de Barra de Maricá, Rio de Janeiro. Rev. Bras. Zool. 12(4):1001-1008. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Mangaratiba, Rio de Janeiro (Grumari, Marambaia), Maricá, Saquarema, Araruama, Arraial do Cabo, Cabo Frio, São João da Barra (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Eugenia astringens Cambess. (= Eugenia rotundifolia Casar) (Myrtaceae) (endemic to Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia 1996bMAIA, V.C. 1999b. Description of male, pupa and larva of Neolasioptera cerei Rübsaamen (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae). Rev. Bras. Zool. 16(suppl 2):119-122., 2001bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., Oliveira & Maia 2005OLIVEIRA, J.C. & MAIA, V.C. 2005. Ocorrência e caracterização de galhas de insetos na restinga de Grumari (Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil). Arqu. Mus. Nac. 63(4):669-676., Rodrigues et al. 2014RODRIGUES, A.R., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2014. Insect galls of restinga areas of Ilha da Marambaia, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 58(2):173-197., Carvalho-Fernandes et al. 2016CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P., ASCENDINO, S., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2016. Diversity of insect galls associated with coastal shrub vegetation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 88(3):1407-1418., Maia & Silva 2016MAIA, V.C. & SILVA, L.O. 2016. Insect galls of restinga de Marambaia (Barra de Guaratiba, Rio de Janeiro, RJ). Braz. J. Biol. 73(6):787-795., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

117. Dasineura marginalis Maia, 2005MAIA, V.C., CONSTANTINO, P.A.L. & MONTEIRO, R.F. 2005. New gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with two species of Eugenia (Myrtaceae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 49(3):347-352. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Mangaratiba, Saquarema, Macaé, Araruama, Arraial do Cabo, Cabo Frio (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Eugenia astringens Cambess (= Eugenia umbelliflora O. Berg., E. rotundifolia Casar) (Myrtaceae) (endemic to Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia 2001bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., Maia et al. 2005MAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, G. W. 2005a. A new genus and species of gall midges (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) associated with Waltheria indica L. Zootaxa 1060:27-36., Rodrigues et al. 2014RODRIGUES, A.R., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2014. Insect galls of restinga areas of Ilha da Marambaia, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 58(2):173-197., Carvalho-Fernandes et al. 2016CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P., ASCENDINO, S., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2016. Diversity of insect galls associated with coastal shrub vegetation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 88(3):1407-1418., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

118. Dasineura myrciariae Maia, 1996bMAIA, V.C. 1996b. Três espécies novas de Dasineura Rondani (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associadas a Myrtaceae, na restinga de Barra de Maricá, Rio de Janeiro. Rev. Bras. Zool. 12(4):1001-1008. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Rio de Janeiro (Marambaia), Maricá, Carapebus, São Francisco de Itabapoana (Atlantic Forest); Espírito Santo: Guarapari, Santa Teresa (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Myrciaria floribunda (H. West ex Willd.) O.Berg (Myrtaceae (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia 1996bMAIA, V.C. 1996b. Três espécies novas de Dasineura Rondani (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associadas a Myrtaceae, na restinga de Barra de Maricá, Rio de Janeiro. Rev. Bras. Zool. 12(4):1001-1008., Bregonci et al. 2010BREGONCI, J.M., POLYCARPO, P.V. & MAIA, V.C. 2010. Galhas de insetos do Parque Estadual Paulo César Vinha (Guarapari, ES, Brasil). Biota Neotrop. 10(1):1-10. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v10n1/pt/abstract?inventory+bn01410012010 (last access on 17/March/2020).
http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v10n1/...
, Maia 2001bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., Maia et al. 2014MAIA, V.C., CARDOSO, J. L.T. & BRAGA, J.M.A. 2014. Insect galls from Atlantic Forest areas of Santa Teresa, Espírito Santo, Brazil: characterization and occurrence. Bol. Mus. Biol. Mello Leitão 33:47-129. , Maia & Carvalho-Fernandes 2016CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P., ASCENDINO, S., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2016. Diversity of insect galls associated with coastal shrub vegetation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 88(3):1407-1418., Maia & Silva 2016MAIA, V.C., SILVEIRA, F.A.O., OLIVEIRA, L.A. & XAVIER, M.F. 2008 Asphondylia gochnatiae, a new species of gall midge (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Gochnatia polymorpha (Asteraceae). Zootaxa 1740:53-58., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

119. Dasineura occulta Pereira-Colavite & Urso-Guimarães, 2013PEREIRA-COLAVITE, A. & URSO-GUIMARÃES, M.V. 2013. Nova espécie de Dasineura Rondani, 1840 (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) em capitulos de Hypochaeris chillensis (Kunth) Britton (Asteraceae) para o Brasil. Pap. Avulsos Zool. 53:59-66. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: São Paulo state: São Carlos (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Hypochaeris chillensis (Kunth) Britton (Asteraceae) (native to Brazil) (Atlantic Forest and Pampa). Refs.: Pereira-Colavite & Urso-Guimarães 2013PEREIRA-COLAVITE, A. & URSO-GUIMARÃES, M.V. 2013. Nova espécie de Dasineura Rondani, 1840 (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) em capitulos de Hypochaeris chillensis (Kunth) Britton (Asteraceae) para o Brasil. Pap. Avulsos Zool. 53:59-66., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

120. Dasineura ovalifoliae Fernandes & Maia, 2011 (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Rio de Janeiro (Grumari, Marambaia), Maricá, Saquarema, Araruama, Arraial do Cabo, Cabo Frio, Carapebus (Atlantic Forest); Espírito Santo: Santa Teresa (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Erythroxylum ovalifolium Peyr. (Erythroxylaceae) (endemic to Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia 2001bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., Maia & Fernandes 2011, Maia et al. 2014MAIA, V.C., CARDOSO, J. L.T. & BRAGA, J.M.A. 2014. Insect galls from Atlantic Forest areas of Santa Teresa, Espírito Santo, Brazil: characterization and occurrence. Bol. Mus. Biol. Mello Leitão 33:47-129. , Carvalho-Fernandes et al. 2016CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P., ASCENDINO, S., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2016. Diversity of insect galls associated with coastal shrub vegetation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 88(3):1407-1418., Maia & Silva 2016MAIA, V.C. & SILVA, L.O. 2016. Insect galls of restinga de Marambaia (Barra de Guaratiba, Rio de Janeiro, RJ). Braz. J. Biol. 73(6):787-795., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

121. Dasineura tavaresi Maia, 1996bMAIA, V.C. 1996b. Três espécies novas de Dasineura Rondani (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associadas a Myrtaceae, na restinga de Barra de Maricá, Rio de Janeiro. Rev. Bras. Zool. 12(4):1001-1008. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: State of de Janeiro: Maricá, Araruama, Carapebus, Arraial do Cabo, Cabo Frio, São João da Barra (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Neomitranthes obscura (DC.) N. Silveira (Myrtaceae) (endemic to Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia 1996bMAIA, V.C. 1996b. Três espécies novas de Dasineura Rondani (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associadas a Myrtaceae, na restinga de Barra de Maricá, Rio de Janeiro. Rev. Bras. Zool. 12(4):1001-1008., 2001bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., Carvalho-Fernandes et al. 2016CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P., ASCENDINO, S., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2016. Diversity of insect galls associated with coastal shrub vegetation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 88(3):1407-1418., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

122. Diadiplosis abacaxii Culik & Ventura, 2013aCULIK, M.P. & VENTURA, J.A. 2013a. A new species of cecidomyiid (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) predator of scale insect (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) pests of pineapple. Acta Phytopathol. Entomol. Hung. 48:129-134. (predator of Dysmicoccus brevipes Cockerell, 1893 Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae). Distribution: Brazil: Espírito Santo: Cachoeiro de Itapemirim (Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Culik & Ventura 2013aCULIK, M.P. & VENTURA, J.A. 2013a. A new species of cecidomyiid (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) predator of scale insect (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) pests of pineapple. Acta Phytopathol. Entomol. Hung. 48:129-134., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

123. Diadiplosis bellingeri Culik & Ventura, 2012CULIK, M.P. & VENTURA, J.A. 2012. A new species of cecidomyiid (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) predator associated with scale insect (Hemiptera, Coccoidea) pests of coffee. J. Entomol. Res. Soc. 14: 9-3. (predator of Pseudococcidae and Coccidae: Hemiptera). Distribution: Brazil: Espírito Santo: Domingos Martins (Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Culik & Ventura 2012CULIK, M.P. & VENTURA, J.A. 2012. A new species of cecidomyiid (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) predator associated with scale insect (Hemiptera, Coccoidea) pests of coffee. J. Entomol. Res. Soc. 14: 9-3., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

124. Diadiplosis coccidivora (Felt, 1911bFELT, E.P. 1911b. New species of gall midges. J. Econ. Entomol. 4:546-559.) (predator of Pulvinaria urbicola (Cockrell, 1893) (Hemiptera: Coccidae), Alichtensia sp., Coccus sp., Pulvinaria spp., Saissetia spp. (Hemiptera: Coccidae), and Eriococcus sp. (Hemiptera: Eriococcidae). Distribution: USA (Florida); Bermuda; Jamaica; Guadeloupe, Panama, Guyana, Argentina, Brazil: São Paulo state (unstated municipality). Refs.: Felt 1911bFELT, E.P. 1911b. New species of gall midges. J. Econ. Entomol. 4:546-559., Borgmeier 1931, Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

125. Diadiplosis floridana (Felt, 1915aFELT, E.P. 1915a. New North American gall midges. Can. Entomol. 47:226-232.) (predator of Pseudococcidae). Distribution: USA (Florida), Cuba, Paraguay, Brazil: Espírito Santo*: Domingos Martins, Sooretama, Cachoeiro de Itapemirim (material of MNRJ) (Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Felt 1915aFELT, E.P. 1915a. New North American gall midges. Can. Entomol. 47:226-232., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

126. Diadiplosis jamboi Culik & Ventura, 2013bCULIK, M.P. & VENTURA, J.A. 2013b. Two new Neotropical species of midge (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) predators of scale insects (Hemiptera, Coccoidea). J. Entomol. Res. Soc. 15:103-11. (predator of Planococcus halli Ezzat & McConnell, 1956 (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae). Distribution: Brazil: Espírito Santo: Vitória (Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Culik & Ventura 2013bCULIK, M.P. & VENTURA, J.A. 2013b. Two new Neotropical species of midge (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) predators of scale insects (Hemiptera, Coccoidea). J. Entomol. Res. Soc. 15:103-11., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

127. Diadiplosis martinsensis Culik & Ventura, 2013bCULIK, M.P. & VENTURA, J.A. 2013b. Two new Neotropical species of midge (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) predators of scale insects (Hemiptera, Coccoidea). J. Entomol. Res. Soc. 15:103-11. (predator of Pseudococcus cf. jackbeardsleyi (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae). Distribution: Brazil: Espírito Santo: Domingos Martins (Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Culik & Ventura 2013bCULIK, M.P. & VENTURA, J.A. 2013b. Two new Neotropical species of midge (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) predators of scale insects (Hemiptera, Coccoidea). J. Entomol. Res. Soc. 15:103-11., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

128. Diadiplosis multifila (Felt, 1907bFELT, E.P. 1907b. New species of Cecidomyiidae II. New York State Education Department, Albany.) (predator of scale insects; Ferrisia sp., Planococcus citri Risso, 1813, Phenacoccus solani Ferris, 1918 (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) and Icerya montserratensis Riley & Howard, 1890 (Hemiptera: Margarodidae). Distribution: West Indies (Dominican Republic to Trinidad), Brazil: Espírito Santo*: Vitória (material of MNRJ) (Atlantic Forest), Fiji, Israel. Refs.: Felt 1907bFELT, E.P. 1907b. New species of Cecidomyiidae II. New York State Education Department, Albany., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

129. Diadiplosis pseudococci Felt, 1921bFELT, E.P. 1921b. A new Diadiplosis. Zool. Scien. Contr. N. Y. Zool. Soc. 3:225-226. (predator of Pseudococcus bromeliae Hempel 1912; Dysmicoccus brevipes Cockrell 1893 and D. neobrevipes Beardsley 1959 (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae). Distribution: Hawaii, Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Guyana, and Brazil (unstated locality). Refs.: Felt 1921bFELT, E.P. 1921b. A new Diadiplosis. Zool. Scien. Contr. N. Y. Zool. Soc. 3:225-226., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

130. Diadiplosis saccharum Urso-Guimarães, 2020URSO-GUIMARÃES, M.V., CRUZ, M.A., MARTINELLI, N.M. & PERONTI, A.L.G.B. 2020. Description of a new species of cecidomyiid (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) predator of mealybugs (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) on sugarcane. Pap Avulsos Zool 60:e20206041. (predador of Saccharicoccus sacchari (Cockrell, 1895) (Hemiptera, Pseudococcidae). Distribution: Brazil: Jaboticabal, São Carlos (Cerrado). Ref.: Urso-Guimarães et al. 2020URSO-GUIMARÃES, M.V., CRUZ, M.A., MARTINELLI, N.M. & PERONTI, A.L.G.B. 2020. Description of a new species of cecidomyiid (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) predator of mealybugs (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) on sugarcane. Pap Avulsos Zool 60:e20206041..

131. Diadiplosis vaupedis (Harris, 1968HARRIS, K.M. 1968. A systematic revision and biological review of the cecidomyiid predators (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) on world Coccoidea. Trans. R. Entomol. Soc. Lon 119:409-494.) (predator of undetermined coccoid; Planococcus sp. (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae). Distribution: Colombia, Guadeloupe, Brazil: Espírito Santo*: Domingos Martins (material of MNRJ) (Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Harris 1968HARRIS, K.M. 1968. A systematic revision and biological review of the cecidomyiid predators (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) on world Coccoidea. Trans. R. Entomol. Soc. Lon 119:409-494., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

132. Dialeria styracis Tavares, 1918aTAVARES, J.S. 1918a. Cecidomyias novas do Brazil, segunda série. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 16(2):68-84, pls. III-IV. (inquiline). Distribution: Brazil: Bahia: Caetité (Atlantic Forest, Caatinga). Host plant: Styrax sp. (Styracaceae). Refs.: Tavares 1918aTAVARES, J.S. 1918a. Cecidomyias novas do Brazil, segunda série. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 16(2):68-84, pls. III-IV., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

133. Dichodiplosis triangularis (Felt, 1908FELT, E.P. 1908. Appendix D. Pp. 286-422, 489-510, pls. 33-34. In his 23d report of the State Entomologist on injurious and other insects of the State of New York 1907. N. Y. State Mus. Bul. 124:5-541, 44 pls.) (fungivorous). Distribution: USA (widespread), Costa Rica, and Brazil: Bahia: Salvador (Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Felt 1908FELT, E.P. 1908. Appendix D. Pp. 286-422, 489-510, pls. 33-34. In his 23d report of the State Entomologist on injurious and other insects of the State of New York 1907. N. Y. State Mus. Bul. 124:5-541, 44 pls., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

134. Didactylomyia longimana (Felt, 1908FELT, E.P. 1908. Appendix D. Pp. 286-422, 489-510, pls. 33-34. In his 23d report of the State Entomologist on injurious and other insects of the State of New York 1907. N. Y. State Mus. Bul. 124:5-541, 44 pls.) (kleptoparasite in spider web). Distribution: Sri Lanka, USA, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Mexico, and Brazil: Mato Grosso do Sul: Aquidauana (Cerrado). Refs.: Felt, 1908FELT, E.P. 1908. Appendix D. Pp. 286-422, 489-510, pls. 33-34. In his 23d report of the State Entomologist on injurious and other insects of the State of New York 1907. N. Y. State Mus. Bul. 124:5-541, 44 pls., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. , Carmo-Neto et al. 2019.

135. Elachypalpus psidii Maia & Nava, 2011MAIA, V.C. & SANTOS, M.G. 2011. A new genus and species of gall midge (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Microgramma vaccinifolia (Langsd. & Fisch.) Copel (Polypodiaceae) from Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 55(1):40-44. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio Grande do Sul: Pelotas (Pampa) (cultived area). Host plant: Psidium cattleyanum Sabine (Myrtaceae) (endemic to Brazil) (Caatinga, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia & Nava 2011MAIA, V.C. & NAVA, D.E. 2011. New gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Eugenia uniflora and Psidium cattleianum (Myrtaceae). Iheringia, Ser. Zool. 101(1-2):69-74., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

136. Epihormomyia miconiae Maia, 2001aMAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, S.P.C. 2001. Two new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Erythroxylum ovalifolium Peyr. (Erythroxylaceae) from the Barra de Maricá restinga, Maricá, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Braz. J. Biol. 71(2): 521-526. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Espírito Santo*: Santa Teresa (RB493591) (Atlantic Forest); Rio de Janeiro state: Carapebus (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Miconia cinnamomifolia (DC.) Naudin (Melastomataceae) (endemic to Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia 2001aMAIA, V.C. 2001a. New genera and species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool.18(Suppl. 1):1-32., bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

137. Eugeniamyia dispar Maia, Mendonça & Romanowski, 1997MAIA, V.C., MENDONÇA-JÚNIOR, M. & ROMANOWSKI, H.P. 1997. Eugeniamyia dispar gen. n. and sp. n. (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Lasiopteridi) associated with Eugenia uniflora L. (Myrtaceae) in Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 13(4):1087-1090. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio Grande do Sul: Pelotas (Pampa), Porto Alegre (Atlantic Forest); São Paulo state: Bertioga (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Eugenia uniflora L. (Myrtaceae) (native to Brazil) (Cerrado, Atlantic Forest, and Pampa). Refs.: Maia, Mendonça & Romanowski 1997MAIA, V.C., MENDONÇA-JÚNIOR, M. & ROMANOWSKI, H.P. 1997. Eugeniamyia dispar gen. n. and sp. n. (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Lasiopteridi) associated with Eugenia uniflora L. (Myrtaceae) in Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 13(4):1087-1090., Maia et al. 1997MAIA, V.C., MENDONÇA-JÚNIOR, M. & ROMANOWSKI, H.P. 1997. Eugeniamyia dispar gen. n. and sp. n. (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Lasiopteridi) associated with Eugenia uniflora L. (Myrtaceae) in Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 13(4):1087-1090., 2008MAIA, V.C., SILVEIRA, F.A.O., OLIVEIRA, L.A. & XAVIER, M.F. 2008 Asphondylia gochnatiae, a new species of gall midge (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Gochnatia polymorpha (Asteraceae). Zootaxa 1740:53-58., Bierhals et al. 2012BIERHALS, A.N., NAVA, D.E., COSTA, V.A., MAIA, V.C. & DIEZ-RODRÍGUES, G.I. 2012. Eugeniamyia díspar em pitangueira: parasitoides associados, dinâmica populacional e distribuição de galhas na planta. Rev. Bras. Frutic. 34(1):109-115., Mendonça & Romanowski 2012, Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

138. Eugeniamyia triangularis Maia & Nava, 2011MAIA, V.C. & SANTOS, M.G. 2011. A new genus and species of gall midge (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Microgramma vaccinifolia (Langsd. & Fisch.) Copel (Polypodiaceae) from Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 55(1):40-44. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Maricá (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Eugenia uniflora L. (Myrtaceae) (native to Brazil) (Cerrado, Atlantic Forest, and Pampa). Refs.: Maia & Nava 2011MAIA, V.C. & NAVA, D.E. 2011. New gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Eugenia uniflora and Psidium cattleianum (Myrtaceae). Iheringia, Ser. Zool. 101(1-2):69-74., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

139. Feltiella curtistylus Gagné, 1984GAGNÉ, R.J. 1984. Five new species of Neotropical Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) associated with cacao flowers, killing the buds of Clusiaceae, or preying on mites. Brenesia 22:123-138. (predator of Tetranychus evansi Baker & Pritchard, 1960 (Acarina: Tetranychidae). Distribution: Brazil: Pernambuco: Petrolina (Caatinga); USA: Florida. Refs.: Gagné 1984GAGNÉ, R.J. 1984. Five new species of Neotropical Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) associated with cacao flowers, killing the buds of Clusiaceae, or preying on mites. Brenesia 22:123-138., 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

140. Fernandesia meridionalis Rodrigues & Maia, 2013RODRIGUES, A.R. , MAIA, V.C., WENZEL, C.R. & MENDONCA-JÚNIOR, M.S. 2013. A new genus and species of Lasiopteridi (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Myrciaria delicatula (Myrtaceae) from Brazil, with identification keys of tribes and unplaced genera. Biota Neotrop. 13:63-69. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v13n2/en/abstract?identification-key+bn02213022013. (last access on 17/March/2020).
http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v13n2/...
(gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio Grande do Sul: São Francisco de Paula (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Myrciaria delicatula (DC.) O.Berg (Myrtaceae) (native to Brazil) (Cerrado, Atlantic Forest, and Pampa). Refs.: Rodrigues et al. 2013RODRIGUES, A.R. , MAIA, V.C., WENZEL, C.R. & MENDONCA-JÚNIOR, M.S. 2013. A new genus and species of Lasiopteridi (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Myrciaria delicatula (Myrtaceae) from Brazil, with identification keys of tribes and unplaced genera. Biota Neotrop. 13:63-69. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v13n2/en/abstract?identification-key+bn02213022013. (last access on 17/March/2020).
http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v13n2/...
, Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

141. Frauenfeldiella coussapoae Rübsaamen, 1905bRÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1905b. Beitrage zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Zoocecidien. II. Beitrag:Gallen aus Brasilien und Peru. (Fortsetzung.) Marcellia 4:11-138. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Acre: Juruá Mirim (Amazon Forest); Rio de Janeiro state: Rio de Janeiro (Gávea) (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Coussapoa sp. (Moraceae). Refs.: Rübsaamen 1905bRÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1905b. Beitrage zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Zoocecidien. II. Beitrag:Gallen aus Brasilien und Peru. (Fortsetzung.) Marcellia 4:11-138., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

142. Geraldesia eupatorii Tavares, 1917aTAVARES, J.S. 1917a. Cecídias do brazileiras que se criam em planta das Compositae, Rubiaceae, Tiliaceae, Lythraceae e Artocarpaceae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 15:113-181, pls. VI-XI. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Eupatorium sp. (Asteraceae). Refs.: Tavares 1917aTAVARES, J.S. 1917a. Cecídias do brazileiras que se criam em planta das Compositae, Rubiaceae, Tiliaceae, Lythraceae e Artocarpaceae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 15:113-181, pls. VI-XI., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

143. Gnesiodiplosis itaparicae Tavares, 1917aTAVARES, J.S. 1917a. Cecídias do brazileiras que se criam em planta das Compositae, Rubiaceae, Tiliaceae, Lythraceae e Artocarpaceae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 15:113-181, pls. VI-XI. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Bahia: Salvador (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: undetermined Rubiaceae. Refs.: Tavares, 1917aTAVARES, J.S. 1917a. Cecídias do brazileiras que se criam em planta das Compositae, Rubiaceae, Tiliaceae, Lythraceae e Artocarpaceae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 15:113-181, pls. VI-XI., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

144. Guareamyia purpura Maia, 2007aMAIA, V.C. & SANTOS, B.O. 2007. Um novo gênero e espécie de Schizomyiina (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associados com Piperaceae no Brasil. Iheringia, Sér. Zool. 97(2):137-142. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: São Paulo state: Bertioga (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Guarea macrophylla Vahl (Meliaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia 2007aMAIA, V.C. 2007a. New genera and species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Guarea macrophylla (Meliaceae). Rev. Bras. Zool. 24(2):449-456., Maia et al. 2008MAIA, V.C., SILVEIRA, F.A.O., OLIVEIRA, L.A. & XAVIER, M.F. 2008 Asphondylia gochnatiae, a new species of gall midge (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Gochnatia polymorpha (Asteraceae). Zootaxa 1740:53-58., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

145. Guarephila albida Tavares, 1909TAVARES, J.S. 1909. Contributio prima ad cognitionem cecidologiae braziliae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 8:5-28, pls. I-VIII. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio Grande do Sul: São Leopoldo (Pampa). Host plant: Guarea sp. poss. guidonia (L.) Sleumer (Meliaceae) (Guarea guidonia = G. trichilioides L.) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Tavares 1909TAVARES, J.S. 1909. Contributio prima ad cognitionem cecidologiae braziliae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 8:5-28, pls. I-VIII., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

146. Haplopalpus serjaneae Rübsaamen, 1915aRÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1915. Beitrag zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Gallmucken. Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1915:431-481. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Acre, Auristela (Amazon Forest). Host plant: Serjania sp. (Sapindaceae). Refs.: Rübsaamen 1915aRÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1915. Beitrag zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Gallmucken. Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1915:431-481., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

147. Haplusia braziliensis (Felt, 1915bFELT, E.P. 1915b. New South American gall midges. Psyche 22:152-157.) (Fungivorous species). Distribution: Brazil: Pará, Igarapé Açu (Amazon Forest). Refs.: Felt 1915bFELT, E.P. 1915b. New South American gall midges. Psyche 22:152-157., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

148. Haplusia plumipes Karsch, 1877KARSCH, F. 1877. Revision der Gallmucken. Munster i. W., E.C. Brunn. (Fungivorous species). Distribution: Brazil: Bahia (unstated locality). Refs.: Karsch 1877KARSCH, F. 1877. Revision der Gallmucken. Munster i. W., E.C. Brunn. , Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

149. Houardodiplosis rochae Tavares, 1925TAVARES, J.S. 1925. Nova contribuição para o conhecimento da cecidologia brazileira. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 22:5-48. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Ceará: Fortaleza (Atlantic Forest, Caatinga), Aracati (Caatinga). Host plant: Combretum leprosum Mart. (Combretaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Tavares 1925TAVARES, J.S. 1925. Nova contribuição para o conhecimento da cecidologia brazileira. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 22:5-48., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Maia 2002MAIA, V.C., MONTEIRO R.F. & NARAHARA K. L. 2002. Two new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Protium icicariba (Burseraceae) in Brazil. Stud. Dipterol. 9:171-178., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

150. Iatrophobia brasiliensis (Rübsaamen, 1908aRÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1908a. Beitrage zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Zoocecidien. III. Beitrag: Gallen aus Brasilien und Peru. Marcellia 6:110-173.) (gall-inducer). Distribution: Costa Rica, Guadeloupe, St. Vincent, Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana, Surinam, and Brazil: Amazonas: Fortaleza, Juruá Mirim (Amazon Forest); Rio de Janeiro state: Mauá, Palmeiras, São Francisco do Itabapoana (Atlantic Forest); São Paulo state: Bertioga (Atlantic Forest); Santa Catarina: Tubarão (Atlantic Forest). Host plants: Manihot esculenta Crantz (= Manihot utilissima Pohl.) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest and Cerrado), Manihot caerulescens (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest) and Manihot sp. (Euphorbiaceae). Refs.: Rübsaamen 1908aRÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1908a. Beitrage zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Zoocecidien. III. Beitrag: Gallen aus Brasilien und Peru. Marcellia 6:110-173., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Maia et al. 2008MAIA, V.C., SILVEIRA, F.A.O., OLIVEIRA, L.A. & XAVIER, M.F. 2008 Asphondylia gochnatiae, a new species of gall midge (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Gochnatia polymorpha (Asteraceae). Zootaxa 1740:53-58., Maia & Carvalho-Fernandes 2016CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P., ASCENDINO, S., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2016. Diversity of insect galls associated with coastal shrub vegetation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 88(3):1407-1418., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

151. Jorgenseniella eugeniae Maia, 2005MAIA, V.C., CONSTANTINO, P.A.L. & MONTEIRO, R.F. 2005. New gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with two species of Eugenia (Myrtaceae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 49(3):347-352. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Arraial do Cabo (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Eugenia astringens Cambess. (= E. umbelliflora O. Berg. = E. rotundifolia Casar) (Myrtaceae) (endemic to Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia et al. 2005MAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, G. W. 2005a. A new genus and species of gall midges (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) associated with Waltheria indica L. Zootaxa 1060:27-36., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

152. Lestodiplosis braziliensis (Tavares, 1920bTAVARES, J.S. 1920b. [continuation of:] Cecidologia brazileira: cecidias que se criam em plantas das famílias das Leguminosae, Sapotaceae, Lauraceae, Myrtaceae, Punicaceae, Aurantiaceae, Malpighiaceae, Sapindaceae, Umbelliferae, Loranthaceae, Apocynaceae, Urticaceae, Salicaceae e Gramineae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 18(3):97-125, pl.III.) (predator). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Nova Friburgo (Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Tavares 1920bTAVARES, J.S. 1920b. [continuation of:] Cecidologia brazileira: cecidias que se criam em plantas das famílias das Leguminosae, Sapotaceae, Lauraceae, Myrtaceae, Punicaceae, Aurantiaceae, Malpighiaceae, Sapindaceae, Umbelliferae, Loranthaceae, Apocynaceae, Urticaceae, Salicaceae e Gramineae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 18(3):97-125, pl.III., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

153. Lestodiplosis floricola (Rodrigues & Maia, 2010aRODRIGUES, A.R. & MAIA, V.C. 2010a. Uma nova espécie de Youngomyia Rübsaamen (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) do Brasil. Iheringia, Ser. Zool. 100:222-224.) (predator). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Maricá (Atlantic Forest). On Jacquemonita holosericea (Weinm) O`Donell (Convolvulaceae). Refs.: Rodrigues & Maia 2010aRODRIGUES, A.R. & MAIA, V.C. 2010a. Uma nova espécie de Youngomyia Rübsaamen (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) do Brasil. Iheringia, Ser. Zool. 100:222-224., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

154. Lestodiplosis maricaensis Santos & Maia, 2009SANTOS, B.O. & MAIA, V.C. 2009. Uma nova espécie de Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) associada com Stylosanthes guianensis (Fabaceae). Arqu. Mus. Nac. 66:485-489. (predator). Distribution: Rio de Janeiro state: Mangaratiba, Maricá, Carapebus (Atlantic Forest). On Stylosanthes guianensis (Aubl.) Sw. (Fabaceae) (native to Brazil) (all phytogeographic domains). Refs.: Maia 2001bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., Santos & Maia 2009, Rodrigues et al. 2014RODRIGUES, A.R., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2014. Insect galls of restinga areas of Ilha da Marambaia, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 58(2):173-197., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

155. Liodiplosis conica Gagné, 2001GAGNÉ, R.J., ODA, R.A.M. & MONTEIRO, R.F. 2001. The gall midges (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) of Mikania glomerata (Asteraceae) in Southeastern Brazil. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 103:110-134. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Angra dos Reis (Ilha Grande), Silva Jardim, Reserva Biológica União, Rio de Janeiro (Parque Nacional da Tijuca, Grumari), Valença, Angra dos Reis (Atlantic Forest); São Paulo state: Bertioga (Atlantic Forest); Rio Grande do Sul: Canela (Atlantic Forest). Host plants: Mikania glomerata Spreng. (native to Brazil) (Cerrado and Atlantic Forest) and Mikania cf biformis (Asteraceae). Refs.: Gagné et al. 2001GAGNÉ, R.J., ODA, R.A.M. & MONTEIRO, R.F. 2001. The gall midges (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) of Mikania glomerata (Asteraceae) in Southeastern Brazil. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 103:110-134., Oliveira & Maia 2005OLIVEIRA, J.C. & MAIA, V.C. 2005. Ocorrência e caracterização de galhas de insetos na restinga de Grumari (Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil). Arqu. Mus. Nac. 63(4):669-676., Maia et al. 2008MAIA, V.C., SILVEIRA, F.A.O., OLIVEIRA, L.A. & XAVIER, M.F. 2008 Asphondylia gochnatiae, a new species of gall midge (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Gochnatia polymorpha (Asteraceae). Zootaxa 1740:53-58., Maia & Oliveira 2010RÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1915. Beitrag zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Gallmucken. Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1915:431-481., Proença & Maia 2012PROENÇA, B. & MAIA, V.C. 2012. Distribuição geográfica de Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) galhadores associados à Mikania glomerata (Asteraceae) em áreas de Mata Atlântica do Brasil. In Livro de Resumos do II Simpósio de Pesquisa em Mata Atlântica. Santos, MCRM, PANZA, CGO & Rodrigues, WC (orgs,). FFP - UERJ/IZMA, p.40-41., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. , Maia & Mascarenhas 2017,MAIA, V.C. & MASCARENHAS, B. 2017. Insect galls of the Parque Nacional do Itatiaia (Southeast Region, Brazil). An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 89(1 Suppl.):505-575. Goetz et al. 2018GOETZ, A.P.M., LUZ, F.A., TOMA, T.S.P. & MENDONÇA-JÚNIOR, M. 2018. Gall-inducing insects of deciduous and semideciduous forests in Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. Iheringia, Ser. Zool. e-ISSN 1678-4766., Maia & Siqueira 2020MAIA, V.C. & SIQUEIRA, E.S. 2020. Insect galls of the Reserva Biológica União, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Biota Neotrop. 20(1):e20190758. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1676-0611-BN-2019-0758. (last access on 17/March/2020).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1676-0611-BN-2...
.

156. Liodiplosis cylindrica Gagné, 2001GAGNÉ, R.J., ODA, R.A.M. & MONTEIRO, R.F. 2001. The gall midges (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) of Mikania glomerata (Asteraceae) in Southeastern Brazil. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 103:110-134. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Distr.: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Angra dos Reis (Ilha Grande), Paraty, Mangaratiba, Silva Jardim, Valença, Parque Nacional do Itatiaia (Atlantic Forest); Minas Gerais: Viçosa (Atlantic Forest); São Paulo state: Bertioga (Atlantic Forest); Santa Catarina: Babitonga (Atlantic Forest); Rio Grande do Sul: Canela (Atlantic Forest). Host plants: Mikania glomerata Spreng. (native to Brazil) (Cerrado and Atlantic Forest), Mikania cf biformis, Mikania trinervis Hook. & Arn. (endemic to Atlantic Forest) (Asteraceae). Refs.: Gagné et al. 2001GAGNÉ, R.J., ODA, R.A.M. & MONTEIRO, R.F. 2001. The gall midges (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) of Mikania glomerata (Asteraceae) in Southeastern Brazil. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 103:110-134., Maia et al. 2008MAIA, V.C., SILVEIRA, F.A.O., OLIVEIRA, L.A. & XAVIER, M.F. 2008 Asphondylia gochnatiae, a new species of gall midge (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Gochnatia polymorpha (Asteraceae). Zootaxa 1740:53-58., Maia & Oliveira 2010MAIA, V.C. & OLIVEIRA, J.C. 2010. Galhas de insetos da Reserva Biológica Estadual da Praia do Sul (Ilha Grande, Angra dos Reis, RJ). Biota Neotrop. 10(4):227-238. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v10n4/pt/abstract?inventory+bn04110042010 (last access on 17/March/2020).
http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v10n4/...
, Carvalho-Fernandes & Maia 2011, Proença & Maia 2012PROENÇA, B. & MAIA, V.C. 2012. Distribuição geográfica de Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) galhadores associados à Mikania glomerata (Asteraceae) em áreas de Mata Atlântica do Brasil. In Livro de Resumos do II Simpósio de Pesquisa em Mata Atlântica. Santos, MCRM, PANZA, CGO & Rodrigues, WC (orgs,). FFP - UERJ/IZMA, p.40-41., Rodrigues et al. 2014RODRIGUES, A.R., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2014. Insect galls of restinga areas of Ilha da Marambaia, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 58(2):173-197., Maia & Proença 2016MAIA, V.C. & PROENÇA, B. 2016. Insect galls on Mikania glomerata (Asteraceae) in an area of Atlantic Forest in Viçosa (Minas Gerais, Brazil). Check List 11: doi.org/10.15560/12.2.2026.
doi.org/10.15560/12.2.2026...
, Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. , Maia & Mascarenhas 2017MAIA, V.C. & MASCARENHAS, B. 2017. Insect galls of the Parque Nacional do Itatiaia (Southeast Region, Brazil). An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 89(1 Suppl.):505-575. , Melo-Júnior et al. 2018, Goetz et al. 2018GOETZ, A.P.M., LUZ, F.A., TOMA, T.S.P. & MENDONÇA-JÚNIOR, M. 2018. Gall-inducing insects of deciduous and semideciduous forests in Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. Iheringia, Ser. Zool. e-ISSN 1678-4766..

157. Liodiplosis spherica Gagné, 2001GAGNÉ, R.J., ODA, R.A.M. & MONTEIRO, R.F. 2001. The gall midges (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) of Mikania glomerata (Asteraceae) in Southeastern Brazil. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 103:110-134. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Angra dos Reis (Ilha Grande), Paraty, Mangaratiba, Valença, Parque Nacional do Itatiaia, Poço das Antas (Atlantic Forest); Minas Gerais: Viçosa (Atlantic Forest); São Paulo state: Bertioga (Atlantic Forest); Rio Grande do Sul: Canela (Atlantic Forest). Host plants: Mikania glomerata Spreng. (native to Brazil) (Cerrado and Atlantic Forest) and Mikania cf biformis (Asteraceae). Refs.: Gagné et al. 2001GAGNÉ, R.J., ODA, R.A.M. & MONTEIRO, R.F. 2001. The gall midges (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) of Mikania glomerata (Asteraceae) in Southeastern Brazil. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 103:110-134., Maia et al. 2008MAIA, V.C., SILVEIRA, F.A.O., OLIVEIRA, L.A. & XAVIER, M.F. 2008 Asphondylia gochnatiae, a new species of gall midge (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Gochnatia polymorpha (Asteraceae). Zootaxa 1740:53-58., Maia & Oliveira 2010MAIA, V.C. & OLIVEIRA, J.C. 2010. Galhas de insetos da Reserva Biológica Estadual da Praia do Sul (Ilha Grande, Angra dos Reis, RJ). Biota Neotrop. 10(4):227-238. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v10n4/pt/abstract?inventory+bn04110042010 (last access on 17/March/2020).
http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v10n4/...
, Carvalho-Fernandes & Maia 2011, Proença & Maia 2012PROENÇA, B. & MAIA, V.C. 2012. Distribuição geográfica de Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) galhadores associados à Mikania glomerata (Asteraceae) em áreas de Mata Atlântica do Brasil. In Livro de Resumos do II Simpósio de Pesquisa em Mata Atlântica. Santos, MCRM, PANZA, CGO & Rodrigues, WC (orgs,). FFP - UERJ/IZMA, p.40-41., Rodrigues et al. 2014RODRIGUES, A.R., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2014. Insect galls of restinga areas of Ilha da Marambaia, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 58(2):173-197., Maia & Proença 2016MAIA, V.C. & PROENÇA, B. 2016. Insect galls on Mikania glomerata (Asteraceae) in an area of Atlantic Forest in Viçosa (Minas Gerais, Brazil). Check List 11: doi.org/10.15560/12.2.2026.
doi.org/10.15560/12.2.2026...
, Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. , Maia & Mascarenhas 2017,MAIA, V.C. & MASCARENHAS, B. 2017. Insect galls of the Parque Nacional do Itatiaia (Southeast Region, Brazil). An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 89(1 Suppl.):505-575. Goetz et al. 2018GOETZ, A.P.M., LUZ, F.A., TOMA, T.S.P. & MENDONÇA-JÚNIOR, M. 2018. Gall-inducing insects of deciduous and semideciduous forests in Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. Iheringia, Ser. Zool. e-ISSN 1678-4766..

158. Lopesia aldinae Fernandes & Maia, 2010MAIA, V.C. & OLIVEIRA, J.C. 2010. Galhas de insetos da Reserva Biológica Estadual da Praia do Sul (Ilha Grande, Angra dos Reis, RJ). Biota Neotrop. 10(4):227-238. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v10n4/pt/abstract?inventory+bn04110042010 (last access on 17/March/2020).
http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v10n4/...
(gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Amazonas: Manaus (Amazon Forest). Host plant: Aldina heterophylla Spruce ex Benth. (Fabaceae) (endemic to Amazon Forest). Refs.: Fernandes et al. 2010FERNANDES, S.P.C., MAIA, V.C. & RAFAEL, J.A. 2010. Gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Aldina heterophylla Spr. Ex Benth. (Fabaceae) from Brasil. Biota Neotrop. 10(1):161-166. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v10n1/pt/abstract?article+bn02410012010 (last access on 17/March/2020).
http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v10n1/...
, Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

159. Lopesia andirae Garcia, Lima, Calado & Urso-Guimarães, 2017GARCIA, C.A., LIMA, V.P., CALADO, D.C. & URSO-GUIMARÃES, M.V. 2017. New species of Lopesia Rübsaamen (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) associated with Andira humilis Mart. ex Benth. (Fabaceae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 61(2017):239-242. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Mato Grosso: Chapada dos Guimarães (Cerrado); Bahia: Barreiras (Cerrado); São Paulo state: Luiz Antônio (Cerrado). Host plant: Andira humilis Mart. ex Benth. (Fabaceae) (endemic to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, and Cerrado). Refs.: Garcia et al. 2017GARCIA, C.A., LIMA, V.P., CALADO, D.C. & URSO-GUIMARÃES, M.V. 2017. New species of Lopesia Rübsaamen (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) associated with Andira humilis Mart. ex Benth. (Fabaceae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 61(2017):239-242., Lima & Calado 2018LIMA, V.P. & CALADO, D. 2018. Morphological characterization of insect galls and new records of associated invertebrates in a Cerrado area in Bahia State, Brazil. Braz. J. Biol. 78(4):636-643..

160. Lopesia bilobata Maia, 2004aMAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, G.W. 2004. Insect galls from Serra de São José (Tiradentes, MG, Brazil). Braz. J. Biol. 64(3A):423-445. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Minas Gerais: Tiradentes (Cerrado). Host plant: Guapira sp. (Nyctaginaceae). Refs.: Maia 2004aMAIA, V.C. 2004a. A new genus and six new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from Serra de São José (Minas Gerais State), Brazil). Arqu. Mus. Nac. 62: 69-82., Maia & Fernandes 2004MAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, G.W. 2004. Insect galls from Serra de São José (Tiradentes, MG, Brazil). Braz. J. Biol. 64(3A):423-445., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

161. Lopesia brasiliensis Rübsaamen, 1908bRÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1908b. Beitrage zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Zoocecidien. III. Beitrag:Gallen aus Brasilien und Peru. Marcellia 7:15-79. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Fábrica (Atlantic Forest); Santa Catarina: Tubarão (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Ossaea sp. (Melastomataceae). Refs.: Rübsaamen 1908bRÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1908b. Beitrage zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Zoocecidien. III. Beitrag:Gallen aus Brasilien und Peru. Marcellia 7:15-79., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Maia 2007bMAIA, V.C. & SANTOS, B.O. 2007. Um novo gênero e espécie de Schizomyiina (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associados com Piperaceae no Brasil. Iheringia, Sér. Zool. 97(2):137-142., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

162. Lopesia caulinaris Maia, 2003 (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Amazonas: Amanã; Amapá: Oiapoque (Amazon Forest); Bahia: São Sebastião (Atlantic Forest); Rio de Janeiro state: Angra dos Reis, Carapebus (Atlantic Forest); São Paulo state: Bertioga (Atlantic Forest); Minas Gerais: São Tomé das Letras (Atlantic Forest) Januária (Atlantic Forest, Cerrado); Goiás: Pirenópolis, Cavalcante (Cerrado); Santa Catarina: Babitonga (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Calophyllum brasiliense Cambess. (Calophyllaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Madeira et al. 2003MADEIRA, J.A., MAIA, V.C. & MONTEIRO. R.F. 2003. Gall makers (Cecidomyiidae, Diptera) on Calophyllum brasiliense Camb. (Clusiaceae): descriptions and biology. Arqu. Mus. Nac. 61:31-48., Maia 2013MAIA, V.C. 2013. Insect galls of São Tomé das Letras (MG, Brazil). Biota Neotrop. 13(4):164-189. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v13n4/en/abstract?article+bn03213042013 (last access on 17/March/2020).
http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v13n4/...
, 2008MAIA, V.C., MAGENTA, M.A.G. & MARTINS, S.E. 2008. Ocorrência e caracterização de galhas de insetos em áreas de restinga de Bertioga (São Paulo, Brasil). Biota Neotrop. 8(1):167-197. <http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v8n1/pt/abstract?inventory+bn02408012008> (last access on 17/March/2020).
http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v8n1/p...
, Arriola et al. 2015, Proença & Maia 2015PROENÇA, B. & MAIA, V.C. 2015. New state record of gall midge species (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Calophyllum brasiliense Cambess (Calophyllaceae). Check List 11: doi.org/10.15560/11.2.1564. Article 1564.
doi.org/10.15560/11.2.1564...
, Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. , Melo-Júnior et al. 2018, Maia 2019aMAIA, V.C. 2019a. Gall-inducing insects on Calophyllum brasiliense Cambess. (Calophyllaceae): new geographical records and data on abundance and infestation rate. Biota Amazon. 9(2):51-53. .

163. Lopesia chapadensis Garcia & Urso-Guimarães, 2018 (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Mato Grosso: Chapada dos Guimarães (Cerrado). Host plant: Andira vermifuga (Mart.) Benth. (Fabaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest). Ref.: Garcia & Urso-Guimarães 2018.

164. Lopesia conspicua Maia, 2003 (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Amazonas: Amaná (Amazon Forest); Amapá: Oiapoque (Amazon Forest); Goiás: Pirenópolis (Cerrado); Rio Grande do Norte: Canguaretama (Atlantic Forest); Bahia: Sebastião Laranjeiras (Caatinga, Cerrado); Minas Gerais: São Tomé das Letras (Atlantic Forest, Cerrado); Januária (Atlantic Forest, Cerrado); Rio de Janeiro state: Carapebus (Atlantic Forest); São Paulo state: Bertioga (Atlantic Forest); Santa Catarina: São Francisco do Sul (Atlantic Forest); Paraná: Paranaguá (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Calophyllum brasiliense Cambess. (Calophyllaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Madeira et al. 2003MADEIRA, J.A., MAIA, V.C. & MONTEIRO. R.F. 2003. Gall makers (Cecidomyiidae, Diptera) on Calophyllum brasiliense Camb. (Clusiaceae): descriptions and biology. Arqu. Mus. Nac. 61:31-48., Maia 2013MAIA, V.C. 2013. Insect galls of São Tomé das Letras (MG, Brazil). Biota Neotrop. 13(4):164-189. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v13n4/en/abstract?article+bn03213042013 (last access on 17/March/2020).
http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v13n4/...
, Arriola et al. 2015, Proença & Maia 2015PROENÇA, B. & MAIA, V.C. 2015. New state record of gall midge species (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Calophyllum brasiliense Cambess (Calophyllaceae). Check List 11: doi.org/10.15560/11.2.1564. Article 1564.
doi.org/10.15560/11.2.1564...
, Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

165. Lopesia davillae Maia & Monteiro, 2017MAIA, V.C. & MONTEIRO, R.F. 2017. Lopesia davillae (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae), a new species of gall midge from Brazil associated with Davilla rugosa (Dilleniaceae). Braz. J. Biol. 77(4):680-685. (free living phytophagous). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Teresópolis (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Davilla rugosa Poir (Dilleniaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest and Atlantic Forest). Ref.: Maia & Monteiro 2017MAIA, V.C. & MONTEIRO, R.F. 2017. Lopesia davillae (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae), a new species of gall midge from Brazil associated with Davilla rugosa (Dilleniaceae). Braz. J. Biol. 77(4):680-685..

166. Lopesia eichhorniae Urso-Guimarães, 2015URSO-GUIMARÃES, M.V. & CARMO-NETO, A.M. 2015. A new species of gall midge associated with Diplopterys pubipetala (A. Juss.) Anderson and Davis (Malpighiaceae) from Altinópolis, São Paulo, Brazil. Braz. J. Biol. 75:175-179. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: São Paulo state: Luiz Antônio (Cerrado). Host plant: Eichhornia azurea (Sw.) Kunth (Pontederiaceae) (native to Brazil) (all Brazilian phytogeographic domains). Refs.: Urso-Guimarães et al. 2015URSO-GUIMARÃES, M.V. & CARMO-NETO, A.M. 2015. A new species of gall midge associated with Diplopterys pubipetala (A. Juss.) Anderson and Davis (Malpighiaceae) from Altinópolis, São Paulo, Brazil. Braz. J. Biol. 75:175-179., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

167. Lopesia elliptica Maia, 2003 (gall-inducer). Distribution: Mexico, Guatemala, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Cuba, Bolivia, Guyana, Peru, and Brazil: Amazonas: Amanã (Amazon Forest); Amapá: Oiapoque (Amazon Forest); Pará: Moju (Amazon Forest); Tocantis: Formoso do Araguaia (Cerrado); Rondônia: Chupinguaia (Amazon Forest); Goiás: Pirenópolis (Cerrado); Mato Grosso: Santa Terezinha (Cerrado); Rio Grande do Norte: Canguaretama (Atlantic Forest); Maranhão: São Luís (Amazon Forest); Pernambuco: Rio Preto (Cerrado); Bahia: Sebastião Laranjeiras (Caatinga, Cerrado); Rio de Janeiro state: Carapebus (Atlantic Forest); São Paulo state: Bertioga (Atlantic Forest); Minas Gerais: São Tomé das Letras (Atlantic Forest, Cerrado); Santa Catarina: Babitonga (Atlantic Forest); Paraná: Paranaguá (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Calophyllum brasiliense Cambess. (Calophyllaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Madeira et al. 2003MADEIRA, J.A., MAIA, V.C. & MONTEIRO. R.F. 2003. Gall makers (Cecidomyiidae, Diptera) on Calophyllum brasiliense Camb. (Clusiaceae): descriptions and biology. Arqu. Mus. Nac. 61:31-48., Maia et al. 2008MAIA, V.C., MAGENTA, M.A.G. & MARTINS, S.E. 2008. Ocorrência e caracterização de galhas de insetos em áreas de restinga de Bertioga (São Paulo, Brasil). Biota Neotrop. 8(1):167-197. <http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v8n1/pt/abstract?inventory+bn02408012008> (last access on 17/March/2020).
http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v8n1/p...
, Maia 2013MAIA, V.C. & SOUZA, M.C. 2013. Insect galls of the xeric vegetation of Ilha do Cabo Frio (Arraial do Cabo, RJ, Brazil). Biota Neotrop. 13(3):278-288. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v13n3/en/abstract?inventory+bn02213032013 (last access on 17/March/2020).
http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v13n3/...
, Arriola et al. 2015, Proença & Maia 2015PROENÇA, B. & MAIA, V.C. 2015. New state record of gall midge species (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Calophyllum brasiliense Cambess (Calophyllaceae). Check List 11: doi.org/10.15560/11.2.1564. Article 1564.
doi.org/10.15560/11.2.1564...
, Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. , Melo-Júnior et al. 2018.

168. Lopesia erythroxyli Rodrigues & Maia, 2010bRODRIGUES, A.R. & MAIA, V.C. 2010b. Duas novas espécies de Lopesia Rübsaamen (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) do Brasil, com chave para as espécies. Biota Neotrop. 10:85-99. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v10n1/en/abstract?article+bn01510012010. (last access on 17/March/2020).
http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v10n1/...
(gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Angra dos Reis (Ilha Grande), Mangaratiba, Rio de Janeiro (Grumari, Marambaia), Maricá, Carapebus, Saquarema, Araruama, Arraial do Cabo, Cabo Frio, São João da Barra (Atlantic Forest); Espírito Santo: Santa Teresa (Atlantic Forest); São Paulo state: Itanhaém (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Erythroxylum ovalifolium Peyr. (Erythroxylaceae) (endemic to Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Monteiro et al. 1994MONTEIRO, R.F., FERRAZ, F.F.F., MAIA, V.C. & AZEVEDO, M.A.P. 1994. Galhas entomógenas em restingas: uma abordagem preliminar. In An. ACIESP 3(87):210-220. , Maia 2001b,MAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656. Rodrigues & Maia 2010bRODRIGUES, A.R. & MAIA, V.C. 2010b. Duas novas espécies de Lopesia Rübsaamen (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) do Brasil, com chave para as espécies. Biota Neotrop. 10:85-99. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v10n1/en/abstract?article+bn01510012010. (last access on 17/March/2020).
http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v10n1/...
, Fernandes & Maia 2011, Maia et al. 2014MAIA, V.C., CARDOSO, J. L.T. & BRAGA, J.M.A. 2014. Insect galls from Atlantic Forest areas of Santa Teresa, Espírito Santo, Brazil: characterization and occurrence. Bol. Mus. Biol. Mello Leitão 33:47-129. , Maia & Silva 2016MAIA, V.C. & SILVA, L.O. 2016. Insect galls of restinga de Marambaia (Barra de Guaratiba, Rio de Janeiro, RJ). Braz. J. Biol. 73(6):787-795., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. , Maia 2021MAIA, V.C, 2021. New records of Lopesia Rübsaamen, 1908 (Insecta, Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) in Brazil. Biota Amazônia 2010, 10 (3): 25-28..

169. Lopesia grandis Maia, 2001aMAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, S.P.C. 2001. Two new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Erythroxylum ovalifolium Peyr. (Erythroxylaceae) from the Barra de Maricá restinga, Maricá, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Braz. J. Biol. 71(2): 521-526. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Paraíba: Mataraca (Atlantic Forest); Bahia: Camamu, Porto Seguro-Trancoso, Santa Cruz de Cabrália, Itacaré, Nova Viçosa, Uma, Ilhéus, Valença, Belmonte (Atlantic Forest); Espírito Santo: Aracruz, Conceição da Barra, Guarapari; Presidente Kennedy, São Mateus (Atlantic Forest); Rio de Janeiro state: Angra dos Reis (Ilha Grande), Paraty, Mangaratiba, Rio de Janeiro (Marambaia), Carapebus, Maricá, Araruama, Arraial do Cabo, São Francisco de Itabapoana (Atlantic Forest); São Paulo state: Bertioga, Ubatuba, Cananeia (Atlantic Forest); Santa Catarina: Babitonga (Atlantic Forest). Host plants: Dalbergia ecastophyllum (L.) Taub. (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest and Atlantic Forest) and Dalbergia frutescens (Vell.) Britton (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Atlantic Forest, Caatinga, and Cerrado) (Fabaceae). Refs.: Maia 2001aMAIA, V.C. 2001a. New genera and species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool.18(Suppl. 1):1-32., bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., 2015MAIA, V.C. 2015. New state record of Lopesia grandis Maia, 2001 (Insecta, Diptera, Cecidomyiidae). Check List 11(3): 1-3. Article 1621., Maia et al. 2008MAIA, V.C., MAGENTA, M.A.G. & MARTINS, S.E. 2008. Ocorrência e caracterização de galhas de insetos em áreas de restinga de Bertioga (São Paulo, Brasil). Biota Neotrop. 8(1):167-197. <http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v8n1/pt/abstract?inventory+bn02408012008> (last access on 17/March/2020).
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, Maia & Oliveira 2010MAIA, V.C. & OLIVEIRA, J.C. 2010. Galhas de insetos da Reserva Biológica Estadual da Praia do Sul (Ilha Grande, Angra dos Reis, RJ). Biota Neotrop. 10(4):227-238. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v10n4/pt/abstract?inventory+bn04110042010 (last access on 17/March/2020).
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, Rodrigues et al. 2014RODRIGUES, A.R., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2014. Insect galls of restinga areas of Ilha da Marambaia, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 58(2):173-197., Carvalho-Fernandes et al. 2016CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P., ASCENDINO, S., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2016. Diversity of insect galls associated with coastal shrub vegetation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 88(3):1407-1418., Maia & Silva 2016MAIA, V.C. & SILVA, L.O. 2016. Insect galls of restinga de Marambaia (Barra de Guaratiba, Rio de Janeiro, RJ). Braz. J. Biol. 73(6):787-795., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. , Melo-Júnior et al. 2018, Maia 2020ªMAIA, V.C. 2020a. Insetos galhadores em áreas de Restinga no Espírito Santo, Brasil. In Anais do VIII Simpósio sobre a Biodiversidade da Mata Atlântica (SIMBIOMA), "Museu de Biologia Professor Mello Leitão: sete décadas conhecendo a biodiversidade da Mata Atlântica". Mônico, AT, Koch, ED, Freitas J, Rodrigues, LN, Lopes, MM & Betzel, RL (Eds.). Santa Teresa,. p.359-365. , Maia 2021MAIA, V.C, 2021. New records of Lopesia Rübsaamen, 1908 (Insecta, Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) in Brazil. Biota Amazônia 2010, 10 (3): 25-28..

170. Lopesia indaiensis Maia & Oliveira, 2018MAIA, V.C. & OLIVEIRA, L.A. 2018. Lopesia indaiensis (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae), a new species of gall midge feeding on Andira fraxinifolia Benth (Fabaceae), an endemic plant in Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 62(2018):125-130. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Pernambuco: Tamandaré; Rio de Janeiro state: Mangaratiba (Atlantic Forest); São Paulo state: Bertioga (Atlantic Forest); Minas Gerais: Dores do Indaiá (Cerrado). Host plant: Andira fraxinifolia Benth (Fabaceae) (endemic to Brazil) (Caatinga, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia et al. 2008MAIA, V.C., MAGENTA, M.A.G. & MARTINS, S.E. 2008. Ocorrência e caracterização de galhas de insetos em áreas de restinga de Bertioga (São Paulo, Brasil). Biota Neotrop. 8(1):167-197. <http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v8n1/pt/abstract?inventory+bn02408012008> (last access on 17/March/2020).
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, Santos et al. 2012SANTOS, J.C., ALMEIDA-CORTEZ, J.C. & FERNANDES, G.W. 2012. Gall-inducing insects from Atlantic forest of Pernambuco, Northeastern Brazil. Biota Neotrop. 12(3):197-213. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v12n3/en/abs tract?inventory+bn00812032012. (last access on 17/March/2020).
http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v12n3/...
, Rodrigues et al. 2014RODRIGUES, A.R., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2014. Insect galls of restinga areas of Ilha da Marambaia, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 58(2):173-197., Maia & Oliveira 2018MAIA, V.C. & OLIVEIRA, L.A. 2018. Lopesia indaiensis (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae), a new species of gall midge feeding on Andira fraxinifolia Benth (Fabaceae), an endemic plant in Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 62(2018):125-130..

171. Lopesia leandrae Maia, 2019bMAIA, V.C. & OLIVEIRA, L.A. 2019. A new species of Clinodiplosis (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) causing galls on Banisteriopsis membranifolia (Malpighiaceae), an endemic plant in Brazil. ZOOLOGIA 36: e21481 | DOI: 10.3897/zoologia.36.e21481.
https://doi.org/10.3897/zoologia.36.e214...
(gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: São Paulo state: Bertioga (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Leandra ionopogon (Mart.) Cogn. (Melastomataceae) (native to Brazil) (Cerrado and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia et al. 2008MAIA, V.C., MAGENTA, M.A.G. & MARTINS, S.E. 2008. Ocorrência e caracterização de galhas de insetos em áreas de restinga de Bertioga (São Paulo, Brasil). Biota Neotrop. 8(1):167-197. <http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v8n1/pt/abstract?inventory+bn02408012008> (last access on 17/March/2020).
http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v8n1/p...
, Maia, 2019bMAIA, V.C. 2019b. Lopesia leandrae (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae), a new species of gall midge associated with Leandra ionopogon (Mart.) Cogn. (Melastomataceae), a native plant to Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 63 (2019):234-237..

172. Lopesia linearis Maia 2003 (gall-inducer). Distribution: Mexico, Costa Rica, Trinidad and Tobago, Cuba, Colombia, Guyana, Peru, Bolivia, Paraguay, Brazil: Amazonas: Amanã (Amazon Forest); Pará: Moju (Amazon Forest); Rondônia: Chipinguaia (Amazon Forest); Roraima: Caracaraí (Amazon Forest); Rio Grande do Norte: Canguaretama (Atlantic Forest); Mato Grosso: Santa Terezinha (Amazon Forest and Cerrado), Corumbá (Cerrado); Minas Gerais: São Tomé das Letras (Atlantic Forest); Espírito Santo: Linhares (Atlantic Forest); Rio de Janeiro state: Carapebus (Atlantic Forest); São Paulo state: Bertioga (Atlantic Forest); Santa Catarina: Babitonga (Atlantic Forest); Paraná: Paranaguá (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Calophyllum brasiliense Cambess. (Calophyllaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Madeira et al. 2003MADEIRA, J.A., MAIA, V.C. & MONTEIRO. R.F. 2003. Gall makers (Cecidomyiidae, Diptera) on Calophyllum brasiliense Camb. (Clusiaceae): descriptions and biology. Arqu. Mus. Nac. 61:31-48., Maia et al. 2008MAIA, V.C., MAGENTA, M.A.G. & MARTINS, S.E. 2008. Ocorrência e caracterização de galhas de insetos em áreas de restinga de Bertioga (São Paulo, Brasil). Biota Neotrop. 8(1):167-197. <http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v8n1/pt/abstract?inventory+bn02408012008> (last access on 17/March/2020).
http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v8n1/p...
, Maia 2013MAIA, V.C. 2013. Insect galls of São Tomé das Letras (MG, Brazil). Biota Neotrop. 13(4):164-189. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v13n4/en/abstract?article+bn03213042013 (last access on 17/March/2020).
http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v13n4/...
, Arriola et al. 2015, Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. , Melo-Júnior et al. 2018.

173. Lopesia marginalis Maia, 2001aMAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, S.P.C. 2001. Two new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Erythroxylum ovalifolium Peyr. (Erythroxylaceae) from the Barra de Maricá restinga, Maricá, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Braz. J. Biol. 71(2): 521-526. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Bahia: Caravelas, Conde (Atlantic Forest); Espírito Santo: Alto Limoeiro, São Mateus, Linhares, Itaguaçu, Itarana (Atlantic Forest); Rio de Janeiro state: Rio de Janeiro, Niterói, Casimiro de Abreu, Araruama, Carapebus, Cabo Frio, Arraial do Cabo (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Couepia ovalifolia (Schott) Benth. ex Hook.f. (Chrysobalanaceae) (endemic to Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Monteiro et al. 1994MONTEIRO, R.F., FERRAZ, F.F.F., MAIA, V.C. & AZEVEDO, M.A.P. 1994. Galhas entomógenas em restingas: uma abordagem preliminar. In An. ACIESP 3(87):210-220. , Maia 2001aMAIA, V.C. 2001a. New genera and species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool.18(Suppl. 1):1-32., bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. , Maia & Cruz 2020MAIA, V.C. & CRUZ, K.D. 2020 Distribuição geográfica de insetos galhadores associados à Couepia ovalifolia (Chrysobalanaceae), planta endêmica do Brasil. In Anais do VIII Simpósio sobre a Biodiversidade da Mata Atlântica (SIMBIOMA), "Museu de Biologia Professor Mello Leitão: sete décadas conhecendo a biodiversidade da Mata Atlântica". Mônico, AT, Koch, ED, Freitas J, Rodrigues, LN, Lopes, MM & Betzel, RL (Eds.). Santa Teresa, p.355-358. , Maia 2021MAIA, V.C, 2021. New records of Lopesia Rübsaamen, 1908 (Insecta, Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) in Brazil. Biota Amazônia 2010, 10 (3): 25-28..

174. Lopesia maricaensis Rodrigues & Maia, 2010bRODRIGUES, A.R. & MAIA, V.C. 2010b. Duas novas espécies de Lopesia Rübsaamen (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) do Brasil, com chave para as espécies. Biota Neotrop. 10:85-99. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v10n1/en/abstract?article+bn01510012010. (last access on 17/March/2020).
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(gall-inducer). Distribution: Peru: Iquitos (Amazon Forest); Brazil: Amazonas (Amazon Forest), Paraíba: Caaporã (Atlantic Forest); Minas Gerais: Diamantina, Lagoa Santa, Serra do Cipó, Santa Rita do Riacho, Jaboticatubas (Cerrado); Rio de Janeiro state: Rio de Janeiro, Mangaratiba, Niterói, Maricá, Casimiro de Abreu, Cabo Frio; Carapebus (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Protium brasiliense (Spreng.) Engl. (Burseraceae) (endemic to Brazil) (Cerrado and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia 2001bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., Rodrigues & Maia 2010bRODRIGUES, A.R. & MAIA, V.C. 2010b. Duas novas espécies de Lopesia Rübsaamen (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) do Brasil, com chave para as espécies. Biota Neotrop. 10:85-99. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v10n1/en/abstract?article+bn01510012010. (last access on 17/March/2020).
http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v10n1/...
, Rodrigues et al. 2014RODRIGUES, A.R., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2014. Insect galls of restinga areas of Ilha da Marambaia, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 58(2):173-197., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. , Maia 2021MAIA, V.C, 2021. New records of Lopesia Rübsaamen, 1908 (Insecta, Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) in Brazil. Biota Amazônia 2010, 10 (3): 25-28..

175. Lopesia mataybae Garcia & Urso-Guimarães, 2018 (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Mato Grosso: Chapada dos Guimarães (Cerrado). Host plant: Matayba guianensis Aubl. (Sapindaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Cerrado, Atlantic Forest, and Pantanal). Ref.: Garcia & Urso-Guimarães2018.

176. Lopesia mimosae Maia, 2010MAIA, V.C. & OLIVEIRA, J.C. 2010. Galhas de insetos da Reserva Biológica Estadual da Praia do Sul (Ilha Grande, Angra dos Reis, RJ). Biota Neotrop. 10(4):227-238. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v10n4/pt/abstract?inventory+bn04110042010 (last access on 17/March/2020).
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(gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Pernambuco, Parnamirim (Caatinga). Host plant: Mimosa tenuiflora (Willd.) Poir. (= Mimosa hostilis Benth. (Mimosaceae) (native to Brazil) (Caatinga and Cerrado). Refs.: Maia et al. 2010b,MAIA, V.C., FERNANDES, G.W., MAGALHÃES, H. & SANTOS, J.C. 2010b. Two new species of Lopesia Rubsaamen (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Mimosa hostilis (Mimosaceae) in Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 54(4):578-583. Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

177. Lopesia pernambucensis Maia, 2010MAIA, V.C. & OLIVEIRA, J.C. 2010. Galhas de insetos da Reserva Biológica Estadual da Praia do Sul (Ilha Grande, Angra dos Reis, RJ). Biota Neotrop. 10(4):227-238. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v10n4/pt/abstract?inventory+bn04110042010 (last access on 17/March/2020).
http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v10n4/...
(gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Pernambuco, Parnamirim (Caatinga), Garanhuns* (RB376469) (Caatinga); Bahia: Ibiassucê (Caatinga). Host plant: Mimosa tenuiflora (Willd.) Poir. (= Mimosa hostilis (Fabaceae) (native to Brazil) (Caatinga and Cerrado). Refs.: Maia et al. 2010bMAIA, V.C., FERNANDES, G.W., MAGALHÃES, H. & SANTOS, J.C. 2010b. Two new species of Lopesia Rubsaamen (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Mimosa hostilis (Mimosaceae) in Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 54(4):578-583., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. , Brito et al. 2018BRITO, G.P., COSTA, E.C., CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P. & SANTOS-SILVA, J. 2018. Riqueza de galhas de insetos em áreas de Caatinga com diferentes graus de antropização do estado da Bahia, Brasil. Iheringia, Sér. Zool. 108: ‍e2018003..

178. Lopesia similis Maia, 2004MAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, G.W. 2004. Insect galls from Serra de São José (Tiradentes, MG, Brazil). Braz. J. Biol. 64(3A):423-445. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Pará: Serra do Cachimbo, Ponta da Pedra (Amazon Forest); Paraíba: João Pessoa (Atlantic Forest); Distrito Federal: Brasília (Cerrado); Alagoas: Maceió (Atlantic Forest); Sergipe: Itaporanga d`Ajuda (Atlantic Forest); Bahia: Conde, Porto Seguro (Atlantic Forest); Espírito Santo: Conceição da Barra (Atlantic Forest); Rio de Janeiro state: Quissamã, Macaé, Arraial do Cabo (Ilha do Cabo Frio), Macaé, São João da Barra (Atlantic Forest); Minas Gerais: Perdizes (Cerrado), Itamonte (Atlantic Forest), São Tomé das Letras (Atlantic Forest, Cerrado); Mato Grosso: Cocalino (Cerrado); Mato Grosso do Sul: Aquidauana (Cerrado). Host plant: Protium heptaphyllum (Aubl.) Marchand (Burseraceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Narahara et al. 2004NARAHARA, K.L., MAIA, V.C. & MONTEIRO, R.F. 2004. Two new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Protium heptaphyllum (Aubl.) Marchand in Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 48(4):485-490., Maia 2013,MAIA, V.C. 2013. Insect galls of São Tomé das Letras (MG, Brazil). Biota Neotrop. 13(4):164-189. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v13n4/en/abstract?article+bn03213042013 (last access on 17/March/2020).
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Maia & Souza 2013MAIA, V.C. & SOUZA, M.C. 2013. Insect galls of the xeric vegetation of Ilha do Cabo Frio (Arraial do Cabo, RJ, Brazil). Biota Neotrop. 13(3):278-288. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v13n3/en/abstract?inventory+bn02213032013 (last access on 17/March/2020).
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, Maia 2014MAIA, V.C. 2014. New state record of four species of gall midges (Insecta, Diptera, Cecidomyiidae). Check List 10(4):942-943., Carvalho-Fernandes et al. 2016CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P., ASCENDINO, S., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2016. Diversity of insect galls associated with coastal shrub vegetation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 88(3):1407-1418., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. , Maia 2020a,MAIA, V.C. 2020a. Insetos galhadores em áreas de Restinga no Espírito Santo, Brasil. In Anais do VIII Simpósio sobre a Biodiversidade da Mata Atlântica (SIMBIOMA), "Museu de Biologia Professor Mello Leitão: sete décadas conhecendo a biodiversidade da Mata Atlântica". Mônico, AT, Koch, ED, Freitas J, Rodrigues, LN, Lopes, MM & Betzel, RL (Eds.). Santa Teresa,. p.359-365. Maia 2021MAIA, V.C, 2021. New records of Lopesia Rübsaamen, 1908 (Insecta, Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) in Brazil. Biota Amazônia 2010, 10 (3): 25-28..

179. Lopesia simplex Maia, 2002MAIA, V.C., MONTEIRO R.F. & NARAHARA K. L. 2002. Two new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Protium icicariba (Burseraceae) in Brazil. Stud. Dipterol. 9:171-178. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Minas Gerais: Belo Horizonte (Cerrado), Ouro Preto (Cerrado-Atlantic Forest transition); Rio de Janeiro state: Mangaratiba, Rio de Janeiro, Maricá, Carapebus, Macaé, Quissamã, Arraial do Cabo, São João da Barra (Atlantic Forest); Espírito Santo: Guarapari, Vila Velha (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Protium icicariba (DC.) Marchand (Burseraceae) (endemic to Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia 2001bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., Maia et al. 2002MAIA, V.C., MONTEIRO R.F. & NARAHARA K. L. 2002. Two new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Protium icicariba (Burseraceae) in Brazil. Stud. Dipterol. 9:171-178., Bregonci et al. 2010BREGONCI, J.M., POLYCARPO, P.V. & MAIA, V.C. 2010. Galhas de insetos do Parque Estadual Paulo César Vinha (Guarapari, ES, Brasil). Biota Neotrop. 10(1):1-10. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v10n1/pt/abstract?inventory+bn01410012010 (last access on 17/March/2020).
http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v10n1/...
, Rodrigues et al. 2014RODRIGUES, A.R., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2014. Insect galls of restinga areas of Ilha da Marambaia, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 58(2):173-197., Carvalho-Fernandes et al. 2016CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P., ASCENDINO, S., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2016. Diversity of insect galls associated with coastal shrub vegetation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 88(3):1407-1418., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

180. Lopesia singularis Maia, 2001aMAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, S.P.C. 2001. Two new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Erythroxylum ovalifolium Peyr. (Erythroxylaceae) from the Barra de Maricá restinga, Maricá, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Braz. J. Biol. 71(2): 521-526. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Mangaratiba, Maricá, Rio de Janeiro (Grumari, Marambaia), Arraial do Cabo (Atlantic Forest); São Paulo state: Bertioga (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Pouteria venosa (Mart.) Baehni (Sapotaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon and Atlantic Forest). Refs:. Monteiro et al. 1994MONTEIRO, R.F., FERRAZ, F.F.F., MAIA, V.C. & AZEVEDO, M.A.P. 1994. Galhas entomógenas em restingas: uma abordagem preliminar. In An. ACIESP 3(87):210-220. , Maia 2001aMAIA, V.C. 2001a. New genera and species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool.18(Suppl. 1):1-32., bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., Oliveira & Maia 2005OLIVEIRA, J.C. & MAIA, V.C. 2005. Ocorrência e caracterização de galhas de insetos na restinga de Grumari (Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil). Arqu. Mus. Nac. 63(4):669-676., Maia et al. 2008MAIA, V.C., SILVEIRA, F.A.O., OLIVEIRA, L.A. & XAVIER, M.F. 2008 Asphondylia gochnatiae, a new species of gall midge (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Gochnatia polymorpha (Asteraceae). Zootaxa 1740:53-58., Rodrigues & Maia 2014RODRIGUES, A.R., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2014. Insect galls of restinga areas of Ilha da Marambaia, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 58(2):173-197., Maia & Silva 2016MAIA, V.C. & SILVA, L.O. 2016. Insect galls of restinga de Marambaia (Barra de Guaratiba, Rio de Janeiro, RJ). Braz. J. Biol. 73(6):787-795., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

181. Lopesia spinosa Maia, 2004aMAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, G.W. 2004. Insect galls from Serra de São José (Tiradentes, MG, Brazil). Braz. J. Biol. 64(3A):423-445. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Minas Gerais: Tiradentes and Delfinópolis (Cerrado), São Paulo state: Altinópolis and Jundiaí (Serra do Japi) (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Croton floribundus Spreng (Euphorbiaceae) (native to Brazil) (Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia 2004aMAIA, V.C. 2004a. A new genus and six new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from Serra de São José (Minas Gerais State), Brazil). Arqu. Mus. Nac. 62: 69-82., Maia & Fernandes 2004MAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, G.W. 2004. Insect galls from Serra de São José (Tiradentes, MG, Brazil). Braz. J. Biol. 64(3A):423-445., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. , Ribeiro et al. 2019RIBEIRO, A.N., BALBI, M.I.P.A. & URSO-GUIMARÃES, M.V. 2019. Characterization of insect galls from a vegetation area in Altinópolis, São Paulo State, Brazil. Pap. Avulsos Zool., v.59: e20195904., Urso-Guimarães 2019aURSO-GUIMARÃES, M.V. 2019a. Description of the larva of Lopesia spinosa Maia (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) and new occurrences of the species. Rev Bras Entomol 63:232-233..

182. Lopesia tibouchinae Maia, 2004aMAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, G.W. 2004. Insect galls from Serra de São José (Tiradentes, MG, Brazil). Braz. J. Biol. 64(3A):423-445. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Minas Gerais: Tiradentes, Patrocínio (Cerrado); Rio de Janeiro state: Santa Maria Madalena (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Pleroma candolleanum (Mart. ex DC.) Triana (= Tibouchina candolleana (Mart. ex DC.) Cogn.) (Melastomataceae) (endemic to Cerrado). Refs.: Maia 2004aMAIA, V.C. 2004a. A new genus and six new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from Serra de São José (Minas Gerais State), Brazil). Arqu. Mus. Nac. 62: 69-82., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. , Maia 2021MAIA, V.C, 2021. New records of Lopesia Rübsaamen, 1908 (Insecta, Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) in Brazil. Biota Amazônia 2010, 10 (3): 25-28..

183. Lopesia ubatubensis Garcia & Urso-Guimarães, 2018 (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: São Paulo state: Ubatuba (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Clidemia sp. (Melastomataceae). Ref.: Garcia & Urso-Guimarães, 2018.

184. Machaeriobia gemmae Maia, 2016MAIA, V.C., WILSON, V.A.C. & MONTEIRO, R.F. 2016. A new species of Machaeriobia Rubsaamen, 1915 (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 60:227-230. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Rio de Janeiro state: Parque Nacional da Serra de Órgãos (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Machaerium macaense C. V. Mendonça, A. M. G. Azevedo & H. C. Lima (Fabaceae) (endemic to Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia et al. 2016MAIA, V.C. & CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P. 2016. Insect galls of a protected remnant of the Atlantic Forest tableland from Rio de Janeiro State (Brazil). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 60(2016)40-56., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

185. Machaeriobia machaerii (Kieffer, 1913KIEFFER, J.-J. 1913. Diptera. Fam. Cecidomyidae. Fasc. 152. Wytsman, P., ed., Genera Insectorum. Bruxelles.) (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: São Paulo state: Ribeirão Preto (Cerrado); Santa Catarina: Tubarão (Atlantic Forest). Host plants: Machaerium sp. and Machaerium hirtum (Vell.) Stellfeld (Fabaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon, Caatinga, Cerrado, Atlantic Forest, and Pantanal). Refs.: Kieffer 1913KIEFFER, J.-J. 1913. Diptera. Fam. Cecidomyidae. Fasc. 152. Wytsman, P., ed., Genera Insectorum. Bruxelles., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

186. Macroporpa peruviana Rübsaamen, 1915aRÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1915. Beitrag zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Gallmucken. Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1915:431-481. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Acre: Auristela (Amazon Forest). Host plant: undetermined Malpighiaceae. Refs.: Rübsaamen 1915,RÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1915. Beitrag zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Gallmucken. Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1915:431-481. Möhn 1962MÖHN, E. 1962. Studien uber neotropische Gallmücken (Diptera, Itonididae). 1. Teil. Broteria 31:211-239., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

187. Macroporpa ulei Rübsaamen, 1915aRÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1915. Beitrag zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Gallmucken. Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1915:431-481. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Acre: São Francisco (Amazon Forest). Host plant: undetermined Lauraceae. Refs.: Rübsaamen 1915aRÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1915. Beitrag zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Gallmucken. Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1915:431-481., Möhn 1962MÖHN, E. 1962. Studien uber neotropische Gallmücken (Diptera, Itonididae). 1. Teil. Broteria 31:211-239., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

188. Manilkaramyia notabilis Maia, 2001aMAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, S.P.C. 2001. Two new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Erythroxylum ovalifolium Peyr. (Erythroxylaceae) from the Barra de Maricá restinga, Maricá, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Braz. J. Biol. 71(2): 521-526. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Carapebus, Maricá (Atlantic Forest); Espírito Santo: Guarapari (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Manilkara subsericea (Mart.) Dubard (Sapotaceae) (endemic to Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia 2001aMAIA, V.C. 2001a. New genera and species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool.18(Suppl. 1):1-32., bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., Bregonci et al. 2010BREGONCI, J.M., POLYCARPO, P.V. & MAIA, V.C. 2010. Galhas de insetos do Parque Estadual Paulo César Vinha (Guarapari, ES, Brasil). Biota Neotrop. 10(1):1-10. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v10n1/pt/abstract?inventory+bn01410012010 (last access on 17/March/2020).
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, Maia & Silva 2016MAIA, V.C. & SILVA, L.O. 2016. Insect galls of restinga de Marambaia (Barra de Guaratiba, Rio de Janeiro, RJ). Braz. J. Biol. 73(6):787-795., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

189. Mayteniella distincta Maia, 2001aMAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, S.P.C. 2001. Two new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Erythroxylum ovalifolium Peyr. (Erythroxylaceae) from the Barra de Maricá restinga, Maricá, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Braz. J. Biol. 71(2): 521-526. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Espírito Santo: Guarapari, Presidente Kennedy* (RB311268, RB311270) (Atlantic Forest); Rio de Janeiro state: Mangaratiba, Rio de Janeiro (Marambaia, Grumari, Ilha das Folhas* R145329, Copacabana* R74076, Jacarepaguá* RB159930, Cagarras), Maricá, Carapebus, Macaé* (R209511, RB565802), Saquarema, Araruama, Arraial do Cabo, Cabo Frio, São João da Barra, São Francisco de Itabapoana (Atlantic Forest); Santa Catarina: Babitonga (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Monteverdia obtusifolia (Mart.) Biral (= Maytenus obtusifolia Mart.) (Celastraceae) (endemic to Brazil) (Amazon and Atlantic Forests). Refs.: Monteiro et al. 1994MONTEIRO, R.F., FERRAZ, F.F.F., MAIA, V.C. & AZEVEDO, M.A.P. 1994. Galhas entomógenas em restingas: uma abordagem preliminar. In An. ACIESP 3(87):210-220. , Maia 2001aMAIA, V.C. 2001a. New genera and species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool.18(Suppl. 1):1-32., bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., Oliveira & Maia 2005OLIVEIRA, J.C. & MAIA, V.C. 2005. Ocorrência e caracterização de galhas de insetos na restinga de Grumari (Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil). Arqu. Mus. Nac. 63(4):669-676., Rodrigues et al. 2014RODRIGUES, A.R., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2014. Insect galls of restinga areas of Ilha da Marambaia, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 58(2):173-197., Maia & Carvalho-Fernandes 2016CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P., ASCENDINO, S., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2016. Diversity of insect galls associated with coastal shrub vegetation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 88(3):1407-1418., Carvalho-Fernandes et al. 2016CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P., ASCENDINO, S., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2016. Diversity of insect galls associated with coastal shrub vegetation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 88(3):1407-1418., Maia & Silva 2016MAIA, V.C. & SILVA, L.O. 2016. Insect galls of restinga de Marambaia (Barra de Guaratiba, Rio de Janeiro, RJ). Braz. J. Biol. 73(6):787-795., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. , Melo-Júnior et al. 2018, Maia 2020aMAIA, V.C. 2020a. Insetos galhadores em áreas de Restinga no Espírito Santo, Brasil. In Anais do VIII Simpósio sobre a Biodiversidade da Mata Atlântica (SIMBIOMA), "Museu de Biologia Professor Mello Leitão: sete décadas conhecendo a biodiversidade da Mata Atlântica". Mônico, AT, Koch, ED, Freitas J, Rodrigues, LN, Lopes, MM & Betzel, RL (Eds.). Santa Teresa,. p.359-365. .

190. Megaulus sterculiae Rübsaamen, 1915aRÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1915. Beitrag zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Gallmucken. Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1915:431-481. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Bolívia and Brazil: Acre: São Francisco (Amazon Forest). Host plant: Sterculia sp. (Sterculiaceae). Refs.: Rübsaamen 1915aRÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1915. Beitrag zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Gallmucken. Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1915:431-481., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

191. Metasphondylia squamosa Tavares, 1918bTAVARES, J.S. 1918b. Cecidologia brazileira: cecidias que se criam em plantas das famílias das Verbenaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Malvaceae, Anacardiaceae, Labiatae, Rosaceae, Anonaceae, Ampelidaceae, Bignoniaceae, Aristolochiaceae e Solanaceae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 16(1):21-48. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Bahia: Salvador (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: undetermined Malvaceae. Refs.: Tavares 1918bTAVARES, J.S. 1918b. Cecidologia brazileira: cecidias que se criam em plantas das famílias das Verbenaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Malvaceae, Anacardiaceae, Labiatae, Rosaceae, Anonaceae, Ampelidaceae, Bignoniaceae, Aristolochiaceae e Solanaceae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 16(1):21-48., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

192. Meunieriella dalechampiae Rübsaamen, 1905bRÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1905b. Beitrage zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Zoocecidien. II. Beitrag:Gallen aus Brasilien und Peru. (Fortsetzung.) Marcellia 4:11-138. (inquiline). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Palmeiras (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Dalechampia ficifolia Lam. (Euphorbiaceae) (endemic to Brazil) (Cerrado and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Rübsaamen 1905bRÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1905b. Beitrage zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Zoocecidien. II. Beitrag:Gallen aus Brasilien und Peru. (Fortsetzung.) Marcellia 4:11-138., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

193. Meunieriella insignis (Tavares, 1922TAVARES, J.S. 1922. Cecidologia brazileira: as restantes famílias. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 19(1):5-48, pls. XI-XIX.) (inquiline). Distribution: Brazil: Bahia: Salvador (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Protium heptaphyllum (Aubl.) Marchand (Burseraceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Tavares 1922TAVARES, J.S. 1922. Cecidologia brazileira: as restantes famílias. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 19(1):5-48, pls. XI-XIX., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

194. Meunieriella lantanae (Tavares, 1918aTAVARES, J.S. 1918a. Cecidomyias novas do Brazil, segunda série. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 16(2):68-84, pls. III-IV.) (inquiline). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Nova Friburgo (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Lantana sp. (Verbenaceae). Refs.: Tavares 1918aTAVARES, J.S. 1918a. Cecidomyias novas do Brazil, segunda série. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 16(2):68-84, pls. III-IV., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

195. Meunieriella spinosa Urso-Guimarães, 2018bURSO-GUIMARÃES, M.V. 2018b. Two new species of the Tribe Alycaulini (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) from Brazil. Fla. Entomol. 101(4):603-610. (inquiline). Distribution: Brazil: Minas Gerais: Delfinópolis (Cerrado). Host plant: Inga edulis Mart. (Fabaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Urso-Guimarães 2018bURSO-GUIMARÃES, M.V. 2018b. Two new species of the Tribe Alycaulini (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) from Brazil. Fla. Entomol. 101(4):603-610..

196. Mikaniadiplosis annulipes Gagné, 2001GAGNÉ, R.J., ODA, R.A.M. & MONTEIRO, R.F. 2001. The gall midges (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) of Mikania glomerata (Asteraceae) in Southeastern Brazil. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 103:110-134. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Angra dos Reis (Ilha Grande), Rio de Janeiro (Atlantic Forest); São Paulo state: Bertioga (Atlantic Forest); Rio Grande do Sul: Santa Tereza (Atlantic Forest). Host plants: Mikania glomerata Spreng. (Asteraceae) (native to Brazil) (Cerrado and Atlantic Forest) and Mikania cf biformis Refs.: Gagné et al. 2001GAGNÉ, R.J., ODA, R.A.M. & MONTEIRO, R.F. 2001. The gall midges (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) of Mikania glomerata (Asteraceae) in Southeastern Brazil. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 103:110-134., Maia et al. 2008MAIA, V.C., SILVEIRA, F.A.O., OLIVEIRA, L.A. & XAVIER, M.F. 2008 Asphondylia gochnatiae, a new species of gall midge (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Gochnatia polymorpha (Asteraceae). Zootaxa 1740:53-58., Maia & Oliveira 2010MAIA, V.C. & OLIVEIRA, J.C. 2010. Galhas de insetos da Reserva Biológica Estadual da Praia do Sul (Ilha Grande, Angra dos Reis, RJ). Biota Neotrop. 10(4):227-238. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v10n4/pt/abstract?inventory+bn04110042010 (last access on 17/March/2020).
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, Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. , Goetz et al. 2018GOETZ, A.P.M., LUZ, F.A., TOMA, T.S.P. & MENDONÇA-JÚNIOR, M. 2018. Gall-inducing insects of deciduous and semideciduous forests in Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. Iheringia, Ser. Zool. e-ISSN 1678-4766..

197. Mycodiplosis rubida (Felt, 1911cFELT, E.P. 1911c. Two new gall midges. Can. Entomol. 43:194-196.) (fungivorous). Distribution: Jamaica, St. Vincent, Hawaii, and Brazil (unstated locality). Host plants: Uromyces pisi (DC.) G.H. Otth (native to Brazil) (Rio Grade do Sul) and Puccinia sp. (Pucciniales). Refs.: Felt 1911cFELT, E.P. 1911c. Two new gall midges. Can. Entomol. 43:194-196., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

198. Myrciamyia maricaensis Maia, 1996cMAIA, V.C. 1996c. Dois gêneros novos de Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) associados a Myrtaceae, na restinga de Barra de Maricá, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 12(3):567-574. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Maricá, Carapebus, Cabo Frio, Arraial do Cabo (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Myrcia ovata Cambess. (Myrtaceae) (endemic to Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Monteiro et al. 1994MONTEIRO, R.F., FERRAZ, F.F.F., MAIA, V.C. & AZEVEDO, M.A.P. 1994. Galhas entomógenas em restingas: uma abordagem preliminar. In An. ACIESP 3(87):210-220. , Maia 1996cMAIA, V.C. 1996c. Dois gêneros novos de Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) associados a Myrtaceae, na restinga de Barra de Maricá, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 12(3):567-574., 2001bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., Carvalho-Fernandes et al. 2016CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P., ASCENDINO, S., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2016. Diversity of insect galls associated with coastal shrub vegetation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 88(3):1407-1418., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

199. Myrciamyia pterandrae Maia & Flor, 2018MAIA, V.C. & OLIVEIRA, L.A. 2018. Lopesia indaiensis (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae), a new species of gall midge feeding on Andira fraxinifolia Benth (Fabaceae), an endemic plant in Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 62(2018):125-130. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Minas Gerais: Quartel São João (Cerrado). Host plant: Pterandra pyroidea A. Juss. (Malpighiaceae) (endemic to Cerrado). Refs.: Maia et al. 2018MAIA, V.C., FLOR, I.C. & OLIVEIRA, L.A. 2018. Myrciamyia pterandrae (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Lopesiini), a new species of gall midge associated with Pterandra pyroidea A. Juss. (Malpighiaceae), an endemic plant in Brazilian Cerrado. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 62(2018):220-224. .

200. Myrciariamyia admirabilis Maia, 2007MAIA, V.C. & SANTOS, B.O. 2007. Um novo gênero e espécie de Schizomyiina (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associados com Piperaceae no Brasil. Iheringia, Sér. Zool. 97(2):137-142. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Minas Gerais: Tiradentes, São Tomé das Letras (Cerrado); São Paulo state: Ingaí (Cerrado); Goiás: Floresta Nacional de Silvânia (Cerrado), Hidrolândia (Cerrado). Host plant: Erythroxylum suberosum A. St.-Hil. (Erythroxylaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest and Cerrado). Refs.: Maia & Fernandes 2007MAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, G.W. 2007. Myrciariamyia admirabilis, a new species of gall midge (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Erythroxylum suberosum (Erythroxylaceae). Zootaxa 1554:41-48., Malves & Frieiro-Costa 2012MALVES, K. & FRIEIRO-COSTA, F.A. 2012. List of plants with galls induced by insects from the UNILAVRAS/Boqueirão Biological Reserve, Ingaí, State of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Checklist 8(3):426-439., Maia 2013MAIA, V.C. 2013. Insect galls of São Tomé das Letras (MG, Brazil). Biota Neotrop. 13(4):164-189. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v13n4/en/abstract?article+bn03213042013 (last access on 17/March/2020).
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, Bergamini et al. 2017BERGAMINI, B.A.R., BERGAMINI, L.L., SANTOS, B.B. & ARAÚJO, W.S. 2017. Occurrence and characterization of insect galls in the Floresta Nacional de Silvania, Brazil. Pap. Avulsos Zool. 7(32):413-431., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. , Silva et al. 2018SILVA, E.C., SANTOS, B.B. & ARAÚJO, W.S. 2018. Insect gall occurrence in savanna and forest remnant sites of Hidrolândia, GO, Brazil Central. Pap. Avulsos Zool. 58:e20185804..

201 Myrciariamyia bivalva Maia, 1995MAIA, V.C. 1995. Myrciariamyia bivalva, gen. n. e sp. n. (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Oligotrophini) associado com Myrciaria floribunda (Camb.) Legr. (Myrtaceae) no Brasil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 11(4):635-638. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Maricá, Carapebus (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Myrciaria floribunda (H.West ex Willd.) (Myrtaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia 1995MAIA, V.C. 1995. Myrciariamyia bivalva, gen. n. e sp. n. (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Oligotrophini) associado com Myrciaria floribunda (Camb.) Legr. (Myrtaceae) no Brasil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 11(4):635-638., 2001bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

202. Myrciariamyia fernandesi Maia, 2004aMAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, G.W. 2004. Insect galls from Serra de São José (Tiradentes, MG, Brazil). Braz. J. Biol. 64(3A):423-445. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Minas Gerais: Tiradentes (Cerrado). Host plant: Myrciaria tenella (DC.) O.Berg (Myrtaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia 2004aMAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, G.W. 2004. Insect galls from Serra de São José (Tiradentes, MG, Brazil). Braz. J. Biol. 64(3A):423-445., Maia & Fernandes 2004MAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, G.W. 2004. Insect galls from Serra de São José (Tiradentes, MG, Brazil). Braz. J. Biol. 64(3A):423-445., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

203. Neolasioptera cerei (Rübsaamen, 1905aRÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1905a. Beitrage zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Zoocecidien. II. Beitrag: Gallen aus Brasilien und Peru. (Vorlaufige Mitteilung.) Marcellia 4:65-85.) (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Angra dos Reis (Ilha Grande), Mangaratiba, Maricá, Cabo Frio, Arraial do Cabo (Ilha do Cabo Frio), São João da Barra (Atlantic Forest); Espírito Santo: Conceição da Barra (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Hylocereus setaceus (Salm-Dyck) R. Bauer (= Selenicereus setaceus (Salm-Dyck) Berg (Cactaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Rübsaamen 1905aRÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1905a. Beitrage zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Zoocecidien. II. Beitrag: Gallen aus Brasilien und Peru. (Vorlaufige Mitteilung.) Marcellia 4:65-85., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Maia 1999bMAIA, V.C. 1999b. Description of male, pupa and larva of Neolasioptera cerei Rübsaamen (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae). Rev. Bras. Zool. 16(suppl 2):119-122., Maia 2001bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., Maia & Oliveira 2010MAIA, V.C. & OLIVEIRA, J.C. 2010. Galhas de insetos da Reserva Biológica Estadual da Praia do Sul (Ilha Grande, Angra dos Reis, RJ). Biota Neotrop. 10(4):227-238. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v10n4/pt/abstract?inventory+bn04110042010 (last access on 17/March/2020).
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, Maia & Souza 2013MAIA, V.C. & SOUZA, M.C. 2013. Insect galls of the xeric vegetation of Ilha do Cabo Frio (Arraial do Cabo, RJ, Brazil). Biota Neotrop. 13(3):278-288. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v13n3/en/abstract?inventory+bn02213032013 (last access on 17/March/2020).
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, Rodrigues et al. 2014RODRIGUES, A.R., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2014. Insect galls of restinga areas of Ilha da Marambaia, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 58(2):173-197., Carvalho-Fernandes et al. 2016CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P., ASCENDINO, S., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2016. Diversity of insect galls associated with coastal shrub vegetation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 88(3):1407-1418., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. , Maia 2020aMAIA, V.C. 2020a. Insetos galhadores em áreas de Restinga no Espírito Santo, Brasil. In Anais do VIII Simpósio sobre a Biodiversidade da Mata Atlântica (SIMBIOMA), "Museu de Biologia Professor Mello Leitão: sete décadas conhecendo a biodiversidade da Mata Atlântica". Mônico, AT, Koch, ED, Freitas J, Rodrigues, LN, Lopes, MM & Betzel, RL (Eds.). Santa Teresa,. p.359-365. .

204. Neolasioptera cupheae Gagné, 1998GAGNÉ, R.J. 1998. Pp. 522-524. In Gagné, R.J., F.F.F.Ferraz and R.E.Monteiro. A new species of Neolasioptera Felt (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) on Cuphea carthagenensis (Jacq.) Macbride (Lythraceae) in Brazil, with notes on its biology. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 100: 521-525. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Silva Jardim (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Cuphea carthagenensis (Jacq.) J.F.Macbr. (Lythraceae) (native to Brazil) (all Brazilian phytogeographic domains). Refs.: Gagné et al. 1998GAGNÉ, R.J. 1998. Pp. 522-524. In Gagné, R.J., F.F.F.Ferraz and R.E.Monteiro. A new species of Neolasioptera Felt (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) on Cuphea carthagenensis (Jacq.) Macbride (Lythraceae) in Brazil, with notes on its biology. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 100: 521-525., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

205. Neolasioptera eugeniae Maia, 1993bMAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 1993. Descrição de três espécies novas de Bruggmannia Tavares, 1906 (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Asphondyliidi) do Brasil associadas com Guapira opposita (Nyctaginaceae). Rev. Bras. Biol. 53(2):209-215. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Espírito Santo: Conceição da Barra, Guarapari (Atlantic Forest); Rio de Janeiro state: Angra dos Reis (Ilha Grande), Paraty, Mangaratiba, Parque Nacional do Itatiaia, Rio de Janeiro (Marambaia, Grumari), Maricá, Saquarema, Araruama, Cabo Frio, Arraial do Cabo (Ilha do Cabo Frio), São João da Barra (Atlantic Forest); Minas Gerais: Itamonte (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Eugenia uniflora L. (Myrtaceae) (native to Brazil) (Cerrado, Atlantic Forest, and Pampa). Refs.: Maia 1993bMAIA, V.C., 1993b. Descrição de duas espécies novas de Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) associadas a Eugenia spp. (Myrtaceae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 37(4):717-721., Monteiro et al. 1994MONTEIRO, R.F., FERRAZ, F.F.F., MAIA, V.C. & AZEVEDO, M.A.P. 1994. Galhas entomógenas em restingas: uma abordagem preliminar. In An. ACIESP 3(87):210-220. , Oliveira & Maia 2005OLIVEIRA, J.C. & MAIA, V.C. 2005. Ocorrência e caracterização de galhas de insetos na restinga de Grumari (Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil). Arqu. Mus. Nac. 63(4):669-676., Maia & Oliveira 2010MAIA, V.C. & OLIVEIRA, J.C. 2010. Galhas de insetos da Reserva Biológica Estadual da Praia do Sul (Ilha Grande, Angra dos Reis, RJ). Biota Neotrop. 10(4):227-238. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v10n4/pt/abstract?inventory+bn04110042010 (last access on 17/March/2020).
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, Silva & Rodrigues 2011SILVA, L.O. & RODRIGUES, A.R. 2011. Galhas de inseto do Parque Municipal da Boca da Barra, Cabo Frio (RJ). In Livro de resumos. X Congresso de Ecologia do Brasil. Sociedade de Ecologia do Brasil (SEB), Universidade de São Paulo. São Paulo. http://seb-ecologia.org.br/revistas/indexar/anais/xceb/resumos/449.pdf
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, Carvalho-Fernandes & Maia 2011, Maia & Souza 2013MAIA, V.C. & SOUZA, M.C. 2013. Insect galls of the xeric vegetation of Ilha do Cabo Frio (Arraial do Cabo, RJ, Brazil). Biota Neotrop. 13(3):278-288. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v13n3/en/abstract?inventory+bn02213032013 (last access on 17/March/2020).
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, Maia 2014MAIA, V.C. 2014. New state record of four species of gall midges (Insecta, Diptera, Cecidomyiidae). Check List 10(4):942-943., Rodrigues & Maia 2014RODRIGUES, A.R., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2014. Insect galls of restinga areas of Ilha da Marambaia, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 58(2):173-197., Carvalho-Fernandes et al. 2016CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P., ASCENDINO, S., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2016. Diversity of insect galls associated with coastal shrub vegetation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 88(3):1407-1418., Maia & Silva 2016MAIA, V.C. & SILVA, L.O. 2016. Insect galls of restinga de Marambaia (Barra de Guaratiba, Rio de Janeiro, RJ). Braz. J. Biol. 73(6):787-795., Maia & Mascarenhas 2017MAIA, V.C. & MASCARENHAS, B. 2017. Insect galls of the Parque Nacional do Itatiaia (Southeast Region, Brazil). An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 89(1 Suppl.):505-575. , Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. , Maia 2020aMAIA, V.C. 2020a. Insetos galhadores em áreas de Restinga no Espírito Santo, Brasil. In Anais do VIII Simpósio sobre a Biodiversidade da Mata Atlântica (SIMBIOMA), "Museu de Biologia Professor Mello Leitão: sete décadas conhecendo a biodiversidade da Mata Atlântica". Mônico, AT, Koch, ED, Freitas J, Rodrigues, LN, Lopes, MM & Betzel, RL (Eds.). Santa Teresa,. p.359-365. .

206. Neolasioptera fariae (Tavares, 1922TAVARES, J.S. 1922. Cecidologia brazileira: as restantes famílias. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 19(1):5-48, pls. XI-XIX.) (inquiline). Distribution: Brazil: Bahia: Salvador (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: unknown. Refs.: Tavares 1922TAVARES, J.S. 1922. Cecidologia brazileira: as restantes famílias. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 19(1):5-48, pls. XI-XIX., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

207. Neolasioptera ingae Möhn, 1964bMÖHN, E. 1964b. Gallmücken (Diptera, Itonididae) aus El Salvador. 6. Teil, Lasiopteridi. Dtsche entomol. Z. (N.F.) 11:47-143. (gall-inducer). Distribution: El Salvador and Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Rio de Janeiro (Marambaia) (Atlantic Forest). Host plants: Inga vera Will. (= Inga spuria Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Cerrado, Atlantic Forest, and Pantanal) and Inga punctata Will. (= Inga leptoloba Schltdl. (Fabaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest). Refs.: Möhn 1964bMÖHN, E. 1964b. Gallmücken (Diptera, Itonididae) aus El Salvador. 6. Teil, Lasiopteridi. Dtsche entomol. Z. (N.F.) 11:47-143., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. , Maia & Silva 2016MAIA, V.C., WILSON, V.A.C. & MONTEIRO, R.F. 2016. A new species of Machaeriobia Rubsaamen, 1915 (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 60:227-230..

208. Neolasioptera lantanae (Tavares, 1922TAVARES, J.S. 1922. Cecidologia brazileira: as restantes famílias. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 19(1):5-48, pls. XI-XIX.) (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Bahia: Salvador (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Lantana sp. (Verbenaceae). Refs.: Tavares 1922TAVARES, J.S. 1922. Cecidologia brazileira: as restantes famílias. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 19(1):5-48, pls. XI-XIX., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

209. Neolasioptera pantaneira Maia, 2017MAIA, V.C. & MONTEIRO, R.F. 2017. Lopesia davillae (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae), a new species of gall midge from Brazil associated with Davilla rugosa (Dilleniaceae). Braz. J. Biol. 77(4):680-685. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Mato Grosso do Sul: Corumbá (Pantanal). Host plant: Aeschynomene denticulata Rudd. (Fabaceae) (native to Brazil) (all Brazilian phytogeografic domains). Ref.: Maia et al. 2017MAIA, V.C. & MASCARENHAS, B. 2017. Insect galls of the Parque Nacional do Itatiaia (Southeast Region, Brazil). An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 89(1 Suppl.):505-575. .

210. Neolasioptera ramicola Maia, 2009MAIA, V.C., ZART, M. & BOTTON, M. 2009. Neolasioptera ramicola, a new species of Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) associated with Physalis angulata (Solanaceae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 53(2):163-165. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio Grande do Sul: Bento Gonçalves (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Physalis angulata L. (Solanaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, Atlantic Forest, and Pantanal). Refs.: Maia Maia et al. 2009MAIA, V.C. & ARAÚJO, W.S. 2009. Uma nova espécie de Schizomyia (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) indutora de galhas nos botões florais de Jacquemontia holosericea (Convolvulaceae). 53(3):356-360., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

211. Neolasioptera urvilleae (Tavares, 1909TAVARES, J.S. 1909. Contributio prima ad cognitionem cecidologiae braziliae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 8:5-28, pls. I-VIII.) (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio Grande do Sul: São Leopoldo (Pampa). Host plant: Urvillea uniloba Radlk. (Sapindaceae) (native to Brazil) (Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Tavares 1909TAVARES, J.S. 1909. Contributio prima ad cognitionem cecidologiae braziliae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 8:5-28, pls. I-VIII., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

212. Neomitranthella robusta Maia, 1996cMAIA, V.C. 1996c. Dois gêneros novos de Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) associados a Myrtaceae, na restinga de Barra de Maricá, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 12(3):567-574. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Maricá, Saquarema, Araruama, Arraial do Cabo, Cabo Frio, Carapebus (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Neomitranthes obscura (DC.) N. Silveira (Myrtaceae) (endemic to Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia 1996cMAIA, V.C. 1996c. Dois gêneros novos de Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) associados a Myrtaceae, na restinga de Barra de Maricá, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 12(3):567-574., 2001bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

213. Novocalmonia fici Ozdikmen, 2009 (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Bahia: Itaparica and Santo Antonio da Barra (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Ficus sp. (Moraceae). Refs.: Tavares 1917aTAVARES, J.S. 1917a. Cecídias do brazileiras que se criam em planta das Compositae, Rubiaceae, Tiliaceae, Lythraceae e Artocarpaceae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 15:113-181, pls. VI-XI., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

214. Novocalmonia urostigmatis (Tavares, 1917aTAVARES, J.S. 1917a. Cecídias do brazileiras que se criam em planta das Compositae, Rubiaceae, Tiliaceae, Lythraceae e Artocarpaceae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 15:113-181, pls. VI-XI.) (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Nova Friburgo (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Ficus sp. (Moraceae). Refs.: Tavares 1917aTAVARES, J.S. 1917a. Cecídias do brazileiras que se criam em planta das Compositae, Rubiaceae, Tiliaceae, Lythraceae e Artocarpaceae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 15:113-181, pls. VI-XI., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

215. Ouradiplosis aurata Felt, 1915bFELT, E.P. 1915b. New South American gall midges. Psyche 22:152-157. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Pará: Igarapé-Açú (Amazon Forest). Host plant: unknown. Refs.: Felt 1915bFELT, E.P. 1915b. New South American gall midges. Psyche 22:152-157., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

216. Parametasphondylia piperis Maia & Santos 2007MAIA, V.C. & SANTOS, B.O. 2007. Um novo gênero e espécie de Schizomyiina (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associados com Piperaceae no Brasil. Iheringia, Sér. Zool. 97(2):137-142. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Minas Gerais: Tiradentes (Cerrado). Host plant: Piper sp. (Piperaceae). Refs.: Maia & Fernandes 2004MAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, G.W. 2004. Insect galls from Serra de São José (Tiradentes, MG, Brazil). Braz. J. Biol. 64(3A):423-445., Maia & Santos 2007MAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, G.W. 2007. Myrciariamyia admirabilis, a new species of gall midge (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Erythroxylum suberosum (Erythroxylaceae). Zootaxa 1554:41-48., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

217. Parazalepidota clusiae Maia, 2001aMAIA, V.C. 2001a. New genera and species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool.18(Suppl. 1):1-32. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Rio de Janeiro (Grumari), São Gonçalo, Maricá, Saquarema, Araruama, Arraial do Cabo, Cabo Frio, Quissamã, Macaé, Petrópolis, Mauá (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Clusia fluminensis Planch. & Triana (Clusiaceae) (endemic to Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Monteiro et al. 1994MONTEIRO, R.F., FERRAZ, F.F.F., MAIA, V.C. & AZEVEDO, M.A.P. 1994. Galhas entomógenas em restingas: uma abordagem preliminar. In An. ACIESP 3(87):210-220. , Maia 2001aMAIA, V.C. 2001a. New genera and species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool.18(Suppl. 1):1-32., bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., Oliveira & Maia 2005OLIVEIRA, J.C. & MAIA, V.C. 2005. Ocorrência e caracterização de galhas de insetos na restinga de Grumari (Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil). Arqu. Mus. Nac. 63(4):669-676., Carvalho-Fernandes et al. 2016CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P., ASCENDINO, S., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2016. Diversity of insect galls associated with coastal shrub vegetation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 88(3):1407-1418., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. , Maia 2020bMAIA, V.C. 2020b. Gall midges (Insecta, Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Clusiaceae in Brazil: richness and distribution. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc..

218. Parkiamyia paraensis Maia, 2006MAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, G. W. 2006. A new genus and species of gall midge (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Parkia pendula (Fabaceae, Mimosoideae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 50(1):1-5. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Pará: Oriximiná (Amazon Forest). Host plant: Parkia pendula (Willd.) Benth. ex Walp. (Fabaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon and Atlantic Forests). Refs.: Maia & Fernandes 2006MAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, G. W. 2006. A new genus and species of gall midge (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Parkia pendula (Fabaceae, Mimosoideae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 50(1):1-5., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

219. Paulliniamyia ampla Maia, 2001aMAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, S.P.C. 2001. Two new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Erythroxylum ovalifolium Peyr. (Erythroxylaceae) from the Barra de Maricá restinga, Maricá, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Braz. J. Biol. 71(2): 521-526. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Maricá, Saquarema, Araruama, Arraial do Cabo, Cabo Frio, Carapebus, São João da Barra, São Francisco de Itabapoana (Atlantic Forest); São Paulo state: Bertioga (Atlantic Forest). Host plants: Paullinia weinmanniifolia Mart. (endemic to Atlantic Forest) and Matayba guianensis Aubl. (Sapindaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Cerrado, Atlantic Forest, and Pantanal). Refs.: Maia 2001aMAIA, V.C. 2001a. New genera and species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool.18(Suppl. 1):1-32., bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., Maia et al. 2008MAIA, V.C., MAGENTA, M.A.G. & MARTINS, S.E. 2008. Ocorrência e caracterização de galhas de insetos em áreas de restinga de Bertioga (São Paulo, Brasil). Biota Neotrop. 8(1):167-197. <http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v8n1/pt/abstract?inventory+bn02408012008> (last access on 17/March/2020).
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, Maia & Carvalho-Fernandes 2016CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P., ASCENDINO, S., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2016. Diversity of insect galls associated with coastal shrub vegetation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 88(3):1407-1418., Carvalho-Fernandes et al. 2016CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P., ASCENDINO, S., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2016. Diversity of insect galls associated with coastal shrub vegetation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 88(3):1407-1418., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

220. Perasphondylia mikaniae Gagné, 2001GAGNÉ, R.J., ODA, R.A.M. & MONTEIRO, R.F. 2001. The gall midges (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) of Mikania glomerata (Asteraceae) in Southeastern Brazil. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 103:110-134. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Paraty, Parque Nacional do Itatiaia, Silva Jardim (Atlantic Forest); São Paulo state: Bertioga (Atlantic Forest). Host plants: Mikania glomerata Spreng. (native to Brazil) (Cerrado and Atlantic Forest) and Mikania cf biformis (Asteraceae). Refs.: Gagné et al. 2001GAGNÉ, R.J., ODA, R.A.M. & MONTEIRO, R.F. 2001. The gall midges (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) of Mikania glomerata (Asteraceae) in Southeastern Brazil. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 103:110-134., Maia et al. 2008MAIA, V.C., SILVEIRA, F.A.O., OLIVEIRA, L.A. & XAVIER, M.F. 2008 Asphondylia gochnatiae, a new species of gall midge (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Gochnatia polymorpha (Asteraceae). Zootaxa 1740:53-58., Carvalho-Fernandes & Maia 2011, Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. , Maia & Mascarenhas 2017MAIA, V.C. & MASCARENHAS, B. 2017. Insect galls of the Parque Nacional do Itatiaia (Southeast Region, Brazil). An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 89(1 Suppl.):505-575. .

221. Perasphondylia reticulata Möhn, 1960MÖHN, E. 1960. Gallmücken (Diptera, Itonididae) aus El Salvador. 2. Teil. Senckenbergiana Biologica 41:197-240. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Mexico, El Salvador, Trinidad, Bolivia, and Brazil: Pará (Amazon Forest). Host plants: Chromolaena odorata (L.) R. M. King & H. Rob. (native to Brazil) (all phytogeographic domains) and Eupatorium sp. (Asteraceae). Refs.: Möhn 1960MÖHN, E. 1960. Gallmücken (Diptera, Itonididae) aus El Salvador. 2. Teil. Senckenbergiana Biologica 41:197-240., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

222. Pisphondylia brasiliensis Couri & Maia, 1992MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 1992. Pp. 655-660. InMaia, V.C., M.S. Couri and R.F. Monteiro. Sobre seis espécies de Asphondylia Loew, 1850 do Brasil (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae. Rev. Bras. Entomol 36(3):653-661. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: São Paulo state: Bertioga; Rio de Janeiro state: Maricá, Arraial do Cabo (Ilha do Cabo Frio), São João da Barra (Atlantic Forest); Espírito Santo: Santa Teresa (Atlantic Forest); Minas Gerais: Brumadinho (Atlantic Forest); Bahia: Porto Seguro-Trancoso (Atlantic Forest); Santa Catarina: Babitonga, São Francisco do Sul (Atlantic Forest); Rio Grande do Sul: Porto Alegre (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Guapira opposita (Vell.) Reitz. (Nyctaginaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Couri & Maia 1992COURI, M.S. & MAIA, V.C. 1992. Considerações sobre Pisphondylia Möhn, 1960 (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Asphondyliidi), com descrição de uma espécie nova do Brasil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 37(4) 717-721., Maia 2001bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., 2014MAIA, V.C. 2014. New state record of four species of gall midges (Insecta, Diptera, Cecidomyiidae). Check List 10(4):942-943., Maia et al. 2008MAIA, V.C., MAGENTA, M.A.G. & MARTINS, S.E. 2008. Ocorrência e caracterização de galhas de insetos em áreas de restinga de Bertioga (São Paulo, Brasil). Biota Neotrop. 8(1):167-197. <http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v8n1/pt/abstract?inventory+bn02408012008> (last access on 17/March/2020).
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, Maia 2010MAIA, V.C. 2010a. A new replacement name for Brethesia (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 54(1):146., Maia et al. 2010MAIA, V.C. 2010a. A new replacement name for Brethesia (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 54(1):146., Maia & Souza 2013,MAIA, V.C. & SOUZA, M.C. 2013. Insect galls of the xeric vegetation of Ilha do Cabo Frio (Arraial do Cabo, RJ, Brazil). Biota Neotrop. 13(3):278-288. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v13n3/en/abstract?inventory+bn02213032013 (last access on 17/March/2020).
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Arriola et al. 2015, Carvalho-Fernandes et al. 2016CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P., ASCENDINO, S., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2016. Diversity of insect galls associated with coastal shrub vegetation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 88(3):1407-1418., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. , Melo-Júnior et al. 2018.

223. Primadiplosis microgramma Maia, 2011MAIA, V.C. & SANTOS, M.G. 2011. A new genus and species of gall midge (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Microgramma vaccinifolia (Langsd. & Fisch.) Copel (Polypodiaceae) from Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 55(1):40-44. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Maricá (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Microgramma vacciniifolia (Langsd. & Fisch.) Copel. (Polypodiaceae) (native to Brazil) (Cerrado and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia & Santos 2011MAIA, V.C. & SANTOS, M.G. 2011. A new genus and species of gall midge (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Microgramma vaccinifolia (Langsd. & Fisch.) Copel (Polypodiaceae) from Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 55(1):40-44., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

224. Proasphondylia brasiliensis Felt, 1915cFELT, E.P. 1915c. New genera and species of gall midges. Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus. 48:195-211. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Pernambuco: Bonito (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: unknown. Refs.: Felt 1915cFELT, E.P. 1915c. New genera and species of gall midges. Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus. 48:195-211., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

225. Proasphondylia formosa Maia, 1994MAIA, V.C. 1994. Considerações sobre Proasphondylia Felt (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae), com descrições de duas espécies novas associadas com Guapira opposita (Velloso) Reitz (Nyctaginaceae). Rev. Bras. Zool. 10(2): 215-218. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Maricá (Atlantic Forest); Santa Catarina: Babitonga (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Guapira opposita (Vell.) Reitz. (Nyctaginaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia 1994MAIA, V.C. 1994. Considerações sobre Proasphondylia Felt (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae), com descrições de duas espécies novas associadas com Guapira opposita (Velloso) Reitz (Nyctaginaceae). Rev. Bras. Zool. 10(2): 215-218. , Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. , Melo-Júnior et al. 2018.

226. Proasphondylia guapirae Maia, 1994MAIA, V.C. 1994. Considerações sobre Proasphondylia Felt (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae), com descrições de duas espécies novas associadas com Guapira opposita (Velloso) Reitz (Nyctaginaceae). Rev. Bras. Zool. 10(2): 215-218. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Angra dos Reis (Ilha Grande), Mangaratiba, Rio de Janeiro (Marambaia), Maricá, Carapebus, Arraial do Cabo (Ilha do Cabo Frio) (Atlantic Forest); Espírito Santo: Santa Teresa (Atlantic Forest); São Paulo state: Bertioga (Atlantic Forest); Santa Catarina: Babitonga (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Guapira opposita (Vell.) Reitz. (Nyctaginaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia 1994MAIA, V.C. 1994. Considerações sobre Proasphondylia Felt (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae), com descrições de duas espécies novas associadas com Guapira opposita (Velloso) Reitz (Nyctaginaceae). Rev. Bras. Zool. 10(2): 215-218. , 1999MAIA, V.C. 1999a. Descrição de imaturos de quatro espécies de Asphondyliini neotropicais e nota taxonômica sobre Asphondylia maytenuse Maia & Couri (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae). Rev. Bras. Zool. 16(3):775-778., 2001bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., Maia et al. 2008MAIA, V.C., SILVEIRA, F.A.O., OLIVEIRA, L.A. & XAVIER, M.F. 2008 Asphondylia gochnatiae, a new species of gall midge (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Gochnatia polymorpha (Asteraceae). Zootaxa 1740:53-58., Maia & Oliveira 2010MAIA, V.C. & OLIVEIRA, J.C. 2010. Galhas de insetos da Reserva Biológica Estadual da Praia do Sul (Ilha Grande, Angra dos Reis, RJ). Biota Neotrop. 10(4):227-238. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v10n4/pt/abstract?inventory+bn04110042010 (last access on 17/March/2020).
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, Maia & Souza 2013MAIA, V.C. & SOUZA, M.C. 2013. Insect galls of the xeric vegetation of Ilha do Cabo Frio (Arraial do Cabo, RJ, Brazil). Biota Neotrop. 13(3):278-288. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v13n3/en/abstract?inventory+bn02213032013 (last access on 17/March/2020).
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, Maia 2014MAIA, V.C. 2014. New state record of four species of gall midges (Insecta, Diptera, Cecidomyiidae). Check List 10(4):942-943., Rodrigues & Maia 2014RODRIGUES, A.R., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2014. Insect galls of restinga areas of Ilha da Marambaia, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 58(2):173-197., Arriola et al. 2015, Maia & Silva 2016MAIA, V.C. & SILVA, L.O. 2016. Insect galls of restinga de Marambaia (Barra de Guaratiba, Rio de Janeiro, RJ). Braz. J. Biol. 73(6):787-795., Melo-Júnior et al. 2018.

227. Procontarinia mangiferae (Felt, 1911dFELT, E.P. 1911d. A generic synopsis of the Itonidae. J. N. Y. Entomol. Soc. 19:31-62.) (gall-inducer). Distribution: India, China, Reunion, Iran, Guadeloupe, St. Vincent, Trinidad, and Brazil: Bahia: Salvador (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Mangifera indica L. (Anacardiaceae) (exotic) (cultivated plant in all Brazilian domains). Refs.: Felt 1911dFELT, E.P. 1911d. A generic synopsis of the Itonidae. J. N. Y. Entomol. Soc. 19:31-62., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

228. Prodiplosis floricola Felt, 1907bFELT, E.P. 1907b. New species of Cecidomyiidae II. New York State Education Department, Albany. (free living phytophagous). Distribution: USA, Colombia, and Brazil: São Paulo state (unstated locality). Host plants: Spiraea salicifolia L. (Rosaceae) (native to the temperate Northern Hemisphere), Clematis sp. (Ranunculaceae), Caryocar brasiliense Cambess. (Caryocaraceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest), and Citrus sp. (Rutaceae). Refs.: Felt 1907bFELT, E.P. 1907b. New species of Cecidomyiidae II. New York State Education Department, Albany., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

229. Rhoasphondylia friburgensis (Tavares, 1917aTAVARES, J.S. 1917a. Cecídias do brazileiras que se criam em planta das Compositae, Rubiaceae, Tiliaceae, Lythraceae e Artocarpaceae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 15:113-181, pls. VI-XI.) (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Nova Friburgo (Atlantic Forest). Host plants: Baccharis lateralis Baker (= B. schultzi Baker) (endemic to Brazil) (Atlantic Forest and Cerrado), B. dracunculifolia DC. (native to Brazil) (Cerrado, Atlantic Forest, and Pampa), and B. trinervis Pers. (Asteraceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, Atlantic Forest, and Pampa). Refs.: Tavares 1917aTAVARES, J.S. 1917a. Cecídias do brazileiras que se criam em planta das Compositae, Rubiaceae, Tiliaceae, Lythraceae e Artocarpaceae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 15:113-181, pls. VI-XI., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

230. Rochadiplosis tibouchinae Tavares, 1917bTAVARES, J.S. 1917b. As cecidias do Brazil que se criam nas plantas da família das Melastomataceae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 15:18-49, pls. I-V. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Petrópolis, Tijuca, and Nova Friburgo (Atlantic Forest); São Paulo state: Altinópolis (Cerrado). Host plant: Tibouchina sp. (Melastomataceae). Refs.: Tavares 1917bTAVARES, J.S. 1917b. As cecidias do Brazil que se criam nas plantas da família das Melastomataceae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 15:18-49, pls. I-V. , Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. , Ribeiro et al. 2019RIBEIRO, A.N., BALBI, M.I.P.A. & URSO-GUIMARÃES, M.V. 2019. Characterization of insect galls from a vegetation area in Altinópolis, São Paulo State, Brazil. Pap. Avulsos Zool., v.59: e20195904..

231. Schismatodiplosis lantanae (Rübsaamen, 1908aRÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1908a. Beitrage zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Zoocecidien. III. Beitrag: Gallen aus Brasilien und Peru. Marcellia 6:110-173.) (gall-inducer). Distribution: Mexico, Veracruz, Tabasco, Quintana Roo, Trinidad, and Brazil: Pará: Oriximiná (Amazon Forest); Rondônia: Campo Novo de Rondônia (Amazon Forest); Minas Gerais: Aimorés (Atlantic Forest), Vale do Rio Doce (Atlantic Forest, Cerrado); Rio de Janeiro state: Parque Nacional do Itatiaia, Valença, Mangaratiba, Casimiro de Abreu, Reserva Biológica União, Maricá, Saquarema, Araruama, Cabo Frio, Arraial do Cabo (Ilha do Cabo Frio), Rio das Ostras, São João da Barra (Atlantic Forest); Santa Catarina: Tubarão (Atlantic Forest). Host plants: Lantana camara L. (naturalized) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest), Lantana hispida (no records in Brazil) and L. urticifolia (Verbenaceae) (no records in Brazil). Refs.: Rübsaamen 1908aRÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1908a. Beitrage zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Zoocecidien. III. Beitrag: Gallen aus Brasilien und Peru. Marcellia 6:110-173., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Maia 2001bMAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, S.P.C. 2001. Two new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Erythroxylum ovalifolium Peyr. (Erythroxylaceae) from the Barra de Maricá restinga, Maricá, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Braz. J. Biol. 71(2): 521-526., Maia & Souza 2013MAIA, V.C. & SOUZA, M.C. 2013. Insect galls of the xeric vegetation of Ilha do Cabo Frio (Arraial do Cabo, RJ, Brazil). Biota Neotrop. 13(3):278-288. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v13n3/en/abstract?inventory+bn02213032013 (last access on 17/March/2020).
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, Proença & Maia 2014PROENÇA, B. & MAIA, V.C. 2014. New state record of Schismatodiplosis lantanae (Insecta, Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) in Brazil. Check List 10:1557-1559., Rodrigues & Maia 2014RODRIGUES, A.R., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2014. Insect galls of restinga areas of Ilha da Marambaia, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 58(2):173-197., Carvalho-Fernandes et al. 2016CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P., ASCENDINO, S., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2016. Diversity of insect galls associated with coastal shrub vegetation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 88(3):1407-1418., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. , Maia & Mascarenhas 2017MAIA, V.C. & MASCARENHAS, B. 2017. Insect galls of the Parque Nacional do Itatiaia (Southeast Region, Brazil). An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 89(1 Suppl.):505-575. , Maia & Siqueira 2020MAIA, V.C. & SIQUEIRA, E.S. 2020. Insect galls of the Reserva Biológica União, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Biota Neotrop. 20(1):e20190758. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1676-0611-BN-2019-0758. (last access on 17/March/2020).
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232. Schizomyia barreirensis Santos, Maia & Calado, 2019SANTOS, D.S.S., MAIA, V.C. & CALADO, D. 2019. Insect galls on Bauhinia cupulata (Fabaceae): morphotypes characterization and description of a new species of Schizomyia (Cecidomyiidae, Diptera). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 63:356-362. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Bahia: Barreiras (Cerrado). Host plant: Bauhinia cupulata Benth. (Fabaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, and Cerrado). Refs.: Santos et al. 2019SANTOS, D.S.S., MAIA, V.C. & CALADO, D. 2019. Insect galls on Bauhinia cupulata (Fabaceae): morphotypes characterization and description of a new species of Schizomyia (Cecidomyiidae, Diptera). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 63:356-362..

233. Schizomyia macrocapillata Maia, 2005MAIA, V.C., CONSTANTINO, P.A.L. & MONTEIRO, R.F. 2005. New gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with two species of Eugenia (Myrtaceae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 49(3):347-352. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Goiás*: Hidrolândia (RB308777), Monte Alegre (RB357341), Cavalcante (RB 466730) (Cerrado); Mato Grosso*: Selvíria (RB295665) (Cerrado); Bahia: Barreiras (Cerrado) and Caetité (Caatinga); Minas Gerais: Três Marias (Cerrado). Host plant: Bauhinia brevipes Vogel (Fabaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia & Fernandes 2005bMAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, G.W. 2005b. Two new species of Asphondyliini (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) associated with Bauhinia brevipes (Fabaceae). Zootaxa 1091:27-4., Costa et al. 2014COSTA, E.C., CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P. & SANTOS-SILVA, J. 2014. Galhas entomógenas associadas à Leguminosae do entorno do riacho Jatobá, Caetité, Bahia, Brasil. R. bras. Bioci. 12: 115-120., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. , Lima & Calado 2018LIMA, V.P. & CALADO, D. 2018. Morphological characterization of insect galls and new records of associated invertebrates in a Cerrado area in Bahia State, Brazil. Braz. J. Biol. 78(4):636-643..

234. Schizomyia manihoti Tavares, 1925TAVARES, J.S. 1925. Nova contribuição para o conhecimento da cecidologia brazileira. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 22:5-48. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Colombia and Brazil: Ceará (unstated locality). Host plant: Manihot esculenta Crantz (= Manihot utilissima Pohl.) (Euphorbiaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest and Cerrado). Refs.: Tavares 1925TAVARES, J.S. 1925. Nova contribuição para o conhecimento da cecidologia brazileira. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 22:5-48., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

235. Schizomyia maricaensis Sousa & Maia, 2007SOUSA, L.I. & MAIA, V.C. 2007. A new species of Schizomyia (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Asphondyliini) associated with Tetrapterys phlomoides (Malpighiaceae). Iheringia, Ser. Zool. 97:311-313. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Maricá (Atlantic Forest); São Paulo state: Ribeirão Preto (Cerrado). Host plant: Tetrapterys phlomoides (Spreng.) Nied. (Malpighiaceae) (native to Brazil) (Cerrado, Atlantic Forest, and Pantanal). Refs.: Sousa & Maia 2007SOUSA, L.I. & MAIA, V.C. 2007. A new species of Schizomyia (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Asphondyliini) associated with Tetrapterys phlomoides (Malpighiaceae). Iheringia, Ser. Zool. 97:311-313. , Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. , Urso-Guimarães 2019bURSO-GUIMARÃES, M.V. 2019b Description of the male and larva of Schizomyia tuiuiu Urso-Guimarães & Amorim (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae), new records and a key to Neotropical species of Schizomyia Kieffer. Iheringia, Ser Zool 109:e2019017..

236. Schizomyia mimosae Tavares, 1925TAVARES, J.S. 1925. Nova contribuição para o conhecimento da cecidologia brazileira. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 22:5-48. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Ceará (unstated locality). Host plant: Mimosa caesalpiniifolia Benth. (Fabaceae) (endemic to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Tavares 1925TAVARES, J.S. 1925. Nova contribuição para o conhecimento da cecidologia brazileira. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 22:5-48., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

237. Schizomyia santosi Maia & Araújo, 2009MAIA, V.C., ZART, M. & BOTTON, M. 2009. Neolasioptera ramicola, a new species of Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) associated with Physalis angulata (Solanaceae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 53(2):163-165. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Rio de Janeiro (Marambaia) and Maricá (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Jacquemontia holosericea (Weinm.) O' Donell (Convolvulaceae) (native to Brazil) (all Brazilian phytogeographic domains). Refs.: Maia 2001bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., Maia & Araújo 2009MAIA, V.C. & ARAÚJO, W.S. 2009. Uma nova espécie de Schizomyia (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) indutora de galhas nos botões florais de Jacquemontia holosericea (Convolvulaceae). 53(3):356-360., Maia & Silva 2016MAIA, V.C. & SILVA, L.O. 2016. Insect galls of restinga de Marambaia (Barra de Guaratiba, Rio de Janeiro, RJ). Braz. J. Biol. 73(6):787-795.. Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

238. Schizomyia spherica Maia & Oliveira, 2007MAIA, V.C. & SANTOS, B.O. 2007. Um novo gênero e espécie de Schizomyiina (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associados com Piperaceae no Brasil. Iheringia, Sér. Zool. 97(2):137-142. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Maricá, Carapebus, Arraial do Cabo (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Microstachys corniculata (Vahl) Griseb. (= Sebastiania glandulosa (Mart.) Pax.) (Euphorbiaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Monteiro et al. 1994MONTEIRO, R.F., FERRAZ, F.F.F., MAIA, V.C. & AZEVEDO, M.A.P. 1994. Galhas entomógenas em restingas: uma abordagem preliminar. In An. ACIESP 3(87):210-220. , Maia 2001bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., Maia & Oliveira 2007MAIA, V.C. & SANTOS, B.O. 2007. Um novo gênero e espécie de Schizomyiina (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associados com Piperaceae no Brasil. Iheringia, Sér. Zool. 97(2):137-142., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

239. Schizomyia tuiuiu Urso-Guimarães & Amorim, 2002URSO-GUIMARÃES, M.V. & AMORIM, D.S. 2002. New Brazilian species of Asphondyliini (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 46:561-570. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Mato Grosso: Cuiabá (Cerrado); São Paulo state: Ribeirão Preto (Cerrado). Host plant: Bauhinia holophylla (Fabaceae) (as B. rufa (Bong.) Steud. in Urso-Guimarães & Amorim, 2002URSO-GUIMARÃES, M.V. & AMORIM, D.S. 2002. New Brazilian species of Asphondyliini (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 46:561-570. ) (native to Brazil) (endemic to Cerrado). Refs.: Urso-Guimarães & Amorim 2002URSO-GUIMARÃES, M.V. & AMORIM, D.S. 2002. New Brazilian species of Asphondyliini (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 46:561-570. , Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. , Urso-Guimarães 2019bURSO-GUIMARÃES, M.V. 2019b Description of the male and larva of Schizomyia tuiuiu Urso-Guimarães & Amorim (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae), new records and a key to Neotropical species of Schizomyia Kieffer. Iheringia, Ser Zool 109:e2019017..

240. Smilasioptera candelariae Möhn, 1975MÖHN, E. 1975. Gallmücken (Diptera, Itonididae) aus El Salvador. 8. Teil: Lasiopteridi. Stutt. Beitr. Naturd. 276: 1-101. (gall-inducer). Distribution: El Salvador, Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Mangaratiba, Rio de Janeiro (Grumari, Marambaia), Maricá, Saquarema, Araruama, Arraial do Cabo, Cabo Frio, Carapebus, São João da Barra (Atlantic Forest). Host plants: Smilax spinosa Mill. (= Smilax mexicana Griseb. ex Kunth.) (no records in Brazil) and Smilax rufescens Griseb. (Smilacaceae) (endemic to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Möhn 1975MÖHN, E. 1975. Gallmücken (Diptera, Itonididae) aus El Salvador. 8. Teil: Lasiopteridi. Stutt. Beitr. Naturd. 276: 1-101., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Maia 2001bMAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, S.P.C. 2001. Two new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Erythroxylum ovalifolium Peyr. (Erythroxylaceae) from the Barra de Maricá restinga, Maricá, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Braz. J. Biol. 71(2): 521-526., Oliveira & Maia 2005OLIVEIRA, J.C. & MAIA, V.C. 2005. Ocorrência e caracterização de galhas de insetos na restinga de Grumari (Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil). Arqu. Mus. Nac. 63(4):669-676., Rodrigues & Maia 2014RODRIGUES, A.R., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2014. Insect galls of restinga areas of Ilha da Marambaia, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 58(2):173-197., Carvalho-Fernandes et al. 2016,CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P., ASCENDINO, S., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2016. Diversity of insect galls associated with coastal shrub vegetation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 88(3):1407-1418. Maia & Silva 2016MAIA, V.C. & SILVA, L.O. 2016. Insect galls of restinga de Marambaia (Barra de Guaratiba, Rio de Janeiro, RJ). Braz. J. Biol. 73(6):787-795., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

241. Sphaeramyia flava Maia, 2007aMAIA, V.C. 2007a. New genera and species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Guarea macrophylla (Meliaceae). Rev. Bras. Zool. 24(2):449-456. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: São Paulo state: Bertioga (Atlantic Forest); Santa Catarina: São Francisco do Sul (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Guarea macrophylla Vahl (Meliaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia 2007aMAIA, V.C. 2007a. New genera and species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Guarea macrophylla (Meliaceae). Rev. Bras. Zool. 24(2):449-456., Maia et al. 2008MAIA, V.C., MAGENTA, M.A.G. & MARTINS, S.E. 2008. Ocorrência e caracterização de galhas de insetos em áreas de restinga de Bertioga (São Paulo, Brasil). Biota Neotrop. 8(1):167-197. <http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v8n1/pt/abstract?inventory+bn02408012008> (last access on 17/March/2020).
http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v8n1/p...
, Melo-Júnior et al. 2018.

242. Sphaerodiplosis dubia Rübsaamen, 1915RÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1915. Beitrag zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Gallmucken. Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1915:431-481. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil (locality unstated). Host plant: unknown. Refs.: Rübsaamen 1915RÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1915. Beitrag zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Gallmucken. Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1915:431-481., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

243. Stephomyia clavata (Tavares, 1920bTAVARES, J.S. 1920b. [continuation of:] Cecidologia brazileira: cecidias que se criam em plantas das famílias das Leguminosae, Sapotaceae, Lauraceae, Myrtaceae, Punicaceae, Aurantiaceae, Malpighiaceae, Sapindaceae, Umbelliferae, Loranthaceae, Apocynaceae, Urticaceae, Salicaceae e Gramineae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 18(3):97-125, pl.III.) (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Bahia: Madre de Deus (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: undetermined Myrtaceae. Refs.: Tavares 1920bTAVARES, J.S. 1920b. [continuation of:] Cecidologia brazileira: cecidias que se criam em plantas das famílias das Leguminosae, Sapotaceae, Lauraceae, Myrtaceae, Punicaceae, Aurantiaceae, Malpighiaceae, Sapindaceae, Umbelliferae, Loranthaceae, Apocynaceae, Urticaceae, Salicaceae e Gramineae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 18(3):97-125, pl.III., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

Comments: Maia 2001bMAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, S.P.C. 2001. Two new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Erythroxylum ovalifolium Peyr. (Erythroxylaceae) from the Barra de Maricá restinga, Maricá, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Braz. J. Biol. 71(2): 521-526. and Silva & Maia 2014SILVA, S.A.H. & MAIA, V.C. 2014. New state record of Lopesia similis (Insecta, Diptera,Cecidomyiidae). Check List 10:1555-1556. recorded Stephomyia cf. clavata on Eugenia hiemalis Cambess. (=Eugenia multiflora Cambess.) (native to Brazil) (Cerrado, Atlantic Forest) in the Rio de Janeiro state: Rio de Janeiro (Marambaia) and Carapebus.

244. Stephomyia epeugeniae Gagné, 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Rio de Janeiro (Botanical Garden) (Atlantic Forest); Minas Gerais: Belo Horizonte (Cerrado); Host plants: Eugenia sp. and Eugenia punicifolia (Kunth.) DC. (= Eugenia ovalifolia Cambess.) (Myrtaceae) (endemic to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Atlantic Forest, Caatinga, and Cerrado). Refs.: Tavares 1916TAVARES, J.S. 1916. Cecidomyias novas do Brazil. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 14:36-57. , Möhn 1962MÖHN, E. 1962. Studien uber neotropische Gallmücken (Diptera, Itonididae). 1. Teil. Broteria 31:211-239., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Fernandes et al. 1988FERNANDES, G.W.A., NETO, E.T. & MARTINS, R.P. 1988. Ocorrência e caracterização de galhas entomógenas do Campus Pampulha da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais. Rev. Bras. Zool. 5(1):11-29., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

245. Stephomyia espiralis Maia, 1993cMAIA, V.C., 1993c. Considerações sobre Stephomyia Tavares (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Asphondyliidi), com descrição de quatro espécies novas associadas com Eugenia L. e Neomitranthes obscura (DC.) Legr. (Myrtaceae). Rev. Bras. Zool. 10(3):521-530. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Mangaratiba, Maricá, Araruama, Arraial do Cabo, Cabo Frio (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Eugenia copacabanensis Kiaersk. (Myrtaceae) (endemic to Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia 1993cMAIA, V.C., 1993c. Considerações sobre Stephomyia Tavares (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Asphondyliidi), com descrição de quatro espécies novas associadas com Eugenia L. e Neomitranthes obscura (DC.) Legr. (Myrtaceae). Rev. Bras. Zool. 10(3):521-530., 1999aMAIA, V.C. 1999a. Descrição de imaturos de quatro espécies de Asphondyliini neotropicais e nota taxonômica sobre Asphondylia maytenuse Maia & Couri (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae). Rev. Bras. Zool. 16(3):775-778., 2001bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., Rodrigues et al. 2014RODRIGUES, A.R., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2014. Insect galls of restinga areas of Ilha da Marambaia, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 58(2):173-197., Carvalho-Fernandes et al. 2016CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P., ASCENDINO, S., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2016. Diversity of insect galls associated with coastal shrub vegetation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 88(3):1407-1418., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

246. Stephomyia mina Maia, 1993cMAIA, V.C., 1993c. Considerações sobre Stephomyia Tavares (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Asphondyliidi), com descrição de quatro espécies novas associadas com Eugenia L. e Neomitranthes obscura (DC.) Legr. (Myrtaceae). Rev. Bras. Zool. 10(3):521-530. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Maricá, Araruama, Carapebus, Arraial do Cabo (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Neomitranthes obscura (DC.) N. Silveira (Myrtaceae) (endemic to Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia 1993cMAIA, V.C., 1993c. Considerações sobre Stephomyia Tavares (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Asphondyliidi), com descrição de quatro espécies novas associadas com Eugenia L. e Neomitranthes obscura (DC.) Legr. (Myrtaceae). Rev. Bras. Zool. 10(3):521-530., 2001bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., Carvalho-Fernandes et al. 2016CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P., ASCENDINO, S., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2016. Diversity of insect galls associated with coastal shrub vegetation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 88(3):1407-1418., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

247. Stephomyia rotundifoliorum Maia, 1993cMAIA, V.C., 1993c. Considerações sobre Stephomyia Tavares (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Asphondyliidi), com descrição de quatro espécies novas associadas com Eugenia L. e Neomitranthes obscura (DC.) Legr. (Myrtaceae). Rev. Bras. Zool. 10(3):521-530. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Maricá (Atlantic Forest); Espírito Santo: Conceição da Barra (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Eugenia astringens Cambess. (= Eugenia rotundifolia Casar) (Myrtaceae) (endemic to Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia 1993cMAIA, V.C., 1993c. Considerações sobre Stephomyia Tavares (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Asphondyliidi), com descrição de quatro espécies novas associadas com Eugenia L. e Neomitranthes obscura (DC.) Legr. (Myrtaceae). Rev. Bras. Zool. 10(3):521-530., 2001bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. , Maia 2020aMAIA, V.C. 2002. Description of the larva of Houardodiplosis rochae Tavares, 1925 (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Clinodiplosini) and new record of pseudoscorpions in galls. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 46(1):81-82..

248. Stephomyia tetralobae Maia, 1993cMAIA, V.C., 1993c. Considerações sobre Stephomyia Tavares (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Asphondyliidi), com descrição de quatro espécies novas associadas com Eugenia L. e Neomitranthes obscura (DC.) Legr. (Myrtaceae). Rev. Bras. Zool. 10(3):521-530. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Maricá, Arraial do Cabo (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Eugenia capacabanensis Kiaersk. (Myrtaceae) (endemic to Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Maia 1993cMAIA, V.C., 1993c. Considerações sobre Stephomyia Tavares (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Asphondyliidi), com descrição de quatro espécies novas associadas com Eugenia L. e Neomitranthes obscura (DC.) Legr. (Myrtaceae). Rev. Bras. Zool. 10(3):521-530., 2001bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., Carvalho-Fernandes et al. 2016CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P., ASCENDINO, S., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2016. Diversity of insect galls associated with coastal shrub vegetation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 88(3):1407-1418., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

249. Stomatosema camilae Carmo-Neto, Lamas & Urso-Guimarães, 2019 (fungivorous). Distribution: Brazil: Mato Grosso do Sul: Corumbá (Pantanal). Refs.: Carmo-Neto et al. 2019.

250. Stomatosema paratudo Carmo-Neto, Lamas & Urso-Guimarães, 2019 (fungivorous). Distribution: Brazil: Mato Grosso do Sul: Corumbá (Pantanal). Refs.: Carmo-Neto et al. 2019.

251. Stomatosema pantaneirum Carmo-Neto, Lamas & Urso-Guimarães, 2019 (fungivorous). Distribution: Brazil: Mato Grosso do Sul: Corumbá (Pantanal), Bodoquena (Cerrado). Refs.: Carmo-Neto et al. 2019.

252. Stomatosema sisbiota Carmo-Neto, Lamas & Urso-Guimarães, 2019 (fungivorous). Distribution: Brazil: Mato Grosso do Sul: Corumbá (Pantanal), Bodoquena (Cerrado), Aquidauana (Cerrado). Refs.: Carmo-Neto et al. 2019.

253. Stomatosema terena Carmo-Neto, Lamas & Urso-Guimarães, 2019 (fungivorous). Distribution: Brazil: Mato Grosso do Sul: Aquidauana (Cerrado). Refs.: Carmo-Neto et al. 2019.

254. Stomatosema terere Carmo-Neto, Lamas & Urso-Guimarães, 2019 (fungivorous). Distribution: Brazil: Mato Grosso do Sul: Aquidauana (Cerrado). Refs.: Carmo-Neto et al. 2019.

255. Styraxdiplosis caetitensis Tavares, 1915TAVARES, J.S. 1915. As cecidias das plantas do gênero Styrax no Brazil. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 13:145-160, pl. VI. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Bahia: Caetité (Atlantic Forest, Caatinga). Host plant: Styrax sp. (Styracaceae). Refs.: Tavares 1915TAVARES, J.S. 1915. As cecidias das plantas do gênero Styrax no Brazil. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 13:145-160, pl. VI., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

256. Styraxdiplosis cearensis Tavares, 1925TAVARES, J.S. 1925. Nova contribuição para o conhecimento da cecidologia brazileira. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 22:5-48. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Ceará (unstated locality) (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Croton hemiargyreus Müll. Arg. (Euphorbiaceae) (endemic to Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Tavares 1925TAVARES, J.S. 1925. Nova contribuição para o conhecimento da cecidologia brazileira. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 22:5-48., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

257. Termitomastus leptoproctus Silvestri, 1901SILVESTRI, F. 1901. Descrizione di nuovi termitofili e relazioni di essi con gli ospiti. Bol. Mus. Zool. Anat. Comp. R. Univ. Torino 16:1-6. (fungivorous). Distribution: Argentina and Brazil: Mato Grosso: Cuiabá (Cerrado). Refs.: Silvestri 1901SILVESTRI, F. 1901. Descrizione di nuovi termitofili e relazioni di essi con gli ospiti. Bol. Mus. Zool. Anat. Comp. R. Univ. Torino 16:1-6., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

258. Trotteria quadridentata Maia, 2001cMAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, S.P.C. 2001. Two new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Erythroxylum ovalifolium Peyr. (Erythroxylaceae) from the Barra de Maricá restinga, Maricá, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Braz. J. Biol. 71(2): 521-526. (inquiline). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Maricá, Arraial do Cabo (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Pouteria caimito (Ruiz & Pav.) Radlk (=Pouteria caimito var. laurifolia (Gomes) Baehni (Sapotaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Monteiro et al. 1994MONTEIRO, R.F., FERRAZ, F.F.F., MAIA, V.C. & AZEVEDO, M.A.P. 1994. Galhas entomógenas em restingas: uma abordagem preliminar. In An. ACIESP 3(87):210-220. , Maia 2001bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., cMAIA, V.C. 2001c. Two new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Pouteria caimito var. laurifolia (Sapotaceae) in Brazil. Stud. Dipterol. 8:103-110., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

259. Uleella dalbergiae Rübsaamen, 1908aRÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1908a. Beitrage zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Zoocecidien. III. Beitrag: Gallen aus Brasilien und Peru. Marcellia 6:110-173. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Rio de Janeiro (Jacarepaguá) (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Dalbergia sp. (Fabaceae). Refs.: Rübsaamen, 1908aRÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1908a. Beitrage zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Zoocecidien. III. Beitrag: Gallen aus Brasilien und Peru. Marcellia 6:110-173., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

260. Uleia clusiae Rübsaamen, 1905aRÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1905a. Beitrage zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Zoocecidien. II. Beitrag: Gallen aus Brasilien und Peru. (Vorlaufige Mitteilung.) Marcellia 4:65-85. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Amazonas: Santa Clara and Bonfim on Juruá River (Amazon Forest). Host plant: Clusia sp. (Clusiaceae). Refs.: Rübsaamen 1908aRÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1908a. Beitrage zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Zoocecidien. III. Beitrag: Gallen aus Brasilien und Peru. Marcellia 6:110-173., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

261. Youngomyia matogrossensis Proença & Maia, 2019PROENÇA, P. & MAIA, V.C. 2019. A new species of Youngomyia Felt from Brazil and new morphological data on Youngomyia pouteriae Maia (Insecta, Diptera, Cecidomyiidae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 63 (2019):130-135. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Mato Grosso: Chapada dos Guimarães (Cerrado); São Paulo state: Luiz Antônio and Santa Rita do Passa Quatro (Cerrado). Host plant: Pouteria torta (Mart.) Radlk. (Sapotaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Caatinga, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Urso-Guimarães & Scareli-Santos 2006, Saito & Urso-Guimarães 2012SAITO, V.S. & URSO-GUIMARÃES, M.V. 2012. Characterization of galls, insect galls and associated fauna of Ecological Station of Jataí (Luiz Antônio, SP). Biota Neotrop. 12(3):1-9. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v12n3/en/abstract?article+bn02312032012 (last access on 17/March/2020).
http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v12n3/...
, Urso-Guimarães et al. 2016, Proença & Maia 2019PROENÇA, P. & MAIA, V.C. 2019. A new species of Youngomyia Felt from Brazil and new morphological data on Youngomyia pouteriae Maia (Insecta, Diptera, Cecidomyiidae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 63 (2019):130-135..

262. Youngomyia pouteriae Maia 2001cMAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, S.P.C. 2001. Two new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Erythroxylum ovalifolium Peyr. (Erythroxylaceae) from the Barra de Maricá restinga, Maricá, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Braz. J. Biol. 71(2): 521-526. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Mangaratiba, Rio de Janeiro (Grumari), Maricá, Saquarema, Araruama, Arraial do Cabo, Cabo Frio, São João da Barra (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Pouteria caimito (Ruiz & Pav.) Radlk (=Pouteria caimito var. laurifolia) (Sapotaceae) (native to Brazil) (Amazon Forest, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest). Refs.: Monteiro et al. 1994MONTEIRO, R.F., FERRAZ, F.F.F., MAIA, V.C. & AZEVEDO, M.A.P. 1994. Galhas entomógenas em restingas: uma abordagem preliminar. In An. ACIESP 3(87):210-220. , Maia 2001bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., cMAIA, V.C. 2001c. Two new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Pouteria caimito var. laurifolia (Sapotaceae) in Brazil. Stud. Dipterol. 8:103-110., Rodrigues & Maia 2014RODRIGUES, A.R., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2014. Insect galls of restinga areas of Ilha da Marambaia, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 58(2):173-197., Carvalho-Fernandes et al. 2016CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P., ASCENDINO, S., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2016. Diversity of insect galls associated with coastal shrub vegetation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 88(3):1407-1418., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

263. Zalepidota ituensis (Tavares, 1917aTAVARES, J.S. 1917a. Cecídias do brazileiras que se criam em planta das Compositae, Rubiaceae, Tiliaceae, Lythraceae e Artocarpaceae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 15:113-181, pls. VI-XI.) (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: São Paulo state: Salto de Itú (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Porophyllum sp. (Asteraceae). Refs.: Tavares 1917aTAVARES, J.S. 1917a. Cecídias do brazileiras que se criam em planta das Compositae, Rubiaceae, Tiliaceae, Lythraceae e Artocarpaceae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 15:113-181, pls. VI-XI., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

264. Zalepidota piperis Rübsaamen, 1908aRÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1908a. Beitrage zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Zoocecidien. III. Beitrag: Gallen aus Brasilien und Peru. Marcellia 6:110-173. (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio de Janeiro state: Rio de Janeiro (Tijuca) (Atlantic Forest). Host plant: Piper sp. (Piperaceae). Refs.: Rübsaamen 1908aRÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1908a. Beitrage zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Zoocecidien. III. Beitrag: Gallen aus Brasilien und Peru. Marcellia 6:110-173., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

265. Zalepidota tavaresi (Kieffer, 1913KIEFFER, J.-J. 1913. Diptera. Fam. Cecidomyidae. Fasc. 152. Wytsman, P., ed., Genera Insectorum. Bruxelles.) (gall-inducer). Distribution: Brazil: Rio Grande do Sul: São Leopoldo (Pampa). Host plant: Piper sp. (Piperaceae). Refs.: Kieffer 1913KIEFFER, J.-J. 1913. Diptera. Fam. Cecidomyidae. Fasc. 152. Wytsman, P., ed., Genera Insectorum. Bruxelles., Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p., Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. .

In order to provide the state of the art of the Cecidomyiidae fauna in each Brazilian phytogeographic domain, data are presented separately.

AMAZON FOREST

Twenty-nine species of Cecidomyiidae of 19 genera have been reported in the Amazon Forest, being 28 gall-inducers and one fungivorous species. Among the former, 23 are monophagous, while five are oligophagous species: Asphondylia tournefortiae Rübsaamen, 1915RÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1915. Beitrag zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Gallmucken. Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1915:431-481., Clinodiplosis eupatorii (Felt, 1911aFELT, E.P. 1911a. Two new gall midges (Dipt.). Entomol. News 22:109-111.), Iatrophobia brasiliensis (Rübsaamen, 1908aRÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1908a. Beitrage zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Zoocecidien. III. Beitrag: Gallen aus Brasilien und Peru. Marcellia 6:110-173.), Perasphondylia reticulata Möhn, 1960MÖHN, E. 1960. Gallmücken (Diptera, Itonididae) aus El Salvador. 2. Teil. Senckenbergiana Biologica 41:197-240., and Schismatodiplosis lantanae (Rübsaamen, 1908aRÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1908a. Beitrage zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Zoocecidien. III. Beitrag: Gallen aus Brasilien und Peru. Marcellia 6:110-173.).

Gall-inducers are associated with 17 plant families, 20 genera and 12 determined species. Callophylaceae is the plant families with the greatest richness of gall midge species (five), followed by Asteraceae with three, and Asteraceae and Burseraceae, both with two. All other families (13) shelter a single gall midge species (Table 5). Nine gall midge species are associated with host plants identified only in genus: Cecropia sp., Clusia sp., Coussapoa sp., Mikania sp., Neea sp., Serjania sp., Solanum sp., and Sterculia sp., and two gall midge species were obtained from host plants identified only in family, one from Malpighiaceae and the other from Lauraceae. Two cecidomyiids, Lopesia maricaensis and Lopesia aldinae induce galls on Brazilian endemic plants, Protium brasiliense (Burseraceae) and Aldina heterophylla (Fabaceae), being the last endemic to Amazon Forest (Table 4). The remainder plants are native to Brazil, except Lantana camara, a naturalized species.

Table 5
Richness of gall midge species (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) by vegetable family in Brazilian phytogeographic domains.

The Amazonan fauna comprises 19 genera of Cecidomyiidae, 14 represented by one species, three (Asphondylia, Bruggmannia and Clinodiplosis) by two species, and one, Lopesia, by five species, being the most speciose genera (Table 3).

Nineteen gall midge species are known only from the Amazon Forest, while eight species occur in other domains. Twenty-two species have been recorded only in Brazil, while seven occur in other countries too: Clinodiplosis eupatorii, Iatrophobia brasiliensis, Perasphondylia reticulata, Schismatodiplosis lantanae, Lopesia conspicua, Lopesia elliptica, and Lopesia linearis.

    List of Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) with occurrence in the Amazon Forest (Brazil)
  1. Alexomyia ciliata Felt, 1921FELT, E.P. 1921a. Three new sub-tropical gall midges (Itonididae, Dipt.). Entomol. News 32:141-143.

  2. Alycaulus mikaniae Rübsaamen, 1915RÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1915. Beitrag zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Gallmucken. Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1915:431-481.

  3. Asphondylia fructicola Maia, 2009MAIA, V.C., ZART, M. & BOTTON, M. 2009. Neolasioptera ramicola, a new species of Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) associated with Physalis angulata (Solanaceae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 53(2):163-165.

  4. Asphondylia tournefortiae Rübsaamen, 1915RÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1915. Beitrag zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Gallmucken. Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1915:431-481.

  5. Brugmannia depressa (Kieffer, 1913KIEFFER, J.-J. 1913. Diptera. Fam. Cecidomyidae. Fasc. 152. Wytsman, P., ed., Genera Insectorum. Bruxelles.)

  6. Brugmannia longiseta (Kieffer, 1913KIEFFER, J.-J. 1913. Diptera. Fam. Cecidomyidae. Fasc. 152. Wytsman, P., ed., Genera Insectorum. Bruxelles.)

  7. Clinodiplosis cecropiae Proença & Maia, 2020PROENÇA, P. & MAIA, V.C. 2020. New state record of two gall midge species (Insecta, Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) in Brazil. Biota Amazon.

  8. Clinodiplosis eupatorii (Felt, 1911FELT, E.P. 1911a. Two new gall midges (Dipt.). Entomol. News 22:109-111.)

  9. Contarinia gemmae Maia, 2003

  10. Dactylodiplosis heisteriae Rübsaamen, 1915RÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1915. Beitrag zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Gallmucken. Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1915:431-481.

  11. Frauenfeldiella coussapoae Rübsaamen, 1905RÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1905a. Beitrage zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Zoocecidien. II. Beitrag: Gallen aus Brasilien und Peru. (Vorlaufige Mitteilung.) Marcellia 4:65-85.

  12. Haplopalpus serjaneae Rübsaamen, 1915RÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1915. Beitrag zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Gallmucken. Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1915:431-481.

  13. Haplusia braziliensis (Felt, 1915FELT, E.P. 1915a. New North American gall midges. Can. Entomol. 47:226-232.)

  14. Iatrophobia brasiliensis (Rübsaamen, 1908RÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1908a. Beitrage zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Zoocecidien. III. Beitrag: Gallen aus Brasilien und Peru. Marcellia 6:110-173.)

  15. Lopesia aldinae Fernandes & Maia, 2010MAIA, V.C. & OLIVEIRA, J.C. 2010. Galhas de insetos da Reserva Biológica Estadual da Praia do Sul (Ilha Grande, Angra dos Reis, RJ). Biota Neotrop. 10(4):227-238. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v10n4/pt/abstract?inventory+bn04110042010 (last access on 17/March/2020).
    http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v10n4/...

  16. Lopesia caulinaris Maia, 2003

  17. Lopesia conspicua Maia, 2003

  18. Lopesia elliptica Maia, 2003

  19. Lopesia linearis Maia, 2003

  20. Lopesia maricaensis Rodrigues & Maia, 2010RODRIGUES, A.R. & MAIA, V.C. 2010a. Uma nova espécie de Youngomyia Rübsaamen (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) do Brasil. Iheringia, Ser. Zool. 100:222-224.

  21. Lopesia similis Maia, 2004MAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, G.W. 2004. Insect galls from Serra de São José (Tiradentes, MG, Brazil). Braz. J. Biol. 64(3A):423-445.

  22. Macroporpa peruviana Rübsaamen, 1915RÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1915. Beitrag zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Gallmucken. Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1915:431-481.

  23. Macroporpa ulei Rübsaamen, 1915RÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1915. Beitrag zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Gallmucken. Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1915:431-481.

  24. Megaulus sterculiae Rübsaamen, 1915RÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1915. Beitrag zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Gallmucken. Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1915:431-481.

  25. Ouradiplosis aurata Felt, 1915FELT, E.P. 1915a. New North American gall midges. Can. Entomol. 47:226-232.

  26. Parkiamyia paraensis Maia, 2006MAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, G. W. 2006. A new genus and species of gall midge (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Parkia pendula (Fabaceae, Mimosoideae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 50(1):1-5.

  27. Perasphondylia reticulata Möhn, 1960MÖHN, E. 1960. Gallmücken (Diptera, Itonididae) aus El Salvador. 2. Teil. Senckenbergiana Biologica 41:197-240.

  28. Schismatodiplosis lantanae (Rübsaamen, 1908RÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1908a. Beitrage zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Zoocecidien. III. Beitrag: Gallen aus Brasilien und Peru. Marcellia 6:110-173.)

  29. Uleia clusiae Rübsaamen, 1905RÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1905a. Beitrage zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Zoocecidien. II. Beitrag: Gallen aus Brasilien und Peru. (Vorlaufige Mitteilung.) Marcellia 4:65-85.

ATLANTIC FOREST

A total of 183 species of Cecidomyiidae of 71 genera have been recorded in the Atlantic Forest, 162 of them are gall-inducers, ten are predators (Diadiplosis abacaxi, D. bellingeri, D. floridana, D. jamboi, D. martinensis, D. multifila. D. vaupedis, Lestodiplosis braziliensis, L. floricola, and L. maricaensis), eight are probably kleptoparasites (Clinodiplosis maricaensis, Contarinia ubiquita, Dialeria styracis, Meunieriella dalechampiae, M. insignis, M. lantanae, N. fariae, and Trotteria quadridentata), two are free-living species (Clinodiplosis florícola and Lopesia davillae), and a single one has fungivorous larvae (Dichodiplosis triangularis).

Sixteen gall-inducing species are oligophagous, while the others are monophagous. Phytophagous species have been recorded on 38 plant families, 73 genera and 82 determined species. Myrtaceae, Asteraceae, Nyctaginaceae, and Fabaceae are the superhost families, which together shelter 69 of the gall midge species (22, 19, 14, and 14, respectively). This value corresponds to about 39% of the gall-inducing species richness (Table 5). Thirty-eight gall midge species, when described, were recorded on 21 host plants identified only in genus. Later, two of them, Asphondylia stachytarphetaBarnes, 1932BARNES, H.F. 1932. Notes on Cecidomyidae. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (10)9:475-484. and Machaeriobia machaerii (Kieffer, 1913KIEFFER, J.-J. 1913. Diptera. Fam. Cecidomyidae. Fasc. 152. Wytsman, P., ed., Genera Insectorum. Bruxelles.) were obtained from identified plant species.

Eleven gall midge species have been recorded on five host plants identified only in family (Asteraceae: 2, Fabaceae: 3, Malvaceae: 1, Myrtaceae: 2, and Rubiaceae: 3). Fourty-eight gall midge species induce galls on endemic plants to Brazil, 36 of them on endemic plants to the Atlantic Forest (Table 4). The remainders are associated with native plants, except Schismatodiplosis lantanae, Asphondylia sennae, and Clinodiplosis melissae, inducers of galls on Lantana camara (a naturalized plant), Senna bicapsularis and Melissa officinalis, both exotic.

The most speciose genera in the Atlantic Forest are Lopesia (with 18 species), Asphondylia (with 15), Clinodiplosis (with14), and Bruggmannia (with 11). They together shelter about 32% of the species richness. The other genera comprise from nine to one species, being the majority (44 genera) represented by a single species (Table 3).

    List of Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) with occurrence in the Atlantic Forest (Brazil)
  1. Alycaulus globulus Gagné, 2001GAGNÉ, R.J., ODA, R.A.M. & MONTEIRO, R.F. 2001. The gall midges (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) of Mikania glomerata (Asteraceae) in Southeastern Brazil. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 103:110-134.

  2. Alycaulus trilobatus Möhn, 1964MÖHN, E. 1964a. Gallmücken (Diptera, Itonididae) aus El Salvador. 7. Teil: Lasiopteridi. Beitr. Entomol. 14:553-600.

  3. Anadiplosis caetetensis Tavares, 1920TAVARES, J.S. 1920a. Anadiplosariae, nouvelle tribu de Cecidomyiinae (Dipt.). Marcellia 17:5-72, pl. I.

  4. Anadiplosis procera Tavares, 1920TAVARES, J.S. 1920a. Anadiplosariae, nouvelle tribu de Cecidomyiinae (Dipt.). Marcellia 17:5-72, pl. I.

  5. Anadiplosis pulchra Tavares, 1916TAVARES, J.S. 1916. Cecidomyias novas do Brazil. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 14:36-57.

  6. Anadiplosis venusta Tavares, 1916TAVARES, J.S. 1916. Cecidomyias novas do Brazil. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 14:36-57.

  7. Anasphondylia myrtacea Tavares, 1920TAVARES, J.S. 1920a. Anadiplosariae, nouvelle tribu de Cecidomyiinae (Dipt.). Marcellia 17:5-72, pl. I.

  8. Andirodiplosis bahiensis Tavares, 1920TAVARES, J.S. 1920a. Anadiplosariae, nouvelle tribu de Cecidomyiinae (Dipt.). Marcellia 17:5-72, pl. I.

  9. Anisodiplosis waltheriae Maia, 2005MAIA, V.C., CONSTANTINO, P.A.L. & MONTEIRO, R.F. 2005. New gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with two species of Eugenia (Myrtaceae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 49(3):347-352.

  10. Apodiplosis praecox Tavares, 1922TAVARES, J.S. 1922. Cecidologia brazileira: as restantes famílias. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 19(1):5-48, pls. XI-XIX.

  11. Arrabiadaeamyia serrata Maia, 2001MAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, S.P.C. 2001. Two new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Erythroxylum ovalifolium Peyr. (Erythroxylaceae) from the Barra de Maricá restinga, Maricá, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Braz. J. Biol. 71(2): 521-526.

  12. Asphondylia bahiensis Tavares, 1917TAVARES, J.S. 1917a. Cecídias do brazileiras que se criam em planta das Compositae, Rubiaceae, Tiliaceae, Lythraceae e Artocarpaceae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 15:113-181, pls. VI-XI.

  13. Asphondylia borreriae Rübsaamen, 1905RÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1905a. Beitrage zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Zoocecidien. II. Beitrag: Gallen aus Brasilien und Peru. (Vorlaufige Mitteilung.) Marcellia 4:65-85.

  14. Asphondylia communis Maia & Couri, 1992MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 1992. Pp. 655-660. InMaia, V.C., M.S. Couri and R.F. Monteiro. Sobre seis espécies de Asphondylia Loew, 1850 do Brasil (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae. Rev. Bras. Entomol 36(3):653-661.

  15. Asphondylia cordiae Möhn, 1959MÖHN, E. 1959. Gallmücken (Diptera, Itonididae) aus El Salvador. 1. Teil. Senckenbergiana Biologica 40:297-368.

  16. Asphondylia glomeratae Gagné, 2001GAGNÉ, R.J., ODA, R.A.M. & MONTEIRO, R.F. 2001. The gall midges (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) of Mikania glomerata (Asteraceae) in Southeastern Brazil. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 103:110-134.

  17. Asphondylia maricensis Maia & Couri, 1992MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 1992. Pp. 655-660. InMaia, V.C., M.S. Couri and R.F. Monteiro. Sobre seis espécies de Asphondylia Loew, 1850 do Brasil (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae. Rev. Bras. Entomol 36(3):653-661.

  18. Asphondylia moehni Skuhravá, 1989

  19. Asphondylia parva Tavares, 1917TAVARES, J.S. 1917a. Cecídias do brazileiras que se criam em planta das Compositae, Rubiaceae, Tiliaceae, Lythraceae e Artocarpaceae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 15:113-181, pls. VI-XI.

  20. Asphondylia peploniae Maia, 2001MAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, S.P.C. 2001. Two new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Erythroxylum ovalifolium Peyr. (Erythroxylaceae) from the Barra de Maricá restinga, Maricá, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Braz. J. Biol. 71(2): 521-526.

  21. Asphondylia rochae Tavares, 1918TAVARES, J.S. 1918a. Cecidomyias novas do Brazil, segunda série. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 16(2):68-84, pls. III-IV.

  22. Asphondylia sennae Maia & Couri, 1992MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 1992. Pp. 655-660. InMaia, V.C., M.S. Couri and R.F. Monteiro. Sobre seis espécies de Asphondylia Loew, 1850 do Brasil (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae. Rev. Bras. Entomol 36(3):653-661.

  23. Asphondylia serrata Maia, 2004MAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, G.W. 2004. Insect galls from Serra de São José (Tiradentes, MG, Brazil). Braz. J. Biol. 64(3A):423-445.

  24. Asphondylia stachytarpheta Barnes, 1932BARNES, H.F. 1932. Notes on Cecidomyidae. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (10)9:475-484.

  25. Asphondylia struthanthi Rübsaamen, 1915RÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1915. Beitrag zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Gallmucken. Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1915:431-481.

  26. Asphondylia ulei Rübsaamen, 1908RÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1908a. Beitrage zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Zoocecidien. III. Beitrag: Gallen aus Brasilien und Peru. Marcellia 6:110-173.

  27. Asteromyia modesta (Felt, 1907FELT, E.P. 1907a. Appendix: New species of Cecidomyiidae. Pp. 97-165. In his 22d report of the State entomologist on injurious and other insects of the State of New York 1906. N. Y. State Mus. Bul. 110:39-186, 3 pls.)

  28. Autodiplosis parva (Tavares, 1916TAVARES, J.S. 1916. Cecidomyias novas do Brazil. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 14:36-57. )

  29. Baccharomyia magna Maia, 2012MAIA, V.C. & FONSECA, K. F. 2012. Burseramyia braziliensis, a new species of gall midge (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Asphondyliini) associated with Swartzia langsdorffii Raddi (Fabaceae). Biota Neotrop. 11(4):55-57. http://www. biotaneotropica.org.br/v11n4/en/abstract?article+bn00611042011 (last access on 17/March/2020).
    http://www. biotaneotropica.org.br/v11n4...

  30. Baccharomyia ramosina Tavares, 1917TAVARES, J.S. 1917a. Cecídias do brazileiras que se criam em planta das Compositae, Rubiaceae, Tiliaceae, Lythraceae e Artocarpaceae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 15:113-181, pls. VI-XI.

  31. Bruggmannia acaudata Maia, 2004MAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, G.W. 2004. Insect galls from Serra de São José (Tiradentes, MG, Brazil). Braz. J. Biol. 64(3A):423-445.

  32. Brugmannia depressa (Kieffer, 1913KIEFFER, J.-J. 1913. Diptera. Fam. Cecidomyidae. Fasc. 152. Wytsman, P., ed., Genera Insectorum. Bruxelles.)

  33. Bruggmannia elongata Maia & Couri, 1993MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 1993. Descrição de três espécies novas de Bruggmannia Tavares, 1906 (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Asphondyliidi) do Brasil associadas com Guapira opposita (Nyctaginaceae). Rev. Bras. Biol. 53(2):209-215.

  34. Bruggmannia globulifex (Kieffer, 1913KIEFFER, J.-J. 1913. Diptera. Fam. Cecidomyidae. Fasc. 152. Wytsman, P., ed., Genera Insectorum. Bruxelles.)

  35. Bruggmannia lignicola (Kieffer, 1913KIEFFER, J.-J. 1913. Diptera. Fam. Cecidomyidae. Fasc. 152. Wytsman, P., ed., Genera Insectorum. Bruxelles.)

  36. Bruggmannia longicauda (Kieffer, 1913KIEFFER, J.-J. 1913. Diptera. Fam. Cecidomyidae. Fasc. 152. Wytsman, P., ed., Genera Insectorum. Bruxelles.)

  37. Bruggmannia micrura (Kieffer, 1913KIEFFER, J.-J. 1913. Diptera. Fam. Cecidomyidae. Fasc. 152. Wytsman, P., ed., Genera Insectorum. Bruxelles.)

  38. Bruggmannia monteiroi Maia & Couri, 1993MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 1993. Descrição de três espécies novas de Bruggmannia Tavares, 1906 (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Asphondyliidi) do Brasil associadas com Guapira opposita (Nyctaginaceae). Rev. Bras. Biol. 53(2):209-215.

  39. Bruggmannia neeana (Kieffer, 1913KIEFFER, J.-J. 1913. Diptera. Fam. Cecidomyidae. Fasc. 152. Wytsman, P., ed., Genera Insectorum. Bruxelles.)

  40. Bruggmannia robusta Maia & Couri, 1993MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 1993. Descrição de três espécies novas de Bruggmannia Tavares, 1906 (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Asphondyliidi) do Brasil associadas com Guapira opposita (Nyctaginaceae). Rev. Bras. Biol. 53(2):209-215.

  41. Bruggmannia ruebsaameni (Kieffer, 1913KIEFFER, J.-J. 1913. Diptera. Fam. Cecidomyidae. Fasc. 152. Wytsman, P., ed., Genera Insectorum. Bruxelles.)

  42. Bruggmanniella byrsonimae (Maia & Couri, 1992MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 1992. Pp. 655-660. InMaia, V.C., M.S. Couri and R.F. Monteiro. Sobre seis espécies de Asphondylia Loew, 1850 do Brasil (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae. Rev. Bras. Entomol 36(3):653-661.)

  43. Bruggmanniella doliocarpi Maia, 2010MAIA, V.C. & OLIVEIRA, J.C. 2010. Galhas de insetos da Reserva Biológica Estadual da Praia do Sul (Ilha Grande, Angra dos Reis, RJ). Biota Neotrop. 10(4):227-238. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v10n4/pt/abstract?inventory+bn04110042010 (last access on 17/March/2020).
    http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v10n4/...

  44. Bruggmanniella ingae Urso-Guimarães & Amorim, 2005URSO-GUIMARÃES, M.V. &. AMORIM, D.S. 2005. Two new species of Bruggmanniella Tavares, 1909 (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) from Brazil. Stud. Dipterol. 11(2004): 429-436.

  45. Bruggmanniella maytenuse (Maia & Couri, 1992MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 1992. Pp. 655-660. InMaia, V.C., M.S. Couri and R.F. Monteiro. Sobre seis espécies de Asphondylia Loew, 1850 do Brasil (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae. Rev. Bras. Entomol 36(3):653-661.)

  46. Bruggmanniella miconia Garcia, Lamas and Urso-Guimarães, 2020GARCIA, C.A., SCARELI-SANTOS, C., OLIVEIRA, F.G.S., SILVA,M.D. & URSO-GUIMARÃES, U.V. 2020. A new genus and two new species of Cecidomyiini (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) from Brazil. Ann Zool 70(2):263-271.

  47. Bruggmanniella notatae Rodrigues & Maia, 2020RODRIGUES, A.R. , CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P. & MAIA, V.C. 2020. Pp 2-3. In Rodrigues, AR, Carvalho-Fernandes, SP &, Maia, VC & Oliveira, LA. Three new species of Bruggmanniella Tavares, 1909 (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from Brazil with a key to species. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 64(1): e201917.

  48. Bruggmanniella oblita Tavares, 1920TAVARES, J.S. 1920a. Anadiplosariae, nouvelle tribu de Cecidomyiinae (Dipt.). Marcellia 17:5-72, pl. I.

  49. Bruggmanniella sideroxyli Rodrigues & Maia, 2020RODRIGUES, A.R. , CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P. & MAIA, V.C. 2020. Pp 2-3. In Rodrigues, AR, Carvalho-Fernandes, SP &, Maia, VC & Oliveira, LA. Three new species of Bruggmanniella Tavares, 1909 (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from Brazil with a key to species. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 64(1): e201917.

  50. Burseramyia braziliensis Maia & Fonseca, 2012MAIA, V.C. & FONSECA, K. F. 2012. Burseramyia braziliensis, a new species of gall midge (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Asphondyliini) associated with Swartzia langsdorffii Raddi (Fabaceae). Biota Neotrop. 11(4):55-57. http://www. biotaneotropica.org.br/v11n4/en/abstract?article+bn00611042011 (last access on 17/March/2020).
    http://www. biotaneotropica.org.br/v11n4...

  51. Cleitodiplosis graminis (Tavares, 1916TAVARES, J.S. 1916. Cecidomyias novas do Brazil. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 14:36-57. )

  52. Clinodiplosis bahiensis (Tavares, 1917TAVARES, J.S. 1917a. Cecídias do brazileiras que se criam em planta das Compositae, Rubiaceae, Tiliaceae, Lythraceae e Artocarpaceae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 15:113-181, pls. VI-XI.)

  53. Clinodiplosis cearensis (Tavares, 1917TAVARES, J.S. 1917a. Cecídias do brazileiras que se criam em planta das Compositae, Rubiaceae, Tiliaceae, Lythraceae e Artocarpaceae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 15:113-181, pls. VI-XI.)

  54. Clinodiplosis chlorophorae Rübsaamen, 1905RÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1905a. Beitrage zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Zoocecidien. II. Beitrag: Gallen aus Brasilien und Peru. (Vorlaufige Mitteilung.) Marcellia 4:65-85.

  55. Clinodiplosis conica Oliveira & Maia, 2008OLIVEIRA, U.P. & MAIA, V.C. 2008. A new species of gall midge (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Sebastiania glandulosa (Euphorbiaceae). Arqu. Mus. Nac. 66(2):355-358.

  56. Clinodiplosis costai Maia, 2005MAIA, V.C., CONSTANTINO, P.A.L. & MONTEIRO, R.F. 2005. New gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with two species of Eugenia (Myrtaceae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 49(3):347-352.

  57. Clinodiplosis diodiae Maia, 2001MAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, S.P.C. 2001. Two new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Erythroxylum ovalifolium Peyr. (Erythroxylaceae) from the Barra de Maricá restinga, Maricá, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Braz. J. Biol. 71(2): 521-526.

  58. Clinodiplosis floricola Novo-Guedes & Maia, 2008NOVO-GUEDES, R. & MAIA, V.C. 2008. Gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Heteropteris nitida (Malpigiaceae). Arqu. Mus. Nac. 66(2):359-362.

  59. Clinodiplosis iheringi (Tavares, 1925TAVARES, J.S. 1925. Nova contribuição para o conhecimento da cecidologia brazileira. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 22:5-48.)

  60. Clinodiplosis marcetiae (Tavares, 1917TAVARES, J.S. 1917a. Cecídias do brazileiras que se criam em planta das Compositae, Rubiaceae, Tiliaceae, Lythraceae e Artocarpaceae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 15:113-181, pls. VI-XI.)

  61. Clinodiplosis maricaensis Fernandes & Maia, 2011

  62. Clinodiplosis melissae Maia, 1993MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 1993. Descrição de três espécies novas de Bruggmannia Tavares, 1906 (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Asphondyliidi) do Brasil associadas com Guapira opposita (Nyctaginaceae). Rev. Bras. Biol. 53(2):209-215.

  63. Clinodiplosis profusa Maia, 2001MAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, S.P.C. 2001. Two new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Erythroxylum ovalifolium Peyr. (Erythroxylaceae) from the Barra de Maricá restinga, Maricá, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Braz. J. Biol. 71(2): 521-526.

  64. Clinodiplosis pulchra (Tavares, 1917TAVARES, J.S. 1917a. Cecídias do brazileiras que se criam em planta das Compositae, Rubiaceae, Tiliaceae, Lythraceae e Artocarpaceae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 15:113-181, pls. VI-XI.)

  65. Clinodiplosis rubiae (Tavares, 1918TAVARES, J.S. 1918a. Cecidomyias novas do Brazil, segunda série. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 16(2):68-84, pls. III-IV.)

  66. Clusiamyia granulosa Maia, 2001MAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, S.P.C. 2001. Two new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Erythroxylum ovalifolium Peyr. (Erythroxylaceae) from the Barra de Maricá restinga, Maricá, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Braz. J. Biol. 71(2): 521-526.

  67. Clusiamyia nitida Maia, 1997MAIA, V.C., MENDONÇA-JÚNIOR, M. & ROMANOWSKI, H.P. 1997. Eugeniamyia dispar gen. n. and sp. n. (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Lasiopteridi) associated with Eugenia uniflora L. (Myrtaceae) in Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 13(4):1087-1090.

  68. Compsodiplosis itaparicana Tavares, 1922TAVARES, J.S. 1922. Cecidologia brazileira: as restantes famílias. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 19(1):5-48, pls. XI-XIX.

  69. Contarinia gemmae Maia, 2003

  70. Contarinia ubiquita Gagné, 2001GAGNÉ, R.J., ODA, R.A.M. & MONTEIRO, R.F. 2001. The gall midges (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) of Mikania glomerata (Asteraceae) in Southeastern Brazil. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 103:110-134.

  71. Contodiplosis friburgensis (Tavares, 1915TAVARES, J.S. 1915. As cecidias das plantas do gênero Styrax no Brazil. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 13:145-160, pl. VI.)

  72. Contodiplosis humilis (Tavares, 1915TAVARES, J.S. 1915. As cecidias das plantas do gênero Styrax no Brazil. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 13:145-160, pl. VI.)

  73. Contodiplosis tristis (Tavares, 1915TAVARES, J.S. 1915. As cecidias das plantas do gênero Styrax no Brazil. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 13:145-160, pl. VI.)

  74. Cordiamyia globosa Maia, 1996MAIA, V.C. 1996a. Cordiamyia globosa gen. n. e sp. n. (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associado com Cordia verbenacea DC. (Boraginaceae) no Brasil. Rev. Bras. Zool 13(3):579-583.

  75. Costadiplosis maricaensis Viceconte & Maia, 2009VICECONTE, K.S.M. & MAIA, V.C. 2009. Novo gênero e nova espécie de Diptera ,Cecidomyiidae, associada com Psittacanthus dichrous (Loranthaceae). Arqu. Mus. Nac. 67:35-40.

  76. Couridiplosis vena Maia, 2004MAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, G.W. 2004. Insect galls from Serra de São José (Tiradentes, MG, Brazil). Braz. J. Biol. 64(3A):423-445.

  77. Dactylodiplosis heptaphylli Maia, 2004MAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, G.W. 2004. Insect galls from Serra de São José (Tiradentes, MG, Brazil). Braz. J. Biol. 64(3A):423-445.

  78. Dactylodiplosis icicaribae Maia, 2002MAIA, V.C., MONTEIRO R.F. & NARAHARA K. L. 2002. Two new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Protium icicariba (Burseraceae) in Brazil. Stud. Dipterol. 9:171-178.

  79. Dactylodiplosis petibaurum Maia, 2021MAIA, V.C. & SANTOS, M.G. 2021. A new species of gall midge (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Ocotea pulchella (Nees & Mart.) Mez (Lauraceae) from Brazil. DOI: 10.1080/01650521.2020.1857631
    https://doi.org/10.1080/01650521.2020.18...

  80. Dasineura byrsonimae Maia, 2010MAIA, V.C. & OLIVEIRA, J.C. 2010. Galhas de insetos da Reserva Biológica Estadual da Praia do Sul (Ilha Grande, Angra dos Reis, RJ). Biota Neotrop. 10(4):227-238. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v10n4/pt/abstract?inventory+bn04110042010 (last access on 17/March/2020).
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  81. Dasineura copacabanensis Maia, 1993MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 1993. Descrição de três espécies novas de Bruggmannia Tavares, 1906 (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Asphondyliidi) do Brasil associadas com Guapira opposita (Nyctaginaceae). Rev. Bras. Biol. 53(2):209-215.

  82. Dasineura couepiae Maia, 2001MAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, S.P.C. 2001. Two new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Erythroxylum ovalifolium Peyr. (Erythroxylaceae) from the Barra de Maricá restinga, Maricá, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Braz. J. Biol. 71(2): 521-526.

  83. Dasineura gigantea Angelo & Maia, 1999ANGELO, A.C. & MAIA, V.C. 1999. Dasineura gigantea sp. n. (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associada a Psidium cattleianum Sabine (Myrtaceae) no Brasil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 16(1): 191-195.

  84. Dasineura globosa Maia, 1996MAIA, V.C. 1996a. Cordiamyia globosa gen. n. e sp. n. (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associado com Cordia verbenacea DC. (Boraginaceae) no Brasil. Rev. Bras. Zool 13(3):579-583.

  85. Dasineura marginalis Maia, 2005MAIA, V.C., CONSTANTINO, P.A.L. & MONTEIRO, R.F. 2005. New gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with two species of Eugenia (Myrtaceae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 49(3):347-352.

  86. Dasineura myrciariae Maia, 1996MAIA, V.C. 1996a. Cordiamyia globosa gen. n. e sp. n. (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associado com Cordia verbenacea DC. (Boraginaceae) no Brasil. Rev. Bras. Zool 13(3):579-583.

  87. Dasineura ovalifoliae Fernandes & Maia, 2011MAIA, V.C. & SANTOS, M.G. 2011. A new genus and species of gall midge (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Microgramma vaccinifolia (Langsd. & Fisch.) Copel (Polypodiaceae) from Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 55(1):40-44.

  88. Dasineura tavaresi Maia, 1996MAIA, V.C. 1996a. Cordiamyia globosa gen. n. e sp. n. (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associado com Cordia verbenacea DC. (Boraginaceae) no Brasil. Rev. Bras. Zool 13(3):579-583.

  89. Diadiplosis abacaxii Culik & Ventura, 2013CULIK, M.P. & VENTURA, J.A. 2013a. A new species of cecidomyiid (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) predator of scale insect (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) pests of pineapple. Acta Phytopathol. Entomol. Hung. 48:129-134.

  90. Diadiplosis bellingeri Culik & Ventura, 2012CULIK, M.P. & VENTURA, J.A. 2012. A new species of cecidomyiid (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) predator associated with scale insect (Hemiptera, Coccoidea) pests of coffee. J. Entomol. Res. Soc. 14: 9-3.

  91. Diadiplosis floridana (Felt, 1915FELT, E.P. 1915a. New North American gall midges. Can. Entomol. 47:226-232.)

  92. Diadiplosis jamboi Culik & Ventura, 2013CULIK, M.P. & VENTURA, J.A. 2013a. A new species of cecidomyiid (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) predator of scale insect (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) pests of pineapple. Acta Phytopathol. Entomol. Hung. 48:129-134.

  93. Diadiplosis martinsensis Culik & Ventura, 2013CULIK, M.P. & VENTURA, J.A. 2013a. A new species of cecidomyiid (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) predator of scale insect (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) pests of pineapple. Acta Phytopathol. Entomol. Hung. 48:129-134.

  94. Diadiplosis multifila (Felt, 1907FELT, E.P. 1907a. Appendix: New species of Cecidomyiidae. Pp. 97-165. In his 22d report of the State entomologist on injurious and other insects of the State of New York 1906. N. Y. State Mus. Bul. 110:39-186, 3 pls.)

  95. Diadiplosis vaupedis (Harris, 1968HARRIS, K.M. 1968. A systematic revision and biological review of the cecidomyiid predators (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) on world Coccoidea. Trans. R. Entomol. Soc. Lon 119:409-494.)

  96. Dialeria styracis Tavares, 1918TAVARES, J.S. 1918a. Cecidomyias novas do Brazil, segunda série. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 16(2):68-84, pls. III-IV.

  97. Dichodiplosis triangularis (Felt, 1908FELT, E.P. 1908. Appendix D. Pp. 286-422, 489-510, pls. 33-34. In his 23d report of the State Entomologist on injurious and other insects of the State of New York 1907. N. Y. State Mus. Bul. 124:5-541, 44 pls.)

  98. Epihormomyia miconiae Maia, 2001MAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, S.P.C. 2001. Two new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Erythroxylum ovalifolium Peyr. (Erythroxylaceae) from the Barra de Maricá restinga, Maricá, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Braz. J. Biol. 71(2): 521-526.

  99. Eugeniamyia dispar Maia, Mendonça & Romanowski, 1997MAIA, V.C., MENDONÇA-JÚNIOR, M. & ROMANOWSKI, H.P. 1997. Eugeniamyia dispar gen. n. and sp. n. (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Lasiopteridi) associated with Eugenia uniflora L. (Myrtaceae) in Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 13(4):1087-1090.

  100. Eugeniamyia triangularis Maia & Nava, 2011MAIA, V.C. & SANTOS, M.G. 2011. A new genus and species of gall midge (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Microgramma vaccinifolia (Langsd. & Fisch.) Copel (Polypodiaceae) from Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 55(1):40-44.

  101. Fernandesia meridionalis Rodrigues & Maia, 2013RODRIGUES, A.R. , MAIA, V.C., WENZEL, C.R. & MENDONCA-JÚNIOR, M.S. 2013. A new genus and species of Lasiopteridi (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Myrciaria delicatula (Myrtaceae) from Brazil, with identification keys of tribes and unplaced genera. Biota Neotrop. 13:63-69. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v13n2/en/abstract?identification-key+bn02213022013. (last access on 17/March/2020).
    http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v13n2/...

  102. Frauenfeldiella coussapoae Rübsaamen, 1905RÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1905a. Beitrage zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Zoocecidien. II. Beitrag: Gallen aus Brasilien und Peru. (Vorlaufige Mitteilung.) Marcellia 4:65-85.

  103. Geraldesia eupatorii Tavares, 1917TAVARES, J.S. 1917a. Cecídias do brazileiras que se criam em planta das Compositae, Rubiaceae, Tiliaceae, Lythraceae e Artocarpaceae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 15:113-181, pls. VI-XI.

  104. Gnesiodiplosis itaparicae Tavares, 1917TAVARES, J.S. 1917a. Cecídias do brazileiras que se criam em planta das Compositae, Rubiaceae, Tiliaceae, Lythraceae e Artocarpaceae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 15:113-181, pls. VI-XI.

  105. Guareamyia purpura Maia, 2007MAIA, V.C. & SANTOS, B.O. 2007. Um novo gênero e espécie de Schizomyiina (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associados com Piperaceae no Brasil. Iheringia, Sér. Zool. 97(2):137-142.

  106. Houardodiplosis rochae Tavares, 1925TAVARES, J.S. 1925. Nova contribuição para o conhecimento da cecidologia brazileira. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 22:5-48.

  107. Iatrophobia brasiliensis (Rübsaamen, 1908RÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1908a. Beitrage zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Zoocecidien. III. Beitrag: Gallen aus Brasilien und Peru. Marcellia 6:110-173.)

  108. Jorgenseniella eugeniae Maia, 2005MAIA, V.C., CONSTANTINO, P.A.L. & MONTEIRO, R.F. 2005. New gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with two species of Eugenia (Myrtaceae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 49(3):347-352.

  109. Lestodiplosis braziliensis (Tavares, 1920TAVARES, J.S. 1920a. Anadiplosariae, nouvelle tribu de Cecidomyiinae (Dipt.). Marcellia 17:5-72, pl. I.)

  110. Lestodiplosis floricola (Rodrigues & Maia, 2010RODRIGUES, A.R. & MAIA, V.C. 2010a. Uma nova espécie de Youngomyia Rübsaamen (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) do Brasil. Iheringia, Ser. Zool. 100:222-224.)

  111. Lestodiplosis maricaensis Santos & Maia, 2009SANTOS, B.O. & MAIA, V.C. 2009. Uma nova espécie de Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) associada com Stylosanthes guianensis (Fabaceae). Arqu. Mus. Nac. 66:485-489.

  112. Liodiplosis conica Gagné, 2001GAGNÉ, R.J., ODA, R.A.M. & MONTEIRO, R.F. 2001. The gall midges (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) of Mikania glomerata (Asteraceae) in Southeastern Brazil. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 103:110-134.

  113. Liodiplosis cylindrica Gagné, 2001GAGNÉ, R.J., ODA, R.A.M. & MONTEIRO, R.F. 2001. The gall midges (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) of Mikania glomerata (Asteraceae) in Southeastern Brazil. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 103:110-134.

  114. Liodiplosis spherica Gagné, 2001GAGNÉ, R.J., ODA, R.A.M. & MONTEIRO, R.F. 2001. The gall midges (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) of Mikania glomerata (Asteraceae) in Southeastern Brazil. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 103:110-134.

  115. Lopesia brasiliensis Rübsaamen, 1908RÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1908a. Beitrage zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Zoocecidien. III. Beitrag: Gallen aus Brasilien und Peru. Marcellia 6:110-173.

  116. Lopesia caulinaris Maia, 2003

  117. Lopesia conspicua Maia, 2003

  118. Lopesia davillae Maia & Monteiro, 2017MAIA, V.C. & MONTEIRO, R.F. 2017. Lopesia davillae (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae), a new species of gall midge from Brazil associated with Davilla rugosa (Dilleniaceae). Braz. J. Biol. 77(4):680-685.

  119. Lopesia elliptica Maia, 2003

  120. Lopesia erythroxyli Rodrigues & Maia, 2010RODRIGUES, A.R. & MAIA, V.C. 2010a. Uma nova espécie de Youngomyia Rübsaamen (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) do Brasil. Iheringia, Ser. Zool. 100:222-224.

  121. Lopesia grandis Maia, 2001MAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, S.P.C. 2001. Two new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Erythroxylum ovalifolium Peyr. (Erythroxylaceae) from the Barra de Maricá restinga, Maricá, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Braz. J. Biol. 71(2): 521-526.

  122. Lopesia indaiensis Maia & Araújo, 2018MAIA, V.C. & OLIVEIRA, L.A. 2018. Lopesia indaiensis (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae), a new species of gall midge feeding on Andira fraxinifolia Benth (Fabaceae), an endemic plant in Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 62(2018):125-130.

  123. Lopesia leandrae Maia, 2019MAIA, V.C. & OLIVEIRA, L.A. 2019. A new species of Clinodiplosis (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) causing galls on Banisteriopsis membranifolia (Malpighiaceae), an endemic plant in Brazil. ZOOLOGIA 36: e21481 | DOI: 10.3897/zoologia.36.e21481.
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  124. Lopesia linearis Maia, 2003

  125. Lopesia marginalis Maia, 2001MAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, S.P.C. 2001. Two new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Erythroxylum ovalifolium Peyr. (Erythroxylaceae) from the Barra de Maricá restinga, Maricá, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Braz. J. Biol. 71(2): 521-526.

  126. Lopesia maricaensis Rodrigues & Maia, 2010RODRIGUES, A.R. & MAIA, V.C. 2010a. Uma nova espécie de Youngomyia Rübsaamen (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) do Brasil. Iheringia, Ser. Zool. 100:222-224.

  127. Lopesia similis Maia, 2004MAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, G.W. 2004. Insect galls from Serra de São José (Tiradentes, MG, Brazil). Braz. J. Biol. 64(3A):423-445.

  128. Lopesia simplex Maia, 2002MAIA, V.C., MONTEIRO R.F. & NARAHARA K. L. 2002. Two new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Protium icicariba (Burseraceae) in Brazil. Stud. Dipterol. 9:171-178.

  129. Lopesia singularis Maia, 2001MAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, S.P.C. 2001. Two new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Erythroxylum ovalifolium Peyr. (Erythroxylaceae) from the Barra de Maricá restinga, Maricá, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Braz. J. Biol. 71(2): 521-526.

  130. Lopesia spinosa Maia, 2004MAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, G.W. 2004. Insect galls from Serra de São José (Tiradentes, MG, Brazil). Braz. J. Biol. 64(3A):423-445.

  131. Lopesia tibouchinae Maia, 2004MAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, G.W. 2004. Insect galls from Serra de São José (Tiradentes, MG, Brazil). Braz. J. Biol. 64(3A):423-445.

  132. Lopesia ubatubensis Garcia & Urso-Guimarães, 2018

  133. Machaeriobia gemmae Maia, 2016MAIA, V.C., WILSON, V.A.C. & MONTEIRO, R.F. 2016. A new species of Machaeriobia Rubsaamen, 1915 (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 60:227-230.

  134. Machaeriobia machaerii (Kieffer, 1913KIEFFER, J.-J. 1913. Diptera. Fam. Cecidomyidae. Fasc. 152. Wytsman, P., ed., Genera Insectorum. Bruxelles.)

  135. Manilkaramyia notabilis Maia, 2001MAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, S.P.C. 2001. Two new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Erythroxylum ovalifolium Peyr. (Erythroxylaceae) from the Barra de Maricá restinga, Maricá, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Braz. J. Biol. 71(2): 521-526.

  136. Mayteniella distincta Maia, 2001MAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, S.P.C. 2001. Two new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Erythroxylum ovalifolium Peyr. (Erythroxylaceae) from the Barra de Maricá restinga, Maricá, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Braz. J. Biol. 71(2): 521-526.

  137. Metasphondylia squamosa Tavares, 1918TAVARES, J.S. 1918a. Cecidomyias novas do Brazil, segunda série. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 16(2):68-84, pls. III-IV.

  138. Meunieriella dalechampiae Rübsaamen, 1905RÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1905a. Beitrage zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Zoocecidien. II. Beitrag: Gallen aus Brasilien und Peru. (Vorlaufige Mitteilung.) Marcellia 4:65-85.

  139. Meunieriella insignis (Tavares, 1922TAVARES, J.S. 1922. Cecidologia brazileira: as restantes famílias. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 19(1):5-48, pls. XI-XIX.)

  140. Meunieriella lantanae (Tavares, 1918TAVARES, J.S. 1918a. Cecidomyias novas do Brazil, segunda série. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 16(2):68-84, pls. III-IV.)

  141. Mikaniadiplosis annulipes Gagné, 2001GAGNÉ, R.J., ODA, R.A.M. & MONTEIRO, R.F. 2001. The gall midges (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) of Mikania glomerata (Asteraceae) in Southeastern Brazil. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 103:110-134.

  142. Myrciamyia maricaensis Maia, 1996MAIA, V.C. 1996a. Cordiamyia globosa gen. n. e sp. n. (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associado com Cordia verbenacea DC. (Boraginaceae) no Brasil. Rev. Bras. Zool 13(3):579-583.

  143. Myrciariamyia bivalva Maia, 1995MAIA, V.C. 1995. Myrciariamyia bivalva, gen. n. e sp. n. (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Oligotrophini) associado com Myrciaria floribunda (Camb.) Legr. (Myrtaceae) no Brasil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 11(4):635-638.

  144. Neolasioptera cerei (Rübsaamen, 1905RÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1905a. Beitrage zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Zoocecidien. II. Beitrag: Gallen aus Brasilien und Peru. (Vorlaufige Mitteilung.) Marcellia 4:65-85.)

  145. Neolasioptera cupheae Gagné, 1998GAGNÉ, R.J. 1998. Pp. 522-524. In Gagné, R.J., F.F.F.Ferraz and R.E.Monteiro. A new species of Neolasioptera Felt (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) on Cuphea carthagenensis (Jacq.) Macbride (Lythraceae) in Brazil, with notes on its biology. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 100: 521-525.

  146. Neolasioptera eugeniae Maia, 1993MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 1993. Descrição de três espécies novas de Bruggmannia Tavares, 1906 (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Asphondyliidi) do Brasil associadas com Guapira opposita (Nyctaginaceae). Rev. Bras. Biol. 53(2):209-215.

  147. Neolasioptera fariae (Tavares, 1922TAVARES, J.S. 1922. Cecidologia brazileira: as restantes famílias. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 19(1):5-48, pls. XI-XIX.)

  148. Neolasioptera ingae Möhn, 1964MÖHN, E. 1964a. Gallmücken (Diptera, Itonididae) aus El Salvador. 7. Teil: Lasiopteridi. Beitr. Entomol. 14:553-600.

  149. Neolasioptera lantanae (Tavares, 1922TAVARES, J.S. 1922. Cecidologia brazileira: as restantes famílias. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 19(1):5-48, pls. XI-XIX.)

  150. Neolasioptera ramicola Maia, 2009MAIA, V.C., ZART, M. & BOTTON, M. 2009. Neolasioptera ramicola, a new species of Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) associated with Physalis angulata (Solanaceae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 53(2):163-165.

  151. Neomitranthella robusta Maia, 1996MAIA, V.C. 1996a. Cordiamyia globosa gen. n. e sp. n. (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associado com Cordia verbenacea DC. (Boraginaceae) no Brasil. Rev. Bras. Zool 13(3):579-583.

  152. Novocalmonia fici Ozdikmen, 2009

  153. Novocalmonia urostigmatis (Tavares, 1917TAVARES, J.S. 1917a. Cecídias do brazileiras que se criam em planta das Compositae, Rubiaceae, Tiliaceae, Lythraceae e Artocarpaceae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 15:113-181, pls. VI-XI.)

  154. Parazalepidota clusiae Maia, 2001MAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, S.P.C. 2001. Two new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Erythroxylum ovalifolium Peyr. (Erythroxylaceae) from the Barra de Maricá restinga, Maricá, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Braz. J. Biol. 71(2): 521-526.

  155. Paulliniamyia ampla Maia, 2001MAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, S.P.C. 2001. Two new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Erythroxylum ovalifolium Peyr. (Erythroxylaceae) from the Barra de Maricá restinga, Maricá, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Braz. J. Biol. 71(2): 521-526.

  156. Perasphondylia mikaniae Gagné, 2001GAGNÉ, R.J., ODA, R.A.M. & MONTEIRO, R.F. 2001. The gall midges (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) of Mikania glomerata (Asteraceae) in Southeastern Brazil. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 103:110-134.

  157. Pisphondylia brasiliensis Couri & Maia, 1992MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 1992. Pp. 655-660. InMaia, V.C., M.S. Couri and R.F. Monteiro. Sobre seis espécies de Asphondylia Loew, 1850 do Brasil (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae. Rev. Bras. Entomol 36(3):653-661.

  158. Primadiplosis microgramma Maia, 2011MAIA, V.C. & SANTOS, M.G. 2011. A new genus and species of gall midge (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Microgramma vaccinifolia (Langsd. & Fisch.) Copel (Polypodiaceae) from Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 55(1):40-44.

  159. Proasphondylia brasiliensis Felt, 1915FELT, E.P. 1915a. New North American gall midges. Can. Entomol. 47:226-232.

  160. Proasphondylia formosa Maia, 1994MAIA, V.C. 1994. Considerações sobre Proasphondylia Felt (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae), com descrições de duas espécies novas associadas com Guapira opposita (Velloso) Reitz (Nyctaginaceae). Rev. Bras. Zool. 10(2): 215-218.

  161. Proasphondylia guapirae Maia, 1994MAIA, V.C. 1994. Considerações sobre Proasphondylia Felt (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae), com descrições de duas espécies novas associadas com Guapira opposita (Velloso) Reitz (Nyctaginaceae). Rev. Bras. Zool. 10(2): 215-218.

  162. Procontarinia mangiferae (Felt, 1911FELT, E.P. 1911a. Two new gall midges (Dipt.). Entomol. News 22:109-111.)

  163. Rhoasphondylia friburgensis (Tavares, 1917TAVARES, J.S. 1917a. Cecídias do brazileiras que se criam em planta das Compositae, Rubiaceae, Tiliaceae, Lythraceae e Artocarpaceae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 15:113-181, pls. VI-XI.)

  164. Rochadiplosis tibouchinae Tavares, 1917TAVARES, J.S. 1917a. Cecídias do brazileiras que se criam em planta das Compositae, Rubiaceae, Tiliaceae, Lythraceae e Artocarpaceae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 15:113-181, pls. VI-XI.

  165. Schismatodiplosis lantanae (Rübsaamen, 1908RÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1908a. Beitrage zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Zoocecidien. III. Beitrag: Gallen aus Brasilien und Peru. Marcellia 6:110-173.)

  166. Schizomyia maricaensis Sousa & Maia, 2007SOUSA, L.I. & MAIA, V.C. 2007. A new species of Schizomyia (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Asphondyliini) associated with Tetrapterys phlomoides (Malpighiaceae). Iheringia, Ser. Zool. 97:311-313.

  167. Schizomyia santosi Maia & Araújo, 2009MAIA, V.C., ZART, M. & BOTTON, M. 2009. Neolasioptera ramicola, a new species of Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) associated with Physalis angulata (Solanaceae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 53(2):163-165.

  168. Schizomyia spherica Maia & Oliveira, 2007MAIA, V.C. & SANTOS, B.O. 2007. Um novo gênero e espécie de Schizomyiina (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associados com Piperaceae no Brasil. Iheringia, Sér. Zool. 97(2):137-142.

  169. Smilasioptera candelariae Möhn, 1975MÖHN, E. 1975. Gallmücken (Diptera, Itonididae) aus El Salvador. 8. Teil: Lasiopteridi. Stutt. Beitr. Naturd. 276: 1-101.

  170. Sphaeramyia flava Maia, 2007MAIA, V.C. & SANTOS, B.O. 2007. Um novo gênero e espécie de Schizomyiina (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associados com Piperaceae no Brasil. Iheringia, Sér. Zool. 97(2):137-142.

  171. Stephomyia clavata (Tavares, 1920)TAVARES, J.S. 1920a. Anadiplosariae, nouvelle tribu de Cecidomyiinae (Dipt.). Marcellia 17:5-72, pl. I.

  172. Stephomyia epeugeniae Gagné, 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p.

  173. Stephomyia espiralis Maia, 1993MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 1993. Descrição de três espécies novas de Bruggmannia Tavares, 1906 (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Asphondyliidi) do Brasil associadas com Guapira opposita (Nyctaginaceae). Rev. Bras. Biol. 53(2):209-215.

  174. Stephomyia mina Maia, 1993MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 1993. Descrição de três espécies novas de Bruggmannia Tavares, 1906 (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Asphondyliidi) do Brasil associadas com Guapira opposita (Nyctaginaceae). Rev. Bras. Biol. 53(2):209-215.

  175. Stephomyia rotundifoliorum Maia, 1993MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 1993. Descrição de três espécies novas de Bruggmannia Tavares, 1906 (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Asphondyliidi) do Brasil associadas com Guapira opposita (Nyctaginaceae). Rev. Bras. Biol. 53(2):209-215.

  176. Stephomyia tetralobae Maia, 1993MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 1993. Descrição de três espécies novas de Bruggmannia Tavares, 1906 (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Asphondyliidi) do Brasil associadas com Guapira opposita (Nyctaginaceae). Rev. Bras. Biol. 53(2):209-215.

  177. Styraxdiplosis caetitensis Tavares, 1915TAVARES, J.S. 1915. As cecidias das plantas do gênero Styrax no Brazil. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 13:145-160, pl. VI.

  178. Styraxdiplosis cearensis Tavares, 1925TAVARES, J.S. 1925. Nova contribuição para o conhecimento da cecidologia brazileira. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 22:5-48.

  179. Trotteria quadridentata Maia, 2001MAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, S.P.C. 2001. Two new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Erythroxylum ovalifolium Peyr. (Erythroxylaceae) from the Barra de Maricá restinga, Maricá, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Braz. J. Biol. 71(2): 521-526.

  180. Uleella dalbergiae Rübsaamen, 1908RÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1908a. Beitrage zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Zoocecidien. III. Beitrag: Gallen aus Brasilien und Peru. Marcellia 6:110-173.

  181. Youngomyia pouteriae Maia 2001MAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, S.P.C. 2001. Two new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Erythroxylum ovalifolium Peyr. (Erythroxylaceae) from the Barra de Maricá restinga, Maricá, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Braz. J. Biol. 71(2): 521-526.

  182. Zalepidota ituensis (Tavares, 1917TAVARES, J.S. 1917a. Cecídias do brazileiras que se criam em planta das Compositae, Rubiaceae, Tiliaceae, Lythraceae e Artocarpaceae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 15:113-181, pls. VI-XI.)

  183. Zalepidota piperis Rübsaamen, 1908RÜBSAAMEN, E.H. 1908a. Beitrage zur Kenntnis aussereuropäischer Zoocecidien. III. Beitrag: Gallen aus Brasilien und Peru. Marcellia 6:110-173.

CAATINGA

Only eight gall midg species of seven genera have been reported in the Caatinga, six of them are gall-inducers, one is predator, Feltiella curtistylus, and one is probably kleptoparasite, Dialeria styracis. All inducers are monophagous.The phytophagous species are associated with three plant families, Combretaceae, Fabaceae, and Styracaceae, four genera, Bauhinia L., Combretum Loefl, Mimosa L., and Styrax L., and three determined species, Combretum leprosum, Mimosa tenuiflora, and Bauhinia brevipes. Fabaceae shelter the great richness of gall midge species, four (Table 4). Three gall midge species occur on a host plant identified only in genus, Styrax sp., and a single species occur in a plant identified only in family (Fabaceae). All host plant species are native to Brasil. None of them is endemic. All gall midge genera are represented by a single species, except Lopesia, with two species (Table 3).

    List of Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) with occurrence in the Caatinga (Brazil)
  1. Anadiplosis caetetensis Tavares, 1920TAVARES, J.S. 1920a. Anadiplosariae, nouvelle tribu de Cecidomyiinae (Dipt.). Marcellia 17:5-72, pl. I.

  2. Dialeria styracis Tavares, 1918TAVARES, J.S. 1918a. Cecidomyias novas do Brazil, segunda série. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 16(2):68-84, pls. III-IV.

  3. Feltiella curtistylus Gagné, 1984GAGNÉ, R.J. 1984. Five new species of Neotropical Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) associated with cacao flowers, killing the buds of Clusiaceae, or preying on mites. Brenesia 22:123-138.

  4. Houardodiplosis rochae Tavares, 1925TAVARES, J.S. 1925. Nova contribuição para o conhecimento da cecidologia brazileira. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 22:5-48.

  5. Lopesia mimosae Maia, 2010MAIA, V.C. & OLIVEIRA, J.C. 2010. Galhas de insetos da Reserva Biológica Estadual da Praia do Sul (Ilha Grande, Angra dos Reis, RJ). Biota Neotrop. 10(4):227-238. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v10n4/pt/abstract?inventory+bn04110042010 (last access on 17/March/2020).
    http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v10n4/...

  6. Lopesia pernambucensis Maia, 2010MAIA, V.C. & OLIVEIRA, J.C. 2010. Galhas de insetos da Reserva Biológica Estadual da Praia do Sul (Ilha Grande, Angra dos Reis, RJ). Biota Neotrop. 10(4):227-238. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v10n4/pt/abstract?inventory+bn04110042010 (last access on 17/March/2020).
    http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v10n4/...

  7. Schizomyia macrocapillata Maia, 2005MAIA, V.C., CONSTANTINO, P.A.L. & MONTEIRO, R.F. 2005. New gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with two species of Eugenia (Myrtaceae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 49(3):347-352.

  8. Styraxdiplosis caetitensisTavares, 1915TAVARES, J.S. 1915. As cecidias das plantas do gênero Styrax no Brazil. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 13:145-160, pl. VI. (possibly)

CERRADO

A total of 60 gall midge species of 25 genera have been recorded in the Cerrado, 52 of them are gall-inducers, six are fungivorous, Didactylomyia longimana, Stomatosema pantaneira, S. sisbiota, S. terena, S. terere, and Termitomastus leptoproctus, one is inquiline, Meunieriella spinosa, and one is predator, Diadiplosis saccharum.

All phytophagous species are monophagous. Phytophagous gall midges have been recorded on 21 plant families, 37 genera and 37 determined species. Fabaceae, Asteraceae and Calophyllaceae comprise the greatest richness of cecidomyiid species, ten, six and six, respectively (Table 5). Seven gall midge species occur on host plants identified only in genus, totaling seven plant genera. All host species are native. Among them, eleven are endemic to Brazil, two being endemic to Cerrado (Table 4). Lopesia, Asphondylia, and Bruggmanniella are the best represented genera of Cecidomyiidae, with 14, 7, and 4 species, respectively (Table 3).

    List of Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) with occurrence in the Cerrado (Brazil)
  1. Alycaulus hexadentatus Urso-Guimarães, 2018URSO-GUIMARÃES, M.V. 2018a. A new species of Asphondylia (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) and a key to separate species of the genus associated with Asteraceae from Neotropical region. Pap. Avulsos Zool., 2018; v.58: e20185853

  2. Andirodiplosis bahiensis Tavares, 1920TAVARES, J.S. 1920a. Anadiplosariae, nouvelle tribu de Cecidomyiinae (Dipt.). Marcellia 17:5-72, pl. I.

  3. Arcivena kielmeyerae Gagné, 1984GAGNÉ, R.J. 1984. Five new species of Neotropical Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) associated with cacao flowers, killing the buds of Clusiaceae, or preying on mites. Brenesia 22:123-138.

  4. Asphondylia canastrae Urso-Guimarães & Amorim, 2002URSO-GUIMARÃES, M.V. & AMORIM, D.S. 2002. New Brazilian species of Asphondyliini (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 46:561-570.

  5. Asphondylia cipo Urso-Guimarães, 2018URSO-GUIMARÃES, M.V. 2018a. A new species of Asphondylia (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) and a key to separate species of the genus associated with Asteraceae from Neotropical region. Pap. Avulsos Zool., 2018; v.58: e20185853

  6. Asphondylia cordiae Möhn, 1959MÖHN, E. 1959. Gallmücken (Diptera, Itonididae) aus El Salvador. 1. Teil. Senckenbergiana Biologica 40:297-368.

  7. Asphondylia gochnatiae Maia, 2008MAIA, V.C., SILVEIRA, F.A.O., OLIVEIRA, L.A. & XAVIER, M.F. 2008 Asphondylia gochnatiae, a new species of gall midge (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Gochnatia polymorpha (Asteraceae). Zootaxa 1740:53-58.

  8. Asphondylia microcapillata Maia, 2005MAIA, V.C., CONSTANTINO, P.A.L. & MONTEIRO, R.F. 2005. New gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with two species of Eugenia (Myrtaceae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 49(3):347-352.

  9. Asphondylia sanctipetri Urso-Guimarães & Amorim, 2002URSO-GUIMARÃES, M.V. & AMORIM, D.S. 2002. New Brazilian species of Asphondyliini (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 46:561-570.

  10. Asphondylia serrata Maia, 2004MAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, G.W. 2004. Insect galls from Serra de São José (Tiradentes, MG, Brazil). Braz. J. Biol. 64(3A):423-445.

  11. Asphondylia stachytarpheta Barnes, 1932BARNES, H.F. 1932. Notes on Cecidomyidae. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (10)9:475-484.

  12. Brethesiamyia retorta Maia, 2009MAIA, V.C., ZART, M. & BOTTON, M. 2009. Neolasioptera ramicola, a new species of Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) associated with Physalis angulata (Solanaceae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 53(2):163-165.

  13. Bruggmannia chapadensis Proença & Maia, 2018PROENÇA, P. & MAIA, V.C. 2018. Bruggmannia chapadensis sp. nov. (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae), a new midge inducing galls on Guapira pernambucensis (Nyctaginaceae) from the Parque Nacional da Chapada dos Guimarães, Mato Grosso State, Brazil. ZOOLOGIA 35: e13040 | DOI: 10.3897/zoologia.35.e13040.
    https://doi.org/10.3897/zoologia.35.e130...

  14. Bruggmanniella doliocarpi Maia, 2010MAIA, V.C. & OLIVEIRA, J.C. 2010. Galhas de insetos da Reserva Biológica Estadual da Praia do Sul (Ilha Grande, Angra dos Reis, RJ). Biota Neotrop. 10(4):227-238. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v10n4/pt/abstract?inventory+bn04110042010 (last access on 17/March/2020).
    http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v10n4/...

  15. Bruggmanniella duguetiae Urso-Guimarães & Amorim, 2005URSO-GUIMARÃES, M.V. &. AMORIM, D.S. 2005. Two new species of Bruggmanniella Tavares, 1909 (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) from Brazil. Stud. Dipterol. 11(2004): 429-436.

  16. Bruggmanniella ingae Urso-Guimarães & Amorim, 2005URSO-GUIMARÃES, M.V. &. AMORIM, D.S. 2005. Two new species of Bruggmanniella Tavares, 1909 (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) from Brazil. Stud. Dipterol. 11(2004): 429-436.

  17. Bruggmanniella miconiae Carvalho-Fernandes, Maia & Rodrigues, 2020

  18. Cerciplanus cipo Garcia & Urso-Guimarães, 2020GARCIA, C.A., SCARELI-SANTOS, C., OLIVEIRA, F.G.S., SILVA,M.D. & URSO-GUIMARÃES, U.V. 2020. A new genus and two new species of Cecidomyiini (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) from Brazil. Ann Zool 70(2):263-271.

  19. Cerciplanus tocantinensis Garcia & Urso-Guimarães 2020GARCIA, C.A., SCARELI-SANTOS, C., OLIVEIRA, F.G.S., SILVA,M.D. & URSO-GUIMARÃES, U.V. 2020. A new genus and two new species of Cecidomyiini (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) from Brazil. Ann Zool 70(2):263-271.

  20. Clinodiplosis agerati Maia, 2016MAIA, V.C., WILSON, V.A.C. & MONTEIRO, R.F. 2016. A new species of Machaeriobia Rubsaamen, 1915 (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 60:227-230.

  21. Clinodiplosis bellum Urso-Guimarães & Carmo-Neto, 2015URSO-GUIMARÃES, M.V. & CARMO-NETO, A.M. 2015. A new species of gall midge associated with Diplopterys pubipetala (A. Juss.) Anderson and Davis (Malpighiaceae) from Altinópolis, São Paulo, Brazil. Braz. J. Biol. 75:175-179.

  22. Clinodiplosis quartelensis Maia & Oliveira 2019MAIA, V.C. & OLIVEIRA, L.A. 2019. A new species of Clinodiplosis (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) causing galls on Banisteriopsis membranifolia (Malpighiaceae), an endemic plant in Brazil. ZOOLOGIA 36: e21481 | DOI: 10.3897/zoologia.36.e21481.
    https://doi.org/10.3897/zoologia.36.e214...

  23. Contarinia gemmae Maia 2003

  24. Couridiplosis vena Maia, 2004MAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, G.W. 2004. Insect galls from Serra de São José (Tiradentes, MG, Brazil). Braz. J. Biol. 64(3A):423-445.

  25. Dasineura braziliensis (Tavares, 1922TAVARES, J.S. 1922. Cecidologia brazileira: as restantes famílias. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 19(1):5-48, pls. XI-XIX.)

  26. Dasineura occulta Pereira-Colavite & Urso-Guimarães, 2013PEREIRA-COLAVITE, A. & URSO-GUIMARÃES, M.V. 2013. Nova espécie de Dasineura Rondani, 1840 (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) em capitulos de Hypochaeris chillensis (Kunth) Britton (Asteraceae) para o Brasil. Pap. Avulsos Zool. 53:59-66.

  27. Diadiplosis saccharum Urso-Guimarães, 2020URSO-GUIMARÃES, M.V., CRUZ, M.A., MARTINELLI, N.M. & PERONTI, A.L.G.B. 2020. Description of a new species of cecidomyiid (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) predator of mealybugs (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) on sugarcane. Pap Avulsos Zool 60:e20206041.

  28. Didactylomyia longimana (Felt, 1908FELT, E.P. 1908. Appendix D. Pp. 286-422, 489-510, pls. 33-34. In his 23d report of the State Entomologist on injurious and other insects of the State of New York 1907. N. Y. State Mus. Bul. 124:5-541, 44 pls.)

  29. Lopesia andirae Garcia, Lima, Calado & Urso-Guimarães, 2017GARCIA, C.A., LIMA, V.P., CALADO, D.C. & URSO-GUIMARÃES, M.V. 2017. New species of Lopesia Rübsaamen (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) associated with Andira humilis Mart. ex Benth. (Fabaceae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 61(2017):239-242.

  30. Lopesia bilobata Maia, 2004MAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, G.W. 2004. Insect galls from Serra de São José (Tiradentes, MG, Brazil). Braz. J. Biol. 64(3A):423-445.

  31. Lopesia caulinaris Maia, 2003

  32. Lopesia chapadensis Garcia & Urso-Guimarães, 2018

  33. Lopesia conspicua Maia, 2003

  34. Lopesia eichhorniae Urso-Guimarães, 2015URSO-GUIMARÃES, M.V., PALAEZ-RODRIGUEZ. M. & TRIVINHO-STRIXINO, S. 2015. New species of Lopesia (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Eichhornia azurea (Pontederiaceae) from Brazil. Iheringia, Ser. Zool. 104:478-483.

  35. Lopesia elliptica Maia, 2003

  36. Lopesia linearis Maia, 2003

  37. Lopesia maricaensis Rodrigues & Maia, 2010RODRIGUES, A.R. & MAIA, V.C. 2010a. Uma nova espécie de Youngomyia Rübsaamen (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) do Brasil. Iheringia, Ser. Zool. 100:222-224.

  38. Lopesia mataybae Garcia & Urso-Guimarães, 2018

  39. Lopesia similis Maia, 2004MAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, G.W. 2004. Insect galls from Serra de São José (Tiradentes, MG, Brazil). Braz. J. Biol. 64(3A):423-445.

  40. Lopesia simplex Maia, 2002MAIA, V.C., MONTEIRO R.F. & NARAHARA K. L. 2002. Two new species of gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Protium icicariba (Burseraceae) in Brazil. Stud. Dipterol. 9:171-178.

  41. Lopesia spinosa Maia, 2004MAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, G.W. 2004. Insect galls from Serra de São José (Tiradentes, MG, Brazil). Braz. J. Biol. 64(3A):423-445.

  42. Lopesia tibouchinae Maia, 2004MAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, G.W. 2004. Insect galls from Serra de São José (Tiradentes, MG, Brazil). Braz. J. Biol. 64(3A):423-445.

  43. Machaeriobia machaerii (Kieffer, 1913KIEFFER, J.-J. 1913. Diptera. Fam. Cecidomyidae. Fasc. 152. Wytsman, P., ed., Genera Insectorum. Bruxelles.)

  44. Meunieriella spinosa Urso-Guimarães, 2018URSO-GUIMARÃES, M.V. 2018a. A new species of Asphondylia (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) and a key to separate species of the genus associated with Asteraceae from Neotropical region. Pap. Avulsos Zool., 2018; v.58: e20185853

  45. Myrciamyia pterandrae Maia & Flor, 2018MAIA, V.C. & OLIVEIRA, L.A. 2018. Lopesia indaiensis (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae), a new species of gall midge feeding on Andira fraxinifolia Benth (Fabaceae), an endemic plant in Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 62(2018):125-130.

  46. Myrciariamyia admirabilis Maia, 2007MAIA, V.C. & SANTOS, B.O. 2007. Um novo gênero e espécie de Schizomyiina (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associados com Piperaceae no Brasil. Iheringia, Sér. Zool. 97(2):137-142.

  47. Myrciariamyia fernandesi Maia, 2004MAIA, V.C. & FERNANDES, G.W. 2004. Insect galls from Serra de São José (Tiradentes, MG, Brazil). Braz. J. Biol. 64(3A):423-445.

  48. Parametasphondylia piperis Maia & Santos 2007MAIA, V.C. & SANTOS, B.O. 2007. Um novo gênero e espécie de Schizomyiina (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associados com Piperaceae no Brasil. Iheringia, Sér. Zool. 97(2):137-142.

  49. Rochadiplosis tibouchinae Tavares, 1917TAVARES, J.S. 1917a. Cecídias do brazileiras que se criam em planta das Compositae, Rubiaceae, Tiliaceae, Lythraceae e Artocarpaceae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 15:113-181, pls. VI-XI.

  50. Schizomyia barreirensis Santos, Maia & Calado, 2019SANTOS, D.S.S., MAIA, V.C. & CALADO, D. 2019. Insect galls on Bauhinia cupulata (Fabaceae): morphotypes characterization and description of a new species of Schizomyia (Cecidomyiidae, Diptera). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 63:356-362.

  51. Schizomyia macrocapillata Maia, 2005MAIA, V.C., CONSTANTINO, P.A.L. & MONTEIRO, R.F. 2005. New gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with two species of Eugenia (Myrtaceae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 49(3):347-352.

  52. Schizomyia maricaensis Sousa & Maia, 2007SOUSA, L.I. & MAIA, V.C. 2007. A new species of Schizomyia (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Asphondyliini) associated with Tetrapterys phlomoides (Malpighiaceae). Iheringia, Ser. Zool. 97:311-313.

  53. Schizomyia tuiuiu Urso-Guimarães & Amorim, 2002URSO-GUIMARÃES, M.V. & AMORIM, D.S. 2002. New Brazilian species of Asphondyliini (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 46:561-570.

  54. Stephomyia epeugeniae Gagné, 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p.

  55. Stomatosema pantaneirum Carmo-Neto, Lamas & Urso-Guimarães, 2019

  56. Stomatosema sisbiota Carmo-Neto, Lamas & Urso-Guimarães, 2019

  57. Stomatosema terena Carmo-Neto, Lamas & Urso-Guimarães, 2019

  58. Stomatosema terere Carmo-Neto, Lamas & Urso-Guimarães, 2019

  59. Termitomastus leptoproctus Silvestri, 1901SILVESTRI, F. 1901. Descrizione di nuovi termitofili e relazioni di essi con gli ospiti. Bol. Mus. Zool. Anat. Comp. R. Univ. Torino 16:1-6.

  60. Youngomyia matogrossensis Proença & Maia, 2019PROENÇA, P. & MAIA, V.C. 2019. A new species of Youngomyia Felt from Brazil and new morphological data on Youngomyia pouteriae Maia (Insecta, Diptera, Cecidomyiidae). Rev. Bras. Entomol. 63 (2019):130-135.

PAMPA

Only ten species of gall midges of nine genera have been recorded in the Pampa (List 5), nine of them are gall-inducers and one was caught in flight. One species is oligophagous, Asphondylia moehni, the other inducers are monophagous. They are associated with eight plant families distributed in eigth genera and six determined species. All families shelter a single gall midge species, and there are two doubtful records on Smilacaceae (Table 4). Three gall midge species occur on host plants identified only in genus, totaling three plant genera. All host plants are native, one of them being endemic to Brazil (Table 5).

    List of Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) with occurrence in the Pampa (Brazil)
  1. Asphondylia moehni Skuhravá, 1989

  2. Asphondylia sulphurea Tavares, 1909TAVARES, J.S. 1909. Contributio prima ad cognitionem cecidologiae braziliae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 8:5-28, pls. I-VIII.

  3. Bruggmannia braziliensis Tavares, 1906TAVARES, J.S. 1906. Descripção de uma cecidomyia nova do Brazil, pertencente a um gênero novo. Brotéria 5:81-84.

  4. Bruggmanniella braziliensis Tavares, 1909TAVARES, J.S. 1909. Contributio prima ad cognitionem cecidologiae braziliae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 8:5-28, pls. I-VIII.

  5. Compsodiplosis luteoalbida (Tavares, 1909TAVARES, J.S. 1909. Contributio prima ad cognitionem cecidologiae braziliae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 8:5-28, pls. I-VIII.)

  6. Elachypalpus psidii Maia & Nava, 2011MAIA, V.C. & SANTOS, M.G. 2011. A new genus and species of gall midge (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) associated with Microgramma vaccinifolia (Langsd. & Fisch.) Copel (Polypodiaceae) from Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 55(1):40-44.

  7. Eugeniamyia dispar Maia, Mendonça & Romanowski, 1997MAIA, V.C., MENDONÇA-JÚNIOR, M. & ROMANOWSKI, H.P. 1997. Eugeniamyia dispar gen. n. and sp. n. (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae, Lasiopteridi) associated with Eugenia uniflora L. (Myrtaceae) in Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 13(4):1087-1090.

  8. Guarephila albida Tavares, 1909TAVARES, J.S. 1909. Contributio prima ad cognitionem cecidologiae braziliae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 8:5-28, pls. I-VIII.

  9. Neolasioptera urvilleae (Tavares, 1909TAVARES, J.S. 1909. Contributio prima ad cognitionem cecidologiae braziliae. Brotéria, Ser. Zool. 8:5-28, pls. I-VIII.)

  10. Zalepidota tavaresi (Kieffer, 1913KIEFFER, J.-J. 1913. Diptera. Fam. Cecidomyidae. Fasc. 152. Wytsman, P., ed., Genera Insectorum. Bruxelles.)

PANTANAL

Only five species of Cecidomyiidae of two genera have been reported in the Pantanal, one is gall-inducers and the others are fungivorous.The single gall-inducing species is monophagous and occurs on a native, non endemic plant.

    List of Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) with occurrence in the Pantanal (Brazil)
  1. Neolasioptera pantaneira Maia, 2017MAIA, V.C. & MONTEIRO, R.F. 2017. Lopesia davillae (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae), a new species of gall midge from Brazil associated with Davilla rugosa (Dilleniaceae). Braz. J. Biol. 77(4):680-685.

  2. Stomatosema camilae Carmo-Neto, Lamas & Urso-Guimarães, 2019

  3. Stomatosema paratudo Carmo-Neto, Lamas & Urso-Guimarães, 2019

  4. Stomatosema pantaneirum Carmo-Neto, Lamas & Urso-Guimarães, 2019

  5. Stomatosema sisbiota Carmo-Neto, Lamas & Urso-Guimarães, 2019

The phytogeographic domain of occurrence of ten species (Aphidoletes aphidimyza, Clinodiplosis alternantherae, C. cattleyae, Diadiplosis coccidivora, Diadiplosis pseudococci, Mycodiplosis rubida, Prodiplosis floricola, Schizomyia manihoti, Schizomyia mimosa, and Sphaerodiplosis dubia) was not determined, since data on its locality was not enough detailed.

Discussion

Brazil shelters 265 gall midge species, about 43% of the diversity of the Neotropical fauna. Brazil is the largest country in the Neotropics, with 8, 515, 767. 049 km2 of extension (IBGE, 2012IBGE 2012, Agência IBGE notícias. Available on https://agenciadenoticias.ibge.gov.br/agencia-sala-de-imprensa/2013-agencia-de-noticias. Accessed on 14.April.2020.
https://agenciadenoticias.ibge.gov.br/ag...
), has a peculiar and diverse flora, with 46, 4922 species (Flora do Brasil, 2020FLORA DO BRASIL 2020. Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro [under construction]. Available on: http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br. Accessed on: 14.April.2020.
http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br...
), and also its Cecidomyiidae fauna is the most taxonomically studied. These facts together explained this high percentage.

Most species induce galls, since this is the predominant habit in this family (Gagné 1994GAGNÉ, R.J. 1994. The Gall Midges of the Neotropieal Region. Ithaca, Comell Univ. Press, 352p.). The majority of the host plants are identified in species, but 52 hosts are identified at supraespecific categories, what difficults the establishement of the right number of host species.

Most hosts are native, but few are exotic, being represented by introduced useful plants, as Melissa officinalis L. (Lamiaceae), a medicinal herb, Mangifera indica L. (Anacardiaceae) with edible fruits, Senna bicapsularis (L.) Roxb. (Fabaceae), Spiraea salicifolia L. (Rosaceae), and Erigeron strigosus Muhl. ex Willd. (Asteraceae), ornamental plants. The gall midges associated with M. indica, S. salicifolia, and E. strigosus are also exotic, but those associated with M. officinalis and S. bicapsularis were described from Brazil and they have never been reported in other countries, suggesting that these hosts were colonized by Brazilian gall midges.

Lantana camara is naturalized and its gall-inducing species was described from Brazil, but it occurs in several Latin American countries. Probably the midge was introduced together with its host.

Incongruities between the host plant and gall-inducing species distributions were observed, suggesting a plant misidentification. In this case, plant vouchers should be examined, but unfortunately the number of vouchers are rare in the literature.

Twenty-seven botanical names were uptaded, but synonyms were cited in brackets to allow their association with the original references. This procedure is important to gather data on the same species, even if under different names.

Most gall-inducing species are monophagous (about 90%), what was expected, as most gall-inducing insects exhibit a high degree of host-plant specificity (Abrahamson et al. 1998ABRAHAMSON, W.G., MELIKA, G., SCRAFFORD, R. & CSÓKA, G. 1998. Gall-inducing insects provide insights into plant systematic relationships. Am. J. Bot. 85(9):1159-1165., Carneiro et al. 2009CARNEIRO, M.A.A., BRANCO, C.S.A., BRAGA, C.E.D., ALMADA, E.D., COSTA, M.B.M. & MAIA, V.C. 2009. Are gall midge species (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) hostplant specialists? Rev Bras Entomol 53:365-378.). Fabaceae, Asteraceae, and Myrtaceae are the plant families with the greatest richness of gall midge species, as in several inventories of insect galls in Brazil (e. g. Almada & Fernandes 2011ALMADA, E.D. & FERNANDES, G.W. 2011. Insetos indutores de galhas em florestas de terra firme e em reflorestamentos com espécies nativas na Amazônia Oriental, Pará, Brasil. Bol. Mus. Para. Emílio Goeldi. Cien. Nat. 6(2):163-196. , Maia 2013MAIA, V.C. & SOUZA, M.C. 2013. Insect galls of the xeric vegetation of Ilha do Cabo Frio (Arraial do Cabo, RJ, Brazil). Biota Neotrop. 13(3):278-288. http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v13n3/en/abstract?inventory+bn02213032013 (last access on 17/March/2020).
http://www.biotaneotropica.org.br/v13n3/...
, Araújo et al. 2015ARAÚJO, W.S., PORFÍRIO-JUNIOR, E.D., RIBEIRO, B.A., SILVA, T.M., SILVA, E.C., GUILHERME, F.A.G., SCARELI-SANTOS, C. & SANTOS, B.B. 2015. Checklist of host plants of insect galls in the state of Goiás in the Midwest region of Brazil. Biodivers. Data J. 3: e6835., Maia & Mascarenhas 2017MAIA, V.C. & MASCARENHAS, B. 2017. Insect galls of the Parque Nacional do Itatiaia (Southeast Region, Brazil). An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 89(1 Suppl.):505-575. , Ascendino & Maia 2018ASCENDINO, S. & MAIA, V.C. 2018. Insects galls of Pantanal areas in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil: characterization and occurrence. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 90(2): 1543-1564. , Maia & Siqueira 2020MAIA, V.C. & SIQUEIRA, E.S. 2020. Insect galls of the Reserva Biológica União, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Biota Neotrop. 20(1):e20190758. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1676-0611-BN-2019-0758. (last access on 17/March/2020).
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1676-0611-BN-2...
). Among them, Myrtaceae exhibit the highest average of gall midge species by host plant species, probably because this family is one of the most diverse in the Atlantic Forest, the most investigated biome, and their gall-inducing species are the most studied (e. g. Oliveira & Maia 2005OLIVEIRA, J.C. & MAIA, V.C. 2005. Ocorrência e caracterização de galhas de insetos na restinga de Grumari (Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil). Arqu. Mus. Nac. 63(4):669-676., Rodrigues et al. 2014RODRIGUES, A.R., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2014. Insect galls of restinga areas of Ilha da Marambaia, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Entomol. 58(2):173-197., Carvalho-Fernandes et al. 2016CARVALHO-FERNANDES, S.P., ASCENDINO, S., MAIA, V.C. & COURI, M.S. 2016. Diversity of insect galls associated with coastal shrub vegetation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 88(3):1407-1418.). Eugenia (Myrtaceae) and Mikania (Asteraceae) highlight among all other plant genera by sheltering the highest richness of gall midges. Similarly, Guapira opposita, Mikania glomerata, and Calophyllum brasiliense highlight among all other plant species. Their richness has also been pointed out by other authors (Maia 2001bMAIA V.C. 2001b. The gall midges (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) from three restingas of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Rev. Bras. Zool. 18(2):305-656., Maia & Mascarenhas 2017MAIA, V.C. & MASCARENHAS, B. 2017. Insect galls of the Parque Nacional do Itatiaia (Southeast Region, Brazil). An. Acad. Bras. Cienc. 89(1 Suppl.):505-575. , Melo-Júnior et al. 2018).

The best represented gall midge genera are Lopesia, Asphondylia, and Clinodiplosis. The first is predominantly Neotropical while the others are cosmopolitan, but well represented in the Neotropics (Gagné & Jaschhof 2017GAGNÉ, R.J. & JASCHHOF, M. 2017. A catalog of the Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) of the world. 4rd Edition . Digital. ). Species of Clinodiplosis, Contarinia, Dialeria, Meunieriella, Neolasioptera and Trotteria have been reported as inquilinous species in galls. But in fact, according to the ecological concept, they should be considered kleptoparasites, since they do not promote the production of new tissues, as inquilines do (Luz & Mendonça-Júnior 2019LUZ, F.A. & MENDONÇA-JÚNIOR, M.S. 2019. Guilds in insect galls: who is who. Fla. Entomol. 102:207-210.).

Several gall midge species are associated with endemic hosts. This information is very important, because it shows the peculiarities of the Brazilian fauna, revealing species with exclusive occurrence in the country. The high number of species known only from the type-locality indicates how the geographic distribution of Brazilian fauna is still poor. This scarcity of data is reinforced by the high number of species which have never been collected again since their description.

Concerning phytogeographic domains, Atlantic Forest shelters the highest richness of gall midge species, followed by Cerrado, Amazon Forest, Pampa, Caatinga, and Pampa. Amazon Forest and Cerrado are the largest, with an area of 2,196,943 and 2,036, 448 Km2, respectively, followed by Atlantic Forest with 1,110,182 Km2 and Caatinga with 844.453 Km2. The two others are the smallest, Pampa with 176,469 and Pantanal with 150,355 Km2. They also differ in richness of flora. Amazon Forest shelters about 50,000 plant species of Angiospermae, Atlantic Forest 20,000, Cerrado 11,600, Caatinga 3,500, Pampa 3,000 and Pantanal only 900 (MMA, 2020). Considering these data, we should expect the highest richness of gall midge species in the Amazon Forest, according to the plant richness hypothesis (Southwood 1960SOUTHWOOD, T.R.E. 1960. The abundance of the Hawaiian trees and the number of their associated insect species. Proc Hawaii Entomol Soc 17:299-303., 1961SOUTHWOOD, T.R.E. 1961. The number of insect associated with various trees. J Anim Ecol 30:1-8.), since this domain offers quantitatively and qualitatively the greatest amount of resources for the gall-inducers. Nevertheless, the highest richness is reported in the Atlantic Forest, the most investigated domain. This result is an effect of the strong sampling efforts in Atlantic Forest areas, the poor knowledge of the Cecidomyiidae fauna of other Brazilian biomes and the lack of taxonomists in our country.

Most gall midge species occur in a single domain, differing from their host plants which can be found in more than one domain. This suggests that the distribution of gall-inducing species can be wider than that which we known today. Arriola et al. 2016ARRIOLA, I.B., MELO-JÚNIOR, J.C.F, MOUGA, D.M.D, ISAIAS, R.M.S, COSTA, E.C. 2016. Where host plant goes, galls go too: new records of the Neotropical galling Cecidomyiidae (Diptera) associated with Calophyllum brasiliense Cambess. (Calophyllaceae). Check List 12:1924. argued that the distribution of the galling-insects is similar to that of the host plant. So, collections in uninvestigated ou poorly investigated localities are necessary to fill these geographic distribution gaps.

Nevertheless, several gall midge species are associated with plants endemic of a specific phytogeographic domain, as Amazon Forest, Atlantic Forest, and Cerrado. These data reveal the peculiarities of each one and can be useful for the establishement of environmental preservation areas.

Conclusion

This study is the first dataset of gall midge species with occurrence in Brazil. It totalize 265 species (43% of the Neotropical fauna); 85.6% are gall-inducers. Phytophagous gall midges are associated with at least 128 host plant species. Fabaceae, Asteraceae and Myrtaceae shelter the greatest richness of gall-inducing species. Lopesia, Asphondylia and Clinodiplosis are the best represented cecidomyiid genera. Most species (about 90%) are known only from Brazil. The Atlantic Forest as the most investigated domain comprises the highest species richness. Several gall midge species induce galls on plants endemic to Brazil. Each Brazilian phytogeographic domain has its own species composition. There is a high number of cecidomyiid species which are known only from the type-locality. Data indicate that the Brazilian fauna is the most studied in the Neotropical Region, confirm the greatest richness of gall midges on plant families which are well represented in Brazil, reveal the most diverse genera in the country, show the peculiarities of each domain and highlight how the geographic distribution of most species is still poor.

Acknowledgements

The author thanks CNPq for financial support (Proc. 301481/2017-2) and Dr. Rafaela Forzza (Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro) for providing access to the herbarium.

References

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Publication Dates

  • Publication in this collection
    19 Apr 2021
  • Date of issue
    2021

History

  • Received
    15 Nov 2020
  • Reviewed
    19 Feb 2021
  • Accepted
    26 Feb 2021
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